Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: AC-013-001-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1900

Subject Area: County

Bibliographic Citation: Old age in the United States, 1900.  [machine-readable data file] / Jensen, Richard  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 8428

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy codebook.

Abstract: This data collection describes the social conditions of the older population of the United States at the turn of the century. Detailed information, extracted from the 1900 United States Census manuscript schedules, is provided on household composition and family structure for each sampled older person. Ecological characteristics of the county of residence, e.g., the percentage of the county's population that is foreign born, are provided for most sampled older persons. In addition, occupational and ethnic characteristics of family heads appearing on the same sampled census page as the older person (on census pages grouped by street location) are reported.

SOURCE: manuscript census schedules from the United States Census for 1900

UNIVERSE: Noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 55 and older in 1900.

SAMPLE: Stratified sample of 56 counties (excluding cities with populations of 25,000 or more) and 44 urban Primary Sampling Units (PSUs). Cities with populations over 25,000 were triple-sampled. Sample members were drawn from clusters defined by manuscript census pages.

NOTE: Age distribution: 55-64 (N is 2,002), 65-74 (N is 2,203), 75-84 (N is 690), 85 and older (N is 108). The values for the weighting variable ''Weighting Factor II'' are incorrect. The SPSS statements that will correctly weight the sample are given in the codebook.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 1 data file + machine-readable documentation (text) + SPSS Control Cards + SAS Control Cards.

DATA TYPE: survey data

DATA FORMAT: LRECL and Card Image, with SPSS and SAS Control Cards for each

TIME PERIOD: 1900

DATE OF COLLECTION: 1976-1978

FUNDING AGENCY: National Institute on Aging.

GRANT NUMBER: AG00350-02

SUBJECT TERMS: aging. blacks. census data. demographic characteristics. household structure. occupations. senior citizens. United States.

EXTENT OF PROCESSING BY ICPSR: MDATA/ FREQ.ICPSR/ UNDOCCHK.ICPSR/ RECODE

RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

Smith, Daniel Scott. ''A Community-Based Sample of the Older Population from the 1880 and 1900 United States Manuscript Census.'' HISTORICAL METHODS 11 (Spring 1978), 67-74. Smith, Daniel Scott. ''Life Course, Norms, and the Family System of Older Americans in 1900.'' JOURNAL OF FAMILY HISTORY 4 (Fall 1979), 285-298. Dahlin, Michel. ''Perspectives on the Family Life of the Elderly in 1900.'' GERONTOLOGIST 20 (January 1980), 99-107.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct