Study Description

Population and Agricultural Census Schedules of Polk Township
Washington County, Wisconsin, 1850, 1860

Appendix B: Occupational Classification

The vertical occupational classification used in Chapters Two and Three is an adaptation of the five-cities scheme explained there. The 113 occupations classified in that scheme account for well over three quarters of all employed males. I have added all the other occupations, putting them into the categories that seemed most appropriate. Although this scheme is probably quite useful for studying a nineteenth-century city prior to industrialization, I would not, without much further study, recommend its use in a period after industrialization. I have discussed the problem of occupational classification in "Occupational Classification in History," Journal of Interdisciplinary History, III, I (Summer 1972), 63-88.

The occupations are divided into five socioeconomic ranks, with rank I at the top. A sixth rank has been added for occupations that could not be classified according to the five-cities scheme.

I
(High)
II III IV V
(Low)
VI
(Unclassifiable Occupations)
-Alderman
-Ale merchant
-Archbishop, Catholic
-Archdeacon
-Attorney
-Banker
-Bank manager
-Barrister
-Bishop
-Bishop, Catholic
-Chancellor
-Chief Engineer of the railroad
-Chief Justice
-Chief of Police
-China dealer
-City councillor
-Clergyman
-Clothier
-Coal merchant
-Coffee merchant
-Commission merchant
-Company manager
-Corn merchant
-Councillor
-Crockery merchant
-Dry goods merchant
-Feed merchant
-Financial director
-Flour merchant
-Forwarder
-Gentleman
-Glass dealer
-Hardware merchant
-High Bailiff
-High Constable
-Importer
-Insurance agency owner
-Insurance manager
-Jobber
-Judge
-Judge of Vice Admiralty Court
-Ladies goods merchant
-Leather merchant
-Liquor merchant
-Marble dealer
-Mayor
-Member of Supreme Court
-Merchant
-Merchant Tailor
-Minister of religion
-Patent rights dealer
-Physician
-Police Magistrate
-Porter merchant
-Priest
-Private means
-Professor
-Prothonotaries
-Provision merchant
-Publisher
-Seed merchant
-Solicitor
-Spice merchant
-Surgeon
-Tea dealer
-University officer
-Vicars
-Vice Chancellor
-Wharfinger
-Wholesale druggist
-Wholesale merchant
-Wine merchant
-Wooden ware merchant
-Wool merchant
-Accountant
-Actor
-Actress
-Agent, General
-Agent, Insurance
-Apothecary
-Appraiser
-Architect
-Art exhibitor
-Artist
-Assessor
-Auctioneer
-Auditor
-Author
-Baggage master
-Bandmaster
-Bank teller
-Billiard room keeper
-Boarding house keeper
-Boarding school keeper
-Bookkeeper
-Bookseller
-Bookbindery owner
-Booking agent
-Bowling alley keeper
-Brewer
-Bridge inspector
-Broker
-Broom merchant
-Builder
-Cab owner
-Canal inspector
-Cartage agent
-Cashier
-Caterer
-Cattle yard keeper
-Cemetery agent
-Checker
-Chemist
-Chief Constable
-Cigar maker
-City or county clerk
-City or county inspector
-City or county registrar
-City or county surveyor
-City or county treasurer
-Civil engineer
-Clerk
- Clerk of the Crown
-Clerk of the Peace
-Cloth manufacturer
-Club president
-Coal oil dealer
-Collector
-Commercial traveler
-Commissary
-Commission agent
-Contractor
-Cooperative storekeeper
-Coroner
-Custom House broker
-Custom House keeper
-Customs clerk
-Customs collector
-Customs officer
-Dairyman
-Dancing master
-Dentist
-Deputy City Clerk
-Deputy Commissary
-Deputy Reeve
-Deputy Sheriff
-Detective
-Druggist
-Dry goods clerk
-Editor
-Emigrant Agent
-Fancy storekeeper
-Farmer
-Fire inspector
-Fish dealer
-Founder
-Freight agent
-Fruiterer
-Furrier
-Gaoler
-Geologist
-Grain dealer
-Grocer
-Harbor master
-Hide dealer
-Homeopathist
-Hotel keeper
-House agent
-Ice dealer
-Immigrant Agent
-Indian Interpreter
-Innkeeper
-Inspector
-Inspector of Locomotives
-Insurance man
-Insurance agent
-Ironmonger
-Jeweler
-Journalist
-Junk dealer
-Justice of the Peace
-Land agent
-Land surveyor
-Landlord
-Librarian
-License inspector
-Lighthouse keeper
-Livery stable keeper
-Lock keeper
-Lumber inspector
-Lunatic asylum keeper
-Mail conductor
-Manager
-Manufacturer
-Market stable keeper
-Medicine dealer
-Mercantile agent
-Merchant's clerk
-Milkman
-Miller
-Mill owner
-Mineral water agent
-Money broker
-Music teacher
-Musician
-Music seller
-News agent
-Notary
-Oil agent
-Oil dealer
-Optician
-Organist
-Overseer
-Pawnbroker
-Phrenologist
-Photographer
-Piano dealer
-Piano seller
-Picture dealer
-Poet
-Pork dealer
-Postmaster
-Post office inspector
-Postal clerk
-Pound keeper
-Principal
-Produce dealer
-Private school owner
-Race agent
-Rag dealer
-Rag sorter
-Railroad agent
-Railroad clerk
-Real estate agent
-Recorder
-Renovator
-Reporter
-Restaurant keeper
-Road contractor
-Road inspector
-Salesman
-Sawmill owner
-Scribe
-Sculptor
-Secretary
-Secretary for School Board
-Section boss
-Sexton
-Shipper
-Shipping agent
-Shoe dealer
-Shopkeeper
-Showman
-Small ware shopkeeper
-Speculator
-Stage agent
-Stage proprietor
-Stationmaster
-Stationer
-Steamboat proprietor
-Stenographer
-Stone and slate dealer
-Storekeeper
-Store manager
-Stove dealer
-Street inspector
-Sub-agent
-Superintendent
-Superintendent of Canals
-Superintendent of Fishing
-Superintendent, Hospital
-Superintendent, Railroad
-Surveyor
-Tobacconist
-Tavern keeper
-Tax collector
-Teacher (male)
-Telegraph operator
-Temperance House keeper
-Ticket agent
-Timekeeper for railroad
-Trader
-Travel agent
-Traveling agent
-Trustee
-Turkish bath operator
-Undertaker
-Veterinary surgeon
-Victualler
-Warehouse keeper
-Weigh master
-Yeoman
-Ax maker
-Bailiff
-Baker
-Bandbox maker
-Basket maker
-Bellows maker
-Billiard maker
-Blacking maker
-Blacksmith
-Block maker
-Boat maker
-Boiler maker
-Bookbinder
-Bracket maker
-Brakesman
-Brass founder
-Bricklayer
-Brick maker
-Bridge builder
-Broom maker
-Brush maker
-Butcher
-Cabinetmaker
-Carpenter
-Carpet maker
-Carriage maker
-Carriage trimmer
-Carver
-Caulker
-Chain maker
-Chain and bedstead manufacturer
-Chair maker
-Chandler
-Cheese maker
-Cloth cleaner
-Cloth cutter
-Coffee roaster
-Comb maker
-Compositor
-Conductor
-Confectioner
-Constable
-Cook
-Cooper
-Coppersmith
-Cordwainer
-Cork manufacturer
-Cotton manufacturer
-Cutler
-Daguerreotypist
-Dealer
-Distiller
-Draughtsman
-Draper
-Driller
-Dyer
-Edge tool maker
-Engine driver
-Engine fitter
-Engineer
-Engraver
-Fanning mill manufacturer
-Farrier
-File maker
-Finisher
-Fireman
-Fireman for railroad
-Fireworks maker
-Fire engine manufacturer
-Fishing tackle maker
-Fitter
-Florist
-Fringe maker
-Fuller
-Furnace maker
-Furniture manufacturer
-Gas fitter
-Gas worker
-Ginger beer maker
-Glass maker
-Glazier
-Glover
-Glue maker
-Goldsmith
-Grate maker
-Guilder
-Gunsmith
-Hatter
-Hoop maker
-Hop grower
-Horse trainer
-Horticulturist
-House mover
-Implement maker
-Iron fitter
-Japaner
-Jewelry manufacturer
-Joiner
-Knitter
-Lace maker
-Ladder maker
-Last maker
-Lathe maker
-Letter carrier
-Lithographer
-Locksmith
-Looking glass maker
-Lumber merchant
-Machinist
-Marble cutter
-Marble manufacturer
-Mason
-Match maker
-Mattress maker
-Mechanic
-Melodeon maker
-Millwright
-Molder
-Nail maker
-Net maker
-Nurseryman
-Oar maker
-Oculist
-Oil cloth manufacturer
-Oil manufacturer
-Operator
-Organ builder
-Pail maker
-Painter
-Paper hanger
-Paper maker
-Patent medicine maker
-Pattern maker
-Patent leather dresser
-Pianoforte manufacturer
-Pilot
-Plane maker
-Plasterer
-Plate worker
-Plough maker
-Plumber
-Policeman
-Polisher
-Potash manufacturer
-Potter
-Powder maker
-Printer
-Pump maker
-Railroad car builder
-Railroad policeman
-Rake maker
-Reed maker
-Rifle maker
-Rigger
-Rope maker
-Sabot maker
-Sack maker
-Saddler (harness maker)
-Safe maker
-Sail maker
-Salaratus (baking soda) maker
-Sash maker
-Sausage maker
-Sawyer
-Scale maker
-Scythe maker
-Seedman
-Sheriff's officer
-Shingle maker
-Shipbuilder
-Ship chandler
-Shipwright
-Shirt maker
-Shoemaker
-Shoe manufacturer
-Sign painter
-Silk manufacturer
-Silk printer
-Silver platerer
-Silversmith
-Slater
-Soap maker
-Soda water manufacturer
-Spade maker
-Spinner
-Spirit gas maker
-Spoon maker
-Spring maker
-Starch maker
-Stave maker
-Stay maker
-Steamboat steward
-Steward
-Stove fitter
-Stove maker
-Streetcar driver
-Stucco maker
-Sugar maker
-Switchman for railroad
-Tailor
-Tallow chandler
-Tanner
-Taxidermist
-Trashing mill maker
-Tile cutter
-Tinker
-Tin plate worker
-Tinsmith
-Tobacco manufacturer
-Toll bar keeper
-Tray maker
-Trimmer
-Trunk maker
-Turner
-Twiner
-Type founder
-Typesetter
-Umbrella maker
-Upholsterer
-Varnisher
-Vinegar maker
-Wagon maker
-Watchmaker
-Weighing machine maker
-Well digger
-Wheelwright
-Whip maker
-Wine manufacturer
-Wire drawer
-Wire worker
-Woodworker
-Wood seller
-Woolen manufacturer
-Yardsman
-Barber
-Barkeeper
-Bell hanger
-Bill poster
-Boatman
-Bus driver
-Cab driver
-Caretaker
-Carrier
-Carter
-Chimney sweep
-Coachman
-Colporteur
-Courier
-Drover
-Errand boy
-Factory operator
-Ferryman
-Fisherman
-Gardener
-Gas lighter
-Grave digger
-Groom
-Hairdresser
-Hewer
-Hospital worker
-Hunter
-Huxter
-Landing waiter
-Lime burner
-Lumberman
-Mariner
-Market clerk
-Messenger
-Miner
-Omnibus driver
-Packer
-Peddler
-Porter
-Quarryman
-Railroad worker
-Restaurant worker
-Sailor
-Soldier
-Stableman
-Stage driver
-Steamboat mate
-Stevedore
-Stoker
-Stone cutter
-Teamster
-Turnkey
-Waiter
-Watchman
-Weaver
-Whitewasher
-Wool sorter
-Laborer
-Rail layer for railroad
-Unemployed
-Apprentice
-Assignee for estate
-Bank clerk
-Chamberlain
-Charwoman
-Clogger
-Colored man
-Deceased
-Dressmaker
-Embroiderer
-Foreigner
-Governess
-Handicapped
-Indian
-Journeyman
-Keeper of house of ill-fame
-Lady
-Law student
-Lunatic
-Matron of hospital or asylum
-Midwife
-Milliner
-Mother Superior
-Nun
-Nurse
-Pensioner
-Prisoner
-Prostitute
-Seamstress
-Seminarian
-Servant (female)
-Servant (male)
-Spinster
-Student
-Tailoress
-Teacher (female)
-Unknown or not given
-Washerwoman
-Widow
-Wife

Source: Michael Katz, The People of Hamilton, Canada West: Family and Class in a Mid-Nineteenth-Century City (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975), Appendix Two.