Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: FE-507-001-1-1-International-ICPSR-1946

Subject Area: Conflict, Violence and Wars

Bibliographic Citation: International military intervention, 1946-1988.  [machine-readable data file] / Pearson, Frederic S.  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 6035

Date Accessioned: 10/28/1993

Comments: Part 1 is raw data file, part 2 consists of a SAS program file with Instream Data--it is unclear whether or not this second file can be read here on a Vax.

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Machine-readable codebook, one copy printed plus SAS program file.

Abstract: This data collection documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states in the regions of Europe, the Americas (and Caribbean), Asia and the Pacific, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Middle East/North Africa. Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces (airborne, seaborne, shelling, etc.) of one country into the territory or territorial waters of another country, or forceful military action by troops already stationed by one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute. The study seeks to identify politically important actions which interpose a state directly into the conflict patterns occurring in another state, and which conceivably involve a breach of the sovereignty of the target state (albeit by invitation in some cases). The collection identifies intervener and target countries and specifies the starting and ending dates of the intervention. A series of potential interests in or motives for intervention are presented, including effects on the target's domestic disputes, foreign or domestic policies, and efforts to protect social factions in the target, to attack rebels in sanctuaries across borders (''hot pursuit''), to protect or enhance economic/resource interests, to protect military or diplomatic facilities, to save lives, or to affect regional power balances and strategic relations. Information is provided on the direction of the intervention, i.e., to support or oppose the target government, to support or oppose opposition groups in the target, or to support or oppose third-party governments or opposition groups. Other variables show the degree of prior intervention, the alliance or treaty relationship between intervener and target, prior colonial status, prior intervention, and measures of intervener and target power size. A series of intensity measures, such as battle-related casualties, is also included. For each type of incursion, by land, sea, or air, an ordinal scale of involvement is presented, ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, acts of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling, or bombing. Finally, contiguity information is provided to indicate both whether intervener and target are geographically contiguous, and whether the intervention was launched from contiguous territory.

SOURCE: Monographs, almanacs, chronologies, journals, newspapers, archival materials, and magazines (see Appendix B of the codebook for all references)

UNIVERSE: All cases of military interventions from 1946 through 1988.

NOTE: Part 2 of this collection contains SAS language statements, data list, instream data, and other program statements to read the file directly into SAS.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 1 data file + machine-readable documentation (text) + accompanying computer programs.

DATA TYPE: event/transaction data

DATA FORMAT: LRECL

TIME PERIOD: 1946-1988

DATE OF COLLECTION: 1985-1989

FUNDING AGENCY: National Science Foundation. Data Development for International Research (DDIR) Project, University of Missouri-St. Louis. Center for International Studies and Improved Research Quality Fund, and University of Missouri. Weldon Spring Fund.

EXTENT OF PROCESSING BY ICPSR: NONNUM/ BLANKS/ MDATA

RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

Pearson, Frederic S. ''U.S.-Soviet Competitive Intervention: Retrospect and Prospect.'' In Manuel J. Pelaez (ed.), PUBLIC LAW AND COMPARATIVE POLITICS. TRABAJOS EN HOMENAJE A FERRAN VALLIS I TABERNER. Vol. XVII. Barcelona, Spain: Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Malaga, et. al, 1991, pp. 4985-5017. Pearson, Frederic S., and Robert A. Baumann. ''International Military Intervention in Sub-Saharan African Subsystems.'' JOURNAL OF POLITICAL AND MILITARY SOCIOLOGY 17 (Spring 1989), 115-150. Pearson, Frederic S., Robert A. Baumann, and Gordon N. Bardos. ''Arms Transfers: Effects on African Interstate Wars and Interventions.'' CONFLICT QUARTERLY (Winter 1989), 36-62.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct