Current Social Science Research Report--Health #39, November 13, 2007.

CSSRR-Health is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Health is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #39

To CSSRR-Soc #39

CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

TABLES OF CONTENTS

CONFERENCES

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

DATA

BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US

1. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Articles:

A. "Cigarette Smoking Among Adults --- United States, 2006" (Vol. 56, No. 44, Nov. 9, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1157-1161).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5644a2.htm

B. "Syringe Exchange Programs --- United States, 2005" (Vol. 56, No. 44, Nov. 9, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1164-1167).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5644a4.htm

.pdf for both:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5644.pdf

2. National Institutes of Health News Release: "Scientists Identify Factor Key to Severity of Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staph Infections" (Nov. 11, 2007).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/nov2007/niaid-11.htm

3. Congressional Budget Office Report: "The Long-Term Outlook for Health Care Spending" (November 2007, .pdf format, 42p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/87xx/doc8758/11-13-LT-Health.pdf

4. US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General Report: "Review of Generic Drug Price Increases," (A-06-07-00042, October 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).

Summary:

Generic drug price increases exceeded the specified statutory inflation factor applicable to brand-name drugs for 35 percent of the quarterly average manufacturer prices reviewed. If the provision for brand-name drugs were extended to generic drugs, the Medicaid program would receive additional rebates. By applying the method in the Social Security Act for calculating additional rebates on brand-name drugs to generic drugs, we calculated that the Medicaid program would have received a total of $966 million in additional rebates for the top 200 generic drugs, ranked by Medicaid reimbursement, from 1991 through 2004.

We recommended that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) consider seeking legislative authority to extend the additional rebate provisions to generic drugs. CMS agreed to consider the recommendation when it considers future legislative proposals.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oas/reports/region6/60700042.pdf

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US States:

Georgia:

Department of Human Resources Compendium: 2007 Women's Health Report (October 2007, .pdf format, 32p.)/

http://health.state.ga.us/pdfs/epi/cdiee/Women%20Health%20Report%2010-17-07.pdf

New Mexico:

Department of Health Report: "HIV/AIDS Quarterly Report - Fall 2007" (October 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.health.state.nm.us/pdf/HIV_AIDS_EPI_QTLY_REPORT_OCT_07.pdf

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NGO and Other Countries

United Nations:

World Health Organization Reports:

A. "Employment Conditions and Health Inequalities, edited by Jacqueline Murray (September 2007, .pdf format, 172p.).

http://www.who.int/social_determinants/resources/articles/emconet_who_report.pdf

B. "The social determinants of health: Developing an evidence base for political action," by Michael P. Kelly, Antony Morgan, Josiane Bonnefoy, Jennifer Butt, and Vivian Bergman (October 2007, .pdf format, 165p.).

http://www.who.int/social_determinants/resources/mekn_report_10oct07.pdf

C. "Our cities, our health, our future: Acting on social determinants for health equity in urban settings, by Tord Kjellstrom (July 2007, .pdf format, 70p.).

http://www.who.int/social_determinants/resources/knus_report_16jul07.pdf

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Canada:

Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Periodical: Health Reports (Vol. 18, No. 4, 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/82-003-XIE/82-003-XIE2006011.htm

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Scotland:

Medical Research Council Occasional Paper: "Inequalities in health in Scotland: what are they and what can we do about them?" (Occasional Paper 17, October 2007, .pdf format, 17p.)

http://www.sphsu.mrc.ac.uk/files/File/reports/OP017.pdf

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Slovenia:

Statistical Office News Release: "Road traffic accidents, Slovenia, 2003 -2006" (Nov. 9, 2007).

http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=1197

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South Africa:

Department of Health News Release: "New TB Plan for South Africa" (Nov.8, 2007).

http://www.doh.gov.za/docs/pr/pr1108-f.html

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UK:

Health Protection Agency Report: "Tuberculosis in the UK. Annual report on tuberculosis surveillance and control in the UK 2007" (November 2007, .pdf format, 53p.).

