Catalog of Holdings

Study Report

Study Number: SJ-019-001-2-1-United States-ICPSR-1860

Subject Area: Anomic Behavior

Bibliographic Citation: Police departments, arrests and crime in the United States, 1860-1920.  [machine-readable data file] / Monkkonen, Eric  [principal investigator(s)] / Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research  [distributor].

Originating Archive Number: 7708

Date Accessioned: 3/27/1996

Number of Files Received: 3

Access Status: Access limited to UW-Madison campus

Date Ordered: 3/27/1996

Documentation: 1 volume hard copy, machine-readable, and SAS statement file.

Abstract: These data on 19th- and early 20th-century police department and arrest behavior were collected between 1975 and 1978 for a study of police and crime in the United States. Raw and aggregated time-series data are presented in Parts 1 and 3 on 23 American cities for most years during the period 1860-1920. The data were drawn from annual reports of police departments found in the Library of Congress or in newspapers and legislative reports located elsewhere. Variables in Part 1, for which the city is the unit of analysis, include arrests for drunkenness, conditional offenses and homicides, persons dismissed or held, police personnel, and population. Part 3 aggregates the data by year and reports some of these variables on a per capita basis, using a linear interpolation from the last decennial census to estimate population. Part 2 contains data for 267 United States cities for the period 1880-1890 and was generated from the 1880 federal census volume, REPORT ON THE DEFECTIVE, DEPENDENT, AND DELINQUENT CLASSES, published in 1888, and from the 1890 federal census volume, SOCIAL STATISTICS OF CITIES. Information includes police personnel and expenditures, arrests, persons held overnight, trains entering town, and population.

SOURCE: annual reports of police departments, 1888 federal census volume, REPORT ON THE DEFECTIVE, DEPENDENT, AND DELINQUENT CLASSES, and 1890 federal census volume, SOCIAL STATISTICS OF CITIES

EXTENT OF COLLECTION: 3 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + OSIRIS dictionaries + SAS data definition statements + SPSS data definition statements.

DATA TYPE: aggregate data, and administrative records data

DATA FORMAT: OSIRIS with SAS and SPSS data definition statements

TIME PERIOD: 1860-1920

DATE OF COLLECTION: 1975-1978

SUBJECT TERMS: arrests. census data. crime. criminal justice system. police activity. police chiefs. United States.

EXTENT OF PROCESSING BY ICPSR: DDEF.ICPSR/ UNDOCCHK.ICPSR/ CDBK.ICPSR

RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

Monkkonen, Eric. ''Toward a Dynamic Theory of Crime and the Police: A Criminal Justice System Perspective.'' HISTORICAL METHODS NEWSLETTER (Fall 1977), 157-165. Monkkonen, Eric. ''Sources for Criminal Justice History.'' JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY HISTORY (Winter 1978).

Media/File Reports:

ICPSR Direct