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A Timely Guide to the American Community Survey: From the US Census Long Form to the ACS (CQ Press)
The Timely Guide site, presented in blog format, is a section of the second edition of the Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census from CQ Press. The Guide was posted in December, in conjunction with the U.S. Census Bureau's release of the first set of American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates of population down to the census tract and block-group level for all geographic areas. The guide includes an introduction, frequently-asked questions, history and methodology of the ACS, and information on interpreting ACS data.

Adversity Index (msnbc.com and Moody's Economy.com)
MSNBC's Adversity Index, also known as the Elkhart Project, is "a measure of the economic health of 384 metro areas and the 50 states." The project takes the form of an interactive map which displays monthly snapshots since June of 1994, with values for employment, single-family housing starts, housing costs, and industrial production, each expressed in terms of percentage change from the previous year. Those four numbers are then used to label the economy of each state or metro area as expansion, at risk, recovery, or in recession. Unfortunately the site's claim that it seeks to provide "the hard numbers around these hard times" does not extend to allowing downloads of the actual data. However, the display and the accompanying news analysis are of interest for identifying trends.

AgingStats.gov (Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics)
This site features a biennial report called Older Americans: Key Indicators of Well-Being that covers key indicators selected to portray aspects of the lives of older Americans and their families. The report is divided into five subject areas: population, economics, health status, health risks and behaviors, and health care. Key indicators are also available in Excel spreadsheet format. Reports are available back to 2000. Its Resources page provides links to the web sites of ongoing, federally sponsored surveys relevant to the aging.

American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) (Stephen M. Ross Business School, University of Michigan and American Society for Quality (ASQ))
The ACSI is an economic indicator measuring customer satisfaction. Approximately 65,000 consumers are interviewed annually and asked to evaluate goods and services purchased, and the responses are used to produce the index at four levels: national, 10 economic sectors, 41 industries, and 200 companies. Scores for each of these levels, back to the baseline year of 1994, are available as HTML tables.

American FactFinder (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
American FactFinder provides access to data about the United States, Puerto Rico and the Island Areas. The data in American FactFinder come from several censuses and surveys. They include the American Community Survey, the American Housing Survey, Annual Economic Surveys, Annual Surveys of Governments, the Census of Governments, the Commodity Flow Survey, the Decennial Census, the Economic Census, the Economic Census of the Island Areas, the Survey of Business Owners, the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation, the Population Estimates Program, and the Puerto Rico Community Survey.

AmosWeb (Orley M. Amos)
Produced by an professor of economics at Oklahoma State University, AmosWeb takes an irreverent introductory look at economics. Features include a substantial glossary of terms called GLOSS*arama, a guide to economic acronyms called ACRO*phobia, and a layperson's introduction called "The Pedestrian's Guide to Economics."

Arts and Economic Prosperity IV (Americans for the Arts)
The Arts and Economic Prosperity IV site examined the economic impact of nonprofit arts organizations and their audiences in the US. Users can download the report along with the summary report and detailed data tables and survey instruments. All downloads are available in PDF and Excel formats. Users can also utilize the "Arts and Economic Prosperity Calculator" to estimate the economic impact that individual art organizations have on their communities.

Asia Regional Information Center (ARIC) (The Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department)
Formerly the Asia Recovery Information Center, ARIC was reinvented in 2006 as the Asia Regional Information Center, with a focus on regional cooperation and integration in Asia and the Pacific. Its Economic and Financial Indicators provides statistical data on external, real, and monetary sectors of 23 economies in Asia and South Asia. Indicators include: GDP, inflation, industrial production, and retail sales for the real sector; trade, exchange rates, and balance of payments for the external sector; and money supply, stock prices, and banking indicators for the monetary and financial sector. Data are presented in either growth rate, index, or ratio.

Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America (Eonomic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture)

The U.S Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service has released the Atlas of Rural and Small-town America, an online mapping application. The Atlas allows users to map over 60 socioeconomic indicators at the county level. The indicators in the Atlas fit into four broad categories:

  • People--Demographic data from the American Community Survey, including age, race and ethnicity, migration and immigration, education, household size and family composition
  • Jobs--Economic data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and other sources, including information on employment trends, unemployment, industrial composition, and household income
  • Agriculture--Indicators from the latest Census of Agriculture, including number and size of farms, operator characteristics, off-farm income, and government payments
  • County classifications--the rural-urban continuum, economic dependence, persistent poverty, population loss, and other ERS county codes

The data in the Atlas may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet.

Big Mac Index ()
According to The Economist's web site, the Big Mac index "seeks to make exchange-rate theory more digestible. It is arguably the world's most accurate financial indicator to be based on a fast-food item." Though the initial idea may have been tongue-in-cheek, the index has been compiled annually since 1986 and has gained a certain respectability through the years. The Big Mac Index articles are free at The Economist web site, with the tables presented as a GIF images.

Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) (U.S. Department of Commerce)
The BEA home page provides a host of current and historical data tables plus articles from the Survey of Current Business, and more. National data includes Gross Domestic Product, National Accounts, and wealth and industry data. Regional data includes Gross State Product and State Personal Income. International data includes balance of payments, U.S. direct investment abroad, and foreign direct investment in the U.S. An interactive interface lets users define custom HTML tables and download data in CSV format. The site also provides papers explaining the methodology of BEA statistics.

Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) (U.S. Department of Labor)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics site provides data in a variety of ways. Try their Data Page to see the choices for custom-built or pre-made tables or FTP-ing flat files (note: FTP service will be discontinued March 2014). Categories include employment/unemployment, prices and living conditions, compensation and working conditions, and productivity and technology. The BLS Handbook of Methods describes the methodology and scope of BLS statistics.

Bureau of the Fiscal Service (U.S. Department of the Treasury)
The Bureau of the Public Debt was combined with the Financial Management Service into the single Bureau of the Fiscal Service in 2012. The Bureau of the Fiscal Service manages the government's accounting, central payment systems, and public debt. Reports for U.S. Savings Bonds, Treasury bills and notes and bonds, and other public-debt-related resources can be found at this TreasuryDirect Reports page.

Business Dynamics Statistics (Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Bureau of the Census)
Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) is a business data series originally released in December 2008. The annual series, starting with 1976, describes establishment-level business dynamics with dimensions not found in similar databases including firm age and firm size. Measures include establishment openings and closings, firm startups, and job creation and destruction. The source of the series is the Longitudinal Business Database, a confidential database available to researchers only via the Census Research Data Center Network and only in context of a stringently controlled data protection process. The site also covers the project's background and scope, along with publications and statistical briefs, in addition to the downloadable data itself.

Business Expenditures Supplement (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Business Expenditures Supplement (successor to the Business Expenditures Survey, formerly known as the Assets and Expenditures Survey) gathers data on business operating expenses, covering wholesale distributors, retail trade, and accommodation & food services. Previously covered by the predecessor Business Expenses Survey, expenses data coverage of most industries in the service sector as of 2005 is part of the Service Annual Survey. Expenses data for manufacturing, mining, and construction sectors are covered in the Economic Census. The BES is conducted every five years for census years ending in "2" and "7." Data for the BES are collected in conjunction with the Annual Surveys of Wholesale Trade, Retail Trade, Accommodations, and Food Services. Expenses detail in PDF reports on the site includes payroll; fringe benefits; taxes and license fees; depreciation; lease and rental payments; and purchases of office supplies and services for advertising, repair, legal, computer software, and accounting. Also presented in these reports are data on capital expenditures by type and change in depreciable assets. Data are presented by detailed kind of business and legal form of organization. Some aggregate data is available in HTML tables.

California Statistical Abstract (State of California)
Due to budget constraints, the state of California has ceased producing a hard-copy Statistical Abstract, substituting an entirely-online version. The 2005 edition was released January 2006 and features PDF and Excel versions of all the tables. Previous annual editions (2000-2004) are on the site as PDF documents only. Besides the Statistical Abstract, the site also includes Excel files of time series on California employment, income, construction and trade; economic forecasts; quarterly economic indicators back to 1998; and an interesting chronology of significant economic events since 1956.

CenStats (U.S. Bureau of the Census)

The Censtats collection of menu-based data extractors from the U.S. Census Bureau includes the following:

  • Building permit statistics on new residential and nonresidential construction for individual municipalities. Updated monthly.
  • County Business Patterns: Employment and earnings by 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification by state and county (1993-1997) and ZIP code (1994-1997) and by North American Industry Classification System (beginning 1998) by state and county, metropolitan statistical area and ZIP code. Updated annually.
  • International Trade Data: Exports and imports by Standard International Trade Classification. Updated monthly.
  • Census of Population and Housing Public Law 94-171 Data, Age by Race and Hispanic Origin, for 1990 and 2000.
  • Census Tract Street Locator
  • Detailed Occupation by Race, Hispanic Origin and Sex, from the 1990 Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) File.
  • USA Counties: demographic and economic data for States and counties. Updated every two years.

Census Bureau FTP site (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
For those who like to ferret out files without the annoyances of a fancy front end --check out the census_1980, census_1990, and census_2000 directories.

Census Product Catalog (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Census Product Catalog provides descriptions and ordering contact information for Census Bureau products -- CD-ROMs, DVDs, publications, maps and other statistical and reference products. This is now the only product catalog on the Census web site; e-sales were discontinued in Fall 2007. The catalog contains brief product descriptions but no prices; customers must call the Customer Service Center for price and ordering information.

Center for Business & Economic Research (CBER) - Alabama (Culverhouse College of Commerce, University of Alabama)
Alabama's CBER "works to promote economic development through economic and demographic research for public and private sector organizations." The site hosts the Alabama State Data Center web pages, and includes an Alabama-specific version of the Census Bureau's American FactFinder data interface, called Alabama FactFinder. The Data and Maps section of the site also carries a page of special 2000 Census tabulations specific to Alabama, in XLS and sometimes ASCII format. The Publications section of the site includes ordering information for the Economic Abstract of Alabama, in hard copy only.

Center for Economic Studies (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
These pages detail the CES research program and how to get access to the Research Data Centers. They also provide access to the center's discussion papers. Because the datasets are based on confidential microdata from the Census Bureau, access is highly restricted. Interested researchers must apply to become an affiliate of the Census Bureau in which they must take a formal oath, by explaining the research project and how the Bureau might benefit, and then access the data at a secure site. Currently there are fourteen locations across the US, in addition to the Census Bureau in Washington, D. C. Even for accepted research proposals there is a considerable fee for use. Note that most of the statistics are published by the Census Bureau in aggregate form.

Center for International Development Research Datasets (Harvard University)
The Research Datasets Page at Harvard's Center for International Development (CID) contain links to datasets and accompanying papers results from research done at the Center. Data is presented in a various formats. Some titles include: Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia; International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications; and, Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies.

China Data Center (China Data Center, University of Michigan)

"China Data Center is a constituent unit of the International Institute at the University of Michigan. Founded in 1997, the China Data Center is designed to serve as an international center for advancing the study and understanding of China. A primary goal of the Center is the integration of historical, social and natural science data in a geographic information system. Its missions are: to support research in the human and natural components of local, regional and global change; to promote quantitative research on China; to promote collaborative research in spatial studies; and to promote the use and sharing of China data in teaching and research. The center is partnering with several Chinese government agencies and companies in distributing China statistical data and publications and providing data services outside of China."

While most of the data mentioned on the site are subscription-based, the China Data Center does offer free statistical yearbooks for 1996 to 2001: in the left-hand menu bar on the site, click on the year of the yearbook you would like to see.

Note: UW-Madison does not subscribe to China Data Online. DISC's single-user free partial-subscription to China Data online has been discontinued, as the offer is no longer available for large institutions.

China Dimensions (CIESIN/SEDAC)
The China Data Management Team of SEDAC (Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center) at CIESIN developed a large collection of data on China up to the first half of the 1990s, to be used in consort with GIS systems, such as: County-Level Data on Population and Agriculture, 1990: Keyed to 1:1M GIS Map. County-Level Data on Provincial Economic Yearbooks, 1990-91: Keyed to 1:1M GIS Map. Agricultural Statistics of the People's Republic of China, 1949-94.

ClickZ (ClickZ Stats)
ClickZ is an online publication that provides news, how-to articles, commentary, and stats for digital marketing and online advertising professionals. It covers social media marketing, e-mail marketing, Web analytics, search engine marketing, digital video advertising, mobile marketing, and media planning and buying.

Commonwealth Institute (Commonwealth Institute)
The Commonwealth Institute is a non-profit, non-governmental public policy research organization located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Their research focus is on economic and defense issues, and the site includes a quarterly publication on economic indicators and analysis entitled "The Pulse of Capitalism."

Connecting Outcome Measures in Entrepreneurship, Technology, and Science (COMETS) (Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and National Bureau of Economic Research)
COMETS is described as "an integrated database that can trace the links from government investment in R&D through the path of knowledge creation, its transmission and codification, and in many cases to commercial uses yielding a better standard of living and better jobs." The public-use dataset can be downloaded in STATA or text/csv formats. Free registration required.

County Business Patterns (CBP) (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
County Business Patterns (CBP) is an annual series that provides subnational economic data by industry. This series includes the number of establishments, employment during the week of March 12, first quarter payroll, and annual payroll. ZIP Code Business Patterns, also available from this site, provides the number of establishments by employment-size classes by detailed industry in the U.S. Data can be viewed in HTML tables or downloaded as CSV files.

County Business Patterns at Geostat (University of Virginia Library)
The Geostat (Geospatial and Statistical Data Center) offers the County Business Patterns web site, providing county, state, and national level business data from 1977 to 2001. Statistics include number of establishments, payroll (annual and 1st quarter), number of employees, and number of establishments by size class for 2 digit SIC industry groupings. The data is collected annually by the Bureau of the Census. The data is broken into three categories: National, State, and County. Users can select data from a number of variables to create their own patterns. The output selection of these patterns can be immediately uploaded to one's browser or be made available through FTP.

Current Population Survey Table Creator (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The U.S. Bureau of the Census offers the Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. The data comes from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) since 2003. The ASEC is the survey formerly known as the Annual Demographic Survey aka the March Supplement. The table-creation form comes in seven sections: Years of data, universe, subsets, variable selection, statistics, customized formatting, and appearance issues. A "Detailed Examples" section shows examples of table creation.

Data from Developing Countries (BREAD (Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development))
This page is intended to help locate datasets pertaining to data from developing countries that is either in the public domain or that can be obtained at modest cost from the agency collecting the data. This site provides links to some of the data available online and explanations of how to obtain others. Links are grouped into household surveys, firm-level data, macro data sources, and national statistical offices.

Department of Commerce (Department of Commerce)
Parent organization to the Economics and Statistics Administration, the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Includes agency links. If you're not finding the one you're looking for, try the Site Search option.

Department of State Foreign Affairs Network (DOSFAN) (U.S. State Department Chicago and University of Illinois at Chicago)
The DOSFAN Electronic Research Collection (ERC) carries an archive of historical documents from 1993 to 1997 from the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. The archives include country- and issue-specific information on sociopolitical situations, economic trends, democracy, human rights, culture, development assistance, environment, terrorism, and more. For current materials, see the U.S. Department of State web site.

Development Report Card of the States (Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED))

The Development Report Card (DRC) for the States reports on economic benchmarks individual states in the U.S. The site offers states annual "grades" from 2000 to 2007 for over 70 measures across three categories: Performance, Business Vitality, and Development Capacity. Measures range from income distribution, to air quality, to heart disease! The full data for each year is available for download in Excel format.

Though CFED no longer produces the DRC, they do still offer a state-by-state "Assets and Opportunities Scorecard" with downloadable data covering issues in the following areas: financial assets & income, businesses & jobs, housing & homeownership, health care, education, and community investment & accountability policies.

Diversitydata.org (Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University)
The diversitydata.org project provides metropolitan area indicators of diversity, opportunity, quality of life and health for various racial and ethnic population groups. It describes, profiles and ranks U.S. metro areas in terms of quality of life. These indicators are compiled using data from multiple data sources. They cover a range of social measures such as population, education, health, housing opportunities, economic opportunities, residential integration, neighborhood characteristics, crime and physical environment. Data can be downloaded as Excel format.

Diversitydatakids.org (Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University)
Diversitydatakids.org is designed as an information system to monitor the state of wellbeing, diversity, opportunity and equity for U.S. children. Visitors can view and assess important differences across seven geographic levels (depending on data availability): the neighborhood, county, city, school district, metropolitan area, state and national levels. All of their data and analyses are presented by race/ethnicity, and when possible, also by socioeconomic status and immigrant status. It monitors child outcomes as well as key factors (including opportunities, conditions, and resources) that drive child outcomes.

EBRI Databook on Employee Benefits (Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI))
The Employee Benefit Research Institute, a non-partisan not-for-profit organization, conducts and encourages research on employee benefits, and educates the public by providing data and analysis on employee benefits. One of the most heavily-used sections of the EBRI web site is the EBRI Databook on Employee Benefits, a sixty-chapter document in PDF that presents tables and analysis on the retirement income system; employer-sponsored benefit plans; government programs such as Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid; health insurance; and labor force and demographic trends. Chapters are updated individually, thus no previous editions of the Databook are available.

EconData (University of Maryland)
The University of Maryland INFORUM project makes available several hundred thousand economic time series. This is an outstanding resource, though somewhat dated, as the most recent revisions seem to date to 2002. Files arranged by category in zip format. To make use of the files, users must also download and install the PC-based econometric regression and model-building program, 'G'. Econdata offers access to Public Domain G (PDG) software "which can be used to read and manipulate these databanks. PDG sports a simple command-line interface, as well as on-line documentation in the form of a menu-driven help command."

EconData.Net (EconData.Net)
This site organizes socioeconomic data by subject or by information provider and offers annotated links. The sources include federal, state, commercial, and non-profit sector sources. Easy to navigate. Updates have been on hiatus for several years; a note as of April 2009 promises a renewed effort.

Economagic (Economagic)
Initially set up in 1996 to provide economic time series for students in a class on applied economic forecasting, the Economagic site has grown to include over 100,000 time series, including: interest rates from the Federal Reserve; retail sales and building permits from the Census Bureau; labor, employment, CPI and PPI from the Bureau of Labor Statistics; stock market highs and lows; and more. Time series are available for free in ASCII format, sometimes broken up by advertising. For subscribers, time series are available as charts or Excel spreadsheets, and multiple time series can be saved in a personal workspace and transformed through various calculations.

Econometrics Laboratory Software Archive (ELSA) (Econometrics Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley)
The Econometrics Software Laboratory Archive of the Econometrics Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley strives to facilitate the interchange of computational algorithms that have economic applications. ELSA makes available a variety of algorithms, programs, software manuals, and econometrics-related datasets and textbooks available for download. Datasets include, among others, Lorna Greening's Integrated Consumer Expenditure Survey data files for 1980-1994; David Card's collection of 1970 Census: raw (state) files and extracts; and several of David Card's collections of Current Population Survey files.

Economic & Business Research Center - Arizona (Eller College of Management, University of Arizona)
The Economic and Business Research Center provides economic and socio-demographic data, economic forecasts, and analysis for Arizona.

Economic Freedom Network (The Fraser Institute)
This website contains a report and searchable database, comparing countries based on an index of economic freedom. The economic freedom ratings are compiled from a variety of data sources, explained in Economic Freedom of the World: 2002 Annual Report available on the site in PDF or HTML. Data from several years' worth of annual reports is available for download.

Economic Indicators (Council of Economic Advisers)
Economic Indicators are prepared and published monthly for the Joint Economic Committee, by the Council of Economic Advisers. It provides economic information on gross domestic product, income, employment, production, business activity, prices, money, credit, security markets, Federal finance, and international statistics. This database contains the Economic Indicators since 1995. Documents are available as ASCII text and PDF files, as well as Excel files for more recent years.

Economic Statistics and Research - Small Business (Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA))
The SBA's Economic Statistics and Research page offers downloadable data in Excel format. Its Firm size data on employers are available from the Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB), Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS), and Business Employment Dynamics (BED) programs and data on nonemployers is available from the Nonemployer Statistics (NE) program. This site also offers many reports in PDF, and links to related statistics on other sites.

Economy.com (Moody's Analytics)
Economy.com provides real-time coverage of the global economy, including in-depth analysis of more than 300 economic indicators events, topics and long term trends, plus forecasts by Mark Zandi and the Moody's Analytics team.

EconStats (EconStats)
EconStats provides a rich array of free economic data from various sources, presented in both ASCII/html and Excel format. Sections include U.S. economic data (including GDP, interest rates, money supply, housing starts, inflation); global economic data, stock markets, currency exchange, futures, and real estate. A chat function allows users to ask reference questions too!

EEOC Statistics (U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission)
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission presents a very basic site regarding EEOC Statistics on enforcement and legislation. Statistics are in HTML table format and are in categories such as "All Statues," "Americans With Disabilities Act," "Age Discrimination," and many others.

ETI Drill Down Tool Kits (Employment and Training Institute, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)

The ETI Drill Down Tool Kits site is a nicely-packaged collection of U.S. Census data broken down to the census tract level, examining business and worker characteristics and purchasing power estimates. The Employment and Training Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee presents the information with an eye toward business plans, economic development and academic research. The data are compiled from Census Transportation Planning Packets and decennial data from 2000, Consumer Expenditures Surveys, and ZIP Code Business Patterns.

The "drill down" reports include:

  • Business Place-of-Work Drill Downs examine the characteristics of jobs located in each U.S. census tract
  • Employer Diversity Drill Downs identify the race/Hispanic origin composition of the workforce employed in each U.S. census tract
  • Neighborhood Workforce Drill Downs describe the type of jobs held by local residents
  • Purchasing Power Profiles examine retail potential for 16 different types of consumer expenditures for census tracts and residential ZIP codes
  • Urban Markets Retail Sales Leakage/Surplus Drill Downs show the difference between the purchasing power of residents compared to the retail sales estimated to result from retail employees in the same neighborhood

European Central Bank (ECB) - Statistics (European Central Bank)
The monetary union in Europe, with the euro as currency, has resulted in the founding of the European Central Bank. The ECB web site carries a statistics section that includes statistical press releases, euro area statistics, exchange rates and more. PDF versions of the ECB's Monthly Bulletin and corresponding .csv files are available.

Extreme Weather Sourcebook 2001 (National Center for Atmospheric Research and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), U.S. Weather Research Program (USWRP) and others)
The Extreme Weather Sourcebook 2001 provides a look at the economic and societal affects of extreme weather. The site is broken down by extreme weather phenomena, such as hurricanes, tornadoes, lightning, floods, and others. It includes rankings of monetary damage by each weather pattern by state and territory. Rankings are in tabulated and graph format. For other categories, there is information on deaths and injuries by the particular phenomena.

FAIRMODEL Economic Model (Ray C. Fair)
The FAIRMODEL economic models from Yale provides macroeconomic analysis for free. The site allows users to, "Work with a U.S. macroeconometric model (US model) or a multicountry econometric model (MC3 model) to forecast, do policy analysis, and examine historical episodes. Users can change government policy variables and examine the estimated effects of the changes, table and graph online and/or download all or part of the historical data, forecast data, and data you may have created, read online and/or download all the documentation, memos, and paper. Download for use on your own computer: the Fair-Parke (FP) program, the US model, the MC3 model, and the US model in EViews format. Users can also analyze a presidential vote equation, including examining Bush's chances in 2004, and perform stock market experiments."

Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research (FRASER) (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
FRASER, a new initiative from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, has scanned historical statistical publications from the Federal Reserve as PDF files. Some information goes back as far as 1896! The FRED II database (http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/) picks up where FRASER leaves off, allowing for the creation of uninterrupted time series, though users will have to hand-key any FRASER data they wish to manipulate.

Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis)
The Federal Reserve of Minneapolis' Web information service offers national and regional economic indicators, text from The Region magazine, the fedgazette newspaper, the Quarterly Review and other research publications and Annual Reports. There is information on Economic Data, specifically economic indicators for the 9th district and U.S. indicators (including the Beige Book--summaries). It also contains interest and exchange rate charts, background information on the Fed, and more.

Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
Over 387,000 US and international time series from 79 sources can be downloaded at this site. FRED provides for online charts and downloads in both Excel and text format.

Finfacts Worldwide Cost of Living Survey (Finfacts)
The FinFacts Worldwide Cost of Living Survey provides information related to the cost of living in cities throughout the world. Tabulated information is provided on the cities with the highest cost as well as cost of living comparisons. The site also has an internal link to Worldwide quality of life rankings.

Flood Damage in the United States (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research)
The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research has re-analyzed data from the National Weather Service on estimates of costs due directly to flood damage in the United States. Three datasets are available on this site: national, by state, and by drainage basin. Users can download the datasets in their entirety, or select areas and years to display. Coverage currently extends from 1926 to 2003 for national estimates, 1955 to 2003 for state estimates, and 1933 to 1975 for drainage basin estimates.

Florida Bureau of Economic & Business Research (BEBR) (Warrington College of Business, University of Florida)
The Florida Bureau of Economic & Business Research (BEBR) web site carries free reports in PDF of retail price and wage indices by Florida county; Florida price level indices; historical census counts for Florida and counties 1830 through 2000; and per capita & total personal income by MSA and county. Other publications are available for purchase, including the Florida Statistical Abstract in hard copy and on CD-ROM.

FreeLunch (Moody's Economy.com)
Moody's Economy.com, home of the fee-based Dismal Scientist, has created a section of its site dedicated to free U.S. economic and financial time series. Billing itself as "The Web's Largest Data Library," FreeLunch republishes data from primarily U.S. government sources (including the Census Bureau, Federal Reserve, Bureau of Economic Analysis). Users select data frequency (annual, quarterly, monthly, sometimes daily) and whether a line chart or table is desired. The time series can go back several decades, depending on the subject matter, and are quite current as well. Check out the daily foreign currency exchange series! Free registration required.

Gas Prices (American Automobile Association (AAA))
Surveying over 100,000 self-serve gasoline stations daily, the AAA Gas Prices monitors retail fuel prices via data from credit card swipes. For each metro area, an HTML table reports the price of unleaded regular, mid, premium, and diesel for the current day, previous day, a month ago, and a year ago. National averages and state-by-state averages are available as well, with a line chart tracking the past year of prices.

Gateway to Global Aging Data (University of Southern California, the Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR), Program on Global Aging, Health & Policy)
Gateway to Global Aging Data is a platform designed for harmonizing cross-national studies of aging to Health and Retirement Study (HRS). It includes Health and Retirement Study (HRS), Mexican Health and Ageing Study (MHAS), English Longitudinal Study on Ageing (ELSA), Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging (KLoSA), Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR), Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), China Health, Aging, and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), and Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI). It has a digital library contains survey questions, sets of harmonized variables, and tools to search, compare, and obtain the information from various health and retirement surveys from 25 countries.

Generations and Gender Contextual Database (GGP) (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) is a research infrastructure for Social Science. It provides micro- and macro-level data at the national and regional level to improve the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. GPP has these key features: cross-national comparability, a longitudinal design, a large sample size, a broad age range, a combination of micro and macro data and a theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. The GGP surveys and contextual database provide a wide variety of data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. Researchers need to register first before they access GGP data.

