Bibliography of Related Publications, 1995-1999

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program, 1990/1991 - 1994/1995

This bibliography was last updated in 1999. For more current publications, you may wish to search ERIC or Education Full-Text, both of which are available at UW-Madison via subscription. The publications in the bibliography are not part of the DISC collection.


American Federation of Teachers, "Fact sheet on vouchers: argument and evidence," American Educator, [19:3] Fall, 1995 (28).

"Are school vouchers the answer? You decide," Learning [24:4] January 1, 1996 (34). Summary: : Schools across the nation are facing tough fights about vouchers. Examine the pros and cons.

Ascher, Carol, "Performance contracting: a forgotten experiment in school privatization," Phi Delta Kappan, [77:9] May 1, 1996 (615).

Bastian, Ann, "Is public school 'choice' a viable alternative?" inLevine, David et al. ed., Rethinking Schools: An Agenda for Change, New York: New Press, 1995 (205).

Berthoud, John E., "Vouchers and religious schools: recent findings," Comparative State Politics, [16:6] December 1, 1995 (21).

Black, Susan, "The pull of magnets," The American School Board Journal, [183:9] September 1, 1996 (34). Summary: : Are magnet schools a desegregation tool that failed--or the last, best hope for improving public education?

Bright, Cynthia, "The Establishment clause and school vouchers: private choice and proposition," California Western Law Review, [31:2] 1995 (193).

Brown, Frank, "Privatization of public education: theories and concepts," Education and Urban Society, [27:2] February 1, 1995, (114).

Brown, Frank and Richard C. Hunter, "Introduction: privatization of public school services," Education and Urban Society, [27:2] February 1, 1995, (107).

Carnoy, Martin, "Is school privatization the answer?" American Educator [19:3] Fall, 1995 (29). Summary: It's not an untried idea. Evidence from the countries that have implemented voucher plans indicates that such systems increase inequality without making schools better.

"Clinton reaffirms opposition to school vouchers," Church & State, [48:10] November 1, 1995 (3).

"Congress hits stalemate over D.C. school vouchers," Church & State, [49:1] January 1, 1996 (3).

Dianda, Marcella R., "Taking the lead in supporting charter schools," Thrust for Educational Leadership, [24:7] May 1, 1995.

DeSpain, B.C., and Martha Livingston, "Roads to reform," The American School Board Journal, [183:7] July 1, 1996 (17). Summary: Will charter schools, privatization, and vouchers lead to better schools? Board presidents and business leaders disagree.

Dewey, Douglas D., "An echo, not a choice," Policy Review, November 1, 1996 (28). Summary: Vouchers repeat the error of public education.

"Editorial - School vouchers," Commonweal, [123:7] April 5, 1996 (5).

"Editorial: School vouchers again? Yes," America: a Catholic Review of the Week, [173:18] December 2, 1995 (3).

"Editorial: School vouchers and the District of Columbia--Newt's nasty crusade," Church & State, [49:4] April 1, 1996 (14).

"Education," Christianity Today, [40:12] October 28, 1996 (90). Summary: Voucher foes fight Cleveland program.

"Education: no magic bullet," Time, [146:20] November 13, 1995 (88). Summary: In Connecticut, the school-privatization push comes to shove.

"Educational Vouchers: A Constitutional Analysis," Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems, [28:3] Spring, 1995 (423). Summary: : The recent explosion of state-level educational voucher initiatives raises intriguing constitutional questions. First, does the inclusion of sectarian schools in voucher schemes violate the Establishment Clause? Given the disarray of Establishment Clause jurisprudence, one can find strong support in the Supreme Court case law for both sides of this issue. The Author argues that in order to create coherent Establishment Clause doctrine, the Court should refocus its Establishment Clause inquiry on the actual effect of the government aid. This Article also addresses a second, more novel question: Does the exclusion of sectarian schools from a voucher unlawfully discriminate against those who prefer religious schools? The author concludes that such a program does not violate the Equal Protection Clause.

"Fact sheet on vouchers: argument and evidence," American Educator, [19:3] Fall, 1995 (28). Summary: Are market forces and vouchers the route to educational improvement? Yes, say their advocates! No, say their critics! What does the evidence tell us?

Fennimore, Beatrice S., "Equity is not an option in public education," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996, (53).

"Friends and foes fight over vouchers," The CQ Researcher, [6:28] July 26, 1996 (662). Summary: Aid for religious schools among issues.

Fuller, Bruce, "Is school choice working?" Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996, (37).

Gamoran, Adam, "Do magnet schools boost achievement?" Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996, (42).

Gleick, Elizabeth, "Privatized lives: Hartford's grand experiment in letting business run the schools sends stock in this idea plunging," Time,, November 13, 1995, (88).

Greene, Jay P., Peterson, Paul E., and Jiangtao Du et al, "The effectiveness of school choice in Milwaukee: a secondary analysis of data from the program's evaluation," Program on Education Policy and Governance: Occasional Paper, Department of Government and Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, August 14, 1996.

Greene, Jay P. and Paul E. Peterson, "Methodological issues in evaluation research: the Milwaukee school choice plan," Program on Education Policy and Governance: Occasional Paper, Department of Government and Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, August 29, 1996.

Harrington-Leuker, Donna, "The high-flyer falls," The American School Board Journal, [183:4] April 1, 1996 (26). Summary: Cast out from Baltimore and Hartford, privatization pioneer Education Alternatives Inc. is down but not drowned.

Hlebowitsh, Peter S., "Can we find the traditional American school in the idea of choice?" NASS Bulletin, September 1995 (1).

Hodkinson, Phil and Andrew C. Sparkes, "Markets and vouchers: the inadequacy of individualist policies for vocational education and training in England and Wales," Journal of Education Policy, [10:2] March 1, 1995 (189).

Howe II, Harold, "The continuing question: will public schools make it in America?" The School Administrator, [53:5] May 1, 1996 (14). Summary: The former U.S. commissioner of education wonders if the push to privatize public schools and add a voucher system represents a serious threat or a better world?

Hunter, Richard C., "Privatization of instruction in public education," Education and Urban Society, [27:2] February 1, 1995, (168).

Innerst, Carol, "Education: State expands voucher programs," Insight On the News, [12:4] January 29, 1996 (36).

Kane, Pearl Rock, "The privatization movement," Independent School, [54:3] Spring, 1995 (38).

Karp, Stan, "Lesson plans: school vouchers," Z Magazine, [8:4] April 1, 1995 (33).

Kemerer, Frank R., "The Constitutionality of school vouchers," West's Education Law Quarterly [4:4] October 1, 1995 (646).

Kemerer, Frank R. and Kimi Lynn King, "Are school vouchers constitutional?" Phi Delta Kappan, [77:4] December 1, 1995 (307).

Koprowski, Gene "Education," Insight On the News, [12:20] May 27, 1996 (40). Summary: Two court cases could determine the fate of school vouchers.

Leiberman, Myron, "Fair comment," Insight on the news, [12:43] November 18, 1996 (28). Summary: Teachers' unions are ignorant about market economies--especially regarding privatization of public school.

Lowe, Robert, "The perils of school vouchers," in Levine, David et al. ed.,Rethinking Schools: An Agenda for Change, New York: New Press, 1995 (191).

McGroarty, Daniels and Nadine Strossen, "Are school-voucher programs for parochial schools a good idea?" Insight On the News, [12:30] August 12, 1996 (24). Summary: Yes: Let schools break free from the stranglehold of public education, argues Daniel McGroarty. No: Vouchers for religious schools are unconstitutional and bad educational policy, counters Nadine Strossen.

McKinney, Joseph R., "Charter schools: a new barrier for children with disabilities," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (22).

Metcalf, Kim K., and Polly A. Tait, "Free market policies and public education: what is the cost of choice?" Phi Delta Kappan, [81:1] September 1999 (65-8+).

"The Milwaukee experiment," Business Week, April 17, 1995 (70). Summary: The city is turning its school system upside-down--decentralizing it, making it more accountable, even instituting a controversial voucher system.

Miner, Barbara, "Why I don't vouch for vouchers," Educational Leadership, [56:2] October 1998 (40-42).

Miron, Gary, "Free choice and vouchers transform schools," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (77). Summary: A nationwide experiment with vouchers resulted in autonomy for municipal school, but the Social Democratic party is becoming disillusioned with some results.

Moe, Terry M. and Kenneth W. Shotts, "Computer models of educational institutions: the case of vouchers and social equity," Journal of Education Policy, [10:5/6] September 1, 1995 (69).

Molnar, Alex, "Charter schools: the smiling face of disinvestment," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (9).

Molnar, Alex, Giving Kids the Business: The Commercialization of America's Schools. New York: Westview/Harper Collins, 1996.

Molnar, Alex; Walter C. Farrell, Jr.; James H. Johnson, Jr., and Marty Sapp, "Research, Politics, and the School Choice Agenda," Phi Delta Kappan, [78:3] November, 1996 (240).

Murphy, Joseph, "Why privatization signals a sea change in schooling," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (60). Summary: A review of the many types of privatization strategies and their applications to education--everything from asset sales to user fees, contracts to vouchers.

"The new American," Free Press, [12:11] May 27, 1996 (35). Summary: Income tax then and now; Fundamental flaw in education vouchers; Jailhouse lawyers.

O'Neill, John, "New options, old concerns," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (6). Summary: Charter schools magnets, and vouchers are gaining in popularity. What of concerns for equity, diversity, and the common public school?

"People & events: vouchers lurk inside Congressional education bill," Church & State, [48:8] September 1, 1995 (13).

Penning, Nick, "Voucher idea re-emerges with transparent aim," The School Administrator, [52:6] June 1, 1995 (25).

Peterson, Bob, "Teacher of the year gives vouchers a failing grade," The Progressive April 1997 (20).

Peterson, Paul E., "A Critique of the Witte Evaluation of Milwaukee's School Choice Program," Center for American Political Studies Occasional Paper 95-2, Littauer Center, Department of Government, Harvard University, 1995.

Peterson, Paul E., "The Milwaukee School Choice Plan: Ten Comments on the Witte Reply," Center for American Political Studies Occasional Paper 95-3, Littauer Center, Department of Government, Harvard University, March, 1995.

Petronio, Maureen Allenberg, "The choices parents make," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (33).

Pittillo, Robert A., "Privatizing schooling for handicapped and Chapter 1 children," Education and Urban Society, [27:2] February 1, 1995, (206).

"Private school voucher remedies in education cases," The University of Chicago Law Review, [62:2] Spring, 1995 (795).

"Private school vouchers--myth vs. fact--a point of view," The Journal of Educational Relations, [17:1] February 1, 1996 (24).

Ramirez, Al, "Vouchers and voodoo economics," Educational Leadership [56:2] October 1998 (36-39). 

"Reading, Writing, and Rancor," Business Week, September 18, 1995, (54). Summary: A bitter fight over school privatization.

Richards, Craig E., Shore, Rima, and Max Sawicky, Risky Business: Private Management of Public Schools. Economic Policy Institute: Washington, D.C., 1996 (Introduction available at http://www.epinet.org/content.cfm/books_riskybizintro).

Russo, Charles J., et al, "Legal issues in contracting out for public education services," Education and Urban Society, [27:2] February 1, 1995, (127).

Russo, Charles J. and J. John Harris III, "Buyer beware: state controls over privatization," School Business Affairs, [62:5] May 1, 1996 (17).

Schnaiberg, Lynn. "More students taking advantage of school choice, report says," Education Week,  [19:3] September 22, 1999 (6).

Shenk, Joshua Wolf, "Saving education: the public schools' last hurrah?" Current, July 1, 1996 (3). Summary: Public schools in the United States generally are not doing as well as they should be and in some instances are failing miserably. There is no simple solution to the public education problem, but there are five principles that should be encouraged: principals and teachers need more support from above and school bureaucracies should be streamlined; teacher recruiting and training must be reshaped; standards for students to meet should be raised; parents must become more involved in the education of their children; and enough money must be available to ensure that necessities are provided. If public schools fail to reform themselves, some form of privatization--possibly a type of school voucher--may be the next alternative.

Shokraii, Nina H., "Why school choice can help children in America's inner cities," Teacher Education and Practice, [13:2] Fall/Winter 1997 (15-27).  

Silverman, Elissa, "Learning Curve," The New Republic, [214:5] January 29, 1996 (10). Summary: School privatization is all the rage. But as a Baltimore experiment shows, it doesn't always work.

Sizer, Theodore, R., "New hope for high schools: lessons from reform-minded educators," The American School Board Journal, [183:9] September 1, 1996 (37).

Spoerl, Joseph S., "Justice and the case for school vouchers," Public Affairs Quarterly, [9:1] January 1, 1995 (75).

Stanfield, Rochelle L., "Fueling the school voucher debate," National Journal, [28:17] April 27, 1996 (938). Summary: A new survey shows that blacks--particularly those with school-age children-- are fed up with public schools and want vouchers that would help them to send their children to private schools.

Stern, Sol, "The school reform that dares not speak its name," The City Journal, [6:1] Winter, 1996 (28). Summary: In New York educational circles, the "V" word is off-limits. But vouchers may be the best hope for reviving the failing public schools.

Tetreault, Donald R., and Lawrence O. Picus, "School privatization: is there a future?" School Business Affairs, [62:5] May 1, 1996 (32).

Townley, Arthur J., "Privatization of public schools: boom or bust?" Thrust for Educational Leadership, [24:7] May 1, 1995 (43). Summary: The privatization of instruction and support services is well under way in public schools across the nation. Arthur J. Townley analyzes the arguments for and against contracting out school services, and offers some guidelines for school leaders considering the issue.

Underwood, Julie, "Vouchers - a legal draw: a response to B. Dowling Sendor," The American School Board Journal [186:2] February 1999 (14-15).  

Walsh, Mark, " 'Green light' for school vouchers?," Education Week, [18:12] November 18, 1998 (1). 

Walsh, Norman J., "Public School, Inc.: Baltimore's risky enterprise," Education and Urban Society, [27:2] February 1, 1995, (195).

Whitty, Geoff and Tony Edwards, "School choice policies in England and the United States: an exploration of their origins and significance," Comparative Education, [34:3] November 1, 1998 (211)

Williams, Lois C. and Lawrence E. Leak, "School privatization's first big test: EAI in Baltimore," Educational Leadership, [54:2] October 1, 1996 (56).

Go to Bibliography of Primary Publications