Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: KB-004-035-2-1-United States-ICPSR-1988

Subject Area: Election Studies

Bibliographic Citation: American national election study, 1988: pre- and post-election survey.  [machine-readable data file] / Miller, Warren E.  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 9196

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Documentation: Hard copy, 3 volumes; machine-readable OSIRIS dictionary; SPSS data definition statements.

Abstract: This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. In addition to the standard or ''core'' content items, new topics include evaluations of the presidential primary candidates, respondent's primary vote, the budget deficit, health insurance, foreign policy, equal rights for women, the drug problem, the Reagan presidency, recall of the 1984 presidential vote, parental party identification, evaluation of Bush and Dukakis on the issues of environment and crime, the death penalty, and new system support and political efficacy items. The file also contains post-election vote validation and election administration survey data. The Nonresponse ''Bias'' File (Part 22) presents information concerning the 2,040 complete or partial interviews that comprise the pre/post survey plus refusals, no-contact, and non-sample cases in order to permit analysis of the causes and consequences of nonresponse. Included in these data is information from the Interviewer's Description Booklet, a form used for the first time in 1988 to describe attempts at contact with each household within the 1988 NES selected sample. The Pre- and Post-Election Call Record Files (Parts 23 and 24) provide information for each call made at a sampling unit (e.g., time of day, day of the week, and the result of the call), while Part 25 contains data collected in 1991 to revalidate the 1988 respondents in order to assess the reliability of the vote validation process.

SOURCE: personal interviews

UNIVERSE: All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 8, 1988, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.

SAMPLE: National multistage area probability sample.

NOTE: Two forms were used in both the pre- and post-election surveys so that a maximum amount of content could be included. For both the pre- and post-election surveys, half the sample was assigned to Form A, the other half to Form B. In particular, the lengthy section containing Reagan retrospective evaluation items was split between the two waves and the two forms in order not to make either the pre- or post-election instrument unacceptably long, and to study the effects of post-election media analysis of the presidency. The other major use of the two forms was to conduct an experiment in survey response. The EXTENT OF PROCESSING field applies to Part 1 of this collection only. For Parts 22-25, the following descriptors apply: CONCHK.PR/ MDATA/ UNDOCCHK.PR.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 5 data files + OSIRIS dictionaries + machine-readable documentation (text) + SPSS Control Cards + data collection instrument.

DATA TYPE: survey data

DATA FORMAT: OSIRIS and Card Image with SPSS Control Cards for each (Part 1), LRECL (Part 22), OSIRIS (Parts 23-25)


DATE OF COLLECTION: 1988, 1989, July-August 1991 (Part 25)

FUNDING AGENCY: National Science Foundation.

GRANT NUMBER: SOC77-08885 and SES-8341310

SUBJECT TERMS: aging. blacks. candidates. congressional elections. economic attitudes and behavior. education. election studies. employment. government effectiveness. income. issues. marital status. membership. political attitudes and behavior. political interaction. political participation. political party preference. presidential performance. race relations. racial attitudes. religion. social attitudes and behavior. social security. United States.


Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct