Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: KE-005-001-1-1-United States-USFEC-1985

Subject Area: Political Campaign Data

Bibliographic Citation: Campaign expenditures in the United States, 1985-1986: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) data.  [machine-readable data file] / U.S. Federal Election Commission  [principal investigator(s)] / Washington, D.C.: U.S. Federal Election Commission  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 8939

Comments: Note that these data came directly from the FEC. They may differ from ICPSR data in the same series. use with caution. Abstract taken from ICPSR.

Access Status: Unrestricted access.

Documentation: Hard copy codebook.

Abstract: These data are made available by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by candidates, political committees, and others who are required to file under the federal election laws. The files are essentially copies of the FEC's on-line computer files for the 1985-1986 election cycle. The Candidate Master File (Part 1) contains a record for each registered candidate for federal office. It includes the candidate's name, address, party affiliation, incumbent/challenger status, the identification number of the principal campaign committee, the office sought, and the election year. The Committee Master File (Part 2) contains a record for each registered committee for federal office. The information provided includes the committee's identification number, name, address, treasurer's name, committee designation and type, party affiliation, report filing frequency, special interest group category and connected organization's name, and multicandidate committee status. The Itemized PAC Contribution File (Part 3) presents all transactions (contributions or disbursements) by a political committee for or on behalf of/in opposition to a candidate for federal office or his/her authorized committee occurring during the 1985-1986 election cycle. Items include whether the transaction was made in connection with a 1985-1986 primary, general, special or runoff election, or with a prior or future election, the date and amount of transaction, and identification number of the filer on whose behalf the transaction took place. The Detailed Report File (Part 4) contains one record for each separate reporting period for each FEC committee and, as such, is the source for longitudinal information about committee financial activity during the 1985-1986 election cycle. Information presented in the file includes the political committee identification number, the report year and type, the time period covered by the report, total receipts and disbursements, beginning and end cash balances, debts owed by and to the committee, individual, political, and candidate contributions, transfers from affiliated committees, loans received and payments made, and refunds.

SOURCE: self-enumerated forms

UNIVERSE: (1) All candidates for federal office registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). (2) All political committees, unauthorized delegate filers, independent expenditure filers, and communications cost filers registered. (3) All transactions and reports occurring during the 1985-1986 election cycle.

SAMPLE: Complete information is provided for all members of the sampling universe.

NOTE: The records in Parts 3 and 4 are derived from original filings and incorporate changes from amendments to reports received by the FEC prior to December 1987. The Candidate and Committee Master Files (Parts 1 and 2) are FEC reference files, and are needed to find the name of each committee or candidate associated with the identification numbers that appear in Parts 3 and 4.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 4 data files + machine-readable documentation.

DATA TYPE: event/transaction data


TIME PERIOD: January 1, 1985-December 31, 1986

DATE OF COLLECTION: January 1, 1985-November 30, 1987

SUBJECT TERMS: campaign expenditures. campaigns. candidates. congressional elections. congressional officeholders. financial affairs. lobbyists. money. political activities. political attitudes and behavior. political organizations. political parties. presidential elections. senatorial elections. United States. United States Congress. United States House of Representatives. United States Senate. United States Senators.

Media/File Reports: