Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: LA-532-004-1-1-Europe-ICPSR-1990

Subject Area: Public Opinion on Political Matters, Political Participation

Bibliographic Citation: Central and eastern euro-barometer 1: public opinion in central and eastern Europe, 1990.  [machine-readable data file] / Reif, Karlheinz  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 6104

Date Accessioned: 3/22/1995

Number of Files Received: 19

Comments: May, 1995 ICPSR Bulletin p.23: SPSS data definition statements for part 2, Czechoslovakia data (October 1990) replaced the previous incorrect file. As of 5/30/95 DPLS doesn't own the correct SPSS file. Warn users of this dataset, the file, SP6104.CZEOCT90 is incorrect.

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Date Ordered: 2/22/1995

Documentation: Machine-readable codebook for all parts; SPSS control cards. Additionally, there are two copies of a printed study summary report.

Abstract: This first round of Central and Eastern Euro-Barometer Surveys was undertaken during the reunification of Germany and after the announcement of independence by several Soviet states and the realignment of governments in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria. In an atmosphere of changed relations among the nations of Eastern and Western Europe, this survey attempted to assess Central and Eastern Europeans' awareness of and attitudes toward the European Community, its programs and activities, and issues facing all European nations. It also explored citizens' reactions to the political and economic reforms occurring in their own countries. Surveys were carried out in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, and the German Democratic Republic, as well as in the former Soviet Union. The Soviet Union samples were obtained from the Greater Moscow area (Part 3) and from the republics of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, and Russia west of the Ural Mountains--all here combined as the ''European USSR'' (Part 4). In all nine surveys comprising Euro-Barometer 1, demographic data usually included the respondent's age, sex, level of education, family size, income, occupation, marital status, and religious denomination. In some places, mother-tongue and self-described left-right political placement were also ascertained. In most countries, respondents were asked how they felt things were going in their country in general, how well their country's economy and their own finances had fared over the past year, whether they thought the establishment of a free market economy was right or wrong, and whether economic reforms and privatization were occurring too rapidly or too slowly. Satisfaction with the development of democracy and with their own place in their political systems was assessed. In some countries, respondents were asked about their intention to vote in the next general election. Respondents in all countries were asked how frequently they thought of themselves as European, and about their level of trust toward citizens of other European countries. They expressed opinions for or against the reunification of Germany and the unification of Western Europe. They were also asked to indicate how aware they were of, and how interested in, the European Community and its activities and institutions, and to rate how positively they regarded the European Community and the prospect of their country's membership in the Community. Country-specific questions were asked regarding sources of information about the European Community. Several items concerned respondents' reliance on various types of information media, including foreign broadcasts. Participants were also asked about how the economy, government, and private citizens might be advantaged or disadvantaged by their country's increasing ties with the European Community.

SOURCE: personal interviews

UNIVERSE: Persons aged 15 and over residing in six nations in Central and Eastern Europe: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Poland, and the former Soviet Union.

SAMPLE: Multistage national probability samples.

NOTE: (1) Because questionnaires were not standardized in this first wave of the Central and Eastern Euro-Barometer, differences exist among the question sets asked in various countries, and sometimes the coding of responses is different. In the Bulgaria and German Democratic Republic (May 1991) files, several variables have not been documented by the producers. The machine-readable documentation for the data provides an all-country questionnaire, and a cross-reference table of corresponding variables for each of the nine countries' data files. (2) The producers note that most people from Central and Eastern Europe have had no experience with opinion research, either personally or through the media. Because of the researchers' concerns about the candidness as well as the possible ''social desirability'' of responses, some methods were applied, for the Moscow and European USSR data (Parts 3 and 4), to test the validity of the results. These included the interviewer's evaluating the respondent's openness or honesty, and the inclusion of questions about a fictitious group. (3) Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fuer empirische Sozialforschung in Koeln, Germany. (4) The Study Summary Report for this dataset is in hardcopy form only, and the Field Questionnaires are available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR.

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 9 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + SPSS data definition statements + data collection instrument.

DATA TYPE: survey data

DATA FORMAT: LRECL with SPSS data definition statements

TIME PERIOD: 1990-1991

DATE OF COLLECTION: January 1990-May 1991


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