Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: SB-009-001-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1774

Subject Area: Social and Occupational Mobility

Bibliographic Citation: American colonial wealth estimates, 1774.  [machine-readable data file] / Jones, Alice Hanson  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 7329

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: 1 volume hard copy.

Abstract: This collection was produced by an extensive research project that cataloged and analyzed the various types of wealth in the American colonies in 1774 just before the Revolution. County probate records were collected and studied in the New England colonies, the Middle Colonies, New York, and the South (mainly Charleston, South Carolina), both in rural and urban settings. Altogether, the probate inventories of 919 decedents were analyzed in 21 colonial counties and every attempt was made to assure that a random sample was gathered. Four printed volumes, cited below, can be used as documentation for the data files. The first is a discussion of the entire project, including tables, graphs, summaries, and conclusions. The other three volumes include some documentation for the codes used as well as the verbatim listings of the probate files of the 919 persons studied. There are 24 separate data files, containing from 23 to 9,867 records, each with logical record lengths ranging from 17-160 characters per record. The datasets have from 4-33 variables. There are three wealth summary files (one for each of the three regions), six middle colony wealth detail files, one wealth summary (middle colonies) file, one age in years file (all colonies), eight ordered files listing wealth of each descendent (all regions), and five files of regression analyses for the Southern colonies.

SUBJECT TERMS: census data. colonialism. county-level. economic indicators. historical census data. incumbency. manuscript census material. probate records. southern United States. United States.


Jones, Alice Hanson. Wealth of a Nation to Be: The American Colonies on the Eve of the Revolution. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980. Jones, Alice Hanson. American Colonial Wealth, Documents and Methods, Volumes I, II, III. New York: Arno Press, 1977.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct