Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: ZA-008-001-5-1-United States-ICPSR-1789

Subject Area: Refernce Materials in Machine Readable Form

Bibliographic Citation: Roster of United States Congressional officeholders and biographical characteristics of members of the United States Congress, 1789-1993: merged data.  [machine-readable data file] / Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 7803

Date Accessioned: 4/15/1994

Number of Files Received: 4

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Date Ordered: 4/2/1994

Documentation: Codebook is machine-readable; hard copy printed 4/18; SAS and SPSS control cards.

Abstract: This dataset contains variables describing congressional service and selected biographical characteristics for each person who has served in the United States Congress. This release of the data includes members of the 102nd Congress. Approximately 11,230 individuals are represented in this file, each identified by a unique five-digit identification number assigned by the Consortium staff. A data record exists for every Congress in which an individual served, as well as for each chamber in which a person may have served in a given Congress. To illustrate, a member of the House of Representatives who is appointed to fill a vacancy in the Senate during a term of service will have two data records for that Congress. The Congressional Service Variables include political party affiliation, district, state and region represented, and exact and cumulative dates of service in each Congress and each chamber, as well as total congressional service. The Biographical Variables include state and region of birth, education, military service, occupation, other political offices held, relatives who also have held congressional office, reason for leaving each Congress, and occupation and political offices held subsequent to service in Congress. Many of these specific variables are summarized in a collapsed variable.

SOURCE: (1) BIOGRAPHICAL DIRECTORY OF THE AMERICAN CONGRESS, 1774-1989, (2) CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY, 1969-1988, (3) WEEKLY REPORT, 1979-1989, (4) Carroll McKibbin. BIOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS, 1789-1979 (ICPSR 7428), (5) Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. UNITED STATES HISTORICAL ELECTION RETURNS, 1788-1984 (ICPSR 0001)

UNIVERSE: All persons who have served in the United States Congress from 1789 to March 1991.

NOTE: This dataset was originally constructed from two separate datasets, the ROSTER OF UNITED STATES CONGRESSIONAL OFFICEHOLDERS, 1789-1978 collected by ICPSR, and Carroll McKibbin's BIOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS, 1789-1978. Since 1979, the Consortium staff has prepared and maintained the combined file.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 1 data file + machine-readable documentation + SPSS Control Cards.

DATA TYPE: biographical data

DATA FORMAT: OSIRIS and Card Image, with SPSS Control Cards for each

TIME PERIOD: March 4, 1789-March 23, 1991

FUNDING AGENCY: Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service.

SUBJECT TERMS: congressional officeholders. congressional roster. governmental elites. legislative bodies. legislators. membership. United States Congress. United States Congress.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct