Please note: Older issues of the newsletter are likely to contain
broken links -- the newsletter is presented here "as published."
DPLS News contains articles about local, national,
and international data issues.
It is published twice a semester by the library staff.
Editor: Joanne Juhnke, Associate Special Librarian
Contributors:Lu Chou, Senior Special Librarian, Jay Dougherty, Library Assistant, & Cindy Severt, Senior Special Librarian
No tenet of the library profession is perhaps more important than the idea of intellectual freedom. Through intellectual freedom, librarians are able to disseminate controversial information to the public. In the wake of September 11, however, the ideal of open dissemination of information is being repeatedly challenged by Federal agencies.
These challeges to open access have been brought upon by the Federal Government in numerous ways. Joy Suh, a documents librarian at George Mason University, was recently issued a letter by the Justice Department asking her to destroy a CD-ROM that contained information on the nations water supply. Suh disposed of the controversial CD-ROM. Other librarians have been faced with similar letters from the Federal Government asking them to dispose of potentially dangerous material regarding the infrastructure of the U.S.
There has also been radical restructuring of the National Center for Education Statistics, or NCES. In the past, NCES offered a statutory guarantee of confidentiality to education records. Under the USA- PATRIOT (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism) Act which was passed in October 2001, however, the Justice Department now has open access to NCES data. In the event the Justice Department wants access to student records, the NCES will have no grounds to argue against the injunction. To read a copy of the PATRIOT Act, go to http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/Terrorism_militias/20011025_hr3162_usa_patriot_bill.html.
The PATRIOT Act also allows the Federal Government to look at web sites frequented by users. According to the Electronic Frontier Foundations analysis of the PATRIOT Act (Available at http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/Terrorism_militias/20011031_eff_usa_patriot_analysis.html), The government may now spy on web surfing of innocent Americans, including terms entered into search engines, by merely telling a judge anywhere in the U.S. that the spying could lead to information that is relevant to an ongoing criminal investigation. The person spied on does not have to be the target of the investigation. This application must be granted and the government is not obligated to report to the court or tell the person spied on what it has done.
Laws such as the PATRIOT Act will substantially affect the role of intellectual
freedom in the profession by curbing access to users and making controversial
information less available to the public. Hopefully, librarians will still be
able to provide relevant information to the public without constraint.
ABC News/Washington Post poll # 16647: Clinton legacy, priorities for George W. Bush. (LA-152-005)
ABC News/Washington Post poll # 16649: Finances, campaign finances. (LA-152-006)
ABC News/Washington Post poll # 17381: George W. Bush at 100 days. (LA-152-007)
Associated Press poll #843N: Congressional election (United States). (LA-151-002)
CBS News Poll # 2000-05A: Class of 2000final survey (United States). (SA-053-001)
CBS/NYT Poll # 2000-05B: Election 2000/Guns/Social Security (United States). (LA-150-006)
CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll # 2000-16: Education/guns (United States). (LA-150-003)
Education at a glance: OECD Indicators, 2000. (QE-501-002)
Gallup News Service Poll # 2000-36: August wave 1 poll (United States). (LA-150-004)
Gallup News Service poll #2001-16: May wave 1. (LA-152-004)
Please join us in welcoming the newest member of the DPLS family, Lydia Rose Oakleaf, born February 11, 2002 to proud parents Joanne Juhnke and Mike Oakleaf. After a 12-week maternity leave Joanne will return to DPLS in May to resume her duties providing reference, editing our Newsletter, and managing our web site.
As a baby name, Lydia appears to be part of a trend of old-fashioned
female names that have made a comeback in recent years. Those who watch
the Top Ten baby-name lists that appear in newspapers and magazines every year
may be interested to know that much more detailed baby-name numbers are available
from the Social Security Administration. Their website for baby names
can be found at
In the first 8 months of 2001, based on a 1% sample of Social Security card applications for newborns, the name Lydia was ranked 102 in popularity for female names. This represents a leap up the charts, as Lydia was ranked 152 in 1998, 151 in 1999, and 150 in 2000 (100% sample).
By decade, Lydia has not enjoyed such popularity as a name since the first decade of the century, when it was ranked 111 overall (5% sample). The Social Security Administration baby-name rankings include each unique spelling as a unique name (for example, Lidia is considered a separate name, and ranked 981 in the 1990s). The data were not edited for coding errors. In earlier decades, female applications were often mistakenly coded male, producing such odd results as the name Mary ranking 462 among male names in the 1910s.
As profiled in the February 2002 DPLS newsletter, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics was raided on the night of December 5, 2001. During the week of April 15, the Palestinian Ministry of Education was scoured by Israeli soldiers. Other important facilities such as the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Health were also ransacked by the Israeli Army. Hard drives from many of these institutions were reported missing, as well as disks that contained important information about the Palestinian Authority. International organizations that have helped finance the Palestinian government, such as the World Bank, have speculated that this is a direct attempt by Israel to create widespread chaos in the P.A.s infrastructure.
The New York Times reported on April 15 that, The damage to the ministries is only a fraction of the destruction up and down the West Bank from the Israeli incursion. But in contrast to the physical damage, the loss of data could create long-term complications. At the Finance Ministry, officials said all payroll data for the Palestinian Authority seemed to be gone, so paying salaries, benefits and insurance to teachers, hospital workers, civil servants and police officers would pose a serious problem. DPLS will continue to follow the tribulations of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics as well as the impact that loss of data will have on the Palestinians.
http://factfinder.census.gov. By pointing and clicking you can learn many population and housing characteristics of your neighborhood. You can also type in a street address and get an overview of the demographic summary from the 2000 Census down to the census track level. AFF allows users to create (1) Quick Tables which display population and housing characteristics by a specific geographic area and for a particular population group, (2) Geographic Comparison Tables which present the population and housing characteristics for a list of geographic areas, for example, all counties in a state, and (3) Detailed Tables for Population and Housing data from 2000 Census.
National Bureau of Economic Research
The National Bureau of Economic Research Data site offers sources to various economic data. The site is broken down into categories, including Macro Data from Government Sources, General Macro Data, Industry Data, Individual Data, Patent Data and Other Data. Some of the more interesting links include the U.S. Antidumping database, Occupational Wages around the World, and Macro History Database. Users can also browse the home page as well as look at various publications of the National Bureau of Economic Research Data. The site is highly recommended for anyone looking to bookmark a page related to economic data. The National Bureau of Economic Research Data is available at http://www.nber.org/data/.
Africa Household Survey Databank
The World Bank Group hosts the Africa Household Survey Databank. The survey maintains poverty statistics in Africa and helps enhance the capacity of various African databanks. Users can utilize a search navigation that lists all of the surveys cataloged. There is also a document navigator that provides access to reports written about poverty in Africa, especially the Sub-Saharan region. Most surveys are available in PDF format. The Africa Household Survey Databank is available at http://www4.worldbank.org/afr/poverty/databank/default.cfm.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency AIRData
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys AIRData web site provides a comprehensive look at air pollution data in the United States. AIRData has three different summaries of EPA databases to support specific air pollution data. The first, the Aerometric Information Retrieval System (AIRS), looks at air monitoring data - ambient concentrations of criteria air pollutants at monitoring sites, primarily in cities and towns. The second database, NET (National Emissions Trends), provides data related to annual emissions of criteria air pollutants from point, area, and mobile sources. The third database, NTI (National Toxics Inventory), contains information related to annual emissions of hazardous air pollutants from point, area, and mobile sources. For those looking for data related to the air pollution in the U.S., AIRdata is highly recommended. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency AIRData is available at http://www.epa.gov/air/data/index.html.
UNCTAD-TRAINS (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Trade Analysis and Information System)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Trade Analysis and Information System is a comprehensive computerized information system at the HS-based tariff line level covering tariff, para-tariff and non-tariff measures as well as import flows by origin for more than 100 countries. Although there is not much listed on the site, it does include information on the TRAINS CD-ROM version 8.0 that has just become available. The UNCTAD-TRAINS website is available at http://www.unctad.org/trains.htm.