Current Demographic Research Report #34, June 1, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau News Release, Reports
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical, Periodical Article, Reports
Office of the Surgeon General Report
National Center for Education Statistics Compendium, Compendium Brief, Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodicals
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Reports
CEPAL Report
World Health Organization News Release, Periodical
Nuffield Trust Report
Population Reference Bureau Articles
Urban Institute Reports
Eurekalert Article
_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Book Review Extract
Info Health Pop Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates

WORKING PAPERS

University of Michigan Population Research Center
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
University of Washington Center for the Study of Demography and Ecology
National Bureau of Economic Research
Luxembourg Income Study
Swedish Institute for Social Research

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

CONFERENCES

ADD Health

DATA

Centers for Disease Control
Department of Housing and Urban Development
UK Data Archive
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Census Bureau
Center for Global Development/_Foreign Policy
Kaiser Family Foundation News Release

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau News Release, Reports:

A. "Census Bureau to Gauge Popularity of Different Fields of Study" (CB04-R.49), May 27, 2004.

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/miscellaneous/001829.html

B. "Comparing Comparing Economic Characteristics With Census 2000," by Theresa F. Leslie, Joan K. Broadwater, Deborah H. Griffin, Susan P. Love, and David A. Raglin (Meeting 21st Century Demographic Data Needs -- Implementing the American Community Survey, Report 5, May 2004, .pdf format, 81p.).

C. "The 2001-2002 Operational Feasibility Report of the American Community Survey," by B. Dale Garrett and Andre L. Williams ((Meeting 21st Century Demographic Data Needs -- Implementing the American Community Survey, Report 6, May 2004, .pdf format, 41p.).

Both (B) and (C) can be accessed from:

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/AdvMeth/Reports.htm
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National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults: United States, 2002," by Patricia M. Barnes, Eve Powell-Griner, Kim McFann, and Richard L. Nahin (Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 343, May 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/04news/adultsmedicine.htm

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text.
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Centers for Disease Control Periodical, Periodical Article, Reports:

A. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 10, No. 6, June 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/pastcon.htm

B. "Cigarette Smoking Among Adults --- United States, 2002" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 53, No. 20, May 28, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 427-431).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5320a2.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5320.pdf

C. "HIV Testing Survey, 2001" (HIV Special Surveillance Report No. 1, 2004, .pdf format, 27p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/HIV-Test-Survey-2001-No%201_2.pdf

D. "Supplement to HIV/AIDS Surveillance Project: Demographic and Behavioral Data from a Supplemental HIV/AIDS Behavioral Surveillance Project 1997 -- 2000" (HIV Special Surveillance Report No. 2, 2004, .pdf format, 27p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/Surveillance-No%202_2.pdf

E. "Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States, by Race/Ethnicity, 1998-2002" (HIV AIDS Surveillance Supplemental Report, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/Cases_HIV-Infection_AIDS-by-Race_Ethnicity_1998-2002.pdf
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Office of the Surgeon General Report: "The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General (May 2004, .pdf format, 941p.). Note: Report is broken into chapters for ease of download.

http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/smokingconsequences/

Click on "Chapters" for link to full text.
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National Center for Education Statistics Compendium, Compendium Brief, Report:

A. _The Condition of Education 2004_, by John Wirt, Patrick Rooney, Susan Choy, Stephen Provasnik, Anindita Sen, and Richard Tobin (NCES 2004077, June 2004, .pdf format, 330p.).

Abstract:

The Condition of Education 2004 summarizes important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The report presents 38 indicators on the status and condition of education and a special analysis of change in student financial aid between 1989-90 and 1999-2000. The indicators represent a consensus of professional judgment on the most significant national measures of the condition and progress of education for which accurate data are available. The 2004 print edition includes 38 indicators in six main areas: (1) enrollment trends and student characteristics at all levels of the education system from elementary education to adult learning; (2) student achievement and the longer term, enduring effects of education; (3) student effort and rates of progress through the educational system among different population groups; (4) the contexts of elementary and secondary education in terms of courses taken, teacher characteristics, and other factors; (5) the contexts of postsecondary education; and (6) societal support for learning, including parental and community support for learning, and public and private financial support of education at all levels.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004077

B. "The Condition of Education in Brief 2004," by Andrea Livingston and John Wirt (NCES 2004076, June 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

The Condition of Education 2004 in Brief, contains a summary of 19 of the 38 indicators in The Condition of Education 2004. The topics covered include: trends in full- and half-day kindergarten enrollments, the concentration of enrollment by race/ethnicity and poverty, students' gains in reading and mathematics achievement through 3rd grade, trends in student achievement from the National Assessment of Education Progress in reading, writing, and mathematics, the percentage of youth neither enrolled or working, event dropout rates, degrees earned by women, trends in science and mathematics coursetaking, out-of-field teaching by school poverty, parental choice of schools, remedial coursetaking in postsecondary education, distance education in postsecondary education, expenditures per student in elementary and secondary education, and the financial aid awarded to students by postsecondary institutions.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004076

C. "Paying for College: Changes Between 1990 and 2000 for Full-Time Dependent Undergraduates," by Susan Choy (NCES 2004075, June 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004075
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Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodicals:

A. _Monthly Labor Review_ (Vol. 127, No. 5, May 2004, .pdf format).

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/mlrhome.htm

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _MLR_ is released, this one, along with all others back to 1988, will be available at:

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/archive.htm

B. _Compensation and Working Conditions Online_. The latest articles are dated May 26, 2004.

http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/home.htm
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Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2003," by Paige M. Harrison and Jennifer C. Karberg (NCJ 203947, May 2004, .ASCII text and .pdf format, 14p. with .zip compressed Microsoft Excel spreadsheets).

Abstract:

Presents data on prison and jail inmates, collected from National Prisoner Statistics counts and the Annual Survey of Jails in 2003. This annual report provides for each State and the Federal system, the number of inmates and the overall incarceration rate per 100,000 residents. It offers trends since 1995 and percentage changes in prison populations since midyear and yearend 2002. The midyear report presents the number of prison inmates held in private facilities and the number of prisoners under 18 years of age held by State correctional authorities. It includes total numbers for prison and jail inmates by gender, race, and Hispanic origin as well as counts of jail inmates by conviction status and confinement status. The report also provides findings on rated capacity of local jails, percent of capacity occupied, and capacity added. Standard errors for jail estimates are provided in the appendix tables of the electronic version of this report.

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/pjim03.htm
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US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Reports:

A. "New Patterns of Hispanic Settlement in Rural America," by William Kandel and John Cromartie (Rural Development Research Report No. RDRR99, May 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).

Abstract:

Since 1980, the nonmetro Hispanic population in the United States has doubled and is now the most rapidly growing demographic group in rural and small-town America. By 2000, half of all nonmetro Hispanics lived outside traditional settlement areas of the Southwest. Many Hispanics in counties that have experienced rapid Hispanic growth are recent U.S. arrivals with relatively low education levels, weak English proficiency, and undocumented status. This recent settlement has increased the visibility of Hispanics in many new regions of rural America whose population has long been dominated by non-Hispanic Whites. Yet within smaller geographic areas, the level of residential separation between them increased--i.e., the two groups became less evenly distributed-during the 1990s, especially in rapidly growing counties. Hispanic settlement patterns warrant attention by policymakers because they affect the well-being of both Hispanics and rural communities themselves.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/rdrr99/

B. "Food Security Assessment, GFA-15," by Stacey Rosen and Shahla Shapouri, Birgit Meade, Michael Trueblood, William Liefert, and Constanza Valdes (Agriculture and Trade Report No. GFA15, May 2004, .pdf format, 88p.).

Abstract:

Just over 900 million people in the 70 low-income countries studied in this report are estimated to have consumed less than the recommended nutritional requirements in 2003. This marks a decline from more than 1 billion in 2002. Although food security is expected to improve in all regions over the coming decade, this improvement will vary. Food security is projected to improve most significantly in Asia, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean. Although some improvement is also expected in Sub-Saharan Africa, the deep poverty at the root of hunger problems in the lower income population will remain unchanged. Food aid has been and continues to be an important tool used by the international community to fight hunger in low-income countries, and the United States is the dominant food donor country. However, the effectiveness of food aid could be improved by increased coordination between donor groups, more transparent eligibility criteria, and fewer fluctuations in year-to-year aid levels.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/GFA15/
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Comision Economica para America Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) Report:"Anuario estadistico de America Latina y el Caribe 2003," (2004, .pdf format, 547p.). Note: While this publication is in Spanish, table heads are given in English as well.

http://www.eclac.org/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=/publicaciones/xml/0/14820/P14820.xml&xsl=/deype/tpl/p9f.xsl

Click on double arrows next to "Bajar documento" for link to full text.
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World Health Organization Periodical, News Release:

A. _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 82, No. 6, June 2004, .pdf format).

http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/82/6/en/

B. "More WHO Member States unite in fight against skin cancer caused by excessive exposure to UV radiation" (May 27, 2004).

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/releases/2004/pr35/en/
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Nuffield Trust [London, UK] Report: "Benchmarking: a policy analysis," by Susan Wait (April 2004, .pdf format, 57p.).

http://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/policy_themes/docs/benchmarking.pdf

For more information about the Nuffield Trust see:

http://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/about/index.html
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Population Reference Bureau Articles:

A. "The Wealth Gap in Health: Data on Women and Children in 53 Countries," (2004, .pdf format, 7p. "Despite improvements in public health in the last half-century, large disparities still exist between and within countries in a range of health and population indicators: fertility, infant and child mortality, nutrition, and the use of family planning and other health services."

http://www.prb.org/pdf04/TheWealthGapinHealth_Eng.pdf

B. "Anti-AIDS Effort in Central China Focuses on Former Plasma Donors," by Drew Thompson.

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/04_Articles/Anti-AIDS_Effort_in_Central_China_Focuses_on_Former_Plasma_Donors.htm

C. "China Faces Challenges in Effort to Contain HIV/AIDS Crisis," by Drew Thompson (May 2004).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/04_Articles/China_Faces_Challenges_in_Effort_to_Contain_HIV_AIDS_Crisis.htm

D. "Empowering Communities to Reduce the Impact of Infectious Diseases," by Rachel Wilson (May 2004).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/04_Articles/Empowering_Communities_to_Reduce_the_Impact_of_Infectious_Diseases.htm

E. "Improving the Health of the World's Poorest People" (PRB Policy Brief, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf04/ImprovingtheHealthbrief_Eng.pdf

F. "Making Motherhood Safer in Egypt," by Karima Khalil and Farzaneh Roudi-Fahimi (.pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf04/MakMotherSaferEgypt.pdf

G. "Urbanization: An Environmental Force to Be Reckoned With," by Barbara Boyle Torrey (April 2004).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/04_Articles/Urbanization__An_Environmental_Force_to_Be_Reckoned_With.htm
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Urban Institute Reports:

A. "The Public Value of Urban Parks," by Christopher Walker (June 2004, .pdf format, 7p.). "Parks have long been recognized as major contributors to the physical and aesthetic quality of urban neighborhoods. But a new and broader view of parks has recently been emerging. This new view goes well beyond the traditional value of parks as places of recreation and as visual assets to communities, and focuses on how policymakers, practitioners and the public can begin to think about parks as valuable contributors to larger urban policy objectives: job opportunities, youth development, public health, and community building."

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311011

B. "Understanding Park Usership," by Christopher Walker (June 2004, .pdf format, 11p.). "Parks managers share an ultimate objective: to ensure that the parks they manage serve their communities the best way possible. Conducting surveys of park users offers the potential to help managers respond better to community needs, resolve conflicts among groups of park users, and manage park assets more effectively--all keys to maximizing the community benefits of parks. Recently, as part of the Wallace Foundation's Urban Parks Initiative, the Urban Institute designed and conducted usership surveys in four urban parks. Our experience illustrates that usership surveying is a potentially valuable tool for parks managers and suggests ways in which different types of surveys could be helpful."

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311012

C. "Urban Parks as Partners in Youth Development," by Margery Austin Turner (June 2004, .pdf format, 7p.). "Urban parks have long played a vital role in community-based programs for young people. Their traditional role has been to provide venues for play--open spaces, playgrounds, sports fields, and recreational programs. Facilities of this kind make an important contribution to children's lives. But parks can go much further than simply providing opportunities for recreation. At their best, parks can offer innovative opportunities for kids of different ages to build the skills and strengths they need to lead full and rewarding lives."

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311010
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Eurekalert Article: "More young black men have done prison time than served in the military or earned a college degree" (Eurekalert [American Association for the Advancement of Science]), May 24, 2004).

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2004-05/asa-myb052104.php
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_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Book Review Extract: _The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History_, by John M. Barry, reviewed by John S. Oxford (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 291, No. 20, May 26, 2004, p. 2491-2492).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/291/20/2491-a
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 22, Jun. 1, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/
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NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

http://www.nlsbibliography.org/

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from May 24, 2004 - June 1, 2004.

BAIRD, CHARDIE L.
REYNOLDS, JOHN R.
Employee Awareness of Family Leave Benefits: The Effects of Family, Work, and Gender
Sociological Quarterly 45,2 (Spring 2004): 325-353.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4572
Publisher: University of California Press

The 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) was intended to help employees meet short-term family demands, such as caring for children and elderly parents, without losing their jobs. However, recent evidence suggests that few women and even fewer men employees avail themselves of family leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act. This paper examines the organizational, worker status, and salience/need factors associated with knowledge of family leave benefits. We study employees covered by the FMLA using the 1996 panel of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to ascertain what work and family factors influence knowledge of leave benefits. Overall, 91 percent of employed FMLA-eligible women report they have access to unpaid family leave, compared to 72 percent of men. Logistic regression analyses demonstrate that work situations more than family situations affect knowledge of family leave benefits and that gender shapes the impact of some work and family factors on awareness. Furthermore, work and family situations do not explain away the considerable gender difference in knowledge of family leave.

FREY, MEREDITH C.1
DETTERMAN, DOUGLAS K.1
Scholastic Assessment or g?
Psychological Science 15,6 (September 2004): 373-379. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=13125699&db=aph
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4573
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

RASHAD, INAS
KAESTNER, ROBERT
Teenage Sex, Drugs and Alcohol Use: Problems Identifying the Cause of Risky Behaviors.
Journal of Health Economics 23,3 (May2004): 493-504. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=12981309&db=aph
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4574
Publisher: Elsevier Science

GIBSON, DIANE
Long-Term Food Stamp Program Participation is Differentially Related to Overweight in Young Girls and Boys
Journal of Nutrition 134,2 (February 2004): 372-380. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=12385679&db=aph
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4575
Publisher: American Society for Nutritional Sciences

GABRIEL, PAUL E.
Differences in Earnings, Skills and Labour Market Experience Among Young Black and White Men
Applied Economics Letters 11,6 (May 15, 2004): 337-342. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=13087725&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4576
Publisher: Routledge

PARENT, DANIEL
Incentives? The Effect of Profit Sharing Plans Offered by Previous Employers on Current Wages
Economics Letters 83,1 (April 2004): 37-43. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=12434884&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4577
Publisher: Elsevier Science

MUNASINGHE, LALITH
SIGMAN, KARL
A Hobo Syndrome? Mobility, Wages, and Job Turnover
Labour Economics 11,2 (April 2004): 191-219. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=12381380&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4578
Publisher: Elsevier Science

TOBIAS, JUSTIN L.
LI, MINGLIANG
Returns to Schooling and Bayesian Model Averaging: A Union of Two Literatures.
Journal of Economic Surveys 18,2 (April 2004): 153-181. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=12687552&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4579
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

CARNEIRO, PEDRO M.
Heterogeneity in the Returns to Schooling: Implications for Policy Evaluation
Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Chicago, 2003. DAI-A 64/07, p. 2602, Jan 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4580
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

CASCIO, ELIZABETH ULRICH
Quasi-Experimental Analyses of Early Schooling Investments
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 2003. DAI-B 64/10, p. 4752, Apr 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4581
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

ESCAMILLA, SANDRA
Educational Attainment and Poverty Status of Teen Mothers and Non-Teen Mothers
MastersThesis, MSW, California State University, Long Beach, 2003. MAI 42/02, p. 462, Apr 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4582
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

GONZALEZ-MARTINEZ, CLAUDIA ALEJANDRA
Racial Discrimination And Costs of Labor Force Participation
Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin Madison, 2003. DAI-A 64/11, p. 4153, May 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4583
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Michigan Population Research Center: "Gender Roles in the Family: Change and Stability in Vietnam," by John Knodel, Vu Manh Loi, Rukmalie Jayakody, and Vu Tuan Huy (PSC Research Report 04-559, May 2004, .pdf format, 25p.).

Abstract:

Starting in the latter part of the 1980s, Vietnam experienced a shift from a centrally planned to a market-based economy. Along with this economic reform, the government launched policies that opened Vietnam to the outside world, especially the non-Communist bloc, exposing Vietnamese society to the forces of economic and cultural globalization. Among the many features of family life potentially affected by these changes are gender roles, including the division of labor and responsibility between husbands and wives. The main goal of the study reported here is to document the nature and extent of change in gender relations within the Vietnamese family over the last 40 years. We base our examination on systematically collected data from an innovative and representative survey of three marriage cohorts in the Red River Delta. While the analysis is primarily descriptive, we also examine selected factors that potentially influence domestic gender relations and their trends. In particular we focus on the influence of urban versus rural residence, the role of others besides the married couple in the household, and the wife's educational attainment.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/rr04-559.pdf
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University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "Declining Employment among Young Black Less-Educated Men: The Role of Incarceration and Child Support," by Harry J. Holzer, Paul Offner, and Elaine Sorensen (Discussion Paper DP-1281-04, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we document the continuing decline in employment and labor force participation of black men between the ages of 16 and 34 who have a high school education or less. We explore the extent to which these trends can be accounted for in recent years by two fairly new developments: (1) the dramatic growth in the number of young black men who have been incarcerated and (2) strengthened enforcement of child support policies. We use micro-level data from the Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Groups, along with state-level data over time on incarceration rates and child support enforcement, to test these hypotheses. Our results indicate that post-incarceration effects and child support policies both contribute to the decline in employment activity among young black less-educated men in the last two decades, especially among those aged 25-34.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/pubs/dp128104.pdf
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University of Washington Center for the Study of Demography and Ecology:"Famine, Social Disruption, and Miscarriage: Evidence from Chinese Survey Data," by Yong Cai and Wang Feng (WP 04-06, 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

Miscarriage constitutes one of the most important adverse pregnancy outcomes affecting human reproduction, but its risk factors are not well understood. Relying on half million pregnancy histories collected from Chinese women in the late 1980s, we study self-reported miscarriages in China for over a quarter of a century. Our results suggest that miscarriage is not only affected by biological/demographic factors such as age, gravidity, and previous history of miscarriage, but also by individual womens personal social characteristics, and by the larger social environment. In particular, we focus on how two social and economic crises, the Great Leap Famine of 1959-1961 and the Cultural Revolution of 1966-1976, resulted in elevated risks of miscarriage in the Chinese population.

http://csde.washington.edu/downloads/04-06.pdf
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National Bureau of Economic Research: "Money, Sex, and Happiness: An Empirical Study," by David G. Blanchflower, and Andrew J. Oswald (w10499, May 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

This paper studies the links between income, sexual behavior and reported happiness. It uses recent data on a random sample of 16,000 adult Americans. The paper finds that sexual activity enters strongly positively in happiness equations. Greater income does not buy more sex, nor more sexual partners. The typical American has sexual intercourse 2-3 times a month. Married people have more sex than those who are single, divorced, widowed or separated. Sexual activity appears to have greater effects on the happiness of highly educated people than those with low levels of education. The happiness-maximizing number of sexual partners in the previous year is calculated to be 1. Highly educated females tend to have fewer sexual partners. Homosexuality has no statistically significant effect on happiness. Our conclusions are based on pooled cross-section equations in which it is not possible to correct for the endogeneity of sexual activity. The statistical results should be treated cautiously.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10499

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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Luxembourg Income Study: Two new working papers have been released by LIS:
They are:

No. 377. Female Income Differentials and Social Benefits: A Four Country Comparison, by Eva Sierminska, May 2004.

No. 378. Bootstrapping the LIS: Statistical Inference and Patterns of Inequality in the Global North, by Timothy Patrick Moran, March 2004.

Links to abstracts and full text for both these papers are available at:

http://www.lisproject.org/publications/wpapersh.htm
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Swedish Institute for Social Research [Stockholm University]: "Sharing Responsibility? Short- and Long-term Effects of Sweden's 'Daddy-Month' Reform," by John Ekberg, Rickard Eriksson, and Guido Friebe (WP 2/2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

In 1995, the Swedish government reformed the parental leave system with the view to increase the share of fathers in child care, change gender roles in society, and improve the chances of mothers in the labor market. We investigate a unique data set comprising the entire population of Swedish children born in a span of two weeks before and two weeks after the reform. The reform constitutes a natural experiment. Comparing two cohorts of a total of 7600 newborns, their mothers, and fathers over a period of eight years, we look at a) the number of days mothers and fathers take parental leave and b) the number of days for care of sick children. We find that the reform had a strong short-term effect on parental leave by fathers, but that there are no long-run effects on fathers' willingness to increase their part in care for sick children.

http://www.sofi.su.se/wp/WP04-3.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Social Issues (Vol. 60, No. 2, 2004).
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Other Journals:

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 6, June 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

http://www.ajph.org/content/vol94/issue6/index.shtml?etoc

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CONFERENCES:

ADD Health: Information, including registration information, about the 2004 National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD Health) conference, to be held Jul. 20-21, 2004 in Bethesda Maryland, are available at the ADD Health site at the Center for Population Studies at the University of North Carolina:

http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth/news

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DATA:

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Women Project (Beyond 20/20 format)." "Eight additional tables were recently update and released in the Healthy Women Project data warehouse. These tables may add one additional year of data to the series, and they all correct some minor problems we recently found in previously released tables." They are: Hysterectomy Status; Self-reported Mental Health; Cholesterol Status; Diabetes Status; Clinical Breast Exams; Influenza Immunization; Pneumonia Vaccination; Sigmoidoscopy/Colonoscopy."

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/healthywomen.htm

Click on "tables".
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Department of Housing and Urban Development: "Geographically Targeted Goal Data: 2004" (May 2004, self-decompressing (.exe) ASCII data, with technical documentation in .pdf format). "The annual Geographically Targeted Goal is intended to achieve increased purchases by the GSEs [Government-sponsored enterprises] of mortgages financing housing in areas that are underserved in terms of mortgage credit. Underserved area defined areas, for 1996, 1997 and 1998, are available in census tract level files for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. The year for which the underserved definitions are applicable are indicated in the respective file name. Underserved area definitions are based on prior year MSA/PMSA definitions as determined by OMB." Annual data back to 1996 is available at the site.

http://www.huduser.org/datasets/gse.html#goal
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UK Data Archive [University of Essex, Colchester]: Note: There may be restrictions and costs associated with UK Data Archive data. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/orderingData/introduction.asp

A. Technology and Natural Death: A Study of Older People, 2001-2002 (SN 4840)

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=4840&key=4840&catg=xmlSn

B. Health Survey for England, 2002 (SN 4912)

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=4912&key=4912&catg=xmlSn
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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

Early Head Start Research and Evaluation (EHSRE) Study, 1996-2001: [United States] (#3804)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/03804.xml

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Arrests by Age, Sex, and Race, Summarized Yearly, 2000 (#3997)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/03997.xml

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Hate Crime Data, 2002 (#4007)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04007.xml

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Census Bureau: "Quarterly Workforce Indicators." "Just as national economic indicators measure the performance of the overall economy, the QWI measure the performance of the local economy - where jobs are, for what kind of workers, how much workers can expect to make and employers expect to pay them." The site is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Census Bureau, State Agencies Announce New Internet Statistics on Jobs" (CB04-89, Jun. 1, 2004).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/employment_occupations/001832.html

Click on "http://lehd.dsd.census.gov/led/01/index.html" for link to site.
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Center for Global Development/_Foreign Policy: Ranking the Rich: The 2004 Commitment to Development Index. "The CGD/FP Commitment to Development Index ranks 21 of the world's richest countries based on their dedication to policies that benefit the 5 billion people living in poorer nations worldwide. Moving beyond standard comparisons of foreign aid volumes, the index also rates countries': Quality of foreign aid; Openness to developing-country exports; Policies that influence investment; Migration policies; Support for creation of new technologies; Security policies and Environmental policies." The site links to graphics on each topic area. Click "The Details" at the top of the page for background papers (.pdf format) and datasets (Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.cgdev.org/rankingtherich/home.html
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Kaiser Family Foundation News Release: WebMD Health Launches Medicare Rx Benefits Resource Center: Comprehensive resource that provides tools and information from Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, National Council on Aging and Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation" (May 27, 2004)."

http://www.kff.org/newsroom/webmd052704nr.cfm

Click on "www.webmdmedicare.com" for link to site.

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu