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A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns, 1787-1825 (Philip J. Lampi and American Antiquarian Society; Tufts University Digital Collection and Archives)
A New Nation Votes provides data from America's earliest elections, between 1787 and 1825. The electoral data from the site covers offices from the United States president down to local offices such as alderman and county coroner. The data is the result of decades of research using sources such as newspapers and county histories and primarily collected by researcher Philip J. Lampi. The site represents a collaboration between the American Antiquarian Society and Tufts University Digital Collection and Archives, with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities. A New Nation Votes is searchable by keyword, state, year, office, candidate, and party. Results are in HTML tables, with links to view PDFs of Lampi's original notebook pages. The entire dataset or data by state may also be downloaded for analysis.

Canadian Century Research Infrastructure (Canadian Century Research Infrastructure)
The Canadian Century Research Infrastructure is a five year initiative to develop databases from Canadian manuscript census records from the period of 1911 to 1951. The resulting project will link this database to other databases that cover 1871 to 1901 and 1961 to 2001. The site currently provides a listing of variables for 1911 to 1951. In English and French.

Canadian Families Project (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada)
The Canadian Families Project is an interdisciplinary project studying Canadian Families, completed between 1996 and 2001, that created a 5% sample database from the 1901 Canadian census. Ordering information for the complete sample and users guide are available at the site; there is also an online version of the British Columbia portion of the sample. In English and French.

Federal Land Records (U.S. Bureau of Land Management)
Federal Land Records site includes historical documents and tools for finding federal land records across the country. The BLM General Land Office (GLO) Records website provides online access to federal land conveyance records. It has images of more than five million federal land title records issued since 1788. The annual Public Land Statistics report presents information about land management activities. BLM Navigator provides a centralized location to discover and access geospatial data from project, state and national levels

Federal Reserve Board Historical Data H.15 Selected Interest Rates (U.S. Federal Reserve)
The H.15 release contains daily interest rates for selected U.S. Treasury and private money market and capital market instruments. It is published weekly.

Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
FRED data service is updated daily and allows 24/7 access to over 500,000 financial and economic data series from more than 85 public and proprietary sources. FRED data includes Money, Banking, & Finance; Population, Employment, & Labor Markets; National Accounts; Production & Business Activity; Prices; International Data; U.S. Regional Data; and Academic Data. Archival FRED (ALFRED) offers vintage versions of economic data that were available on specific dates in history. ALFRED only contains historical data on series that are in FRED. Browse ALFRED collections by categories.

Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition Online (UW-Madison subscription) (Cambridge University Press)
The previous edition covered colonial times through 1970 and was issued by the U.S. Bureau of the Census in honor of the U.S. Bicentennial (DISC has the bicentennial edition on CD-ROM). The present edition, greatly expanded and updated, was undertaken by Cambridge University Press, resulting in a web edition as well as 5 volumes in print (print volumes available at several libraries on the UW-Madison campus). Major subject categories include: Population, Work and Welfare, Economic Structure and Performance, Economic Sectors, Governance and International Relations. The online version offers tables for download in XLS and CSV, along with a custom table feature for combining more than one table. The custom tables and some other site features require a free registration, in addition to the subscription provided by UW-Madison via IP-authentication.

IISS Armed Conflict Database (ACD) (The International Institute for Strategic Studies)
The International Institute for Strategic Studies was founded in the UK in 1958 with a focus on nuclear deterrence and arms control. It is known for its annual Military Balance assessment of countries' armed forces. Its Armed Conflict Database (ACD) monitors armed conflicts worldwide, focusing on political, military and humanitarian trends in current conflicts, whether they are local rebellions, long-term insurgencies, civil wars or inter-state conflicts. The statistics, data and reports in the ACD date back to 1997. Licensed users can generate reports and download data as well as browse year-by-year analyses and fact sheets.

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) (Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)

The IPUMS project makes census microdata available for the U.S. (1850 to present) and for an increasing number of international censuses. For each arm of the project (U.S., International, and Current Population Survey), samples are combined into a unified database, with uniform codes and integrated documentation. Users can create and download extracts online. One major asset of IPUMS International, the international arm of the project, is the inventory of known censuses and surviving microdata. Free registration and agreement to conditions of use are required for download.

The site also includes the following projects from the Minnesota Population Center:

  • American Time Use Survey (ATUS)
  • Global Health
  • Integrated Health Interview Series
  • Harmonized International Census Data
  • National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS)
  • North Atlantic Population Project
  • Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
  • Terra Integrates Population and Environmental Data

Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000 (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
"Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790-2000" tracks the development of the census in the United States from 1790 to the present. The report shows the growth of the United States and the gradual changes in population demographics through questionnaires used in each census. Methodology for each census is also included. Note: DISC also has a print copy available in the library.

Mergent Online (Mergent Inc.)
Mergent Online provides historical and current financial information on U.S. and international companies. Company data coverage includes: history, mergers, acquisitions, disposals, joint ventures, business, property, subsidiaries, officers and directors, news reports, long-term debt, bond ratings, capital stock, exchange and ticker symbol, annual stock price ranges, registrar, transfer agent, stock splits, dividend, payment history, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet, contact information, auditors, and qualified auditors' report. U.S. Company Archives Data holds the full business descriptions, histories and financial statements for companies that were acquired, went bankrupt, liquidated or merged out of existence from 1996 onward. International Company Archives Data has information about non-U.S. companies that have merged, were acquired, went bankrupt, liquidated or otherwise disappeared from 1995 forward. UW-Madison no longer has a subscription to Mergent Online.

National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (United States Department of Agriculture (USDA))

According to the NASS web site, the National Agricultural Statistics Service"conducts hundreds of surveys every year and prepares reports covering virtually every aspect of U.S. agriculture. Production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm finances, chemical use, and changes in the demographics of U.S. producers are only a few examples." Data is compiled at the national, state and county level. The highest-profile NASS survey is the Census of Agriculture, conducted every 5 years.

A Quick-Stats table generator allows online data queries; geo-spatial data, charts, maps and reports are also available.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) (National Archives and Records Administration)
NARA is an independent federal agency that oversees the management of all federal records, including electronic data. Of special interest from the data perspective are the Electronic and Special Media Records, with an introductory page at

Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR) (Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science)
The Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR) links policies, data, and research for users to explore population developments. It is designed to meet the information needs of researchers, policy makers, civil society organizations and journalists. It includes detailed information on policies over time, a link catalog to socio-economic and demographic data, and an online repository of research outcomes. It covers countries outside of Europe as well.

Prices and Wages by Decade: 1700's to 2000's (Marie Concannon, University of Missouri)
Prices and wages in this comprehensive guide come from the United States government publications. It covers retail prices for foods, articles of clothing, household items, appliances, hardware, fuel and other physical goods, transportation, cars, homes, rent, utilities, school tuition and others over a long period of time. Historical and current statistics of typical wages, salaries, hours and earnings for workers of common oppupations are available as well.

Psephos - Adam Carr's Election Archive (Adam Carr)
The Psephos site is dedicated to the posting of election results worldwide (174 countries as of 2006). Results are culled from sources such newspaper reports or government web sites, and reformatted as text documents. Coverage varies by country, but the Australian section is particularly strong, going back to 1901, and current coverage of small countries is impressive as well, with frequent updates across the site.

Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1791-1845 (EDINA)
The EDINA National Datacentre includes the Statistical Accounts of Scotland dataset. These data, collected by parish ministers in the 1790s and the 1830s, provide a rich record of topics such as: wealth, class and poverty; climate, agriculture, fishing and wildlife; population, schools, and the moral health of the people. A free login is required.

The Cline Center for Democracy (The Richard G. and Carole J. Cline Center for Democracy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
The Cline Center for Democracy has a number of public datasets produced by the Societal Infrastructures and Development (SID) Project. SID offers education attainment data starting in 1950 and covering 166 countries and rule of law data with two composite measures to gauge cross-national and inter temporal differences in law-based orders for 165 nations from 1850 to 2010. Meanwhile, the Social, Political and Economic Event Database (SPEED) extracts event data from a global archive of news reports covering the Post WWII era. SPEED offers civil unrest event data and coup d'état event data in the post-World War II era.

The Correlates of War (COW) Project (Zeev Maoz and D. Scott Bennett)
The Correlates of War Project was founded in 1963 to systematically accumulate scientific knowledge about war. It has assembled datasets on the incidence and extent of inter-state and extra-systemic war in the post-Napoleonic period. Users are required to agree to COW's terms and conditions of usage before they can download a COW data set. Its external links page has a list of resources on quantitative international relations.

Trans-Atlantic Slave Database (Trans-Atlantic Slave Database)

The TransAtlantic Slave Database was initially published on CD-ROM in 1999, and is in the DISC collection. The project has since expanded, and is now online. The Voyages database on the site includes voyages spanning the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, some 36,000 in all. Users can construct queries, select variables to be displayed in tables and downloaded, and view summary statistics, maps, and timelines.

The site estimates that only four-fifths of slave voyages were actually documented, and provides an interactive page for further examining and fine-tuning estimates. The site also includes an African Names database of over 67,000 individuals aboard slave ships, a small portion of the over ten million Africans who were forcibly brought to the Americas but of great interest to genealogists.

Trends in Racial Attitudes (Institute of Government and Public Affairs, University of Illinois System)
This website provides the results of surveys conducted in NORC, ISR, Gallup and others from the 1940s to the present using charts and descriptions to summarize the patterns. To be included in trend analysis for this project, questions have to be repeated at least three times, spanning at least 10 years. They measure white and African American attitudes on racial equality, government efforts to ensure equal treatment, affirmative action, preferred social contact with racial groups, and other topics. Because questions of and about Latinos have not been asked regularly in the national surveys that are available. The trends presented on this site is limited to African American and white respondents. Questions used in trend anaysis are available in Excel and can be downloade.

U.S. Election Counts Since 1920 (Clerk of the House, U.S. House of Representatives)
This site provides official state-by-state vote counts in federal elections from 1920 through 2016. All years are available as PDF documents.

United States Historical Census Data Browser (University of Virginia and Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
Data presented here describes the people and the economy of the U.S. for each state and county from 1790 to 1960 as provided by U.S. Census results.

Virginia Emigrants to Liberia Database (Marie Tyler-McGraw and Deborah Lee)

From 1820 to 1865, the state of Virginia sent more emigrants to the newly-created independent African republic of Liberia than any other U.S. state. A 2007 book by historian Marie Tyler-McGraw, recounting Virginia's participation in the Liberian colonization movement, led to a collaboration in which two related databases were placed online under the auspices of the Virginia Center for Digital History: a database of 3,700 emigrants and one of 250 emancipators. Stories, timelines and other resources are included on the site as well.

The Emigrants Database includes variables for first and last names, gender, age at emigration, place of origin, emancipator, ship name, date of emigration, level of education, occupation, Liberian destination, and additional notes. The Emancipators Database includes first and last names, locale, occupation, year of emancipation, ship name, emancipated names, and notes. Both databases are searchable by selected fields. If all selections are set to "any," all records are included in the resulting table. There does not appear to be a download option.

Voting America: United States Politics, 1840-2008 (Digital Scholarship Lab, University of Richmond)

The Voting America site presents animated maps of presidential election data at the county level across time (actual returns, margin of victory, party strength, population, voter turnout).

The centerpiece of the animated "cinematic maps" is a timeline tour through presidential election data from 1840 onward. Cinematic maps for individual elections show a series of thematic maps, from state results to county results to numbers of votes to margins of victory. Another series of cinematic maps shows population growth over time for white and African American residents. Users can also choose "interactive maps" and pick their own years and indicators to display. An additional section of the site provides analysis and commentary in video form.

The underlying data for the Voting America site come from ICPSR study #8611 for the years 1840-1972, and from Polidata for 1976-2004.

Yahoo! Finance--Market Data (Yahoo Finance)
This site covers major U.S. stock indices, including the Dow Jones, NYSE, Standard & Poors, NASDAQ, and others. Data is available in table and spreadsheet format, with some historical data back to the 1970s. A link in the lefthand sidebar also leads to a similar site covering world indices.

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