Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: KE-006-001-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1985

Subject Area: Political Campaign Data

Bibliographic Citation: Campaign expenditures in the United States, 1985-1986: Reports on Financial Activity (RFA) data.  [machine-readable data file] / U.S. Federal Election Commission  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 8937

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy codebook.

Abstract: These data are produced in conjunction with Federal Election Commission (FEC) Reports On Financial Activity (RFA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by political committees and others who are required to file under the federal election laws. The data present summary information concerning filers' gross receipts, disbursements, debts, cash on hand, etc. They also include information on particular party and nonparty committee support of individual candidates. The data for United States congressional campaigns supply summarized information about the campaign, including the candidate's name, incumbency status, party affiliation, receipts, disbursements, contributions from the candidate, loans, debts, aggregate contributions by amount and source, and independent expenditures for and against the candidate. The party and nonparty political committee data contain summary information for committees including the committee name, special-interest group classification, receipts, cash and in-kind contributions made and received, disbursements, debts, and total expenditures for and against House and Senate candidates.

SOURCE: self-enumerated forms

UNIVERSE: (1) Campaigns of all individuals who have registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) as 1985 or 1986 candidates for the United States Senate or House of Representatives, or who have been certified by state authorities as official Senate or House candidates in a 1985 or 1986 primary, runoff, or general election but who have not registered as candidates under the FECA. (2) Party and non-party political committees registered with the FEC.

SAMPLE: Complete information is provided for all members of the sampling universe. An exception is made in the ''Party Committee'' files, which include only Democratic and Republican committees rather than all committees registered with the FEC.

NOTE: For each of the three main types of data in this collection--House/Senate, party political committee, and nonparty political committee--there are two types of data files. The ''spread'' file contains one record for each campaign (House/Senate file) or committee (committee files). The ''crosstabs'' file contains one or more records per campaign or committee. For each candidate/filer or committee/candidate combination, there is a separate record that summarizes information about contributions and expenditures (for or against) a candidate. Data in this collection will not include any amendments to reports covering the period January 1, 1985 through December 31, 1986, that were received by the FEC after January 1988. This collection is part of a data series that contains the following previously released collections: CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1977-1978 AND 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8158), CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1981-1982 (ICPSR 8238), and CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1983-1984 (ICPSR 8511).

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 6 data files.

DATA TYPE: event/transaction data

DATA FORMAT: LRECL

TIME PERIOD: January 1, 1985-December 31, 1986

DATE OF COLLECTION: January 1, 1985-January 29, 1988

SUBJECT TERMS: campaign expenditures. campaigns. candidates. congressional elections. congressional officeholders. financial affairs. lobbyists. money. political activities. political attitudes and behavior. political organizations. political parties. presidential elections. senatorial elections. United States. United States Congress. United States House of Representatives. United States Senate. United States Senators.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct