Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: KB-004-041-2-1-United States-ICPSR-1992

Subject Area: Election Studies

Bibliographic Citation: American national election study, 1992: pre- and post-election survey [enhanced with 1990 and 1991 data].  [machine-readable data file] / Miller, Warren E.  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 6067

Date Accessioned: 12/20/1993

Comments: This received via FTP. It replaces ed 1 ver 1 of the same study. Record information matches that supplied by ICPSR. Copied to DAT 5006.

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Date Ordered: 12/20/1993

Documentation: Three volumes hard copy.

Abstract: This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 1992 National Election Study entailed both a pre-election interview and a post-election reinterview. Approximately half of the 1992 cases are comprised of empaneled respondents who were first interviewed in AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1990: POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 9548) and later in AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY: 1990-1991 PANEL STUDY OF THE POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF WAR/1991 PILOT STUDY (ICPSR 9673). The other half of the cases are a freshly drawn cross-section sample. The panel component of the study design provides an opportunity to trace how the changing fortunes of the Bush presidency, from the high levels of approval at the start of the Gulf War through the decline after the onset of a recession, affected voting in the November 1992 presidential election. It also permits analysts to investigate the origins of the Clinton and Perot coalitions as well as changes in the public's political preferences over the two years preceding the 1992 election. In the 1990 Post-Election Survey two forms of the survey instrument were used, with about 75 percent of the content being the same on both forms. Survey questions included the now-standard National Election Studies battery of questions, along with items on presidential performance and the Persian Gulf conflict. Additionally, Form A contained questions relating to values and individualism, while Form B had content relating to foreign relations. In 1991, respondents were reinterviewed several months after hostilities in the Persian Gulf ended, and in this second wave the survey content consisted of a repeat of a subset of questions from the 1990 Post-Election Survey, along with additional items especially relevant to the Gulf War. A number of contextual variables also are provided, including summary variables that combine the respondent's recall of his or her senator's and representative's vote on the use of force with that congressperson's actual vote. The content for the 1992 Election Study reflects its dual purpose, both as the traditional presidential election year time-series data collection and as the third wave of a panel study. In addition to the standard or core content items, respondents were asked their positions on social issues such as altruism, abortion, the death penalty, prayer in the schools, the rights of homosexuals, sexual harassment, women's rights, and feminist consciousness. Other substantive themes included racial and ethnic stereotypes, opinions on school integration and affirmative action, attitudes towards immigrants (particularly Hispanics and Asians), opinions on immigration policy and bilingual education, assessments of United States foreign policy goals, and United States involvement in the Persian Gulf War. The Nonresponse ''Bias'' File (Part 23), designed to permit analysis of the causes and consequences of nonresponse, presents information concerning 3,690 cases that include complete or partial interviews for the Pre-/Post-Election Survey plus refusals, no-contact, and nonsample cases.

SOURCE: personal interviews and telephone interviews

UNIVERSE: All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 6, 1990 (for those interviewed in 1990 and 1991), and on or before November 3, 1992 (for those interviewed in 1992 and 1993), residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.

SAMPLE: A national multistage area probability sample was employed for the 1990 Post-Election Survey and the 1992 Pre- and Post-Election Survey. For the 1990-1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of the War, 615 respondents were not reinterviewed either due to panel mortality (e.g., they had moved or died), or were effectively nonsample for telephone reinterview because they were extremely hard of hearing, could not be reached by telephone, or needed to be interviewed in a language other than English.

NOTE: A total of 2,485 citizens were interviewed in the nine weeks prior to the November 3, 1992, election. To permit analysis of the impact of the unfolding election campaign, a random half of the sample was released to the field on September 1 and the other half on October 1. Of the pre-election interviews, 1,359 were conducted with panel respondents and 1,126 with cross-section respondents. In the weeks following the election, 2,255 pre-election respondents (1,250 panel and 1,005 cross-section) were reinterviewed. Variables 2008 (91: RESULT CODE), 7000 (92: TIME SERIES WEIGHT), and 7001 (92: TYPE OF INCUMBENT) are new additions to this collection. All other variables retain their original numbers from when they first appeared in either AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1990: POST-ELECTION SURVEY [ICPSR VERSION] (ICPSR 9548), AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY: 1990-1991 PANEL STUDY OF THE POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF WAR/1991 PILOT STUDY [CPS VERSION] and [ICPSR VERSION] (ICPSR 9673), or AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1992: PRE- AND POST-ELECTION SURVEY [CPS EARLY RELEASE VERSION]. Variables from 1990 and 1991 have been padded with missing data values for all 1992 cross-section respondents.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 2 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + OSIRIS dictionary + SAS data definition statements + SPSS data definition statements + data collection instrument + machine-readable frequencies.

DATA TYPE: survey data

DATA FORMAT: OSIRIS with SAS and SPSS data definition statements

TIME PERIOD: 1990-1992

DATE OF COLLECTION: November 6, 1990-January 26, 1991, June 4-July 31, 1991, and September 1, 1992-January 13, 1993

FUNDING AGENCY: National Science Foundation.

GRANT NUMBER: SES-8808361, SOC77-08885, SOC77-8341310, and SES-8808361


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