Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: FE-506-001-1-1-International-ICPSR-1929

Subject Area: Conflict, Violence and Wars

Bibliographic Citation: International crisis behavior project, 1929-1985.  [machine-readable data file] / Brecher, Michael  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 9286

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy codebook.

Abstract: This data collection was produced as part of the International Crisis Behavior Project, a research effort aimed at investigating twentieth-century interstate crises and the behavior of states under externally generated stress. To this end, the data describe, over a 71-year period, the sources, processes, and outcomes of all military-security crises involving states. Variables were collected at both the micro/state actor level and the macro/international system level. At the macro level, seven dimensions of crisis were measured: crisis setting, crisis breakpoint-exitpoint, crisis management technique, great power/superpower activity, international organization involvement, crisis outcome, and crisis severity. Additional macro-level variables indicate various aspects of geography, polarity, system level, conflict type, power discrepancy, and involvement by powers. At the state actor level, variables measuring five dimensions of crisis were compiled: crisis trigger, state actor behavior, great power/superpower activity, international organization involvement, and crisis outcome. Additional micro-level variables indicate the role of war in each crisis. Others measure several kinds of state attributes: age, territory, regime characteristics, state capability, state values, and social, economic, and political conditions.

SOURCE: newspapers, scholarly articles, books, memoirs, and official documents

UNIVERSE: Part 1: All international crises occurring between December 22, 1917, and December 31, 1988, characterized by the following two conditions: (1) a distortion in the type and an increase in the intensity of disruptive interactions between two or more adversaries, with an accompanying high probability of military hostilities, or, during a war, an adverse change in the military balance, and (2) a challenge to the existing structure of an international system--global, dominant, or subsystem--posed by the higher-than-normal conflictual interactions. Part 2: All foreign policy crises experienced by states due to their involvement in the international crises defined above. The principal investigators define a foreign policy crisis as a situation in which three conditions, deriving from a change in a state's external or internal environment, are perceived by the highest level decision-makers of the state: (1) a threat to basic values, (2) an awareness of finite time for response to the external threat to basic values, and (3) a high probability of involvement in military hostilities.

NOTE: The two parts of this collection are linked by common identification numbers. The unit of observation for Part 1, which contains the macro-level data, is the international crisis. The unit of observation for Part 2, which contains the micro-level data, is the foreign policy crisis experienced by a state. In all, the data cover 390 international crises involving 826 state actors. Both parts include nonnumeric data.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 2 data files + machine-readable documentation (text).

DATA TYPE: event/transaction data

DATA FORMAT: Card Image

TIME PERIOD: December 22, 1917-December 31, 1988

DATE OF COLLECTION: 1978-1991

FUNDING AGENCY: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and National Science Foundation.

EXTENT OF PROCESSING BY ICPSR: NONNUM

RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

Brecher, Michael, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, and Sheila Moser. CRISES IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: VOL. I--HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL CRISES. Oxford: Pergamon, 1988. Wilkenfeld, Jonathan, Michael Brecher, and Sheila Moser. CRISES IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: VOL. II--HANDBOOK OF FOREIGN POLICY CRISES. Oxford: Pergamon, 1988. Brecher, Michael, and Jonathan Wilkenfeld. CRISES IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: VOL. III--CRISIS, CONFLICT AND WAR. Oxford: Pergamon, 1989. Brecher, Michael. TWENTIETH CENTURY CRISES: THEORY AND REALITY. Oxford: Pergamon, forthcoming.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct