Study Description

Nantes Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1711-1791

Bibliographic Information

Cataloging-During-Production (Machine Readable Data File)

Internal slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1852 [machine-readable data file] / compiled by Herbert S. Klein. -- DPLS ed. -- New York : Herbert S. Klein [producer], 197- ; Madison, Wis. : University of Wisconsin. Data and Information Services Center [distributor].

1 data file (978 logical records) + accompanying documentation.

These data were compiled from the Register of Slaves maintained by the police of the Imperial Court for the period 18 July to 17 November 1852 and are archived at the Arquivo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro.

Summary: These data were complied in an effort to assess the dynamics of the slave trade in terms of the types of slaves shipped between the provinces, their place of origin, and their impact on the importing and exporting zones. The key question relating to this trade was the extent of its impact on the supply of slaves for the new coffee plantations of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.

The data file contains information on ship identification, date of arrival, port of origin, type of ship, age, sex, color, place of birth, and occupation (by sex) of slave.

ISBN 0-89605-029-7

I. Klein, Herbert S.

DISC Acknowledgement

These data were deposited at DPLS for public distribution Herbert S. Klein, Department of History, Columbia University, New York.

Acknowledgement of Assistance

All manuscripts utilizing data made available through the Data and Information Services Center (DISC) should acknowledge that fact as well as cite the title of the study as indicated on the title page and sample catalog statement and identify the original compiler (collector) of the data. DISC urges all users of these data to follow some adaptation of this statement with the parentheses indicating items to be completed or deleted appropriately by the individual analyst.

The data for Nantes Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1711-1791 were compiled by Herbert S. Klein from unpublished manuscripts of Pere Dieudonne Rinchon, recordings of Nantes slave ships, preserved at the Centre de Recherches sur l'Histoire de la France Atlantique, Nantes, and Le trafic negrier, l'organisation commerciale de la traite des noirs (Bruxelles: Editions Atlas, 1938). Neither Mr. Klein nor DISC bears any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.

 


File Inventory

Bibliographic Identity:

Unique File Inventory Identification Number
081278-000
Bibliographic Reference
Nantes Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1711-1791 [machine readable data file]. Compiled by Herbert S. Klein. DPLS ed. New York: Herbert S. Klein [producer], 197-. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin. Data and Information Services Center [distributor]. 1 data file (796 logical records), plus accompanying documentation. Data were compiled from unpublished manuscripts of Pere Dieudonne Rinchon, preserved at the Centre de Recherches sur l'Histoire de la France Atlantique, Nantes and Rinchon's Le trafic negrier, l'organisation commerciale de la traite des noirs (Bruxelles: Editions Atlas, 1936).
Unique Identification Codes for the MRDF
CB-505-010-INT-DPLS-1711-1; ISBN 0-89605-035-1
Type of File
numeric

Subject Contents:

Abstract
These data were compiled as part of a quantitative analysis of the history of the African slave trade and factors which influenced routes, timing, volume, and demographic characteristics of the forced African migration, using primarily unpublished archival sources that are samples of the entire trade.
Universe to Which the Data Pertain
slave ships leaving the port of Nantes, France from 1711 to 1791
Demographic Variables
date ships sailed from Nantes, tonnage, size of crew, site of slave purchase, number of slaves bought, site of slave sale in America, number of slaves sold, date ship returned to port, number of deceased crew members

File History:

Sponsor or Funding Agency
Social Science Research Council; American Council of Learned Societies; Columbia University, New York; University of Chicago, Chicago USA
Project Responsibility
Herbert S. Klein, Department of History, Columbia University, New York USA
Data Gathering Responsibility
Herbert S. Klein
Data Processing Responsibility
Herbert S. Klein
Time Coverage (Date of Data Coverage)
1711-1722, 1726-1744, 1748-1755, 1763-1777, 1790-1791
Date of Data Collection
1970s
Source(s) of Data (Input)
Pere Dieudonne Rinchon's unpublished manuscripts on shipping statistics, preserved at the Centre de Recherches sur l'Histoire de la France Atlantique, Nantes (Fonds Rinchon, Boites 10-12, 1697-1748) and Le trafic negrier, l'organisation commerciale de la traite des noirs (Bruxelles: Editions Atlas, 1938, 248-301).

Methodology:

Description of Sampling Design/Selection
all ships for which statistics were compiled for this period; survey of the 18th century Nantes slave trade compiled by Rinchon in both published and manuscript form; a listing of over 1,300 French slave ships that sailed from Nantes between 1697 and 1793, of which 783 have complete data available for only the period from 1711 to 1777
Instrumentation
listing of French slave ships which sailed from Nantes between 1697 and 1793
Data Quality
incomplete data for the period (see "time coverage"); no information on arrival and departure times
Unit of Analysis/Record Type
796 slave ships
Number of Variables
15
Analytic Comparability or Linkage with Other MRDF
Philip D. Curtin (edited by Herbert S. Klein), Records of Slave Ship Movement Between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843; Herbert S. Klein, Internal Slave Trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1852; Slave Trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1825-1830; Slave Trade to Rio de Janeiro, 1795-1811; Angola Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1723-1771; English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 (House of Lords Survey); Slave Trade to Havana, Cuba, 1790-1820; Virginia Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1727-1769; Nantes Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century, 1711-1791; Philip D. Curtin, Slave Ships of Eighteenth Century France, 1748-1756, 1763-1792; Klein, Herbert S. and Stanley L. Engerman, Slave Trade to Jamaica, 1782-1805-1808; Fogel, Robert W. and Stanley L. Engerman, Time on the Cross [machine readable data file].

File Processing History:

File Structure
rectangular
Record Structure
fixed length

Availability:

As a reminder, all of this information is from the original codebook and some sections may now be obsolete.

Location of the MRDF
Data and Information Services Center (DISC), University of Wisconsin-Madison, 3308 Sewell Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706 USA
Location of the Documentation
Data and Information Services Center (DISC)
Access Restrictions
none
Type of Access
batch
Retention Status
indefinitely
Costs
direct, plus DISC overhead
Recording Information
The archival file consists of one file stored on CD-ROM. All information is in character format. Logical Record Size: 80 characters; Block Size: 3200 characters. Data is disseminated in zipped ASCII format.
Data Management Software Requirements
none
Computer or Hardware Requirements
none
Data Disclaimer
distributor distributes the MRDF but takes no responsibility for its condition
Reference Materials
codebook
Publications
Herbert S. Klein, The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978)


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