Georgia2000 Information System (University of Georgia, Carl Vinson Institute of Government)
The Georgia2000 Information System bills itself as "the best source on the web for Georgia statistics." It takes its sources from the 2000 U.S. Census, county vital statistics, economic development agencies, school districts and more. Users can generate HTML reports (that can be saved as Excel files) via the "menu-based reporting," or take a map-based approach which requires download of the Autodesk MapGuide Viewer from the site. A list of reports is available at http://www.georgia2000.org/more_info/info_data_sources.asp, while a list of maps is at http://www.georgia2000.org/more_info/info_map_layers.asp. The menu-based reporting only allows selection of a single entity (e.g. one county, one MSA, or one ZIP code) at a time. Free registration is required to use the system.

German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) (Deutsches Institut fuer Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW))
The GSOEP is a longitudinal study of private households across Germany, ongoing since 1984. Some of the many topics include household composition, occupational biographies, employment, earnings, health and satisfaction indicators. The GSOEP web site carries information about the study, including the questionnaires and a web interface to the data (SOEPinfo) that allows for frequency queries and item correspondence. Also available is contact information for obtaining the data directly from GSOEP. [NOTE: DISC has 1984-2002 available on CD-ROM in the library, Study #CA-511-001; more current data releases are available for purchase from GSOEP.]

GetFacts (University of Wisconsin-Extension and Applied Population Laboratory, UW-Madison)

GetFacts allows users to map, plot, or download data for the state of Wisconsin using selected variables from the following datasets:

  • Census 2000
  • Census 2010
  • American Community Survey 2008-2012
  • WI Dept. of Revenue (DOR) Revenues / Expenditures 2010

Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS) (U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service)
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS; formerly the US Trade Internet System) includes international agricultural, fish, forest and textile products trade statistics dating from the inception of the Harmonized coding system in 1989 to present. A menu-based query system allows users to create custom tables, which can be exported in a variety of formats.

Global Peace Index (Institute for Economics and Peace)

The Global Peace Index is a measure for ranking countries in order of their peacefulness. The index is made up of 23 indicators, covering both external measures such as weapons exports and number of conflicts fought, and internal measures such as jailed populations and numbers of homicides. The index has also been tested against additional determinants of peace such as levels of democracy, education, infant mortality, and income inequality. Data are compiled from many sources, including the Uppsala Conflict Data Program, the Economist Intelligence Unit, the World Bank, and the International Institute of Strategic Studies.

The index includes data from 2007 to 2010, for a growing list of countries. The primary access to the index is through an animated map of the world, displaying 2010 rankings by default. Downloads are in PDF only; a "GPI Results Report" for the displayed year appears to the right of the table beneath the map. To get earlier years, or to display animations across years, one must use the slider bar at the bottom of the map itself. Clicking on a country name or a country on the map will reveal a single year worth of data on all indicators for that country, including both indicators that are part of the index, and related indicators.

The site also recently launched the U.S. Peace Index, a comparison among U.S. states using a combination of 5 indicators: homicide rates, violent crimes, percentage of the population in jail, number of police officers and availability of small arms.

GlobalEDGE: Reference Desk (Michigan State University)
The GlobalEDGE web site aims to be the "ultimate research tool" for academics and business professionals interested in international business. The Global Resource Directory section of the site provides annotated links for applicable web resources.

Google Public Data Explorer (Google Labs)
Google Public Data Explorer is an online data visualization tool that allows users to explore publicly-available data within the site's collections, and design their own graphs and tables for display. Displays can be animated to show changes over time, and users can link or embed the visualizations in their own web pages. The initial collection includes selected data from the World Bank, OECD, Eurostat and several statistical agencies in the United States. While the collection is growing, it is not comprehensive. The data itself cannot be downloaded directly from Google, but links are provided to the source websites.

GOV.UK Statistics (Her Majesty's Treasury Office, Great Britain)
This site offers official statistics for Great Britain.

Highway Statistics Series (U.S. Department of Transportation)
Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Commerce, the Highway Statistics Series consists of "annual reports containing analyzed statistical data on motor fuel; motor vehicles; driver licensing; highway-user taxation; State and local government highway finance; highway mileage, and Federal aid for highways. This data is presented in tabular format as well as selected charts and has been published each year since 1945." Reports are available as html documents, but tables can be downloaded in pdf and .xls files.

Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition Online (UW-Madison subscription) (Cambridge University Press)
The previous edition covered colonial times through 1970 and was issued by the U.S. Bureau of the Census in honor of the U.S. Bicentennial (DISC has the bicentennial edition on CD-ROM). The present edition, greatly expanded and updated, was undertaken by Cambridge University Press, resulting in a web edition as well as 5 volumes in print (print volumes available at several libraries on the UW-Madison campus). Major subject categories include: Population, Work and Welfare, Economic Structure and Performance, Economic Sectors, Governance and International Relations. The online version offers tables for download in XLS and CSV, along with a custom table feature for combining more than one table. The custom tables and some other site features require a free registration, in addition to the subscription provided by UW-Madison via IP-authentication.

Index of Economic Freedom (Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)
In cooperation with the Wall Street Journal, the Heritage Foundation releases an annual report on world-wide economic freedom, scoring countries on a 1 to 5 index for factors such as corruption, trade barriers, the rule of law, and the black market. A profile for each country is provided. The web site includes HTML and PDF versions of the print publication, plus an online interface allowing searches and comparisons between countries from 1995 onward. The data can also be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet.

Indiastat (UW-Madison subscription) (Datanet India)
Indiastat.com provides socio-economic statistical data primarily from Indian government sources in electronic formats (both HTML and Excel files). Data includes statistics on demographics, health, higher education, agricultural and industrial production information, economic statistics, etc. Information from specific sectors such as bank and financial institutions, companies, co-operatives, crime and law, population, foreign trade, labor and workforce, housing, media, power, and transportation are also included. Note: UW-Madison subscribes via IP-authentication. If asked for member sign-in, select "IP Login."

Industry Concordances (Jon Haveman)
A wonderful site produced by Jon Haveman that provides access to a multitude of concordances (ISIC, SITC, usSIC, cSIC, HS and others) plus a list of acronyms and what they stand for AND verbal descriptions of the various classification systems.

Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Institute for Research on Poverty)
IRP is a national, university-based center for research into the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequity in the United States. One of the site's highlights is their excellent compilation of Poverty-Related Links. Also among the many offerings is the Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE), which looks at both direct effects of the child support pass-through policy on child support paid and received, and a wide range of potential secondary effects. To access the public-use data, users must apply and be approved for access to the data. After payment of a fee, users are provided with instructions on how and where to submit SAS programs. CSDE data can only be accessed by submitting SAS computer programs; actual copies of the data files are not provided.

Interactive Access to National Income and Product Accounts Table (Bureau of Economic Analysis)
The Bureau of Economic Analysis provides a site which gives users "selective access to the full set of National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) tables." Users can choose one of the frequently most requested NIPA tables, choose a table from a list of selected NIPA tables, choose a table from a list of all NIPA tables, or choose a table from a controlled vocabulary. An advanced download section is also available, in which users can download a file in csv, xls, zipped xls, or zipped csv.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) eLibrary Data (International Monetary Fund)
International Monetary Fund (IMF) eLibrary Data includes International Financial Statistics (IFS) data and other IMF datasets. Data can be downloaded in CSV format. Users are required to register with IMF before they can download data.

IPUMS Higher Ed (The Minnesota Population Center)
IPUMS Higher Ed offers harmonized versions of the surveys incorporated into the NSF Scientists and Engineers Statistical Database (SESTAT), which is composed of three National Science Foundation surveys: the National Survey of College Graduates, the Survey of Doctorate Recipients, and the National Survey of Recent College Graduates. Its data includes education history, labor force status, employer and academic institution characteristics, income, and work activities. SESTAT data have been used previously to study a wide variety of topics, including gender differences in the labor force and the presence of immigrants in the U.S. science and engineering workforce.

IRIS (Industrial Research and Development Information System) (National Science Foundation)
The IRIS website, sponsored by the the National Science Foundation, provides historical data relating to industrial research and development. The database includes over 2,500 tables related to industrial research and development information systems published by NSF from 1953 to 1998 (the point at which SIC codes changed to NAICS). Users can browse tables by survey year, table topic or can also use the search function for data tables. Files are available in MS Word and Excel.

JamStats (Planning Institute of Jamaica)
JamStats is a database project with the tagline and goal of "Tracking Jamaica's Progress," specifically toward the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. The database, which uses DevInfo software, can either be accessed online or downloaded from the JamStats site (over 10Mb in a zipped archive; the database and DevInfo software must be downloaded separately). As of July 2009, the online application allows users to select from three databases: EduStats 2008, JamStats 2008-9, and Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) 2005 for Jamaica. Indicator groupings, aka Sectors, in the JamStats database include demography, economy, education, environment, gender equity, health, information & communication, and national security. Data appears most complete for the past decade, but occasional indicators have values as far back as 1960.

Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement (JSTAR) (Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) and Hitotsubashi University and the University of Tokyo)
The Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement (JSTAR), a panel survey of elderly people aged 50 or older in Japan, was launched in 2007 and data from the first wave of the study was released in 2010. JSTAR focuses on the economic, social, and health conditions of elderly people. The study is designed to be comparable to the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) in the United States, Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA). The questionnaire, codebook, and a report on the first results can be downloaded from the site. The site also describes conditions, confidentiality levels, and application instructions for qualified researchers and agencies to receive the data free of charge. The JSTAR datasets are available in Stata and CSV formats.

Joint Center for Poverty Research (JCPR) (Northwestern University and University of Chicago)
JCPR supports academic research that examines what it means to be poor and live in America, concentrating on the causes and consequences of poverty in America and the effectiveness of policies aimed at reducing poverty. The JCPR site includes information on publications, conferences, various resources, programs, and research events.

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries (Asian Development Bank)
ADB describes itself as "a multilateral development finance institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific." The site contains the Key Indicators publication back to 1999, in PDF with tables available as Excel files. See also the Statistics and Databases section of the site, at http://www.adb.org/data/statistics.

Kuwait - Central Statistical Bureau (State of Kuwait Central Statistical Bureau)
Socio-economic and agricultural statistics for the State of Kuwait are published by its Central Statistical Bureau. Statistical reports are downloadable in pdf format. Most reports are in Arabic but some are in English and Arabic.

Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Local Employment Dynamics (LED) program provides county and sub county level employment and earnings information through the Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). Users can obtains statistics on employment for workers in industries by two digit NAICS codes and different age and sex groups. It provides current information on where jobs are being created and destroyed, how much turnover there is in each industry together with long-term trends. An online mapping tool called On the Map provides detailed maps showing where people work and workers live with companion reports on worker ages, earnings, industry distribution, and local workforce indicators.

Luxembourg Income Study (Center for Population, Poverty and Public Policy Studies (CEPS) and International Networks for Studies in Technology, Enviroment, Alternative Development (INSTEAD))
The Luxembourg Income Study Database (LIS) includes household and person level data on market and government income, demography, employment, and expenditures from countries in Europe, North America, Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Australasia.

Madison Neighborhood Indicators Project (City of Madison, Wisconsin)
The Madison Neighborhood Indicators Project program, funded by the City of Madison (Wisconsin) and hosted by UW-Madison's Applied Population Lab, offers a single year of selected data indicators plus mapping capability, covering the city of Madison as a whole and 70 neighborhoods, also organized as 57 planning districts. Indicators for each neighborhood include a basic area & population profile, public safety indicators, health & well-being indicators, community action & involvement indicators, economic vitality indicators, and housing quality & availability indicators. Mapping and neighborhood-comparison tools are available on the site. Note that some indicators, particularly relating to health and family well-being, are suppressed at the neighborhood level due to privacy concerns. The project launched as a pilot in 2008 with 5 neighborhoods, and went city-wide in October 2009.

Maryland State Data Center (Maryland State Data Center)
Although each state has Data Centers in collaboration with the U.S. Census Bureau, Maryland's online offerings are more extensive than most. The site focuses on census information and socioeconomic projects for the state of Maryland.

Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (MEMDB) (Rutgers University)
The Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (MEMDB) web site carries six searchable databases regarding currency exchange and prices in Europe, starting as early as 1200 and ranging into the late 1700s.

Millennium Development Goals (The World Bank)
The World Bank has adopted the 8 goals set out by the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals initiative, and offers data on the progress toward those goals as part of its Data Bank.

Millennium Development Goals Indicators (United Nations Statistics Division)
In the year 2000, 189 nations signed on to the United Nations Millennium Declaration, promising commitment to sweeping development goals, to be accomplished by 2015. The goals involve fighting poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women. Measurable goals and targets were established. The United Nations Statistics Division compiles and disseminates the data for 48 selected indicators beginning in 1990. Results of country-level data selections are displayed as HTML tables and may be downloaded as in csv, xml, or Excel; the entire database may also be downloaded. A "Gapminder" feature added to the site in 2006 creates various graphical representations of trends.

Missouri State Census Data Center County Population Trends Report, 1960-1995 (Missouri State Census Data Center)
These ASCII tables, covering counties throughout the United States, come from two U.S. Census Bureau sources: For the years 1960-1990, the data comes from the Census Bureau's USA Counties 1994 on CD-ROM, which contains Social and Economic Indicators from various federal agencies. For the years 1990-1995, the data comes from the Census Bureau's population estimates with components of change data.

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Online Economic Data (National Bureau of Economic Research)
The NBER is a major nonprofit and non-partisan economic research organization. NBER's researchers include over 600 professors of economics and business. The research at NBER concentrates on four types of empirical research: developing new statistical measurements, estimating quantitative models of economic behavior, assessing the effects of public policies on the U.S. economy, and projecting the effects of alternative policy proposals. Data files linked from the NBER data page are organized into the categories of: macro data, industry data, international trade data, individual data, hospital data, patent data and other data. Included may be compressed data files, electronic documentation, and selected SAS, SPSS or STATA data statements. Some of the links are to archives hosted by NBER, while others are to outside archives. Some interesting ones are

  • Occupational Wages Around the World
  • NBER Macro History Database (lots of time series)
  • Manufacturing Industry Productivity Database
  • School District Databook
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Family Level Extracts

National Gambling Impact Study Commission (National Gambling Impact Study Commission)
The NGISC was created by Congress in 1996 and charged "to conduct a comprehensive legal and factual study of the social and economic impacts of gambling on federal, state, local, and Native American tribal governments; and on communities and social institutions." This site contains the Commission's 1999 report and a link to the FTP site for NORC's Gambling Impact and Behavior Study dataset.

National Neighborhood Indicators Project (NNIP) (Urban Institute)

The National Neighborhood Indicators Project (NNIP) is a collaborative effort by the Urban Institute and local partners to further the development and use of neighborhood-level information systems in local policymaking and community building. With 35 partners as of November 2011, from Atlanta to Washington, the NNIP fosters local projects to gather and use local data to effect community change. Note that reports of partner activities are often in PDF. Access to actual data may take considerable drilling-down into partner web sites.

Visit DISC in person to use the Urban Institutes flagship data product, the Neighborhood Change Database (NCDB), to analyze decennial Census data at the tract level from 1970 through 2000.

National Statistics Online (UK) (United Kingdom)
The United Kingdom's official statistics site, with datasets, reference tables and publications carrying economic, social and demographic statistics relating to the United Kingdom.

NCCP Data Tools (National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University)

The NCCP Data Tools page contains five elements:

  • Basic Needs Budget Calculator - calculates cost of minimum basic necessities for a given location and family composition
  • Family Resource Simulator -- shows the impact of various federal and state "work support" benefits on the budgets of low- to moderate-income families.
  • 50-State Demographics Wizard -- creates custom HTML tables (downloadable in CSV) of national- and state-level statistics about low-income or poor children, using Current Population Survey ASEC data
  • 50-State Policy Wizard -- creates custom tables with information about state and federal policies that assist low-income families and children.
  • Income Converter -- to convert values between annual income, percent of federal poverty guidelines, and percent of state median income for a given family size, state and year.

New York State Statistics (Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, State University of New York)
Hosted by the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, the New York State Statistical Yearbook since 2002 is available online in PDF and Excel files. The print versions of editions back to 1998 may be ordered from the web site.

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (North American Industry Classification System)
In 1997 this system replaced the 1987 U.S. SIC codes (Standard Industrial Classification), unifying classifications for the United States, Canada and Mexico. The NAICS has been updated every five years (in 2002, 2007, 2012, and 2017) since its creation. Read background documents from the Federal Register and view table comparisons in various formats.

Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan areas; national occupational estimates for specific industries are also available.

OECD Factbook (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD))
OECD Factbook is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. Starting in OECD Factbook 2015-2016 new indicators are included on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area. The Factbook is available through the UW-Madison OECD iLibrary subscription.

OECD iLibrary (UW-Madison subscription) (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development)
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development presents iLibrary, a subscription-only service. Users can search on a vast array of topics related to the global economy, including Country Reports and Tables, Outlooks and Annuals, Journals and Newsletters as well as a variety of other choices. Statistical categories are also available. Search methods include drop-down menus as well as an internal search engine. An excellent source for economic related reports and stats. UW-Madison maintains an institutional subscription to OECD iLibrary; individual subscriptions are available for a fee. Non-UW-Madison users may visit the OECD iLibrary site at http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/.

Office of Financial Management - State of Washington (State of Washington)
The Forecasting Division of the Office of Financial Management for the State of Washington "provides estimates of state and local population, monitors changes in the state economy and labor force, and conducts research on a variety of issues affecting the state budget and public policy." One highlight of the site is the Washington State Data Book, the state's statistical abstract. Washington only posts its most recent State Data Book (the 2005 edition was posted in January 2006) and recommends that its users follow up on the specific sources of the data to get the absolute latest figures. The State Data Book tables display in HTML but may be downloaded as PDF or Excel files. Also of interest on the OFM Forecasting Division site are a Criminal Justice Data Book and an Employer Health Insurance Data Book for the state of Washington. In addition, Washington conducts a biennial State Population Survey, with downloadable data posted on the site for 1998 through 2004.

Office of Trade and Industry Information (US Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration)
"The Office of Trade and Industry Information (OTII), as part of the International Trade Administration, seeks to provide a solid foundation of trade and industry data to support the development of national trade policies." The site includes Exports from U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Exporter Database, and TradeStats Express (with National Trade Data and State Export Data.)

Old age, survivors, and disability insurance (OASDI) public-use microdata file, 2001 data (U.S. Social Security Administration)
The OASDI Public-Use Microdata File contains an extract of data fields from the SSA's Master Beneficiary Record (MBR) file and consists of a 1 percent random, representative sample of persons entitled to receive an OASDI benefit payment for December 2001. Records on the underlying file for persons entitled to receive an OASDI benefit payment for December 2001 were ordered by state, by sex within state, by age within sex, and by type of benefit within age; a systematic 1 percent random sample was then selected. The file contains approximately 460,000 records, with 16 data fields on each record, and is available in a standard SAS file structure.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Statistics (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)
This site provides a portal to free socio-economic statistics collected by the OECD. UW-Madison also subscribes to OECD iLibrary, OECD's premier fee-based product.

OSHA Statistics and Data (U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
The Statistics and Data page from the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) provides links to various injury and illness statistics, as well as searching inspection databases and the 1987 version SIC manual by keyword.

Paises@ (Countries@) (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE))

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) has announced a new map-based data extractor called Paises@ ("Paises" translates to "Countries"). This Flash-based ready reference tool contains basic population, social indicator, economic, technological, land use, and United Nations Millenium Development Goals information for each of the 192 United Nations members for the latest year available.

To use the extractor, first select a language (Portuguese, English, Spanish). Then select a country from the World Map on the Paises@ main page. Basic information about the country will appear. Select a category of indicators for that country, then click the globe icon next to an individual indicator to get a sortable listing for that indicator for all countries in the database. Additional information for each country includes a political map, a short slide show featuring photographic highlights of the country, and a link to a Google satellite map.

Note: for geographically-small countries, users may have to use the magnifying glass icon (+) several times, in conjunction with the arrow keys, until the country becomes large enough to click on.

Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) (National Science Foundation and National Institute on Aging and others)
The PSID is a longitudinal survey of a representative sample of US individuals and their families, ongoing since 1968. The data were collected each year through 1997, and every other year starting in 1999. Topics include income and wealth, expenses, education, and health care. A section on philanthropic giving and volunteering was added in 2001. A subsetting utility is available on the site, or data files may be downloaded in their entirety.

PolicyMap (The Reinvestment Fund)

PolicyMap is a geographic information system that lets users map, graph, and organize data relevant to neighborhood planning and economic revitalization. The site carries data on demographics, real-estate, crime, income, education, and jobs - over 4,000 indicators. Depending on the data, maps and reports can be focused on areas as small as block groups or census tracts, or as large as states.

The site has many components available with a free registration, and others available to subscribers only. The free data comes from such agencies as the Census, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and other US government agencies. Fee-based, subscriber-only data comes mostly from Claritas, a consumer-data and demographics firm that produces projections and annual small-area estimates. Subscribers can also upload data and create custom mapping regions. (UW-Madison does not subscribe). A complete list of PolicyMap data can be found at https://www.policymap.com/data/our-data/l.

Political Constraint Index (Witold Heinsz and The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania)
This site offers a dataset, in Access and Excel format, calculating a Political Constraint Index (POLCON) as a measure of political/economic risk associated with a country. Free registration required.

Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR) (Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science)
The Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR) links policies, data, and research for users to explore population developments. It is designed to meet the information needs of researchers, policy makers, civil society organizations and journalists. It includes detailed information on policies over time, a link catalog to socio-economic and demographic data, and an online repository of research outcomes. It covers countries outside of Europe as well.

Poverty Guidelines, Research and Measurement (Assistant Secretary of Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services and Human Services))
This site includes the annual report on HHS Poverty Guidelines, as well as information contacts and references on the Poverty Guidelines, the Poverty Thresholds, and the Development and History of the U.S. Poverty Lines. The site also includes several PDF format articles on poverty measurement.

Poverty Reduction & Equity (World Bank)

This site from the World Bank offers both estimation tools and statistics and indicators relating to poverty. Tools include:

  • a Poverty Mapping Tool
  • PovStat, "an Excel based program that produces forecasts that vary by level of complexity depending on the availability of reliable data for the post survey period and on the extent to which various factors influencing poverty levels are incorporated."
  • PovCalNet, "an interactive computational tool that allows you to replicate the calculations made by the World Bank's researchers in estimating the extent of absolute poverty in the world ($1 a day)."

Regional Economic Information System (REIS) (U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis)
The REIS database from the Bureau of Economic Analysis provides local area economic data back to 1969 for states, counties, and metropolitan areas. Statistics in the database include: personal income by source, per-capita personal income, earnings by industry, full and part time employment by industry, and regional economic profiles. The website has a table-maker with drop-down menus, or users may download the large REIS estimates & softward file (95Mb compressed, 890Mb uncompressed!)

Reserve Bank of Australia (Reserve Bank of Australia)
The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is Australia's central bank. It releases its key data on economic and financial statistics. They include assets and liabilities, exchange rates, interest rates, government finances, household and business finances, payment system, money and credits, inflation and inflation expectations, output and labour, international trade and external finance and historical statistics.

Resources for Economists on the Internet (Bill Goffe)
This venerable annotated web-bibliography has been kept up-to-date for years and is an excellent source of of both U.S. and international resources for economists. Of particular interest, of course, is the "Data" link.

Rodney Fort's Sports Business Data (Rodney Fort)
This site offers the most complete data on the economics and business of U.S. pro sports leagues in existence. Data are publicly available from Professor Fort's BOX folder. Subfolders are organized by sport. Data are organized by Attendance, Fan Cost Index, Income and Expenses, Payroll, Player Salaries, Manager/Coaches Salaries, Rival Leagues, Team Moves, Team Values and Sale Prices, Ticket Prices, TV Revenue, and Winning Percentages. Most files are in Excel format. Additional information about these statistics can be found in readme and note files.

Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey-Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
The RMLS-HSE looks at the social and economic effects of the Russian Republic's economic reforms in the 1990s. Household data has been collected 18 times since 1992; the survey was designed to capture overall economic and health well-being. While some of the data at one time required payment, currently a partnership with the Higher School of Economics in Moscow has resulted in the data being made available free of charge. All potential users of the data must first register and then complete the requirements outlined in the Data-Use Agreement, including IRB approval and an explicit confidentiality plan.

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) (U.S. Bureau of the Census)

From the SAIPE site: "The U.S. Census Bureau, with support from other Federal agencies, created the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program to provide more current estimates of selected income and poverty statistics than those from the most recent decennial census. Estimates are created for states, counties, and school districts. The main objective of this program is to provide updated estimates of income and poverty statistics for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of federal funds to local jurisdictions. Beginning with the estimates for 2005, data from the American Community Survey are used in the estimation procedure; all prior year estimates used data from the Annual Social and Economic Supplements of the Current Population Survey."

Files are released annually. State and county files cover the years 1989, 1993, and 1995 onward. School district files cover 1995, 1997, and 1999 onward. Files are downloadable in .xls and .txt format. Users can also use drop-down menus to display data in HTML tables.

Social Indicators of Development (SID) (World Bank and CIESIN)
SID, hosted by CIESIN, contains the World Bank's most detailed data collection for assessing human welfare to provide a picture of the social effects of economic development. Data are presented for over 170 economies, omitting only those for which data are inadequate. Data are through 1993.

Social Science & Government Data Library (University of California, Berkeley)

The Social Science and Government Data Library (SSGDL) is a collaboration between the UC-Berkeley Library and UC DATA on the University of California, Berkeley campus. The SSGDL web site carries both an extraction system and FTP links for U.S. Census Data. The extraction system contains 1990 census data from SSTF1, SSTF2 (Ancestry of the Population of the US) SSTF3 (Persons of Hispanic Origin in the United States), and SSTF5 (Characteristics of Asian and Pacific Islander Population of the US). Users can pick both geographies and variables.

The FTP files available from the site include:

  • Census 2000: Summary File 1 (SF1), Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171), Race and Hispanic or Latino Summary
  • 1990 Census: Congressional Districts in the U.S., Equal Employment Opportunity File, Public Law 94-171 data, Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) - 1% and 5% data, Summary Tape File 1B (includes PR files), Summary Tape File 3 (includes 3A, 3B, and 3C), Subject Summary Tape Files
  • 1970 Census Fifth Count Special Tabulation
  • County & City Databook 1988 and 1994
  • Current Population Survey files between 1988 and 1993
  • Economic Census Data (1987, 1992, 1997)
  • TIGER/Line 1997 files

Downloaded FTP files use the "Go" extraction system.

Social Science Japan Data Archive (SSJDA) (Center for Social Research and Data Archives, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo)
The Social Science Japan Data Archive (SSJDA) is affiliated with the Center for Social Research and Data Archives in the Institute of Social Science at the University of Tokyo. SSJDA collects, maintains, and provides access to social science data to researchers who are interested in Japanese quantitative data for secondary analyses. Users are required to fill out online applications and get approval before they can access datasets housed in SSJDA. Most of the datasets are in Japanese.

SSTI Digest - "Useful Stats" (State Science and Technology Institute)
The SSTI Digest, a free electronic weekly publication from the State Science and Technology Institute. Useful stats is integrated with other articles in the blog.

State and County QuickFacts (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Its data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

State Government Tax Collections (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The State Government Tax Collections Survey provides annual state-by-state data for state tax revenue from 1992 onward. A historical dataset (for 1951 and onward) is also available in Excel format. The data are not to be interpreted as state area data (state & local government taxing efforts combined), but apply solely to state government tax revenues. In this survey the concept of "taxes" is comprised of all compulsory contributions exacted by a government for public purposes, except employer and employee assessments for retirement and social insurance purposes. Summary tables are available in HTML, Excel, and text files.

State of Metropolitan America (Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program)

The State of Metropolitan America is an interactive website aimed at allowing users to analyze demographic and social trends that affect the United States' largest metropolitan areas. The site's major subject areas, via over 300 indicators, are: population and migration, race and ethnicity, immigration, age, households and families, educational attainment, work, income and poverty, and commuting. The data comes from the U.S. Census Bureau, and includes the 2000 Census as well as data from the American Community Survey since 2006.

The site allows users to display, map, and download data for the 50 U.S. states (plus the District of Columbia) and 100 largest U.S. metropolitan areas. From the interactive map, users can download a CSV file that includes all years of data for a given indicator, or a ZIP file that includes all years of data for all indicators in a given subject area. From the profile page for any given geographic area on the indicator map, users can download a CSV file that includes the geography type, year, and indicator currently in view, a CSV file that includes the same indicator for all geographies and all years, or a ZIP file that includes all indicators in the subject area for all geographies and all years.

State of the Cities Data System (SOCDS) at HUDuser (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development)
The SOCDS provides data for individual Metropolitan Areas, Central Cities, and Suburbs on the following subjects:

  • demographic and economic characteristics of the population
  • unemployment rates
  • jobs, business establishments, and average pay since the 1990s
  • violent and property crime rates
  • local building permits
  • State of the Cities Data Systems: HMDA Data
  • city and suburban government finance
Links to download the raw data files are also provided.

State of the Nation's Cities: A Comprehensive Database on American Cities and Suburbs (Center for Urban Policy Studies, Rutgers University)
This database of 77 cities and suburbs was contracted by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as part of the 1996 United Nations' Habitat II conference. The SONC database brings together over 3,000 variables from a wide variety of sources, allowing easy comparability of indicators on employment and economic development, demographic measures, housing and land use, income and poverty, fiscal conditions, and a host of other health, social, and environmental indicators." Users may download in a variety of formats including plain ASCII, SPSS portable file, Excel file, SAS formatted file, and a special file for Macintosh users.

State of Working America (Economic Policy Institute)
Since 1988, the State of Working America has been the flagship publication of the Economic Policy Institute (a think tank focusing on the economic issues of low- and middle-income workers in the U.S.) The publication presents data in eight broad issue areas: income, economic mobility, wages, jobs, wealth, poverty, health, and international comparisons. Past editions have been published in print form, while the 2011 edition is online only, with charts downloadable in Excel.

Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1791-1845 (EDINA)
The EDINA National Datacentre includes the Statistical Accounts of Scotland dataset. These data, collected by parish ministers in the 1790s and the 1830s, provide a rich record of topics such as: wealth, class and poverty; climate, agriculture, fishing and wildlife; population, schools, and the moral health of the people. A free login is required.

STAT-USA: Links to Sources (University of Central Florida Libraries)
The U.S. Department of Commerce's STAT-USA database, which compiled economic information and data from multiple government sources, ceased operations as of October 1, 2010. The University of Central Florida Libraries has compiled a guide with links to many of the sources that contributed to the contents of STAT-USA.

Supplemental security Income (SSI) public-use microdata file, 2001 data (U.S. Social Security Administration)
The SSI public-use microdata file contains an extract of data fields from the SSA's Supplemental Security Record (SSR) file and consists of a 5 percent random, representative sample of persons who received a federal SSI benefit in December 2001. This file contains approximately 320,000 records, with 13 data fields on each record.

Survey of Business Owners (SBO) (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Survey of Business Owners (SBO) is the current version of what was formerly called the Surveys of Minority- and Women-Owned Business Enterprises (SMOBE/SWOBE). The SBO is part of the Economic Census and is conducted every five years, providing information on selected economic and demographic characteristics for businesses and business owners in the United States by gender, ethnicity, and race.

Survey of Consumer Finances (Federal Reserve Board)
"The Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) is a triennial survey of the balance sheet, pension, income, and other demographic characteristics of U.S. families. The survey also gathers information on the use of financial institutions. The links to the surveys provide summary results of the surveys, codebooks and related documentation, and the publicly available data. Also included here are the data and related information from the 1962 Survey of Financial Characteristics of Consumers and the 1963 Survey of Changes in Family Finances. These surveys are the most direct precursors of the SCF. Similar information on the 1983 and 1989 Surveys of Pension Providers is provided as well." The most recent SCF was conducted in 2001.

Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
SIPP is a nationwide longitudinal survey for the U.S. that collects information on topics such as poverty, income, employment, and health insurance coverage. SIPP core content covers demographic characteristics, work experience, earnings, program participation, transfer income, and asset income; additional topical modules are also included with each wave. The site contains data and documentation back to 1984.

The Australian Real-Time Macroeconomic Database (Macroeconomics Research Unit, University of Melbourne)
The Australian real-time database contains key macroeconomic indicators for Australia which include measures of GDP, its components, prices and key monetary and labour market statistics over the last fifty years as published and revised in real time. This database is organized by the real GDP and its components, nominal GDP and its components, original GDP and its components, other key macroeconomic aggregates, selected labour force aggregates, selected monetary aggregates and miscellaneous series.

The Center for International Data (Robert Feenstra)
The Center for International Data is housed at the Department of Economics at the University of California, Davis. It collects, enhances, creates, and disseminates international economic data. Its collection includes U.S. import and export data, U. S. tariff data, world import and export data, and Penn World Tables. Its links page lists other sites for international and U.S. data. Users need to read and agree to its Terms Of Use, before they can download any data.

The Current Value of Old Money (Roy Davies)
Roy Davies, a science librarian at the University of Exeter, created a page dedicated to exploring the value of money throughout history. The site contains links to a number of pages dedicated to money and monetary policy. Sites are broken down into broad categories, such as international, U.K. and Europe, United States and others. Links are also provided to prices in ancient Rome and other economic history sites.

The Economic Report of the President (Executive Office)
The Executive Office of the United States provides an on-line copy of the Economic Report of the President. The report, available in ASCII text and PDF, offers a detailed analysis of the President's economic plan for the coming year. The site also includes links to previous economic reports dating back to 1995. Statistical tables are available in spreadsheet (.xls) format.

The International Data & Economic Analysis (IDEA) at USAID (U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID))
The International Data & Economic Analysis (IDEA) is USAID's source of economic and social data and analysis. The IDEA has over 12,000 data series from over 125 sources. The data are broken down by countries, years and the following sectors: Economy, Country Ratings and Rankings, Trade, Development Assistance, Education, Health, Population, and Natural Resources. Visitors can query the International Data & Economic Analysis (IDEA) by countries, series and periods. Results can be downloaded in csv format.

The US Counties IN Profile (Stats Indiana and Indiana Business Research Center, Indiana University Kelley School of Business)
"The US Counties IN Profile" allows users to pick a state and county and see how they are ranked in terms of various statistical categories. Categories include population, number of households, labor force, unemployment rate, per capita personal income, poverty rate, and many others. Users can choose the state, and then choose a county and also see how the county ranks in terms of other counties within the state. Also available are comparisons between two counties. Data is provided in HTML tables only.

Tracking the Economy (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis has made available "Tracking the Economy," a collection of charts reporting the current trends for several economic indicators. All charts use U.S. data starting with the October 1949 business cycle trough and continuing through the current cycle. Economic indicators include industrial production, real disposable personal income, employment, real retail sales, in addition to the gross domestic product and its components. Users can edit these charts with different attributes interactively.

TransMONEE: Database of Socio-Economic Indicators for CEE/CIS Countries (United Nations Children's Fund and Innocenti Research Center)
TransMONEE contains over 150 economic and social indicators divided into ten different topics (population, natality, child and maternal mortality, life expectancy and adult mortality, family formation, health, education, child protection, crime indicators, and economic indicators) for 27 transition countries in Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. Annual time series data is available as far back as 1989. The TransMONEE data and country profiles are both available in Excel format.

Trends & Numbers - Newspaper Association of America (Newspaper Association of America (NAA))
The Newspaper Association of America (NAA) web site includes a Trends & Numbers section that includes national-level tables for advertising expenditure, readership trends, newspaper web sites, and circulation expenditures. Most of these tables go back 20 years or more, and most can be downloaded as Excel files. Note: the Newspaper Audience Database (NADbase) that the NAA used to provide is no longer available.

Trends in Developing Economies (TIDE), 1995 (World Bank)
TIDE provides brief reports on most of the World Bank's borrowing countries, current to 1995. This compendium of individual country economic trends complements the World Bank's World Development Report, which looks at major global and regional economic trends and their implications for the future prospects of the developing economies. TIDE digests information from national sources and adds staff commentary to explain developments for the benefits of readers who are familiar with macroeconomics but not, perhaps, with every country under review.

Trends in UK Statistics Since 1900 (House of Commons Library)
This PDF report, illustrated with graphs and tables, summarizes selected social and economic trends in the UK since 1900, including: population, health, education, defense, crime, transport, energy, and leisure, among others. The document is part of a research report collection presented by the UK House of Commons Library. Various reports are available for 1998-2000.

U.S. Bureau of the Census (U.S. Department of Commerce)
The United States Census Bureau gathers and disseminates demographic and economic data, including the decennial census. The Census Bureau uses the Internet as their primary distribution method, most prominently via the American FactFinder interface for Census 2000, Census 2010, and other recent data. The New on Site page lists the latest additions to the site. A searchable Question and Answer Center provides answers to frequently asked questions. The Publications page is a subject-oriented resource guide to the programs and services of the Census Bureau.

U.S. Demography (CIESIN)
Included here are informative explanations of the following datasets: Public Use Microdata Samples, Current Population Survey, Economic Census Data, County Business Patterns, County City Data Book, Statistical Abstract Supplement, National Economic Social and Environmental Databank, Regional Economic Information System, Enhanced County to County Migration 1985-1990, TIGER 1992 Boundaries, and STF3A Standard Extracts.

U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants (Greenbook) (U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID))
The Foreign Aid Explorer allows all users to find and retrieve foreign aid data with interactive maps and graphics. Users can explore data across countries, sectors, and over time and download the data using data query tools. At this site users can also find the Greenbook, an annual report of United States foreign aid, with each edition covering historical data back to 1946.

U.S. Tax Statistics (Internal Revenue Service)
A wealth of information about the financial composition of individuals, business taxpayers, tax exempt organizations and more. This data has been sampled from all kinds of returns and sorted in lots of interesting ways.

UN Classifications Registry (United Nations Statistics Division)
The Classifications registry keeps updated information on Statistical Classifications maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD). Downloadable classifications include International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities(ISIC), Central Product Classification (CPC), Standard International Trade Classification(SITC), Classification by Broad Economic Categories (BEC), Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG), Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP), Classification of the Purposes of Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households (COPNI), Classification of the Outlays of Producers According to Purpose (COPP) and International Classification of Activities for Time-Use Statistics (ICATUS). Rulings, corrections, interpretations and proposals for future revisions are recorded and can be viewed from the Registry entries link at this site. National Classifications section includes information on national practices in the area of classifications, covering activity and product classifications used in countries around the world.

UNdata (United Nations)
The United Nations is undertaking to bring together many of its various statistical databases under a single interface, at UNdata. UNdata carries 34 databases containing over 60 million records, covering a range of topics including population, industry, energy, trade and national accounts. The databases are accessible either by keyword searching from a single search page, or through a menu of databases. UNdata replaces the UN Common Database, which was discontinued after the December 2007 edition. However, the trade information in Undata does not replace UN COMTRADE, which continues to cover a deeper and more fully-featured set of merchandise statistics.

UNIDO Industrial Statistics (United Nations Industrial Development Organization)
UNIDO maintains and provides (for a fee) databases on detailed key industrial statistics with worldwide coverage. The databases described on this site are the UNIDO INDSTAT3 Industrial Statistics Database, 3-Digit Level of ISIC Code; the UNIDO INDSTAT4 Industrial Statistics Database, 4-Digit Level of ISIC Code; and the UNIDO Industrial Demand-Supply Balance Database.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
Available in English, Spanish or French, this site provides information on events and meetings, technical cooperation, press releases and reference services, and a whole host of related WWW sites.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (United Nations Development Programme)
This site has information on focus areas, the UN system, news, publications, and statistics on the Human Development Report and the Development Cooperation Analysis System.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) Statistical Division (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division)
The UN/ECE contains statistical data regarding European member countries, an archive of documents, census recommendations, and links to other statistical agencies. The online data consists of six databases: Gender Statistics Database; Trends in Europe and North America; Human Settlements Database; Demographic Database; Robotics; and Gas Centre Database. Most of the information in these databases is presented in either chart or graph format.

United States Historical Census Data Browser (University of Virginia and Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
Data presented here describes the people and the economy of the U.S. for each state and county from 1790 to 1960 as provided by U.S. Census results.

University Information System - Russia (UIS RUSSIA) (Russian Inter-University Social Sciences Information and Analytical Consortium)
This online collection, primarily in Russian, contains a wealth of information about Russia since the early 1990s. Sources include governmental laws and directives, daily records of the State Duma, Russian Federation data (Goscomstat), CIS economic and social data, election statistics, and much more. The collection is intended for social science education and research, and is geared toward university users. Certain areas of the collection, and a collection-wide search, are free to any user; other parts of the site are password-protected, including the Russian Federation state statistics. Please visit DISC in person to be logged in with username and password.

University of Texas Inequality Project (UTIP) (University of Texas at Austin)
The University of Texas Inequality Project (UTIP) is a research group concerned with inequality in wages and earnings worldwide. Their work emphasizes Theil's T statistic, which they apply to industrial data from the United States, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). They compare their results to the more famous Deininger and Squire household inequality datasets, published by the World Bank. The site carries two freely-downloadable datasets in Excel format, plus working papers in PDF and presentations in PowerPoint.

USDA Economics, Statistics and Market Information System (ESMIS) (Cornell University, Mann Library)
According to their site, the USDA Economics, Statistics and Market Information System (ESMIS) "contains nearly 2500 reports and datasets. These materials cover U.S. and international agriculture and related topics. Available titles include both current and historical data. Many of the current titles are available via email subscription." E-mail subscription is a free service. Most reports are text files that contain time-sensitive information, including text-based tables. Most datasets are in spreadsheet format and include time-series data.

USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb (United States International Trade Commission)
The USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb provides U.S. international trade statistics and U.S. tariff data to the public free of charge (free registration required). International trade data are available for years 1989- present on a monthly, quarterly, annual, or year-to-date basis and can be retrieved in a number of classification systems, including the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS), the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), or the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Pre-defined reports on international trade statistics are also available by geographic region and partner country.

Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (WIIW))
The Vienna Institute specializes in research on the countries of the former communist bloc and their transition to the free market. This site provides access to sections on Forecasts, News, Reports, Data, and Consulting, to name a few. Database services include over 6000 different "highly comparable and user-friendly" time series. Data are available for a fee.

Wisconsin Blue Book (Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau)
Wisconsin's answer to the statistical abstract is the Blue Book, published by the Legislative Reference Bureau. The series began in 1853 and is currently published on a biennial basis. The Blue Book also includes statistics, biographies and photos of Wisconsin elected officials, the text of the Wisconsin state constitution, and in-depth description of Wisconsin governmental structure and function. The online version is available solely in PDF.

Wisconsin Food Security Project (UW Extension and Wisconsin Dept. of Health & Family Services)
The Wisconsin Food Security Project provides localized information on food access and the food security infrastructure in Wisconsin. The website provides a wide range of data, and a variety of ways to access and interact with the data.

World Bank Data (World Bank)
The World Bank launched its World Bank Data site in April 2010, an open-data initiative freely offering indicators and statistics about development that previously were accessible only by subscription. The Data Catalog on the site includes World Development Indicators (UW-Madison previously subscribed), Global Development Finance, Africa Development Indicators, Millennium Development Indicators, and more. The products grouped together in the searchable "Databank" comprise over 2000 indicators, some of which go back as far as 50 years; products from the Databank and others as well can be downloaded in Excel or CSV formats.

World Income Inequality Database (WIID) (UN Development Program and UN University)
Originally developed in 1997-99, the World Income Inequality Database (WIID) provides information on income inequalities at both cross-country and time series levels for developed, developing, and transition countries. The WIID provides the most comprehensive set of income inequality statistics available and can be downloaded for free. ? The WIID 3.3, released in 2015, covers new countries, and nearly 2000 new observations have been added since WIID 2.0. The current update includes observations for seven more years, with the latest observations now reaching the year 2012. In addition to the raw data, the site also provides an interactive visualization tool.

World Tables (World Bank)
World Tables, an older publication of the World Bank, provides a detailed collection of economic data and socioeconomic indicators. Standardized data is presented for numerous individual countries, useful for international comparisons. A Supplement containing revised data was published approximately six months after the main volume. Data are presented as annual times series covering multiple years (1972-1992, 1994, 1995), and are presented as Topical Pages or as Country Pages.

World Trade Organization (WTO) Statistics (World Trade Organization)
The WTO statistics page carries annual international trade statistics in PDF and Excel formats, along with historical time series: aggregated merchandise and commercial services trade by region and selected economies back to 1980, and aggregated worldwide merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product back to 1950.

ZIP Business Patterns (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The ZIP Code Business Patterns include the number of establishments by NAICS industry, mid-March employment, first quarter payroll, and annual payroll. Data are released in hypertext tables (html), in comma-delimited format (csv) for spreadsheet or database use, and in the American FactFinder. It can be downloaded via this County Business Patterns site.

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