Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: SA-515-001-1-1-Russia-ICPSR-1979

Subject Area: Attitudes Toward Self and Society

Bibliographic Citation: Soviet interview project, 1979-1983.  [machine-readable data file] / Millar, James R.  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 8694

Comments: An updated edition of this study is available through ICPSR (1979-1985).

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: 1 volume hard copy.

Abstract: This survey was undertaken to study everyday life in the Soviet Union by conducting highly-structured interviews with a probability sample of eligible Soviet emigrants in the United States. An interdisciplinary research team constructed a questionnaire with the expectation that the results would contribute not only to Sovietology, but to general theories in a number of academic disciplines, especially political science, economics, and sociology. Respondents were asked to comment on topics such as: crime, culture and the arts, education, ethnicity (or nationality), family life, fertility, friends, health and diet, housing, income and earnings, language practices, mass media, military experience, political and social opinions, politics, participation in organizations, religion, satisfaction, standard of living, and work. To insure that ''normal'' life experiences would be described, respondents were asked to define and discuss their last normal period in the USSR. Since applying to emigrate usually brings marked changes in Soviet citizens' lives, respondents reported the month and year in which they applied to emigrate, whether plans to emigrate had significantly changed their lives even before that date, and if so, specified the month and year in which their lives changed. Interviewers then made certain that all descriptions of day-to-day life in the Soviet Union referred to the period before the question of emigration became a significant issue for respondents.

SOURCE: personal interviews, and self-enumerated forms

UNIVERSE: The universe is the fairly complete list of 35,386 emigrants who arrived in the United States between January 1, 1979 and December 31, 1985. However, the focus of the study is the ''referent Soviet population'' (the sector of Soviet society the survey respondents could represent). The referent Soviet population is the ''adult European population in large and medium-sized Soviet cities.''

SAMPLE: Probability sample stratified on four background variables: nationality, region of last employment in the USSR, highest level of education attained, and size of city in which last employed. Individuals included in the sample were between the ages of 21 and 70 inclusive at the time of arrival in the United States.

NOTE: For reasons of confidentiality, many variables (such as detailed occupation) have been collapsed and others have been omitted from the datafile and codebook. The hardcopy codebook materials include some information written in Russian. Additional documentary materials available upon request include coding manual, questionnaires, and general specifications.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 1 data file + SPSS Control Cards + SAS Control Cards.

DATA TYPE: survey data

DATA FORMAT: LRECL with SPSS and SAS Control Cards, and SPSS-X Export File

TIME PERIOD: 1979-1985

DATE OF COLLECTION: 1983-1987

FUNDING AGENCY: National Council for Soviet and East European Research.

GRANT NUMBER: 701

SUBJECT TERMS: career goals. career patterns. citizen rights. civil rights. community cohesion. community participation. consumer attitudes and behavior. cost of living. crime. cultural dynamics. cultures. dissidence. economic incentives. economic mobility. education. ethnicity. family. fertility. friendship networks. group political orientation. health. housing. immigration and emigration. income. interpersonal interactions. language groups. living conditions. mass media. medical care and histories. membership. migration. military service. nutrition. personal finances. political attitudes and behavior. political culture. political issues. political participation. political rights. political socialization. quality of life. social attitudes and behavior. social class structure. social mobility. socialization. work. working conditions. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

Millar, James R. ''Emigrants as Sources of Information about the Mother Country: The Soviet Interview Project.'' SOVIET INTERVIEW PROJECT WORKING PAPER SERIES, No. 5 (December 1983). Anderson, Barbara A., and Brian D. Silver. ''The Validity of Survey Responses: Insights from Interviews of Multiple Respondents in a Household in a Survey of Soviet Emigrants.'' SOVIET INTERVIEW PROJECT WORKING PAPER SERIES, No. 14 (January 1986). Millar, James R., ed. POLITICS, WORK, AND DAILY LIFE IN THE USSR: A SURVEY OF FORMER SOVIET CITIZENS. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct