Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: FE-002-001-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1862

Subject Area: Conflict, Violence and Wars

Bibliographic Citation: Union army recruits in black regiments in the United States, 1862-1865.  [machine-readable data file] / Metzer, Jacob  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 9426

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy codebook.

Abstract: This data collection was designed to examine the characteristics of free Blacks and ex-slaves mustered into the Union Army between 1862 and the end of the Civil War. In addition to variables on personal characteristics, such as skin, eye, and hair color, height, age, birthplace, and occupation before enlistment, the data also contain Army-related variables, such as regiment and company number, rank, enlistment date and place, changes in rank, and date and cause of end of service.

SOURCE: Union Army Regimental Records

UNIVERSE: All Black regiments in the Union Army.

SAMPLE: Judgmental sample of eight Black infantry regiments in the Union Army. The sample represents slightly under 5 percent of all Black troops and has wide regional coverage within the Southern states.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 1 data file + machine-readable documentation.

DATA TYPE: administrative records data


TIME PERIOD: 1862-1865


FUNDING AGENCY: National Science Foundation.

GRANT NUMBER: GS-27262 and SOC 776-002


Metzer, Jacob. ''The Records of U.S. Colored Troops as a Historical Source: An Exploratory Examination.'' HISTORICAL METHODS 3 (1981), 123-132. Margo, Robert A. ''Civilian Occupations of Ex-slaves in the Union Army, 1862-1865.'' In Robert W. Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman (eds.), WITHOUT CONSENT OR CONTRACT: THE RISE AND FALL OF AMERICAN SLAVERY TECHNICAL PAPERS: MARKETS AND PRODUCTION (Vol. I). New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 1990. Margo, Robert A., and Richard Steckel. ''The Heights of American Slaves: New Evidence on Slave Nutrition and Health.'' SOCIAL SCIENCE HISTORY 6 (1982), 516-538.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct