DISC-CSSRR Blog

February 7, 2017

CSSRR Sociology–February 7, 2017

Filed under: S. Working Papers,Sociology — admin @ 4:44 pm

Research Institute for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population [McMaster University] Working Paper: “Immigration And The Rate Of Population Mixing: Explorations With A Stylized Model,” by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer (QSEP Research Report No. 460, December 2016, .pdf format, 22p.).

Abstract:

Immigrants can mix with the population of a receiving country in various ways. We consider demographic mixing by which we mean cross-mating, and more particularly the bearing of children where one parent is of immigrant descent and the other is not – cross-parenting as we term it. We consider a hypothetical country with an initial stable population and introduce immigration. The results of cross-parenting are taken into account by identifying three separate populations within the overall total: non-immigrant population, immigrant population (immigrants and their descendants), and mixed population. We develop a stylized model to track the three populations, with interest focusing in particular on how the proportion of mixed population changes through time as it moves toward a steady state. The model has a stable projection (Leslie) matrix that holds for all three populations and moves them forward from generation to generation as each evolves in its own way. As cross-parenting occurs the resulting progeny are transferred from the other populations to the mixed population. The pattern of cross-parenting is determined in the first instance by a matrix representing preferences among the three populations and alternative preferential patterns are experimented with, ranging from complete isolation to indifference as to cross-parenting choices. However the matrix must be modified to recognize supply constraints imposed by the sizes of the available populations and a restricted least-squares procedure is employed to effect the modification while remaining as close as possible to the original preference pattern. Alternative rates of immigration are experimented with also.

socserv.mcmaster.ca…

CSSRR Health–February 7, 2017

Filed under: H. Legislation Information,Health — admin @ 4:43 pm

US House Committee on Small Business Hearing Testimony: “Reimagining the Health Care Marketplace for America’s Small Businesses,” a hearing held February 7, 2017 (witness statements available in .pdf format, video of the full hearing available at the site, running time 1 hour 38 minutes). Note: The hearing begins at the 10:08 mark.

smallbusiness.house.gov…

CSSRR Health–February 7, 2017

Filed under: H. Other Reports, Articles,Health — admin @ 4:43 pm

Commonwealth Fund Issue Brief: “How the Affordable Care Act Has Improved Americans’ Ability to Buy Health Insurance on Their Own: Findings from the Commonwealth Fund Biennial Health Insurance Survey, 2016,” by Sara R. Collins, Munira Z. Gunja, Michelle M. Doty, and Sophie Beutel (February 2017, .pdf format, 18p.).

www.com…

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Kaiser Family Foundation Report, Issue Brief:

A. “Medicaid Section 1115 Managed Long-Term Services and Supports Waivers: A Survey of Enrollment, Spending, and Program Policies,” by Molly O’Malley Watts, MaryBeth Musumeci, and Petry Ubri (January 2017, .pdf format, 23p.).

kff.org…

B. “Medicaid and Children with Special Health Care Needs,” by MaryBeth Musumeci (January 2017, .pdf format, 6p.).

kff.org…

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Population Reference Bureau Article: “Data in New Wallchart Show Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Declining in Many Countries,” (February 2017, .pdf format, 11p.).

www.prb.org…

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Public Library of Science (PLoS) Article: “Morbid obesity in Taiwan: Prevalence, trends, associated social demographics, and lifestyle factors,” by Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, and Wen-Harn Pan (PLoS ONE 12(2): e0169577. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169577, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 13p.).

journals.plos.org…

CSSRR Health–February 7, 2017

Filed under: H. NGO and Other Countries,Health — admin @ 4:41 pm

Australia:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: “Cancer in Australia 2017,” (February 2017, .pdf format, 204p.).

www.aihw.gov…

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UK:

Office for National Statistics Statistical Brief: “Alcohol-related deaths in the UK: registered in 2015,” (February 2017, .pdf and HTML format, 14p.).

www.ons.gov…

CSSRR Economics/Health–February 7, 2017

Kansas:

Labor Information Center Report: “2015 Kansas Disability Report,” (January 2017, .pdf format, 57p.).

klic.dol.ks.gov…

CSSRR Economics–February 7, 2017

Filed under: E. US State Govt. Pub,Economics — admin @ 4:37 pm

Alaska:

Department of Labor and Workforce Development Periodical: Alaska Economic Trends (Vol. 37, No. 2, February 2017, .pdf format, 16p.).

labor.state.ak.us…

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West Virginia:

Bureau of Business & Economic Research Report: “2017-2012 West Virginia Economic Outlook,” (January 2017, .pdf format, 58p.).

business.wvu.edu…

CSSRR Economics–February 7, 2017

Filed under: E. Working Papers,Economics — admin @ 4:36 pm

Bank for International Settlements Working Papers:

www.bis.org…

NEW: No. 608 “Redemption risk and cash hoarding by asset managers,” by Stephen Morris, Ilhyock Shim and Hyun Song Shin.

No. 607 “The real effects of household debt in the short and long run,” by Marco Jacopo Lombardi, Madhusudan Mohanty and Ilhyock Shim.

No. 606 “Market volatility, monetary policy and the term premium,” by Sushanta K. Mallick, Madhusudan Mohanty and Fabrizio Zampolli.

No. 605 “Wage and price setting: new evidence from Uruguayan firms,” by Fernando Borraz, Gerardo Licandro and Daniela Sola.

No. 604 “Endogenous wage indexation and aggregate shocks,” by Julio A. Carrillo, Gert Peersman and Joris Wauters.

No. 603 “Multiplex interbank networks and systemic importance – An application to European data,” by Inaki Aldasoro and Ivan Alves.

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Center for Economic Studies [US Census Bureau] Working Paper: CES has announced the release of the following working paper.

ideas.repec.org…

NEW: 17-12 “Public-Use vs. Restricted-Use: An Analysis Using the American Community Survey,” by Satkartar K. Kinney & Alan F. Karr.

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Centro De Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros [Madrid, Spain] Working Papers:

[1707] “Are the Spanish Long-Term Unemployed Unemployable?” by Samuel Bentolila, J. Ignacio García-Pérez, and Marcel Jansen.

Abstract:

Long-term unemployment reached unprecedented levels in Spain in the wake of the Great Recession and it still affects around 57% of the unemployed. We document the sources that contributed to the rise in long-term unemployment and analyze its persistence using state-of-the-art duration models. We find pervasive evidence of negative duration dependence, while personal characteristics such as mature age, lack of experience, and entitlement to unemployment benefits are key to understand the cross-sectional differences in the incidence of long-term unemployment. The negative impact of low levels of skill and education is muted by the large share of temporary contracts, but once we restrict attention to employment spells lasting at least one month these factors also contribute to a higher risk of long-term unemployment. Surprisingly, workers from the construction sector do not fare worse than similar workers from other sectors. Finally, self-reported reservation wages are found to respond strongly to the cycle, but much less to individual unemployment duration. In view of these findings, we argue that active labour market policies should play a more prominent role in the fight against long-term unemployment while early activation should be used to curb inflows.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1707.pdf…

[1706] “Family Economics Writ Large,” by Jeremy Greenwood, Nezin Guner, and Guillaume Vandenbroucke.

Abstract:

Powerful currents have reshaped the structure of families over the last century. There has been (i) a dramatic drop in fertility and greater parental investment in children; (ii) a rise in married female labor-force participation; (iii) a significant decline in marriage and a rise in divorce; (iv) a higher degree of positive assortative mating; (v) more children living with a single mother; (vi) shifts in social norms governing premarital sex and married women’s roles in the workplace. Macroeconomic models explaining these aggregate trends are surveyed. The relentless flow of technological progress and its role in shaping family life are stressed.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1706.pdf…

[1705] “Optimal Spatial Taxation: Are Big Cities too Small?” by Jan Eeckhout and Nezih Guner.

Abstract

We analyze the role of optimal income taxation across different local labor markets. Should labor in large cities be taxed differently than in small cities? We find that a planner who needs to raise a given level of revenue and is constrained by free mobility of labor across cities does not choose equal taxes for cities of different sizes. The optimal tax schedule is location specific and tax differences between large and small cities depends on the level of government spending, the concentration of housing wealth and the strength of agglomeration economies. Our estimates for the US imply higher optimal marginal rates in big cities than in small cities. Under the current Federal Income tax code with progressive taxes, marginal rates are already higher in big cities which have higher wages, but the optimal difference we estimate is lower than what is currently observed. Simulating the US economy under the optimal tax schedule, there are large effects on population mobility: the fraction of population in the 5 largest cities grows by 7.6% with 3.4% of the country-wide population moving to bigger cities. The welfare gains however are smaller. This is due to the fact that much of the output gains are spent on the increased costs of housing construction in bigger cities. Aggregate goods consumption goes up by 1.51% while aggregate housing consumption goes down by 1.70%.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1705.pdf…

[1704] “Grading on a Curve: When Having Good Peers is not Good,” by Caterina Calsamiglia and Annalisa Loviglio.

Abstract

Student access to education levels, tracks or majors is usually determined by their previous performance, measured either by internal exams, designed and graded by teachers in school, or external exams, designed and graded by central authorities. We say teachers grade on a curve whenever having better peers harms the evaluation obtained by a given student. We use rich administrative records from public schools in Catalonia to provide evidence that teachers indeed grade on a curve, leading to negative peer effects. We find suggestive evidence that school choice is impacted only the year when internal grades matter for future prospects.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1704.pdf…

[1703] “Nonlinear Panel Data Methods for Dynamic Heterogeneous Agent Models,” by Manuel Arellano and Stéphane Bonhomme.

Abstract

Recent developments in nonlinear panel data analysis allow identifying and estimating general dynamic systems. In this review we describe some results and techniques for nonparametric identification and flexible estimation in the presence of time-invariant and time-varying latent variables. This opens the possibility to estimate nonlinear reduced forms in a large class of structural dynamic models with heterogeneous agents. We show how such reduced forms may be used to document policy-relevant derivative effects, and to improve the understanding and facilitate the implementation of structural models.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1703.pdf…

[1702] “Sample Selection in Quantile Regression: A Survey,” by Manuel Arellano and Stéphane Bonhomme.

Abstract:

Nonrandom sample selection is a pervasive issue in applied work. In additive models, a number of techniques are available for consistent selection correction. However, progress in the development of non-additive selection corrections has been slower. In this survey we review recent proposals dealing with sample selection in quantile models.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1702.pdf…

[1701] “The Simple Economics of White Elephants,” by Juan-Jose Ganuza and Gerard Llobet.

Abstract

This paper shows that the concession model discourages firms from acquiring information about the future profitability of a project. Uniformed contractors carry out good and bad projects because they are profitable in expected terms even though it would have been optimal to invest in screening them out according to their value. White elephants are identified as avoidable negative net present-value projects that are nevertheless undertaken. Institutional arrangements that limit the losses that firms can bear exacerbate this distortion. We characterize the optimal concession contract which fosters the acquisition of information and achieves the first best by conditioning the duration of the concession to the realization of the demand and includes payments for not carrying out some projects.

www.cemfi.es/ftp/wp/1701.pdf…

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European Central Bank:

www.ecb.eu…

NEW: No. 2016 “Interactions between fiscal multipliers and sovereign risk premium during fiscal consolidation: model based assessment for the euro area,” by Magdalena Lalik.

No. 2015 “Forecasting euro area inflation using targeted predictors: is money coming back?” by Matteo Falagiarda and Joao Sousa.

No. 2014 “The drivers of revenue productivity: a new decomposition analysis with firm-level data,” by Filippo di Mauro, Giordano Mion, and Daniel Stohlker.

No. 2013 “Regular versus lump-sum payments in union contracts and household consumption,” by Effrosyni Adamopoulou and Roberta Zizza.

No. 2012 “Modeling euro area bond yields using a time-varying factor model,” by Tomáš Adam and Marco Lo Duca.

No. 2011 “Understanding sovereign rating movements in euro area countries,” by Jan Bruha, Moritz Karber, Beatrice Pierluigi, and Ralph Setzer.

No. 2010 “The systemic implications of bail-in: a multi-layered network approach,” by Anne-Caroline Hüser, Grzegorz Halaj, Christoffer Kok, Cristian Perales, and Anton van der Kraaij.

No. 2009 “Securitization and credit quality,” by Alper Kara, David Marques-Ibanez, and Steven Ongena.

No. 2008 “Banks credit and productivity growth,” by Fadi Hassan, Filippo di Mauro, and Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano.

No. 2007 “The rational inattention filter,” by Bartosz Mackowiak, Filip Matejka, and Mirko Wiederholt.

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Inter-American Development Bank Working Paper:

publications.iadb.org…

NEW: No. 767 “Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Inter-Generational Poverty Trap?” by María C. Araujo, Mariano Bosch and Norbert Schady.

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United Nations University, World Institute for Development Economics Research Working Papers: Note: Filter publications by checking “Working Papers” and selecting years as “2017”).

www.wider.unu.edu…

New papers:

23/2017 “Modeling sustainable long-term electricity supply–demand in Africa,” by Nadia S. Ouedraogo.

22/2017 “Oil and gas companies and the management of social and environmental impacts and issues – The evolution of the industry’s approach,” by Kathryn Tomlinson.

21/2017 “The curse of the one-size-fits-all fix – Re-evaluating what we know about extractives and economic development,” by Glada Lahn and Paul Stevens.

20/2017 “When do the poor vote for the right-wing and why – Status inequality and vote choice in the Indian states,” by Pavithra Suryanarayan.

19/2017 “Towards contribution analysis,” by R. Anthony Hodge.

18/2017 “Group-based inequalities – The case of Viet Nam,” by Dang Thi Thu Hoai.

17/2017 “Tourism global value chains and Africa,” by Jack Daly and Gary Gereffi.

16/2017 “Employment and productivity growth in Tanzania’s service sector,” by Mia Ellis, Margaret McMillan, and Jed Silver.

15/2017 “Industrial clusters – The case for Special Economic Zones in Africa,” by Carol Newman and John Page.

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Working Papers: New Economic Papers (NEP)-ALL. The latest list of New Economic Papers is dated January 8, 2017.

ideas.repec.org…

January 15, 2017:

ideas.repec.org…

January 22, 2017:

ideas.repec.org…

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World Bank Policy Research Programme: WBPR has recently released several new working papers. See the list at:

documents.worldbank.org…

New papers are: WPS No. 7959-7964.

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