Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: LA-006-001-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1954

Subject Area: Public Opinion on Political Matters, Political Participation

Bibliographic Citation: Communism, conformity and civil liberties, 1954 leadership sample and cross-section sample.  [machine-readable data file] / American Institute of Public Opinion (AIPO)  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 7202

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy, 2 volumes and 1 volume book report.

Abstract: This study consists of two samples of respondents: a cross-section sample containing 4,933 respondents, 152 variables, and 4 cards of data per respondent, and a leadership sample of 1,500 respondents, 151 variables, and 4 cards of data per respondent. The cross-section sample was drawn by probability methods. The leadership sample was drawn from the 123 cities of 10,000-150,000 people that fell within the randomly selected sampling areas of the American Institute of Public Opinion and the National Opinion Research Center. Leaders were individuals who occupied any of 14 occupational roles defined by the following criteria: the position was easily identifiable, it was of some influence in the community, and it held some relevance to the content of the study. 14 positions were designated and used in all cities. Interviewing was conducted in the summer or 1954. Both samples were asked the same questions. The survey examined reactions of Americans to the danger of a Communist conspiracy inside and outside the United States and to the potential sacrifice of civil liberties because of the attempt by some to thwart the conspiracy. The questionnaire relied heavily on open-ended questions which tapped respondents' general expectations and fears, and only then was the subject of an internal or external Communist threat raised. In addition, questions relating to tolerance, conformity, and civil liberties were raised.

SUBJECT TERMS: civil rights. communism. communities. community elites. conformity. conspiracy. ideology. leadership. political attitudes and behavior. prejudice. United States.


Stouffer, Samuel A. Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Inc., 1955.

Media/File Reports:

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