Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: KE-010-002-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1990

Subject Area: Political Campaign Data

Bibliographic Citation: Campaign expenditures in the United States, 1989-1990: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) data.  [machine-readable data file] / U.S. Federal Election Commission  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 9775

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: One volume hard copy codebook and one duplicate copy.

Abstract: These data are made available by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by candidates, political committees, and others required to file under the federal election laws. The files are essentially copies of the FEC's on-line computer files for the 1989-1990 election cycle. The Candidate Master Data file (Part 1) contains a record for each registered candidate for federal office. It includes the candidate's name, address, party affiliation, incumbent/challenger status, identification number of the principal campaign committee, office sought, and election year. The Committee Master Data file (Part 2) contains a record for each registered committee for federal office. Information provided includes the committee's identification number, name, address, treasurer's name, committee designation and type, party affiliation, report filing frequency, special interest group category and connected organization's name, and multicandidate committee status. The Detailed Report Data file (Part 3) contains one record for each separate reporting period for each FEC committee and, as such, is the source for longitudinal information about committee financial activity during the 1989-1990 election cycle. Information presented in the file includes the political committee identification number, the report year and type, the time period covered by the report, total receipts and disbursements, beginning and ending cash balances, debts owed by and to the committee, individual, political, and candidate contributions, transfers from affiliated committees, loans received and payments made, and refunds. The Itemized PAC Contribution File (Part 4) contains one record for each type of contributor for each reporting period. Information included in this file covers the type and year of the report, the time period covered by the report, total contributions, net contributions, total contribution refunds, net operating expenditures, cash on hand, debts and obligations owed by and to the committee, contributions from individuals, and loans made or guaranteed by the candidate.

SOURCE: self-enumerated forms

UNIVERSE: (1) All candidates for federal office registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). (2) All political committees, unauthorized delegate filers, independent expenditure filers, and communications cost filers registered. (3) All transactions and reports occurring during the 1989-1990 election cycle.

NOTE: The Candidate and Committee Master Data files (Parts 1 and 2) are FEC reference files and are needed to find the name of each committee or candidate associated with the identification numbers that appear in Part 3 (Detailed Report Data).

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 4 data files.

DATA TYPE: event/transaction data

DATA FORMAT: LRECL

TIME PERIOD: January 1, 1989-December 31, 1990

DATE OF COLLECTION: January 1, 1989-November 30, 1990

EXTENT OF PROCESSING BY ICPSR: BLANKS/ MDATA

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct