Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: CA-014-065-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1994

Subject Area: Economic Attitudes and Behavior

Bibliographic Citation: Survey of consumer attitudes and behavior, April 1994.  [machine-readable data file] / University of Michigan. Survey Research Center. Economic Behavior Program  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 6771

Date Accessioned: 5/1/1997

Number of Files Received: 7

Comments: This study is included on ICPSR's Periodic Release CD-ROM 96005. The Periodic Release CD-ROM is a product designed for use on a Windows- or DOS-based personal computer and is intended for use as a means of data distribution. It may also be used within the Macintosh environment utilizing either system 7.0 and above or system 6.08 and the appropriate PC emulation software. The CD-ROM does not contain software for text or data searches, extraction or analyses.

The files with the .EXE extension are self-extracting files that were generated using Info-ZIP's ZIP compressor/archiver and PKWARE's ZIP2EXE utility for generating self-extracting files. Self extracting files allow PC users to easily and quickly decompress and transfer the files to their equipment, usually a hard disk, without the need to install any extraction software locally.

Users should consult the study files listing (S0000LST.TXT) of the appropriate study to determine the storage requirements for the uncompressed files.

Access Status: Access restricted to U.W. Madison campus

Date Ordered: 5/1/1997

Documentation: All documentation is in electronic format. Much of it is available online via the ICPSR Web Site.

Most of the collections on this Periodic Release CD-ROM are likely to include documentation files and data definition statements for SAS and/or SPSS.

Files with .PDF extensions are provided as an electronic image file in Portable Document File (PDF) format. The PDF format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. A copy of Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the Adobe Systems Incorporated Website at: For further information on PDF see the related DPLS Help Document.

Abstract: This monthly survey series was undertaken to measure changes in consumer attitudes and expectations, to explain why such changes occur, and to evaluate how these changes relate to consumer decisions to save, borrow, or make discretionary purchases. This type of information is also used for forecasting changes in aggregate consumer behavior. Each monthly survey probes a different aspect of consumer confidence. Open-ended questions are asked concerning evaluations and expectations about personal finances, employment, price changes, and the national business situation. Additional questions probe buying intentions for automobiles and the respondent's appraisals of present market conditions for purchasing houses, automobiles, and other durables. Demographic information includes ethnic origin, sex, age, and education.

The Surveys of Consumer Attitudes and Behavior were initiated in the late 1940s by the Survey Research Center under the direction of George Katona and have been carried out quarterly through 1977 and monthly thereafter. The purpose of these surveys is to measure changes in consumer attitudes and expectations, to understand why these changes occur, and to evaluate how they relate to consumer decisions to save, borrow, or make discretionary purchases. Changes in consumers' willingness to buy are best assessed by making use of the answers to all questions asked in the surveys, especially the open-ended questions that probe underlying reasons. Nevertheless, in order to make available a summary measure of change in consumer sentiment, the Survey Research Center uses the answers to five questions to calculate an Index of Consumer Sentiment. The surveys use a national sample of dwelling units selected by area probability sampling that is representative of the adult population of the United States. For the most part, a different sample of respondents has been selected for personal interviews each quarter, and, in some surveys, respondents are reinterviewed by telephone. Interviewing is conducted on a family basis, with the respondent randomly selected from among the household head, spouse, and other family members over 18 years of age.

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