CSSRR-Health is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:
CSSRR-Health is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.
To CSSRR-Econ #13
To CSSRR-Soc #13
Index to this issue:
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS
NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES
OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
TABLES OF CONTENTS
LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES
WEBSITES OF INTEREST
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS
1. National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Trends in Oral Health Status: United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004," by Bruce A. Dye, Sylvia Tan, Vincent Smith, Laurie K. Barker, Gina Thornton-Evans, Paul I. Eke, Eugenio D. Beltran-Aguilar, Alice M. Horowitz, and Chien-Hsun Li, (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 248, April 2007, .pdf format, 92p.). The report is linked to from a NCHS news release: "Oral Health Improving for Most Americans, But Tooth Decay Among Preschool Children on the Rise" (Apr. 30, 2007).
Click on PDF icon for link to full text.
2. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report: "Family-Level Expenditures on Health Care and Insurance Premiums among the U.S. Nonelderly Population, 2004," by Didem Bernard and Jessica Banthin (Research Finding 26, April 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).
3. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration Report: "Heroin - - Changes in How it is Used, 1995-2005," (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System, April 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).
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Department of Health and Hospitals Report: "West Nile Report 2006" (March 2006, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 21p.).
Health and Human Services System Report: "Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Nebraska: 2004" (May 2007, .pdf format, 76p.).
Department of Health and Senior Services Fact Sheet: "Traumatic Brain Injury in New Jersey" (April 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).
State Center for Health Statistics Report: "2002 - 2004 Regional Data: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Survey" (2007).
In addition, the SCHS has released a statistical brief: "Comparison of Prenatal Smoking Recorded on Birth Certificates with Responses from the Corresponding PRAMS Surveys of New Mothers in North Carolina," by Paul Buescher and Fatma Simsek (April 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).
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NGO and Other Countries
World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Monograph: Towards health security, edited by Gerald Rockenschaub, Jukka Pukkila and Maria Cristina Profili (2007, ISBN 978 92 890 2198 2, .pdf format, 77p.).
1. Australian Center for Health Research Ltd.: "E-Health and the Transformation of Healthcare," prepared by Professor Michael Georgeff. (April 2007, .pdf format, 17p.)
2. Department of Health and Ageing News Release: "190 million dollars (157.5 million US dollars) boost to mental health care" (BM08/07, Apr. 30, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).
Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institut Canadien d'Information Sur La Sante Report: "Inpatient Rehabilitation in Canada, 2005-2006" (April 2007, .pdf format, 84p.).
Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.
Ministry of Health Report: "Outline of the Fifth Longitudinal Survey of Babies in 21st Century" (April 2007).
Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Article: "Lowest number of asylum requests in EU for 20 years," by Arno Sprangers, Han Nicolaas and Joke Korpel (Apr. 24, 2007).
Ministry of Health/Manatu Hauora Report: "Measuring Health States The World Health Organization Long Form (New Zealand Version) Health Survey: Acceptability, reliability, validity and norms for New Zealand" (Public Health Intelligence Occasional Bulletin No. 42, April 2007, .pdf format and Microsoft Word format, 29p.).
Click on "Publication availability for link to full text.
Statistics Norway News Release: "Health accounts 1997-2006: Health expenditure doubled in last decade" (Apr. 26, 2007). The news release links to several topical tables.
Health Systems Trust Compendium: South African Health Review 2006 - Maternal, Womens and Child Health - The Unfinished Agenda (April 2007, .pdf format, 518p.). The compendium is linked to from a HST news release with the same title:
Click on "here" at the bottom of the news release for link to full text.
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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Reports: "Field Assessment of Emergency Plan Centrally-Funded HIV Prevention Programs for Youth," by Ilene Speizer and Carla Lopez (March 2007, .pdf format, 72p.).
Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet: "The Health Status of African American Men in the United States" (April 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article Abstracts: "Pandemic influenza: Studying the lessons of history," by Stephen S. Morse (Commentary extract, Vol. 104, No. 18, May 1, 2007, p. 7313-7314). This article is linked to two other abstracts: "Public health interventions and epidemic intensity during the 1918 influenza pandemic," and "The effect of public health measures on the 1918 influenza pandemic in U.S. cities." Reference information is included with the links to those abstracts.
PLoS Article: "Established Risk Factors Account for Most of the Racial Differences in Cardiovascular Disease Mortality," by Sean O. Henderson, Christopher A. Haiman, Lynne R. Wilkens, Laurence N. Kolonel, Peggy Wan, Malcolm C. Pike. (Apr. 18, 2007, HTML format)
British Medical Journal Analysis Extract, Article Abstract:
A. "Waking up from the DREAM of preventing diabetes with drugs," by Victor M. Montori, William L. Isley, and Gordon H. Guyatt (Vol. 334, No. 7599, April 28, 2007, p. 882-884).
B. "Long term effects of dietary sodium reduction on cardiovascular disease outcomes: observational follow-up of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP)," by Nancy R. Cook, Jeffrey A. Cutler, Eva Obarzanek, Julie E. Buring, Kathryn M. Rexrode, Shiriki K. Kumanyika, Lawrence J. Appel, and Paul K. Whelton (Vol. 334, No. 7599, April 28, 2007, p. 885-888).
New England Journal of Medicine Perspectives Articles, Book Review Extract:
A. "Paying for Drug Approvals -- Who's Using Whom?" by Jerry Avorn (Vol. 356, No. 17, Apr. 26, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1697-1700). This article is available free of charge.
B. "Drug Safety Reform at the FDA -- Pendulum Swing or Systematic Improvement?" by Mark McClellan (Vol. 356, No. 17, Apr. 26, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1700-1702). This article is available free of charge.
C. "(Prescription Drug User Fee Act) PDUFA Reauthorization -- Drug Safety's Golden Moment of Opportunity?" by Sean Hennessy and Brian L. Strom (Vol. 356, No. 17, Apr. 26, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1703-1704). This article is available free of charge.
D. When Illness Goes Public: Celebrity Patients and How We Look at Medicine by Barron H. Lerner, reviewed by Alice D. Dreger (Book Review extract, Vol. 356, No. 17, Apr. 26, 2007, p. 1793-1794).
The Nation Article: "Our Broken Mental Health System," by Barbara Ehrenreich (Apr. 20, 2007).
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 7, No. 15 , Apr. 30, 2007). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."
Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at email@example.com with your request and complete mailing address.
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Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation:
A. "Use of HIV/AIDS Information in Kenya," by Shannon Salentine, Wangiru Gichuhi, Ani Hyslop (WP-07-94, April 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).
B."Community-Based HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, and Support Program," by Anna Hoffman, Tonya Renee Thurman, Minki Chatterji, and Lisanne Brown (April 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).
An estimated 12 million children aged 17 and under have lost one or both parents to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF, 2006a). Despite recognition of the magnitude and negative consequences of this problem, there is little evidence on "what works" to improve the well being of children affected by HIV and AIDS. In an attempt to fill this knowledge gap, MEASURE Evaluation is conducting targeted evaluations of five programs for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in five unique settings - two in Kenya and three in Tanzania. Case studies are the first phase of MEASURE Evaluation’s targeted evaluations and begin the process of information sharing on lessons learned in programming for OVC. Additional evaluation activities under the MEASURE Evaluation targeted evaluation activity include an impact assessment and costing activity of each of the five selected programs. This case study was conducted to impart a thorough understanding of U.S. Pathfinder in Kenya’s OVC program model and to document lessons learned that could be applied to other initiatives. This case study is based upon a program document review; program site visits, including discussions with local staff, volunteers, beneficiaries and community members; as well as observations of program activities. The primary audience for this case study includes OVC program implementers in Kenya and elsewhere in Africa, as well as relevant policymakers and funding agencies addressing OVC needs.
National Bureau of Economic Research:
A. "Value Based Cost Sharing Meets the Theory of Moral Hazard: Medical Effectiveness in Insurance Benefits Design," by Mark V. Pauly and Fredric E. Blavin (w13044, April 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).
The conventional theory of optimal coinsurance rates in health insurance in the presence of moral hazard indicates that, in situations of equal risk characteristics, coinsurance should vary if the price-responsiveness or price-elasticity of demand for different medical services varies, and should be larger for the more price responsive services. An alternative theory called "value-based cost sharing" indicates that coinsurance should be lower for services with higher (marginal) benefits relative to costs. This paper reconciles the two views. It shows that, if patient demands are based on correct information on benefits and costs, the conclusion of the conventional view is identical to the conclusion from the value-based approach. If patient demands differ from correct demands, it is shown that optimal coinsurance depends both on the extent and direction of information imperfection and on price-responsiveness or price elasticity. The paper also shows, as an alternative to adjusting coinsurance to deal with information imperfection, that providing better information which affects patient demands can be superior if uninformed patient demands exceed informed patient demands, but value based cost sharing can be superior to providing information (even if the cost of information is minimal) when patient demands fall short of informed demands. An extended numerical example illustrates these points.
B. "Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior," by Melissa S. Kearney and Phillip B. Levine (W13045, April 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).
This paper examines the impact of recent state-level Medicaid policy changes that expanded eligibility for family planning services to higher income women and to Medicaid clients whose benefits would expire otherwise. We begin by establishing that the income-based policy change led to a substantial increase in the number of program recipients. We then examine Vital Statistics birth data from 1990 to 2003 and determine that it also reduced overall births to non-teens by about two percent and to teens by over four percent. Our estimates suggest a nearly nine percent reduction in births to women age 20-44 made eligible by the policy change. We supplement our state-level analysis with an investigation of individual-level data from the 1988, 1995, and 2002 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG) to examine the impact of these policies on sexual behavior and contraceptive use. Evidence from this analysis suggests that the reduction in fertility associated with raising income thresholds for eligibility was accomplished via greater use of contraception. Our calculations indicate that allowing higher income women to receive federally-funded family planning cost on the order of $6,800 for each averted birth.
C. "Cigarette Taxes and Youth Smoking: New Evidence from National, State, and Local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys," by Christopher Carpenter and Philip J. Cook (W13046, April 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).
Several studies have examined the effects of state cigarette tax increases on youth substance use over the 1990s, with most -- but not all -- finding that higher taxes reduce youth consumption of tobacco. We advance the literature by using data from the 1991-2005 waves of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS), providing information on over 100,000 high school age youths. We also are the first to make use of hundreds of independently fielded state and local versions of the YRBS, reflecting data from over 750,000 youths. Importantly, these data are to our knowledge the only sources of relevant information on youth smoking that were explicitly designed to be representative of the sampled state or locality. We estimate two-way fixed effects models of the effect of state cigarette taxes on youth smoking, controlling for survey demographics and area and year fixed effects. Our most consistent finding is that -- contrary to some recent research -- the large state tobacco tax increases of the past 15 years were associated with significant reductions in smoking participation and frequent smoking by youths. Our price elasticity estimates for smoking participation by high school youths are generally smaller than previous cross-sectional approaches but are similar to recent quasi-experimental estimates.
D. "HIV and Sexual Behavior Change: Why Not Africa?" by Emily Oster (w13049, April 2007, .pdf format, 53p.).
The response of sexual behavior to HIV in Africa is an important input to predicting the path of the epidemic and to focusing prevention efforts. Existing estimates suggest limited behavioral response, but fail to take into account possible differences across individuals. A simple model of sexual behavior choice among forward-looking individuals implies that behavioral response should be larger for those with lower non-HIV mortality risks and those who are richer. I estimate behavioral response using a new instrumental variables strategy, instrumenting for HIV prevalence with distance to the origin of the virus. I find low response on average, consistent with existing literature, but larger responses for those who face lower non-HIV mortality and for those who are richer. I also show suggestive evidence, based on a very simple calibration, that the magnitude of behavioral response in Africa is of a similar order of magnitude to that among gay men in the United States, once differences in income and life expectancy are taken into account.
Demographic and Health Survey:
A. "HIV Status and Age at First Marriage among Women in Cameroon," by Tim Adair (WP 31, March 2007, .pdf format, 19p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
B. "Desire for Children and Unmet Need for Contraception among HIV-Positive Women in Lesotho," by Tim Adair (WP 32, March 2007, .pdf format, 21p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):
AIDS (Vol. 21, No. 8, May 11, 2007).
Environmental Health Perspectives (Vol. 115, No. 5, May 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
Journal of Environmental Health (Vol. 69, No. 9, May 2007, .pdf format, 1p.). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database and the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.
Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 26, No. 3, May 2007).
Medical Care (Vol. 45, No. 5, May 2007).
Public Health Reports (Vol. 122, No. 3, May/June 2007).
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US National Institutes of Health: "Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research (U01)," (RFA-HD-07-016, renewal of RFA-HD-05-025, National Institute on Child Health and Human Development, Apr. 25, 2007).
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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:
US House Energy and Commerce Committee Hearing Testimony: "Living without Health Insurance: Why Every American Needs Coverage," a hearing held Apr. 25, 2007 (.pdf format). A video webcast of the hearing is also available (Windows Media format, running time: 3 hours 25 minutes, 4 seconds).
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: Tables of Health Insurance Coverage series for all of 2005, MEPS Household Component Survey; tables represent a new annual release (April 25, 2007, HTML and .pdf format).
United Nations Common Database: "The new UN data access system (UN-data) will improve the dissemination of statistics by UNSD to the widest possible audience. An easy to use data access system was developed that meets UNSD’s vision of providing an integrated information resource with current, relevant and reliable statistics free of charge to the global community." UN-data will be launched in the summer of 2007.
UN Common Data Database is now free of charge and can be accessed at:
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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:
Kaiser Family Foundation Statehealthfacts.org Update: "Kaiser's statehealthfacts.org has added and updated two tables on Apr. 26, 2007 that may be of interest to health researchers.
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