Study Description

English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 (House of Lords Survey)

Bibliographic Information

Cataloging-During-Production (Machine Readable Data File)

English slave trade, 1791-1799 (House of Lords survey) [machine readable data file] / compiled by Herbert S. Klein. -- DPLS ed. -- New York : Herbert S. Klein [producer], 197- ; Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin. Data and Information Services Center [distributor].

1 data file (card image: 3 cards per record, 80 characters per card; 347 records) + accompanying documentation.

These data were compiled from Papers of the House of Lords Record Office, 'Return to an Order of the Right Honourable House of Lords dated the 10th of July 1799, directing the clerk of the Parliaments do cause to be extracted from the several log books and Journals of Ships employed in the Slave trade in each year 1791 to 1797 ...', dated 28 July 1800 (shelf list no. 5/J/11/2), 'Shelf list accounts'; H.L.R.O. Papers, 19 June 1799, 25 June 1799, 9 July 1799; and Accounts and papers (P.P. 1795-6, XLII [849]).

Summary: These data were collected to examine the growth of slave trade to the Americas, the internal dynamics of its volume, and how it compared with other trades within the British Empire and with other leading slave trade routes of other European powers.

The data file contains information on ship's tonnage, home port, departure date from England, African port of arrival, date of African arrival; slaves taken on board (totally actually purchased); slave mortality; number of slaves transported; date of departure from Africa; date of arrival in New World; number of slaves landed in America; date ship left America.

ISBN 0-89605-019-X

I. Klein, Herbert, S.

DISC Acknowledgement

These data were deposited at DPLS for public distribution by Herbert S. Klein, Department of History, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Acknowledgement of Assistance

All manuscripts utilizing data made available through the Data and Information Services Center (DISC) should acknowledge that fact as well as cite the title of the study as indicated on the title page and sample catalog statement and identify the original compiler (collector) of the data. DISC urges all users of these data to follow some adaptation of this statement with the parentheses indicating items to be completed or deleted appropriately by the individual analyst.

The data (and tabulations) utilized in this (publication) were made available (in part) by the Data and Information Services Center (DISC) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The data for English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 (House of Lords Survey) were originally compiled by Herbert S. Klein from various manuscripts. Neither Mr. Klein nor DISC bears any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.

 


File Inventory

Bibliographic Identity:

Unique File Inventory Identification Number
291178-000
Bibliographic Reference
English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 (House of Lords Survey) [machine readable data file]. Compiled by Herbert S. Klein. DPLS ed. New York: Herbert S. Klein [producer], 1974? Madison, WI : University of Wisconsin. Data and Information Services Center, [distributor]. 1 data file (347 logical records), plus accompanying documentation. The data were compiled from various manuscripts of the House of Lords Record Office and Parliamentary Papers.
Unique Identification Codes for the MRDF
CB-505-005-INT-DPLS-1791-1; ISBN 0-89605-019-X
Type of File
numeric

Subject Contents:

Abstract
These data were collected to examine the growth of slave trade to the Americas, the internal dynamics of its volume, and how it compared with other trades within the British Empire and with other leading slave trade routes of other European powers.
Universe to Which the Data Pertain
slave ship voyages to the British Caribbean from African ports
Geographic Focus
Great Britain to Africa to the British Caribbean
Descriptors
slave trade, economic history, Africa, migration, mortality
Demographic Variables
ship's name; tonnage; home port of ship; departure date; African port of arrival; date of African arrival; slaves taken on board (total number); slave mortality; slaves relanded before African port departure; number of slaves shipped; date of African departure; American port of arrival; date of arrival in New World; number of slaves landed; date ship left America

File History:

Sponsor or Funding Agency
Social Science Research Council; American Council of Learned Societies; University of Chicago; Columbia University, New York USA
Project Responsibility
Herbert S. Klein
Data Gathering Responsibility
Herbert S. Klein
Data Processing Responsibility
Herbert S. Klein
Time Coverage (Date of Data Coverage)
1791 to 1799
Date of Data Collection
c. 1974
Source(s) of Data (Input)
Papers of the House of Lords Record Office, 'Return to an Order of the Right Honourable House of Lords dated the 10th of July 1977, directing the clerk of the Parliaments do cause to be extracted from the several log books and Journals of Ships employed in the Slave trade in each year 1791 to 1797...', dated 28 July 1800 (Shelf list no. 5/J/11/2 'Slave Trade Accounts'); H.L.R.O. Papers, 19 July 1799, 25 June 1790, 9 July 1799; and Accounts and Papers (Parliamentary Papers 1795-6, XLII (849)).

Methodology:

Description of Sampling Design/Selection
about 38 percent of all ships which left England in this period to engage in the slave trade with Africa and America
Instrumentation
shipping materials gathered together by the House of Lords in the 1790s
Data Quality
while data not complete, they probably represent a reasonable sample of all aspects of the Jamaican trade at the period of its apogee
Unit of Analysis/Record Type
347 slave ships
Number of Variables
22
Analytic Comparability or Linkage with Other MRDF
Philip D. Curtin (edited by Herbert S. Klein), Records of Slave Ship Movement Between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843; Herbert S. Klein, Internal Slave Trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1852; Slave Trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1825-1830; Slave Trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1795-1811; Angola Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1723-1771; English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 (House of Lords Survey); Slave Trade to Havana, Cuba, 1790-1820; Virginia Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1727-1769; Nantes Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1711-1791; Philip D. Curtin, Slave Ships of Eighteenth Century France, 1748-1756, 1763-1792; Klein, Herbert S. and Stanley L. Engerman, Slave Trade to Jamaica, 1782-1805-1808; Fogel, Robert W. and Stanley L. Engerman, Time on the Cross [machine readable data file].

File Processing History:

Edits, Corrections, and Cleaning
edited and corrected by the compiler
File Structure
rectangular
Record Structure
fixed length; card image, 3 cards per records

Availability:

As a reminder, all of this information is from the original codebook and some sections may now be obsolete.

Location of the MRDF
Data and Information Services Center (DISC), University of Wisconsin-Madison, 3308 Sewell Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706 USA
Location of the Documentation
Data and Information Services Center (DISC)
Access Restrictions
none
Type of Access
batch
Retention Status
indefinitely
Costs
direct, plus DISC overhead
Recording Information
The archival file consists of one file stored on CD-ROM. All information is in character format. Logical Record Size: 80 characters; Block Size: 3200 characters. Data is disseminated in zipped ASCII format.
Data Management Software Requirements
none
Computer or Hardware Requirements
none
Data Disclaimer
distributor distributes the MRDF but takes no responsibility for its condition
Reference Materials
codebook
Publications
Herbert S. Klein, The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978); "The English Slave Trade to Jamaica, 1782-1808," Economic History Review (February 1978, pp. 25-45)


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