Current Demographic Research Report #97, August 22, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.
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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical
_MMWR_ Quickstats
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release
Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report
National Science Foundation Report
World Health Organization Communicable Disease Survey & Response (CSR)
Pan American Health Organization Report
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report
_Demographic Research_ Article
Pew Hispanic Center Report
Urban Institute Reports
Kaiser Family Foundation Report
Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper, Monograph
Brookings Institution Report
Hoover Institution Report
Cato Institute Policy Analysis
Demographic and Health Surveys Report
Ohio State University Research News Release
Columbia University National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse Report
SUNY Downstate Medical Center Report
_PNAS_ Article Abstract
Info Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

University of Michigan Population Studies Center
California Center for Population Research (CCPR)
Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology [University of Washington]
Center for Policy Research [Syracuse University]
John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]
National Bureau of Economic Research
Urban Institute
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Other Journals

CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS

Centre for Longitudinal Studies
European Association of Population Studies

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Ellison Institute for World Health [Harvard University]

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, ETC.

Census Bureau Report, Facts for Features:

A. "Examining American Household Composition: 1990 and 2000," by Frank Hobbs (CENSR-24, August 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/censr-24.pdf

B. "Labor Day 2005: Sept. 5" (Facts for Features CB05-FF.12 (Rev.)), Aug. 19, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

HTML:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/005289.html

.pdf:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2005/cb05ff-12rev.pdf

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Centers for Disease Control Periodical: _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 11, No. 9, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/pastcon.htm
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_MMWR_ Quickstats: "Average Number of Bed Days During the Preceding 12 Months Among Persons Aged >18 Years, by Age Group" --- United States, 2003" (Centers for Disease Control _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 32, Aug. 19, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 803.).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5432a7.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5432.pdf
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National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Online Assessment in Mathematics and Writing: Reports From the NAEP Technology-Based Assessment Project, Research and Development Series," by Brent Sandene, Nancy Horkay, Randy Elliot Bennett, Nancy Allen, James Braswell, Bruce Kaplan, and Andreas Oranje (NCES 2005457, August 2005, .pdf format, 176p.)

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2005457
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Bureau of Labor Statistic News Release: "Employment and Unemployment Among Youth--Summer 2005" (Aug. 19, 2005, HTML, ASCII text, and .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/youth.toc.htm
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Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports:

A. "Juvenile Arrests, 2003," by Howard N. Snyder (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, NCJ 209735, August 2005, HTML and.pdf format, 11p.).

Abstract:

Summarizes and analyzes national and state juvenile arrest data presented in the FBI report Crime in the United States 2003. As the Bulletin reports, the juvenile violent crime arrest rate in 2003 reached its lowest level since 1980. The rate, which grew substantially during the late 1980s and peaked in 1994, has decreased for 9 consecutive years. In 2003, it was nearly half its 1994 peak level. The juvenile arrest rate for each of the offenses tracked in the FBI's Violent Crime Index (murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) has been declining steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 77% from its 1993 peak through 2003.

http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=12233

B. "Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2004," by Allen J. Beck and Timothy A. Hughes (NCJ 210333, July 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 39p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).

Abstract:

Presents data from the Survey on Sexual Violence, 2004, an administrative records collection of incidents of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported to correctional authorities. The report provides counts of sexual violence by type and includes tables on reporting capabilities, how investigations are handled, and characteristics of victims and perpetrators of sexual violence. The appendix tables include counts of sexual violence, by type, for the 2,730 facilities included in the survey. This report also includes an update on BJS activities related to implementation of the data collections required under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-79).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/svrca04.htm

C. "Suicide and Homicide in State Prisons and Local Jails," by Christopher J. Mumola (NCJ 210036, August 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 12p.).

Abstract:

This report presents the first findings from the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program, which implements the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-297). This new program involves the collection of individual records for every inmate death in the Nation's local jails and State prisons. The program also includes the collection of death records from State juvenile correctional authorities (begun in 2002) and State and local law enforcement agencies (begun in 2003).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/shsplj.htm
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US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: " Developing Effective Wording and Format Options for a Children's Nutrition Behavior Questionnaire for Mothers of Children in Kindergarten," prepared by ORC Macro (Contractor and Cooperator Report No. CCR10, August 2005, .pdf format, 108p.).

Abstract:

This study focuses on a set of eating habit questions proposed for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Education's Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Birth Cohort. The study assesses the wording and format of a series of questions for mothers of children in kindergarten and/or first grade regarding the child's food consumption habits. Most mothers were able to answer questions on their child's eating habits by using a variety of recall strategies or by using references. Most mothers used recall strategies, such as the recall of preferences and special events or a child's specific likes or dislikes. They also used references, such as the presence of a menu or snacking policies at school. Mothers did not generally struggle with terminology, but some words and concepts required clarification. The biggest problem in answering the questions was the combination of not remembering what foods were eaten and the desire to reflect socially acceptable and beneficial eating behaviors.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/CCR10/
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National Science Foundation Report, Press Release:

A. "Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in the United States: 2001," by Richard E. Morrison with Maurya M. Green (NSF 05-313, August 2005, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 287p.).

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf05313/

Excel tables can be accessed through the HTML link.

B. "More Women Receive Ph.D.'s, But Female Senior Faculty Are Still Rare" (NSF 05-146, Aug. 18, 2005).

http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=104363
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World Health Organization Communicable Disease Survey & Response (CSR): " Geographical spread of H5N1 avian influenza in birds - Update 28" (Aug. 18, 2005).

http://www.who.int/csr/don/2005_08_18/en/index.html

More WHO information on Avian Influenza:

http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/en/
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Pan American Health Organization Report: "Stigmatization and Access to Health Care in Latin America: Challenges and Perspectives," by Cecilia Acuna and Monica Bolis (July 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.paho.org/English/DPM/SHD/HP/leg-stigmatization-eng.pdf
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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services in Australia 2003-04: Report on the NMDS," (Drug Treatment Series No. 4, August 2005, .pdf format, 138p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10162

B. "Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services in Australia: Findings from the NMDS 2003-04," (AIHW Bulletin No. 28, August 2005, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10170

C. "Medical Labour Force 2003," (National Health Labour Force Series No. 32, August 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10153
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_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is " a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Rostock, Germany). " Age-specific contributions to changes in the period and cohort life expectancy," by Vladimir Canudas-Romo and Robert Schoen (Vol. 13, Article 3, .pdf format, p. 63-82).

Abstract:

Period life expectancy has increased more slowly than its cohort counterpart. This paper explores the differences between life expectancies at a given time (the gap) and the time required for period life expectancy to reach the current level of cohort life expectancy (the lag). Additionally, to understand the disparity between the two life expectancies we identify and compare age-specific contributions to change in life expectancy. Using mortality models and historical data for Sweden, we examine the effect of mortality changes over time. Our results indicate that the widening of the gap between the two life expectancies is primarily a consequence of the dramatic mortality decline at older ages that occurred during the twentieth century. These results imply that the divergence between the two measures is likely to become even greater in the future as reductions in deaths are concentrated at older ages.

http://www.demographic-research.org/

Click on "Enter".
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Pew Hispanic Center Report: "Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy," by Roberto Suro (August 2005, .pdf format, 30p.). The report is linked to from a PHC press release: "Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy: Surveys among Latinos in the U.S. and in Mexico," by Roberto Suro (Aug. 16, 2005).

http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=52

Click on "Complete Report" for link to full text.

More information about PHC:

http://pewhispanic.org/about/
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Urban Institute Report:

A. "Overcoming Concentrated Poverty and Isolation: Ten Lessons for Policy and Practice," by Margery Austin Turner and Lynette A. Rawlings (July 2005, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311204

B. "A Profile of Low-Income Working Immigrant Families," by Randolph Capps, Michael E. Fix, Everett Henderson, Jane Reardon-Anderson (New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families B-67, June 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311206
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Kaiser Family Foundation Report, Issue Paper:

A. "Three Years Of State Fiscal Struggles: How Did Medicaid and SCHIP Fare?" by Teresa A. Coughlin and Stephen Zuckerman (from _Health Affairs_, Web Exclusive, p. W5 385--W5 398). Also included are eight state case studies (.pdf format). "This series of case studies examines how eight states (Alabama, California, Colorado, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Texas, and Washington) from around the nation responded to their budget crises from 2003 to 2005, with a focus on how Medicaid and State Children's Health Insurance Programs were affected. Additionally, an overview of the eight states' experiences was published in the journal Health Affairs."

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7324.cfm

B. "Coverage Gains Under Recent Section 1115 Waivers: A Data Update," by Samantha Artiga and Cindy Mann (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and and the Uninsured issue paper, August 2005, .pdf format, 11p.). "This brief assesses the extent to which recent Section 1115 waivers have helped reduce the number of uninsured people and finds that there has been a net gain in coverage of 426,329 people under recent waivers."

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7374.cfm
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Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper, Monograph:

A. "Demographic Subgroup Trends For Various Licit and Illicit Drugs 1975-2004," by Lloyd D. Johnston, Patrick M. O'Malley, Jerald G. Bachman, and John E. Schulenberg (MTF Occasional Paper No. 61, 2005, .pdf format, 411p.).

http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ61.pdf

B. "Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2004: Volume I Secondary School Students 2004," by Lloyd D. Johnston, Patrick M. O'Malley, Jerald G. Bachman, and John E. Schulenberg (NIH Publication No. 05-5727, 2005, .pdf format, 680p.).

http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2004.pdf
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Brookings Institution Report: "The Well-Being of Single-Mother Families After Welfare Reform," by Bruce D. Meyer and James X. Sullivan (Welfare Reform & Beyond Brief #33, August 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

Links to an extensive abstract and full text:

http://www.brookings.edu/es/research/projects/wrb/publications/pb/pb33.htm
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Hoover Institution Report: "The Northern America Fertility Divide," by Barbara Boyle Torrey and Nicholas Eberstadt (from Hoover _Policy Review_, No. 132, Aug & Sep. 2005).

http://www.policyreview.org/aug05/torrey.html

More information on Hoover Institution:

http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/homepage/about.html
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Cato Institute Policy Analysis: "Medicaid's Unseen Costs," by Michael F. Cannon (Policy Analysis no. 548, August 2005, .pdf format 21p.).

http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=4049

Click on "Full Text" at the bottom of the page for link to full text.

More information on Cato Institute:

http://www.cato.org/about/about.html
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Demographic and Health Surveys Report: "Madagascar 2003/2004 Madagascar EBSRSE 2003-2004" (August 2005, .pdf format). Note: These reports are in French.

http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdftoc.cfm?ID=523&pgname=svstts
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Ohio State University Research News Release: "Women Who Cohabit Have Daughters Who do the Same, Study Shows," (August 16, 2005).

http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/cohabcld.htm
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Columbia University National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse Report: "National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse X: Teens and Parents" (August 2005, .pdf format, 73p.).

http://www.casacolumbia.org/Absolutenm/articlefiles/Teen_Survey_Report_2005.pdf

Press release:

http://66.135.34.236/absolutenm/templates/PressReleases.asp?articleid=401&zoneid=56

More information about CASA:

http://66.135.34.236/absolutenm/templates/article.asp?articleid=276&zoneid=1
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SUNY Downstate Medical Center Report: "Hospital Care in the 100 Largest Cities and Their Suburbs, 1996-2002: Implications for the Future of the Hospital Safety Net in Metropolitan America," by Dennis P. Andrulis and Lisa M. Duchon (The Social and Health Landscape of Urban and Suburban America Report Series, August 2005, .pdf format, 28p.). The report is linked to from a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation press release: "Report Raises New Concerns About the Nation's Already Fragile Health Care Safety Net" (Aug. 17, 2005).

http://www.rwjf.org/newsroom/newsreleasesdetail.jsp?id=10364

Link is at the bottom of the news release.

More information on SUNY DMC:

http://www.downstate.edu/sunyintro/default.html
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_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstract: Kinship-based politics and the optimal size of kin groups," by E. A. Hammel (Vol. 102, No. 33, August 16, 2005, p. 11951-11956).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/33/11951
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Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 34, Aug. 22, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Michigan Population Studies Center: "Segmented Assimilation Theory: A Reformulation and Empirical Test," by Yu Xie and Emily Greenman (PSC Research Report No. 05-581, August 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Segmented assimilation theory has been a popular explanation for the diverse experiences of assimilation among new waves of immigrants and their children. In this paper, we review the theory as it is currently articulated in the literature and propose a more restricted reformulation of the theory that yields sharp, empirically falsifiable hypotheses. Our reformulation is based on the idea that segmented assimilation theory is really about the differential outcomes of micro-level assimilation behaviors, depending on macro-level social conditions. We then test the empirical implications of the revised theory with respect to the well-being of immigrant children, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health. Our empirical analyses yield two main findings. First, for immigrant adolescents living in non-poverty neighborhoods, we find assimilation to be positively associated with educational achievement and psychological well-being but also positively associated with at-risk behavior. Second, there is little empirical evidence supporting our reformulation of segmented assimilation. We interpret these results to mean that future research would be more fruitful focusing on differential processes of assimilation rather than differential consequences of assimilation.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/abs.html?ID=3443

Click on PDF icon for link to full text.
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California Center for Population Research (CCPR): "How Do Women's Educational Attainments Affect the Educational Attainment of the Next Generation?" by Robert D. Mare and Vida Maralani (CCPR-018-05, August 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

The effect of the socioeconomic characteristics in one generation on the socioeconomic achievement of the next generation is the central concern of social stratification research. Researchers typically address this issue by analyzing the associations between the characteristics of parents and offspring. This approach, however, focuses on observed parent-offspring pairs and ignores that changes in the socioeconomic characteristics of one generation may alter the numbers and types of intergenerational family relationships that are created in the next one. Models of intergenerational effects that include marriage and fertility, as well as the intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic status, yield a richer account of intergenerational effects at both the family and population levels. When applied to a large sample of Indonesian women and their families, these models show that the effects of women's educational attainment on the educational attainments of the next generation are positive. However, the beneficial effects of increases in women's schooling on the educational attainment of their children are partially offset at the population level by a reduction in the overall number of children that a more educated population of women bears and enhanced by the more favorable marriage partners of better educated women.

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_018_05.asp

Click on "Full Text" icon at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.
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Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology [University of Washington]: " The White Picket Fence Dream: Effects of Assets on the Choice of Family Union," by Arif Mamun (CSDE Working Paper 05-08, July 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

A recent strand of literature in demography argues that young unmarried Americans value marriage so highly that it is perceived as a family status to be chosen after certain economic preconditions are fulfilled -- after they have achieved the so-called "white picket fence dream" (a house, surplus income etc.). Motivated by these claims, in this paper we use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 to examine whether there is any direct relationship between the individual's housing and financial assets and his/her transition into marriage or cohabitation. For both men and women, analysis using a proportional hazard model indicates a positive association of asset ownership with transition into marriage, but not with transition into cohabitation. Considering the potential endogeneity of asset accumulation with respect to the choice of family status, we implement instrumental variables probit estimation. These estimates either remove the statistical significance of the association between asset ownership and family union transitions, or identify effects that are in the opposite direction to those derived from the time-to-event analysis.

http://csde.washington.edu/downloads/05-08.pdf
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Center for Policy Research [Syracuse University]: "Why Do Real Estate Brokers Continue to Discriminate? Evidence from the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study," by Bo Zhao, Jan Ondrich and John Yinger (CPR Working Paper no. 67, March 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

This paper studies racial and ethnic discrimination in discrete choices by real estate brokers using national audit data from the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study. It uses a fixed effects logit model to estimate the probability that discrimination occurs and to study the causes of discrimination. The data set makes it possible to control for auditors' actual demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, along with the characteristics assigned for the purposes of the audit. The study finds that discrimination continues to be strong but also documents a downward trend in both the scope and incidence of discrimination since 1989. The estimations also identify both brokers' prejudice and white customers' prejudice as causes of discrimination.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/cprwps/wps67abs.htm
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John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]: "Building the Stock of College-Educated Labor," by Susan Dynarski (RWP05-050, August 2005, .pdf format, 63p.).

Abstract:

Half of college students drop out before completing a degree. These low rates of college completion among young people should be viewed in the context of slow future growth in the educated labor force, as the well-educated baby boomers retire and new workers are drawn from populations with historically low education levels. This paper establishes a causal link between college costs and the share of workers with a college education. I exploit the introduction of two large tuition subsidy programs, finding that they increase the share of the population that completes a college degree by three percentage points. The effects are strongest among women, with white women increasing degree receipt by 3.2 percentage points and the share of nonwhite women attempting or completing any years of college increasing by six and seven percentage points, respectively. A cost-benefit analysis indicates that tuition reduction can be a socially efficient method for increasing college completion. However, even with the offer of free tuition, a large share of students continue to drop out, suggesting that the direct costs of school are not the only impediment to college completion.

http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/Research/wpaper.nsf/rwp/RWP05-050?OpenDocument

Click on PDF icon for link to full text.
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National Bureau of Economic Research: Note: NBER papers are available by individual or institutional subscription only. Check your organization's library for more information.

A. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?" by David Card (w11547, August 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

This paper reviews the recent evidence on U.S. immigration, focusing on two key questions: (1) Does immigration reduce the labor market opportunities of less-skilled natives? (2) Have immigrants who arrived after the 1965 Immigration Reform Act successfully assimilated? Looking across major cities, differential immigrant inflows are strongly correlated with the relative supply of high school dropouts. Nevertheless, data from the 2000 Census shows that relative wages of native dropouts are uncorrelated with the relative supply of less-educated workers, as they were in earlier years. At the aggregate level, the wage gap between dropouts and high school graduates has remained nearly constant since 1980, despite supply pressure from immigration and the rise of other education-related wage gaps. Overall, evidence that immigrants have harmed the opportunities of less educated natives is scant. On the question of assimilation, the success of the U.S.-born children of immigrants is a key yardstick. By this metric, post-1965 immigrants are doing reasonably well: second generation sons and daughters have higher education and wages than the children of natives. Even children of the least- educated immigrant origin groups have closed most of the education gap with the children of natives.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11547

B. "The Diffusion of Mexican Immigrants During the 1990s: Explanations and Impacts," by David Card and Ethan G. Lewis (w11552, August 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

Mexican immigrants were historically clustered in a few cities, mainly in California and Texas. During the past 15 years, however, arrivals from Mexico established sizeable immigrant communities in many "new" cities. We explore the causes and consequences of the widening geographic diffusion of Mexican immigrants. A combination of demand-pull and supply push factors explains most of the inter-city variation in inflows of Mexican immigrants over the 1990s, and also illuminates the most important trend in the destination choices of new Mexican immigrants -- the move away from Los Angeles. Mexican inflows raise the relative supply of low-education labor in a city, leading to the question of how cities adapt to these shifts. One mechanism, suggested by the Hecksher Olin model, is shifting industry composition. We find limited evidence of this mechanism: most of the increases in the relative supply of low-education labor are absorbed by changes in skill intensity within narrowly defined industries. Such adjustments could be readily explained if Mexican immigrant inflows had large effects on the relative wage structures of different cities. As has been found in previous studies of the local impacts of immigration, however, our analysis suggests that relative wage adjustments are small.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11552

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

C. "Layoffs, Lemons, Race, and Gender," by Luojia Hu, Christopher Taber (w11481, July 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

This paper expands on Gibbons and Katz (1991) by looking at how the difference in wage losses across plant closing and layoff varies with race and gender. We find that the differences between white males and the other groups are striking and complex. The lemons effect of layoff holds for white males as in Gibbons and Katz model, but not for the other three demographic groups (white females, black females, and black males). These three all experience a greater decline in earnings at plant closings than at layoffs. This results from two reinforcing effects. First, plant closings have substantially more negative effects on minorities than on whites. Second, layoffs seem to have more negative consequences for white men than the other groups. We also find that the relative wage losses of blacks following layoffs increased after the Civil Rights Act of 1991 which we take as suggestive of an informational effect of layoff as in Gibbons and Katz. The results are suggestive that the large losses that African Americans experience at plant closing could result from heterogeneity in taste discrimination across firms.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11481
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Urban Institute: "The Distributional Consequences of Federal Assistance for Higher Education," by Leonard E. Burman, Elaine Maag, Peter Orszag, Jeff Rohaly, and John O'Hare (Discussion Paper 26, August 2005, .pdf format, 78p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311210

Click on "PDF" for link to full text.
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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Immigrant Performance and Selective Immigration Policy: A European Perspective," by Amelie Constant and Klaus F. Zimmermann (Discussion Paper No. 1715, August 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

Abstract:

The European Union aims at a stronger participation by its population in work to foster growth and welfare. There are concerns about the attachment of immigrants to the labour force, and discussions about the necessary policy responses. Integrated labour and migration policies are needed. The employment chances of the low-skilled are limited. Whereas Europe could benefit from a substantive immigration policy that imposes selection criteria that are more in line with economic needs, the substantial immigration into the European Union follows largely non-economic motives. This paper discusses the economic rationale of a selective immigration policy and provides empirical evidence about the adverse effects of current selection mechanisms.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1715.pdf

B. "What Buys Happiness? Analyzing Trends in Subjective Well-Being in 15 European Countries, 1973-2002," by Christian Bjornskov, Nabanita Datta Gupta, and Peder J. Pedersen (Discussion Paper No. 1716, August 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

Trends in life satisfaction are examined across 15 European countries employing a modified version of Kendall's Tau. Analyses show that GDP growth relative to growth in the preceding period is a significant determinant of the trends; the same holds for the growth in life expectancy while the contemporaneous growth in the current account balance exerts a positive influence. Relative unemployment growth becomes significant when interacted with a measure of the long-run political ideology of the median voter. The effects of relative GDP growth vary with the political ideology variable.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1716.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Other Journals:

AIDS (Vol. 19, No. 13, Sept. 2, 2005).

http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids/toc.00002030-200509020-00000.htm

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 162, No. 5, Sep. 1, 2005).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol162/issue5/index.dtl?etoc

Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 67, No. 3, August 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jomf

Public Health Reports (Vol. 20, No. 5, September/October 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.publichealthreports.org/issuecontents.cfm?Volume=120&Issue=5

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CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS:

Centre for Longitudinal Studies: "The Centre for Longitudinal Studies, which is responsible for the UK Millennium Birth Cohort Study and the British Birth Cohorts of 1958 and 1970 is organising an international conference in St. Catherine's College, Oxford, from 12 to 14 September 2006 about the international experience of large scale birth cohort studies started around the turn of the century." The form for submitting an abstract can be found at (Word format):

http://www.cls.ioe.ac.uk/news.asp?section=000100010003&item=282
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European Association of Population Studies: "Contributions for the next European Population Conference (Liverpool, 20-24 June 2006) are now invited. Abstracts or full papers should be submitted to the special EPC 2006 website by 1 November 2005 at the latest. Visit:"

http://epc2006.princeton.edu

For more information about the conference:

http://www.eaps.nl/activities/epccom/2006.html

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

Ellison Institute for World Health [Harvard University]: "The Ellison Global Health Fellows Program is currently accepting applications for a two-year fellowship to work at the Ellison Institute for World Health in Cambridge, MA. Fellows are expected to apply their core research skills in the areas of economics, public health, health policy, demography, and related fields with the expectation that they will make important research contributions for future international health policy."

http://procor.healthnet.org/archive/200508/msg00024.php

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu