Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: QG-054-001-1-1-USA-ICPSR-1990

Subject Area: Medical and Health

Bibliographic Citation: Memphis new mothers study, 1990-1994.  [machine-readable data file] / Olds, David  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 6782

Date Accessioned: 1/20/1997

Number of Files Received: 6

Comments: This CD-ROM [ICPSR PCD96003] contains recently released new data collections from the ICPSR. Beginning in 1996, ICPSR started periodic production and distribution to Official Representatives of CD-ROMs containing copies of data collections that have been recently acquired and released. Collections, or parts thereof, that are either too large or problematic for the CD-ROM media may not be included. Each collection included on this CD-ROM resides in its own subdirectory. In addition to the collection subdirectories, there are two other subdirectories used to organize information files on this and other Periodic Release CD-ROMs: \INFO and \INDEXES.

Access Status: Access restricted to U.W. Madison campus

Date Ordered: 1/20/1997

Documentation: Machine-readable; typically includes codebook and/or SAS, SPSS data definition statements.

Abstract: This study was a randomized trial that tested the effectiveness of home visitation by nurses as a means of enhancing the health and well-being of socially disadvantaged women and their first-born children. Low-income, pregnant women bearing first babies were randomly assigned to four treatment groups: (1) subjects that received free transportation to prenatal care, (2) subjects that received transportation to prenatal care and developmental screening for the children, (3) subjects that received transportation to prenatal care, developmental screening, plus prenatal home visits by nurses, and (4) subjects that received transportation to prenatal care, developmental screening, prenatal home visits, and postnatal home visits by nurses. Assessments of the women covered health-related behaviors, mother's care-giving environment, child's health and development, levels of social support, mother's psychological resources, personal life-course development, and costs of health care. Variables measuring health-related behaviors included the use of cigarettes and illegal drugs and the presence of sexually-transmitted diseases. The mother's care-giving environment and the child's health and development were evaluated by the Bavolek adult-adolescent parenting interview score, the Caldwell home observation scale, the Bayley mental development index, the Achenbach child behavioral problems inventory, and other indices. Levels of social support were evaluated by the amount of support expected to be received from a boyfriend or husband and the mother's mother. Assessments of maternal psychological resources included the Pearlin mastery scale, the Shipley IQ score, and the Bandura self-efficacy score. Personal life-course development was assessed by the respondents' educational and occupational achievements, and the numbers of subsequent pregnancies and children. Variables measuring the effect of the program on the cost of health care include number of hospital emergency room visits, number of hospitalizations, total length of stay, number of well-child and ill-child doctor visits, and use of community social services. Other variables provide information on age at birth, birth weight, race, employment status, income, housing density, and education.

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