http://www.hpa.org.uk/publications/PublicationDisplay.asp?PublicationID=110

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Kaiser Family Foundation Issue Brief Updates: "Medicaid's Role for Women" (October 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.kff.org/womenshealth/7213.cfm

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Public Library of Science (PLoS) Journal: PLoS has launched a new journal: Neglected Tropical Diseases. For more information see:

http://www.plosntds.org/home.action

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British Medical Journal News Extracts:

A. "US has highest dissatisfaction with health care," by Bob Roehr (Vol. 335, No. 7627, p. 956).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7627/956-a

B. "Faulty government condoms threaten South Africa's AIDS programme," by Peter Moszynski (Vol. 335, No. 7627, p. 957).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7627/957

C. "Prevalence of MRSA in US hospitals hits new high," by David Spurgeon (Vol. 335, No. 7627, p. 961).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7627/961-b

D. "China's health insurance system is failing poor people," by Mary Hennock (Vol. 335, No. 7627, p. 961).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7627/961-c

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Lancet, Various: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Progress and inequity in Latin America" (Editorial, Vol. 370, No. 9599, Nov. 10, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1589). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS014067360761664X/fulltext

B. "Health inequality in Latin America," by José M. Belizán, María L. Cafferata, María Belizán, and Fernando Althabe (Comment, Vol. 370, No. 9599, Nov. 10, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1599-1600). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607616730/fulltext

C. "Colombia continues to struggle with violence," by Mike Ceaser (World Report, Vol. 370, No. 9599, Nov. 10, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1601-1602). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607616742/fulltext

D. "Trade, commerce, and public health in Latin America," by Michael McCarthy (Book Reviews, Vol. 370, No. 9599, Nov. 10, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1603). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607616754/fulltext

E. "Effect of city-wide sanitation programme on reduction in rate of childhood diarrhoea in northeast Brazil: assessment by two cohort studies," by Mauricio L. Barreto, Bernd Genser, Agostino Strina, Maria Gloria Teixeira, Ana Marlucia O. Assis, Rita F. Rego, Carlos A. Teles, Matildes S, Prado, Sheila M.A. Matos, Darci N. Santos, Lenaldo A. dos Santos, and Sandy Cairncross (Article, Vol. 370, No. 9599, Nov. 10, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1622-1628). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607616389/fulltext

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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 7, No. 43, Nov. 12, 2007). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at mdadamo@jhuccp.org with your request and complete mailing address.

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WORKING PAPERS:

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Fertility, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Demographic Dividend," by David E. Bloom, David Canning, Gunther Fink, and Jocelyn E. Finlay (w13583, November 2007, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

We estimate the effect of fertility on female labor force participation in a cross-country panel data set using abortion legislation as an instrument for fertility. We find a large negative effect of the fertility rate on female labor force participation. The direct effect is concentrated among those aged 20-39, but we find that cohort participation is persistent over time giving an effect among older women. We present a simulation model of the effect of fertility reduction on income per capita, taking into account these changes in female labor force participation as well as population numbers and age structure.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13583

B. "How Much Uncompensated Care do Doctors Provide?" by Jonathan Gruber and David Rodriguez (w13585, November 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

The magnitude of provider uncompensated care has become an important public policy issue. Yet existing measures of uncompensated care are flawed because they compare uninsured payments to list prices, not to the prices actually paid by the insured. We address this issue using a novel source of data from a vendor that processes financial data for almost 4000 physicians. We measure uncompensated care as the net amount that physicians lose by lower payments from the uninsured than from the insured. Our best estimate is that physicians provide negative uncompensated care to the uninsured, earning more on uninsured patients than on insured patients with comparable treatments. Even our most conservative estimates suggest that uncompensated care amounts to only 0.8% of revenues, or at most $3.2 billion nationally. These results highlight the important distinction between charges and payments, and point to the need for a re-definition of uncompensated care in the health sector going forward.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13585

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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "A Methodological Comparison of Ambulatory Health Care Data Collected in Two National Surveys," by Steven R. Machlin and Marc W. Zodet (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Working Paper 7001, November 2007, .pdf format, 15p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/Pub_ProdResults_Details.jsp?pt=Working%20Paper&opt=2&id=835

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Institute of Public and International Affairs [University of Utah]: "HIV/AIDS and the Living Arrangements of Older Persons across the Sub-Saharan African region," by Zachary Zimmer (November 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

Older adults in sub-Saharan Africa face harsh living conditions including severe poverty and an HIV/AIDS epidemic that results in unprecedented rates of mortality. Yet, because of a lack of available data and only a trickle of past studies, the impact of these conditions on living circumstances and subsequent quality of life is unclear. By reducing the availability of children and by increasing grand-parenting obligations, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, in particular, has been hypothesized to have impacts on living arrangements. This study utilizes cross-sectional and longitudinal Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from sub-Saharan African countries that are characterized by differing levels of severity of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Individual level data is examined to assess regional living arrangement distributions. National level data from twenty-two countries is examined to tests hypotheses that the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS epidemic relates to being more or less likely to live with children and grandchildren, and more or less likely to live in specific types of arrangements, like in a skipped generation household. Longitudinal data from nine countries is used to test whether changes in these types of arrangements are more or less common where rates of HIV prevalence have been higher. Despite a small number of observations points, several fairly robust associations are found. For instance, older adults living in countries that have had a high accumulation of AIDS-related deaths are much more likely to live with a double-orphaned grandchild, while the average annual increase in the percent living with a double-orphaned grandchild over a decade or so is much higher in countries that have had higher AIDS prevalence. Although there are several possible explanations for these associations, they are consistent with hypotheses related to the loss of availability of children and the increase in grand-parenting obligations that accompany a severe HIV/AIDS epidemic. Results suggest that the AIDS epidemic could be negatively impacting quality of life for older adults in the region.

http://content.lib.utah.edu/cgi-bin/showfile.exe?CISOROOT=/ir-main&CISOPTR=2001&filename=1839.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Vol. 48, No. 3, September 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asoca/jhsb/2007/00000048/00000003

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Vol. 49, No. 11, November 2007).

http://www.joem.org/pt/re/joem/toc.00043764-200711000-00000.htm

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CONFERENCES:

US National Center for Health Statistics Data Users Conference, to be held Aug. 11-13, 2008. This is an early release announcement. Interested users should bookmark the page for further information in the near future.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/events/duc2008/08duc_postcard.htm

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

Academy Health: Academy Health's employment page has been updated with opportunities from Nov. 7-14, 2007).

http://www.academyhealth.org/career/employment.htm

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American Statistical Association: ASA Jobweb has been updated with opportunities from Nov. 7-13, 2007).

http://jobs.amstat.org/search/results/

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

US Senate Finance Committee Hearing Testimony: "Small Business Health Insurance: Building a Gateway to Coverage," a hearing held Oct. 25, 2007 (.pdf format).

http://finance.senate.gov/sitepages/hearing102507.htm

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DATA:

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets between Oct. 30 and Nov. 12, 2007 , which may be of interest to Health researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/access/recent.html

Click on "all studies updated or added within the last 90 days."

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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

SN 5727 -Infant Feeding Survey, 2005

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5727

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BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES:

Panel Study Of Income Dynamics Bibliography Update: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has recently added the following item to its bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed in various ways at:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Publications/Bibliography/default.aspx

Amialchuk, Aliaksandr. Essays on Fertility and Health Economics. Texas: University of Houston; 2007119 pgs.

Roos, Leslie L.; Brownell, Marni; Lix, Lisa; Roos, Noralou P., and MacWilliam, Leonard. From Health Research to Social Research: Privacy, Methods, Approaches. Social Science & Medicine. 2007; _(_):_.

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