Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: GA-027-001-1-1-United States-ICPSR-1946

Subject Area: Legal Systems

Bibliographic Citation: Judicial mind, 1946-1969.  [machine-readable data file] / Schubert, Glendon  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 7289

Date Accessioned: 12/22/1995

Number of Files Received: 2

Comments: Data received via ftp.

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Date Ordered: 12/22/1995

Documentation: Machine-readable codebook file.

Abstract: The study employed a social-psychological approach to study how and why certain decisions were made and to present a substantive interpretation of major post World War II trends in the Supreme Court's policy-making on the basis of measurements of aggregate data relating to manifest voting behavior and inferred political attitudes of the justices. Besides regarding the position taken by each justice on the cases considered, justices were categorized on 1,099 cases which lent themselves to liberal-conservative voting responses. 562 cases represented tests of political liberalism or conservatism (measured by the respondent's stand on civil liberties questions) while 537 cases represented tests of economic liberalism or conservatism (measured by the respondent's stand on issues of the conflict interest between the economically affluent and economically under-under-privileged). From these major variables, three distinct ideological types where derived. Four other dimensions were studied, including positions on governmental taxing authority, federalism, judicial activism (relationship between the courts and the legislative and executive branches), and judicial centralization (within the judicial system). The data include all 2,357 cases which were not decided unanimously in the Supreme Court terms from 1946-1969. 2,216 unanimous court cases for the same period have been received and incorporated into the original dataset. The total number of cases for the entire study is 4,573.

SUBJECT TERMS: affluence. civil rights. conservatism. court cases. economic attitudes and behavior. judges. judicial activities. legal systems. liberalism. political attitudes and behavior. taxation. voting attitudes and behavior. Supreme Court justices. United States Supreme Court.

RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

Schubert, Glendon. The Judicial Mind: The Attitudes and Ideologies of Supreme Court Justices, 1946-1963. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1965. Schubert, Glendon. Judicial Mind Revisited: Psychometric Analysis of Supreme Court Ideology, Oxford University Press, 1974.

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct