Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: KB-004-015-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1978

Subject Area: Election Studies

Bibliographic Citation: American national election study, 1978.  [machine-readable data file] / Miller, Warren E.  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 7655

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy, 2 volumes; machine-readable dictionary and codebook.

Abstract: This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Part 1 of this collection is the traditional post-election survey. In this survey, major emphasis was placed on the respondent's evaluation of their congressional district's candidates both the incumbent and opponent along several dimensions. As in the past, the study included a series of questions on the media coverage of the campaigns and scales that measured the respondent's positions on major social issues including urban unrest, protection of the rights of the accused, aid to minority groups, government insurance plan, and women's role in society. The perceived position of the political parties, as well as certain political leaders, on these issues was also ascertained. In addition to the survey data, this file also contains several contextual components consisting of: (1) historical election returns at the state, congressional district, and county levels for elections to the offices of President, governor, U.S. Senator and Representative, 1972-1976, (2) 1978 election returns for primary and general elections to the same offices and including precinct level returns as well, (3) voter validation variables, (4) information about media structure in the respondent's locale, (5) incumbent characteristics, including information pertaining to the incumbent U.S. Representatives of the 95th Congress from the 108 congressional districts sampled in the survey (a major feature of this component is a series of performance ratings that each member of Congress received from certain interest groups and from the Congressional Quarterly), (6) candidate characteristics that apply to the Democratic and Republican candidates for the office of U.S. Representative in the 1978 general elections (the latter data were obtained from a 1978 candidate questionnaire that was administered by Congressional Quarterly, Inc.), and (7) information prepared by the Federal Election Commission on campaign expenditures and contributions for the offices of U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative. Six supplementary files also are available for this collection as Parts 2-7. All six have been expanded so that there is one record for each of the survey respondents, thus allowing a case-by-case merge with the survey data. Parts 2-6 provide data initially prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each of the files contains social, economic, and demographic information recorded for the respondent's place of residence. Four of the files (Parts 2-5) present information at the congressional district level, items drawn from the computer-readable Census Bureau files entitled Congressional District Data Book (93rd Congress). A fifth file (Part 6), is comprised of county-level census tabulations prepared from the Census Bureau's County and City Data Book, 1972 file. Part 7 is a file of campaign materials collected from the headquarters for the Democrat and Republican congressional candidates. This file records whether particular campaign material existed, and where relevant, in how many varieties. Thematic dimensions of the campaign were coded from the campaign materials. There are two sets of variables, one for Democrat and one for Republican campaigns.

SAMPLE: Probability sample of both U.S. citizens and congressional districts. The sample did not permit estimates of each district's constituency.

NOTE: The 1978 American National Election Study is the first to be conducted under a grant from the National Science Foundation (grant #SOC 77-0888) providing long-term support for the American National Election Studies.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 7 data files + machine-readable documentation.

DATA FORMAT: OSIRIS and Card Image, with SPSS Control Cards for each

SUBJECT TERMS: business conditions. candidates. citizen rights. class identity. congressional elections. county-level. districts. domestic affairs. economic conditions. economic mobility. election returns. election studies. elections. financial affairs. foreign affairs. geographic mobility. group political orientation. historical election data. issues. mass media. membership. minority affairs. political attitudes and behavior. political efficacy. political history. political interaction. political issues. political participation. political party preference. presidential elections. primary elections. protests. quality of life. sexual attitudes. social class structure. social mobility. trust, personal and political. voting attitudes and behavior. women's roles. United States.


Miller, Warren E. ''Disinterest, Disaffection, and Participation in Presidential Politics.'' POLITICAL BEHAVIOR 2 [Abridged (1980), 7-32. In ECONOMIC OUTLOOK, USA 7 (Summer), 62-64.] Miller, Warren E., and John P. Katosh. ''Design and Core Data for the 1978 Election Study.'' In L.S. Maisel and J. Cooper (eds.), CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS, SAGE ELECTORAL STUDIES YEARBOOK 6:11-130. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1981. Katosh, John P., and Michael W. Traugott. ''The Consequences of Validated and Self-reported Voting Measures in Studies of Electoral Participation.'' PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY (Winter 1981), 519-535.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct