Crime and Justice
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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (U.S. Department of Justice)
The mission of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) is "to collect, analyze, publish, and disseminate information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government. "
Data are published annually on:
- Criminal victimization
- Populations under correctional supervision
- Federal criminal offenders and case processing
Periodic data series include:
- Administration of law enforcement agencies and correctional facilities
- Prosecutorial practices and polices
- State court case processing
- Felony convictions
- Characteristics of correctional populations
- Criminal justice expenditure and employment
- Civil case processing in State courts
- Special studies on other criminal justice topics
The site includes a variety of table-makers and downloadable data, plus a link to the BJS' Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center, which compiles information describing person-cases processed through the Federal criminal justice system.
Campus Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool (Office of Postsecondary Education, U.S. Dept. of Education)
This site provides a searchable database of campus crime statistics for over 6000 colleges and universities. Users can opt between three kinds of reports: data from one institution or campus (past 3 years); aggregated data for a group of campuses (past 3 years); data download for a group of campuses (back to 2001). Crime statistics are divided into three categories: criminal offenses, hate crimes, and arrests/disciplinary actions.
Counterterrorism Calendars (The National Counterterrorism Center)
The National Counterterrorism Center's Counterterrorism Calendar provides information on known terrorist groups, individual terrorists, and technical information on topics such as biological and chemical threats.
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (U.S. Department of State)
Includes reports from 1999 to the present. Part of a larger web site belonging to the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) which includes other reports on topics such as ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, religious freedom, child labor and more.
CrimeStat III (National Institute of Justice and Inter-University Consortium on Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
CrimeStat III is a Windows-based spatial statistics program, sponsored by the National Institute of Justice and available for download at the ICPSR website. The program is used by police departments and researchers to analyze crime incident locations. CrimeStat III allows for spatial distribution analysis, distance analysis, space-time analysis, journey to crime analysis, and crime travel demand modeling. The CrimeStat download is accompanied by sample datasets and a user manual.
Diversitydata.org (Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University)
The diversitydata.org project provides metropolitan area indicators of diversity, opportunity, quality of life and health for various racial and ethnic population groups. It describes, profiles and ranks U.S. metro areas in terms of quality of life. These indicators are compiled using data from multiple data sources. They cover a range of social measures such as population, education, health, housing opportunities, economic opportunities, residential integration, neighborhood characteristics, crime and physical environment. Data can be downloaded as Excel format.
Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center (FJSRC) (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics and Urban Institute)
The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics through the Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center "compiles comprehensive information describing suspects and defendants processed in the Federal criminal justice system. The goal of FJSRC is to provide uniform case processing statistics across all stages of the Federal criminal justice system. Using data obtained from Federal agencies, FJSRC compiles comprehensive information that describes person-cases processed through the system." Users can download compressed ASCII versions of Standard Analysis File (SAF) data sets (free registration required), generally going back as far as 1994. For fiscal years 1978-1994, the SAFs are archived at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/NACJD/) as ICPSR Study Number 9296. The site offers a menu-based tablemaker that they describe as "Online Analysis" to display and download tables from selected data sets, going back to the year 2000. In addition, the site carries an archive of publications including annual, technical and special topic reports.
Global Terrorism Database (GTD) (National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism and University of Maryland)
From the GTD web site: "The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2008 (with annual updates planned for the future). Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 87,000 cases."
IISS Armed Conflict Database (ACD) (The International Institute for Strategic Studies)
The International Institute for Strategic Studies was founded in the UK in 1958 with a focus on nuclear deterrence and arms control. It is known for its annual Military Balance assessment of countries' armed forces. Its Armed Conflict Database (ACD) monitors armed conflicts worldwide, focusing on political, military and humanitarian trends in current conflicts, whether they are local rebellions, long-term insurgencies, civil wars or inter-state conflicts. The statistics, data and reports in the ACD date back to 1997. Licensed users can generate reports and download data as well as browse year-by-year analyses and fact sheets.
Indiastat (UW-Madison subscription) (Datanet India)
Indiastat.com provides socio-economic statistical data primarily from Indian government sources in electronic formats (both HTML and Excel files). Data includes statistics on demographics, health, higher education, agricultural and industrial production information, economic statistics, etc. Information from specific sectors such as bank and financial institutions, companies, co-operatives, crime and law, population, foreign trade, labor and workforce, housing, media, power, and transportation are also included. Note: UW-Madison subscribes via IP-authentication. If asked for member sign-in, select "IP Login."
International Studies Compendium Project Datasets (The International Studies Association)
International Studies Compendium Project compiles a list of links to data sets for international studies. They are organized by topics, such as Interstate Conflict Data, Event Data, Interstate Rivalry, Contentious Issues, Intrastate, Civil, and Ethnic Conflict Data, Human Rights and Repression, Terrorism, Conflict Management Data, Geographic Data Contiguity and Distance, Conflict Location Data, Individual Political Leaders, Power and Capability Data, Minorities/Diversity/Heterogeneity, International Law Data, and Prominent Replication Data Sets.
International Study on Firearm Regulation (United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network)
The International Study on Firearm Regulation covered a total of 78 nations, with initial surveys going out to 50 nations in 1996. Data was compiled first in 1997, then in 1999 with new countries added and updates to some of the originally-responding countries. The questionnaire included a mix of quantitative and qualitative (narrative) questions, focusing on the following questions related to civilian firearm regulation, use and ownership. Topics include: firearm regulation; manufacturing and trade; smuggling and other illegal dealings; demographic and crime statistics; and policy and public education initiatives. Data is available for download as a zipped MS-Access97 database.
Internet Center for Corruption Research (Transparency International and Goettingen University)
This center provides the Corruption Perception Index, which ranks countries by the extent of perceived corruption in public administration. Every country is provided with an individual score, allowing for cross-country comparisons. Annual reports begin in 1995; data is in HTML tables only from 1995-1999, and from 2000 on is also available in Excel spreadsheets.
Journalists Killed Since 1992 (Committee to Protect Journalists)
The Journalists Killed Since 1992 database offers statistics on journalists worldwide imperiled in their work since 1992: imprisoned, missing, killed. The database may be queried by year, country, or type of peril. The site also includes a short summary of the events surrounding each journalist's death, disappearance or imprisonment. The database may be downloaded as an Excel file at http://cpj.org/killed/cpj-database.xls.
National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) (Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) and Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), U.S. Department of Justice)
The National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) was established in 1978 and holds over 700 data collections relating to criminal justice. Most of the data is freely available for download through ICPSR, but users must agree to abide by Federal laws and scientific standards regarding human subject use. A selection of NACJD datasets is available for online data analysis as well. There are also partially-restricted and completely-restricted data available through NACJD. The site carries data resource guides on seventeen justice-related topics.
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (U.S. Department of Justice and Executive Office of the President)
The NCJRS offers publications and statistics on justice and substance abuse issues. Many reports on the site have companion data in Excel spreadsheets, and/or links to Bureau of Justice Statistics datasets at ICPSR. The site also offers a free e-mail reference service; an abstracts database of over 170,000 criminal justice publications; and a "virtual library" of over 7000 full-text criminal justice publications.
National Data Analysis System (NDAS) (Child Welfare League of America)
The National Data Analysis System provides data and information about child welfare in order to provide an information-based grounding for children's programs and policies in the US. Data available from the site include child abuse and neglect, adoption and foster care, child health, juvenile justice, and child welfare administration. Users can create their own tables and graphs for a single state or groups of states. Tables may be downloaded as ASCII files to be read in Excel. Many topics only cover the latest year's data, generally two years behind due to reporting cycles. However, some topics have data over time going back a decade or more. The site also provides fact sheets and data trends reports for the fifty states plus the District of Columbia.
OECD Factbook (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD))
The OECD Factbook is the organization's best-selling title, an annual global overview focusing on economic, social and environmental indicators for OECD member countries and several additional partners (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa, Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia.) The Factbook is available through the UW-Madison OECD iLibrary subscription.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (U.S. Department of Justice)
This Web site is designed to provide information and resources on both general areas of interest about juvenile justice and delinquency including conferences, funding opportunities, and new publications and the comprehensive strategy as a framework for communities to combat youth crime. Click on "Statistics" for the "Statistical Briefing Book" section of the site, with statistics on juvenile justice, delinquency prevention, and violence and victimization. The site also provides data sets for juvenile arrests, court processing, and supplemental homicide statistics, and a data-analysis tool for custom-built tables.
PolicyMap (The Reinvestment Fund)
PolicyMap is a geographic information system that lets users map, graph, and organize data relevant to neighborhood planning and economic revitalization. The site carries data on demographics, real-estate, crime, income, education, and jobs - over 4,000 indicators. Depending on the data, maps and reports can be focused on areas as small as block groups or census tracts, or as large as states.
The site has many components available with a free registration, and others available to subscribers only. The free data comes from such agencies as the Census, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and other US government agencies. Fee-based, subscriber-only data comes mostly from Claritas, a consumer-data and demographics firm that produces projections and annual small-area estimates. Subscribers can also upload data and create custom mapping regions. (UW-Madison does not subscribe).
The oldest data is from the 2000 Census, while the most current is the 2008 Presidential Contributions by state and ZIP code. A complete list of PolicyMap data can be found at http://www.policymap.com/our-data.html.
Qualitative Data Repository (QDR) (the Center for Qualitative and Multi-Method Inquiry, Syracuse University)
Qualitative Data Repository (QDR) stores and shares digital data generated through qualitative and multi-method research in the social sciences. It is funded by the National Science Foundation, hosted by the Center for Qualitative and Multi-Method Inquiry, a unit of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. In the United States, social scientists have used qualitative data to advance a range of analytical, interpretive, and inferential goals. Traditionally qualitative data have been collected and used by the principal investigators and rarely shared because there is a lack of suitable venue for storing and sharing such data. QDR is created to fill this gap. It plans to expand and ease access to qualitative social science data to facilitate research, promote teaching and learning. Users can browse the projects and files at QDR but are required to register to access and download them.
Quick Health Data Online (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Office on Women's Health)
Quick Health Data Online (formerly known as National Women's Health Indicators Database) "provides state- and county-level data for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and US territories and possessions. Data are available by gender, race and ethnicity and come from a variety of national and state sources. The system is organized into eleven main categories, including demographics, mortality, natality, reproductive health, violence, prevention, disease and mental health. Within each main category, there are numerous subcategories." Results can be exported in Excel, CSV, PDF or TIFF.
School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) (National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), U.S. Department of Education)
The School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) collects information on school crime and safety from a national sample of school principals in U.S. elementary and secondary schools. The survey was conducted in 1999/2000 and again in 2003/2004, with plans to continue on a biennial schedule. Questionnaires and publications are available online as PDFs; data files may be ordered free of charge on CD-ROM from the U.S. Department of Education's EdPubs ordering system.
Sociometrics Corporation (Sociometrics Corp)
The Sociometrics Corporation is a commercial entity that provides data & documentation in six major areas: sexuality, health & adolescence; family; social research on aging; drug abuse; AIDS/STD; and disability. Studies can be searched or browsed; The datasets may be ordered for a fee, or may be available through other DISC subscriptions.
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics)
Hosted by the State University of New York at Albany, the Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics compiles data from over 100 sources and presents it in searchable PDF documents, with tables as spreadsheet files. The site is organized into six sections: System Characteristics, Public Opinion, Offenses Known, Arrests, Judicial Processing, and Corrections.
State Corrections Statistics (National Institute of Corrections)
This quick-reference, map-based site combines data from the FBI, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the American Jail Association, the American Correctional Association, and state government websites. One year's worth of information is displayed for each state, in summarizing violent crime, property crime, corrections population and incarceration rate, community corrections and cost per inmate. Each figure is compared with national average, highest state and lowest state. Bar graphs at the side of the page for each item show the selected state in context with the other 49 states; running a mouse over the bars displays the comparison for each state.
State of the Cities Data System (SOCDS) at HUDuser (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development)
The SOCDS offers an interactive interface providing data on metropolitan areas, central cities and suburbs on the following subjects:
- demographic and economic data from the 1970 through 2000 U.S. censuses
- current employment statistics from the BLS' Local Area Unemployment Statistics
- jobs, business establishments, and average pay from County Business Patterns data
- crime data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation
- building permit data from U.S. Census Bureau
- urban public finance data from the Census of Governments
State Politics and Policy Quarterly - Data Resource (State Politics and Policy Quarterly)
The SPPQ Data Resource compiles 50 variables from various sources, for the United States by state, covering the following areas: population and vital statistics; politics; education; crime; and business & economy. Most variables are annual figures, and some go back as far as 1975. Download the entire set or a single subject area, in Excel format. A codebook in Word is also available for download.
The Cline Center for Democracy (The Richard G. and Carole J. Cline Center for Democracy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
The Cline Center for Democracy has a number of public data sets produced by the Societal Infrastructures and Development (SID) Project. SID offers education attainment data starting in 1950 and covering 166 countries and rule of law data with two composite measures to gauge cross-national and inter temporal differences in law-based orders for 165 nations from 1850 to 2010. Meanwhile, the Social, Political and Economic Event Database (SPEED) extracts event data from a global archive of news reports covering the Post WWII era. SPEED offers civil unrest event data and coup d'état event data in the post-World War II era.
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) (Syracuse University)
The TRAC site, at Syracuse University, bills itself as "your source for comprehensive, independent, and nonpartisan information on federal enforcement, staffing, and spending." The site features maps, graphs, and many pages of HTML tables and other supporting material. Sections of the TRAC web site describe the enforcement activities and staffing patterns of the FBI, the IRS, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, the Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Customs Service. The site also includes a project focusing on immigration at http://trac.syr.edu/immigration/. Data extracts for download are available through the subscription area of the site called TRACFED; UW-Madison does not subscribe.
TransMONEE: Database of Socio-Economic Indicators for CEE/CIS Countries (United Nations Children's Fund and Innocenti Research Center)
TransMONEE contains over 150 economic and social indicators divided into ten different topics (population, natality, child and maternal mortality, life expectancy and adult mortality, family formation, health, education, child protection, crime indicators, and economic indicators) for 27 transition countries in Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. Annual time series data is available as far back as 1989. The TransMONEE data and country profiles are both available in Excel format.
U.S. Bomb Data Center (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms)
The U.S. Bomb Data Center was established by congressional mandate in 1996 as a national collection center for information on arson and explosives related incidents throughout the United States. The U.S. Bomb Data Center databases incorporates information from various sources such as the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives; the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and the United States Fire Administration. Information maintained by the National Repository is available for statistical analysis and investigative research by scholars and the law enforcement community.
U.S. Courts - Statistical Reports (U.S. Federal Judiciary)
This site from the U.S. Federal Judiciary contains reports on caseloads for both the courts of appeals and district courts; bankruptcy filings; and wiretaps. Recent bankruptcy filing reports are available in Excel, while bankruptcy filing reports from the 1980s until 2000 are in PDF. The link for Federal Court Management Statistics lets the user select a year and a jurisdiction to generate Excel files of caseload information - the earliest report, 1997, carries figures back to 1992. Wiretap information and other caseload reports are presented in PDF only.
United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC))
The major goal of the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems is to collect data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. Data collection through the UN-CTS is conducted on an annual basis.
United States Sentencing Commission (United States Sentencing Commission)
Annual and other special datafiles supporting the Commission's research agenda can be found here. These data files exclude identifiers and provide fiscal year data for researchers interested in studying federal sentencing practices through quantitative methods. Available Datafiles are Individual Offenders, Organizational Offenders and Congressional Reports. Interactive Sourcebook (http://isb.ussc.gov/Login) available at this site is designed to let users view all of the data reported by the Commission in its annual Sourcebook of Federal Sentencing Statistics and it can be tailored by year, judicial district, and judicial circuit.
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