Crossroads Category Browse Results

Politics, Policy and Government

(Back to the Crossroads Search main page)

AAPI Data (Karthick Ramakrishnan)
AAPI Data publishes demographic data and policy research on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Its Quick Stats has social, economic, and political data by diefferent geographical levels: national, state, county, congressional district, and metro area. Its Dataset Repository is a collaborative project between and the National Council of Asian Pacific Americans (NCAPA). Data (in SPSS, SAS, Stata, ASCII, and comma delimited) and document files are freely available from this repository.

American Mosaic Project (Doug Hartmann and Penny Edgell)
The American Mosaic Project is a multi-year, multi-method study of the bases of solidarity and diversity in American life. The principal investigators of this project are Doug Hartmann, Penny Edgell and Joseph Gerteis at the University of Minnesota, and the project is funded by the Edelstein Family Foundation of Minneapolis, MN.

The survey was designed to gather data on diversity with a particular emphasis on race and religion. A nationally-representative telephone survey was conducted during the summer of 2003; additional in-depth interviews and fieldwork across the country, explored the various contexts in which Americans experience diversity, focusing on religious interfaith organizations, neighborhoods, and festivals. Key findings on Discrimination, Atheism, Anti-Semitism, Racial attitudes of Conservative Christians, Diversity, Racial Attitudes and Religion, and Racial Privilege are available as press releases at this site.

American National Election Studies (ANES) (University of Michigan)
ANES conducts national surveys of the American electorate in presidential and midterm election years and carries out research and development work through pilot studies in odd-numbered years. The ANES time-series goes back to 1948. Under Resources menu are two interactive tools. Continuity Guide ( offers a comprehensive list of questions, organized thematically, that appear in ANES Time Series surveys starting in 1992. ANES Question Search ( allows users to search the ANES Time Series survey questions. Search results show the question text, matching search keywords, and the codebook record (if available). All ANES datasets are available for download at the website, free registration required.

Archigos: A Database on Leaders 1875 - 2015 (H. E. Goemans, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, and Giacomo Chiozza)
Archigos (the Greek term for ruler) contains information on political leaders in over 180 countries. It includes personal characteristics and identifies the manner by which rulers enter and leave political power, and the post-tenure fate of the ruler. Data and codebook can be downloaded from this site.

Arkansas Poll (Diane Divers Blair Center for the Study of Southern Politics and Society)
Results (pdf) and data (SPSS format) from this annual Arkansas public opinion poll are presented on this site.

Asian Barometer Surveys (Hu Fu Center for East Asia Democratic Studies, National Taiwan University)
The Asian Barometer Survey is a cross-national survey project. It includes 13 East Asian states (Japan, Mongolia, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Mainland China, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia), and 5 South Asian countries (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal). It covers major political systems that have followed different trajectories of regime evolution and are currently at different stages of political transition. Each participating country conducts its own survey under a common research framework and with a common research methodology to collect and compile reliable and comparable micro-level data on the issues of citizens' values and attitudes toward politics, power, reform, and democracy in Asia. East Asian Barometer Survey started in 2003 and South Asian Barometer Survey began in 2005. Myanmar was added to Asian Barometer in wave 4, 2013-2016.

Bureau of the Fiscal Service (U.S. Department of the Treasury)
The Bureau of the Public Debt was combined with the Financial Management Service into the single Bureau of the Fiscal Service in 2012. The Bureau of the Fiscal Service manages the government's accounting, central payment systems, and public debt. Reports for U.S. Savings Bonds, Treasury bills and notes and bonds, and other public-debt-related resources can be found at this TreasuryDirect Reports page.

Cattaneo Web archive of Italian election results and surveys (Fondazione di ricerca "Istituto Carlo Cattaneo" Istituto Carlo Cattaneo)
The Cattaneo Web Archive of Italian Election Results and Surveys offers information regarding Italian Elections dating back to 1990 and going onwards to 1996. The site also includes Bologna Elections results and surveys from 1984 and 1994, Italian Election Abstention Surveys from 1985, 1990 and 1995 and Italian Election Results by Commune from 1946-1996. Data is presented via the SDA interface. Abstracts are available in Italian and English.

CensusScope (Social Science Data Analysis Network)
The Social Science Data Network (SSDAN) at the University of Michigan offers this point and click interface to Census 2000 data. Pre-selected topics for charts, maps, and trends let the user choose a state or metro area using drop-down menus. The graphics are eye-catching and suitable for printing.

Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE) (Tufts University)
CIRCLE, the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement, describes itself as"A non-partisan research center studying youth civic engagement and civic eduation." CIRCLE's research focuses on Americans between the ages of 15 and 25.

Center for the Study of Democracy--Data (Center for Study of Democracy)
The Center for the Study of Democracy is dedicated to helping foster democracy in the United States and throughout the world. In the data archive portion of its site, users will find links to CSD-sponsored research projects other studies relating to human rights and various political issues. Links include World Value Surveys, The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems, The UCI Election Turnout Database, the 1998 German Election Study, and the 1996 National Black Election Survey. See also the CSD Asia Data Archive at

Child Trends Databank (Child Trends)
The Child Trends DataBank is an online resource for indicators of child and family well-being and associated measures. It includes population-based measures like health, mental health, health-related behaviors, violence, drug and tobacco usage, and more. This site provides mainly statistics and tabulated data, but also includes links to the data sources of their research analyses.

Connecting Outcome Measures in Entrepreneurship, Technology, and Science (COMETS) (Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and National Bureau of Economic Research)
COMETS is described as "an integrated database that can trace the links from government investment in R&D through the path of knowledge creation, its transmission and codification, and in many cases to commercial uses yielding a better standard of living and better jobs." The public-use dataset can be downloaded in STATA or text/csv formats. Free registration required.

Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics (COPAFS) (Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics)
Since 1980, the Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics has provided an open dialog between its members and the Federal statistical agencies. Member organizations include professional associations, businesses, research institutes, and others interested in Federal statistics. Their site includes links to other Federal and international statistical agencies and also provides access to their excellent newsletters.

Country Indicators for Foreign Policy (Carleton University, Paterson School of International Affairs)

The CIFP describes their project as "an on-going effort to identify and assemble statistical information conveying the key features of the economic, political, social and cultural environments of countries around the world." This project has resulted in a conflict risk assessment online database that includes measures of: domestic armed conflict, governance and political instability, militarization, religious and ethnic diversity, demographic stress, economic performance, human development, environmental stress, and international linkages.

The site also carries documents and background information for projects on Governance and Democratic Processes and on Failed & Fragile States.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (U.S. Department of State)
Includes reports from 1999 to the present. Part of a larger web site belonging to the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) which includes other reports on topics such as ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, religious freedom, child labor and more. (U.S. Office of Management & Budget)
Launched in May 2009 by the U.S. Office of Management & Budget, is an initiative of the Obama administration designed to "increase public access to high value, machine readable datasets generated by the Executive Branch of the Federal Government." Contents are organized into topics. is managed and hosted by the U.S. General Services Administration, Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies. is powered by two open source applications, CKAN and WordPress, and it is developed publicly on GitHub.

Eagleton Poll Archive (Rutgers University)
This interactive website provides access to the survey data and questionnaires from Eagleton's quarterly statewide polls of New Jersey residents on matters of political and social interest. Visitors can search and view Eagleton polls and question responses from 1971 to the present. Search results are linked to source materials including raw data files and supporting documentation and they are downloadable.

European Social Survey (ESS) (European Commission and European Science Foundation)
The European Social Survey (ESS) is cross-national survey that has been conducted across Europe since 2001. Every two years, face-to-face interviews are conducted with newly selected, cross-sectional samples. ESS measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of diverse populations in more than thirty nations. Data and documentation for each round of ESS are available for researchers free of charge. They can be downloaded from ESS website after a short registration. Online analysis is available for integrated international datasets on Nesstar platform.

FAIRMODEL Economic Model (Ray C. Fair)
The FAIRMODEL economic models from Yale provides macroeconomic analysis for free. The site allows users to, "Work with a U.S. macroeconometric model (US model) or a multicountry econometric model (MC3 model) to forecast, do policy analysis, and examine historical episodes. Users can change government policy variables and examine the estimated effects of the changes, table and graph online and/or download all or part of the historical data, forecast data, and data you may have created, read online and/or download all the documentation, memos, and paper. Download for use on your own computer: the Fair-Parke (FP) program, the US model, the MC3 model, and the US model in EViews format. Users can also analyze a presidential vote equation, including examining Bush's chances in 2004, and perform stock market experiments."

Federal Data Products Center (National Technical Information Service)
Established at NTIS to provide access to information in electronic formats. The current inventory of computer products includes more than 1,200 titles since 1990. These include datafiles and software on diskette, CD-ROM, and magnetic tape. Most of the Center's products are developed or sponsored by the federal government. However, NTIS does announce products developed by state governments and in a few cases by private sector organizations and distributed by NTIS.

Federal Election Commission (Federal Election Commission)
The FEC came onto the web scene in mid-February, 1996, and has been serving downloadable campaign finance data ever since. Both summary and detailed data are available. The data available range from zip files that contain individual contributions to political committees and may exceed 100 megabytes to single page summary pdf and xls files.

Federal Procurement Data System (Federal Procurement Data Center)
The FPDS is the official statistical database on procurement contract transactions of the Executive Branch of the US Government. Around 70 Executive Branch agencies report their procurement contract obligations to the FPDS. The U.S. Postal Service, the Legislative Branch (Congress) and the Judicial Branch (U.S. Courts) do not report to the FPDS, nor do state and local governments. The FPDS contains approximately 50 data elements including agency identification, broad category of what was purchased, dollar obligation, principal place of performance, and contractor identification for approximately 500,000 transactions each year that exceed $25,000. The FPDS collects summary information for approximately 17,000,000 smaller transactions. A free registration is required to access the database online -- the database appears when a user logs in via the front page of the site.

Federal, State, and Local Governments (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Federal, State, and Local Governments page from the U.S. Census Bureau provides links to data, documentation and reports from the Census of Governments (conducted at 5-year intervals) and related surveys including the Annual Survey of Government Employment, Annual Survey of Government Finances, State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Survey, State Government Tax Collections, and Quarterly Summary of State and Local Government Tax Revenue. Public education finance data is available as well, as school districts are among the local governments surveyed (in addition to county, municipal, township, and special district). The site also carries the Consolidated Federal Funds Report (CFFR) and the Federal Assistance Awards Data System (FAADS). Much of the data goes back to 1992, and is available as HTML, Excel or text files.

Franklin & Marshall College Poll-Pennsylvania (The Center for Opinion Research and Franklin & Marshall College)
The Center for Opinion Research conducts the Franklin & Marshall College Poll (formerly the Keystone Poll) that relates to state and local affairs in Pennsylvania. Reports of poll results in PDF are available back to 1995.

Global Peace Index (Institute for Economics and Peace)

The Global Peace Index is a measure for ranking countries in order of their peacefulness. The index is made up of 23 indicators, covering both external measures such as weapons exports and number of conflicts fought, and internal measures such as jailed populations and numbers of homicides. The index has also been tested against additional determinants of peace such as levels of democracy, education, infant mortality, and income inequality. Data are compiled from many sources, including the Uppsala Conflict Data Program, the Economist Intelligence Unit, the World Bank, and the International Institute of Strategic Studies.

The index includes data from 2007 to 2010, for a growing list of countries. The primary access to the index is through an animated map of the world, displaying 2010 rankings by default. Downloads are in PDF only; a "GPI Results Report" for the displayed year appears to the right of the table beneath the map. To get earlier years, or to display animations across years, one must use the slider bar at the bottom of the map itself. Clicking on a country name or a country on the map will reveal a single year worth of data on all indicators for that country, including both indicators that are part of the index, and related indicators.

The site also recently launched the U.S. Peace Index, a comparison among U.S. states using a combination of 5 indicators: homicide rates, violent crimes, percentage of the population in jail, number of police officers and availability of small arms.

Global Terrorism Database (GTD) (National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism and University of Maryland)
From the GTD web site: "The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2008 (with annual updates planned for the future). Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 87,000 cases."

Google Public Data Explorer (Google Labs)
Google Public Data Explorer is an online data visualization tool that allows users to explore publicly-available data within the site's collections, and design their own graphs and tables for display. Displays can be animated to show changes over time, and users can link or embed the visualizations in their own web pages. The initial collection includes selected data from the World Bank, OECD, Eurostat and several statistical agencies in the United States. While the collection is growing, it is not comprehensive. The data itself cannot be downloaded directly from Google, but links are provided to the source websites.

Governments on the World Wide Web - Statistics (Gunnar Anzinger)
This list of links to statistical agencies worldwide includes the names of the countries in their own language, and official state/province statistical sites for regions of Germany, Spain, and Switzerland.

GPO's Federal Digital System (FDsys) (U.S. Government Printing Office)
The U.S. Government's Federal Digital System (FDsys), which replaced GPO Access in March of 2012, provides free online access to official publications from all three branches of the Federal Government. Users can search, browse, and download publications. Fdsys is a content management system and a preservation repository to government publications. Its advanced search engine with extensive metadata has the ability to refine and narrow searches.

IISS Armed Conflict Database (ACD) (The International Institute for Strategic Studies)
The International Institute for Strategic Studies was founded in the UK in 1958 with a focus on nuclear deterrence and arms control. It is known for its annual Military Balance assessment of countries' armed forces. Its Armed Conflict Database (ACD) monitors armed conflicts worldwide, focusing on political, military and humanitarian trends in current conflicts, whether they are local rebellions, long-term insurgencies, civil wars or inter-state conflicts. The statistics, data and reports in the ACD date back to 1997. Licensed users can generate reports and download data as well as browse year-by-year analyses and fact sheets.

Institute of Museum and Library Services (Institute of Museum and Library Services)
The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) established in 1996 is an independent agency of the United States federal government. Library and museum related studies can be found in Surveys & Data page under the Research & Evaluation area of its website. They include Public Libraries Survey (PLS), State Library Administrative Agency Survey (SLAA), Public Needs for Library and Museum Services Survey (PNLMS), Museum Universe Data File (MUDF), and Administrative Discretionary Grant Data. IMLS Funding Reports by State is available from the site as well.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI))

IFPRI is a research center of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. In support of its mission to provide policy solutions that cut hunger and malnutrition, IFPRI conducts research and secondary analysis in collaboration with other institutions. Many of the resulting datasets are freely available on the IFPRI web site (free registration/login required). IFPEI data is available from IFPEIdataverse. It includes:

  • Geospatial data, such as CIESIN's Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP) in Africa and Asia
  • Household and community-level surveys, from 16 countries such as Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nicaragua and the Philippines
  • Institution-level surveys regarding wheat in Egypt and soil nutrient management in Uganda
  • Regional data from China
  • Social accounting matrices for 27 countries.

International Studies Compendium Project Datasets (The International Studies Association)
International Studies Compendium Project compiles a list of links to datasets for international studies. They are organized by topics, such as Interstate Conflict Data, Event Data, Interstate Rivalry, Contentious Issues, Intrastate, Civil, and Ethnic Conflict Data, Human Rights and Repression, Terrorism, Conflict Management Data, Geographic Data Contiguity and Distance, Conflict Location Data, Individual Political Leaders, Power and Capability Data, Minorities/Diversity/Heterogeneity, International Law Data, and Prominent Replication Data Sets.

Internet Center for Corruption Research (Transparency International and Goettingen University)
This center provides the Corruption Perception Index, which ranks countries by the extent of perceived corruption in public administration. Every country is provided with an individual score, allowing for cross-country comparisons. Annual reports begin in 1995; data is in HTML tables only from 1995-1999, and from 2000 on is also available in Excel spreadsheets.

Joint Center for Poverty Research (JCPR) (Northwestern University and University of Chicago)
JCPR supports academic research that examines what it means to be poor and live in America, concentrating on the causes and consequences of poverty in America and the effectiveness of policies aimed at reducing poverty. The JCPR site includes information on publications, conferences, various resources, programs, and research events.

Journalists Killed Since 1992 (Committee to Protect Journalists)
The Journalists Killed Since 1992 database offers statistics on journalists worldwide imperiled in their work since 1992: imprisoned, missing, killed. The database may be queried by year, country, or type of peril. The site also includes a short summary of the events surrounding each journalist's death, disappearance or imprisonment. The database may be downloaded as an Excel file at

Kaiser Family Foundation (Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation)
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation is an independent philanthropic organization that focuses on health care policy and education. Their site includes sections on Entertainment and Media, HIV/AIDS, Medicaid and Medicare, Reproductive and Sexual Health, and Women's Health Policy. Research reports incorporating charts and tables are also available.

Kansas Data (Institute for Policy & Social Research, University of Kansas and University of Kansas)
The Institute for Policy & Social Research at the University of Kansas offers the Kansas Data site in support of public policy analysis. Preformatted county and city census data reports are provided as PDF documents, and users can also generate their own custom area profiles. Users can also design their own maps, trend graphs, and bar charts using the site. The Kansas Data site also offers the Kansas Statistical Abstract online edition, Kansas quarterly economic indicators, and links to other Kansas data resources.

Latin America Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) (Vanderbilt University)
The Latin America Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) is hosted at Vanderbilt University. LAPOP began several decades ago with a study of democratic values in Costa Rica. LAPOP is now the home of the AmericasBarometer survey, measuring democratic values and behaviors in the Americas (North, Central, South and the Caribbean) using national probability samples of voting-age adults. In addition to reports and documentation, LAPOP data is available for online querying in both a beginner and an expert mode. Raw data files are free and publicly available at this link. Subscriptions to the data are also available (UW-Madison does not currently subscribe.) Some LAPOP datesets are available from ICPSR and the Roper Center.

Laurier Institute for the Study of Public Opinion and Policy (LISPOP) (Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada)
LISPOP is "a research center at Wilfrid Laurier University which studies issues pertaining to the creation, use and representation of public opinion in the policy process." The site includes a regular summary of published polls pertaining to Canadian politics, an annotated list of online poll data resources, and links to data holdings for Wilfrid Laurier University, the University of Waterloo, and the University of Guelph.

Library of Congress Country Studies (Library of Congress)
A continuing series of books prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the Department of the Army. This series presently contains studies of 102 countries. Each handbook contains an appendix of HTML tables. Many of these handbooks have not been updated recently, but they are particularly strong in historical summaries.

Lijphart Elections Archive (University of California, San Diego)
The Lijphart Elections Archive, housed in the University of California, San Diego Library, is a static research collection of district level election results for approximately 350 national legislative elections in 26 countries up through 2003. The objective of the Archive is to systematically collect election statistics in as much detail as possible, including, as a minimum, the results at the level of the individual election districts in which votes are converted into seats.

Mannheim Center for European Social Research (MZES) (Mannheim Center for European Social Research, Germany)
Founded as an institute of the University of Mannheim in 1989, the Center's research focuses on "cultural, societal and socio-economic bases of the living conditions of the inhabitants of European countries." In German and English.

Migration Information Source (Migration Policy Institute (MPI))
The Migration Information Source, including the MPI Data Hub, provides immigration information for an expanding list of countries. An interactive database generates tables in HTML and Flash-based charts. Links are provided to sites which provided the raw data for many of the tables and graphs. The site also includes breaking news stories related to immigration and immigration policy.

Minorities at Risk (MAR) (Center for International Development and Conflict Management, University of Maryland)
The Minorities at Risk project tracks 284 politically-active ethnic groups worldwide. The project focuses on ethnopolitical groups that experience discriminatory treatment in relation to other groups in society, and that mobilize for political action on the basis of their identity and self-defined interests. The data section of the site includes both qualitative and quantitative elements. The qualitative area carries reports of risk assessments and analytic summaries for each of the groups in the project, as well as chronologies for each group that detail important events in the history of each group and their location. The variables in the quantitative data address such aspects as group characteristics, organization, discrimination, collective interests, and conflict behavior. The site also includes a Discrimination Dataset, available either in SPSS or Excel, that records overall levels of political and economic discrimination for all groups in the Minorities at Risk Project.

National Asian American Surveys (Karthick Ramakrishnan and Jennifer Lee)
The 2008 National Asian American Survey (NAAS) is a nationally representative survey of self-identified Asian/Asian American residents of the United States. The survey included questions about political behavior and attitudes as well as personal experiences in immigration to the United States. The 2016 NAAS is composed of two waves. Individual-level data from the Fall 2016 National Asian American Survey was fielded from August through October 2016 while the Post-Election Survey was fielded from November 2016 through February 2017. 2016 NAAS contains nationally representative data from telephone interviews of adult U.S. residents who self-identified as Asian/Asian American, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, White, African American/Black, Hispanic/Latino, and Multiracial. Codebook, questionnaires, and microdata in either Stata or SPSS formats are available from this site.

National Gambling Impact Study Commission (National Gambling Impact Study Commission)
The NGISC was created by Congress in 1996 and charged "to conduct a comprehensive legal and factual study of the social and economic impacts of gambling on federal, state, local, and Native American tribal governments; and on communities and social institutions." This site contains the Commission's 1999 report and a link to the FTP site for NORC's Gambling Impact and Behavior Study dataset.

National Technical Information Service (NTIS) (National Technical Information Service)
The National Technical Information Service is the largest central resource for U.S. government-funded scientific, technical, engineering, and business related information. It has information on three millions U.S. Government publications covering over 350 subject areas. - World Statistics, Country Comparisons (NationMaster)
This site was founded as an engine for comparing countries using the figures from the latest CIA World Factbook (no time-series data). Many additional sources have been added, so that statistics range from pesticide use to web-site defacements to Olympic gold medals.

Nationscape (Voter Study Group, Democracy Fund and University of California, Los Angeles)
Democracy Fund and researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles have created a new survey, Nationscape. It is designed to interview more than 500,000 voters from July 2019 to December 2020. Nationscape surveys are conducted online and interview approximately 6,250 Americans each week over 16 months. Its questions focus more on issues than on candidates. It tracks voters' attitudes over time and across geographies. It aims to understand voter choices, inform political discourse, and improve political representation across the country.

Office of Financial Management - State of Washington (State of Washington)
The Forecasting Division of the Office of Financial Management for the State of Washington "provides estimates of state and local population, monitors changes in the state economy and labor force, and conducts research on a variety of issues affecting the state budget and public policy." One highlight of the site is the Washington State Data Book, the state's statistical abstract. Washington only posts its most recent State Data Book (the 2005 edition was posted in January 2006) and recommends that its users follow up on the specific sources of the data to get the absolute latest figures. The State Data Book tables display in HTML but may be downloaded as PDF or Excel files. Also of interest on the OFM Forecasting Division site are a Criminal Justice Data Book and an Employer Health Insurance Data Book for the state of Washington. In addition, Washington conducts a biennial State Population Survey, with downloadable data posted on the site for 1998 through 2004.

Office of Management and Budget (OMB) (Office of Management and Budget)
Contains present U.S. Budget and OMB circulars, as well as information on statistical programs and standards from the OMB's Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs.

Open Calls for Comment on Federal Data Collections (Association of Public Data Users (APDU))
The Association of Public Data Users provides an up-to-date spreadsheet, linked from this page, of current statistical issues for public comment as announced in the notices of the Federal Register. Calls for comment are organized first by agency, then by closing date for comments. Each call for comment is linked to the Federal Register page, along with a contact person. A second page within the spreadsheet lists already-expired calls for comment.

Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research)
"The Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PSR) is an independent nonprofit institution and think tank of policy analysis and academic research. PSR was founded with the goal of advancing scholarship and knowledge on immediate issues of concern to Palestinians in three areas: domestic politics and government, strategic analysis and foreign policy, and public opinion polls and survey research." Users can look at polls dating back to 1993 regarding Palestinian attitudes towards the conflict with Israel. Some polls are in SPSS sav format. Poll results are available as pdf files.

Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) (Peace Research Institute Oslo)
The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) conducts research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people. Replication data and datasets from various PRIO projects and publications are available at this site. Their topics include armed conflict, small arms trade, governance issues in civil war, geographical and resource datasets (e.g. diamond deposit, petroleum deposit, and shared river basin), economic and socio-demographic data (e.g. urban social disturbance in Africa and Asia, and ethnic composition data) and others.

Peace Science Society (International) PSS(I) (Pennsylvania State University)
The Peace Science Society (International) is a scientific association of individuals developing theory and methods for the study of peace, located at Penn State University.

Pennsylvania State Data Center (Pennsylvania State University)
For visitors looking for information on the state of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania State Data Center provides a clearinghouse of data related to the commonwealth. Included in the site are official data and demographic reports related to Pennsylvania as well as projection estimates and housing and economic characteristics of the state.

Pew Internet and American Life (Pew Research Center)
The Pew Internet and American Life Project conducts surveys regarding Americans' use of the Internet. Reports back to May of 2000 are available in PDF, some trend data is available for download in Excel, and selected datasets are available for download in SPSS (free registration required for download).

PolicyMap (The Reinvestment Fund)

PolicyMap is a geographic information system that lets users map, graph, and organize data relevant to neighborhood planning and economic revitalization. The site carries data on demographics, real-estate, crime, income, education, and jobs - over 4,000 indicators. Depending on the data, maps and reports can be focused on areas as small as block groups or census tracts, or as large as states.

The site has many components available with a free registration, and others available to subscribers only. The free data comes from such agencies as the Census, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and other US government agencies. Fee-based, subscriber-only data comes mostly from Claritas, a consumer-data and demographics firm that produces projections and annual small-area estimates. Subscribers can also upload data and create custom mapping regions. (UW-Madison does not subscribe). A complete list of PolicyMap data can be found at

Political Constraint Index (Witold Heinsz and The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania)
This site offers a dataset, in Access and Excel format, calculating a Political Constraint Index (POLCON) as a measure of political/economic risk associated with a country. Free registration required.

Polling The Nations: The Ultimate Survey Database (UW-Madison Subscription) (ORS Publishing)
Polling the Nations is an online database of public opinion polls containing the full text of 600,000+ questions and responses, from 18,000+ surveys and 1,700+ polling organizations, conducted from 1986 through the present in the United States and more than 100 other countries around the world. Note: UW-Madison subscribes to this resource via IP authentication. Non-UW-Madison users may visit the Polling the Nations site at (
The Polling Report from Washington, D.C. has selected results of national opinion polls in politics and public policy. Data come from major research organizations, such as Gallup, Harris, Yankelovich, and Princeton Survey Research. Each topic displays the source and date, universe, number of respondents, question, and frequencies of responses. Additional state-by-state campaign polls and articles are available by subscription only.

ProGov21 (COWS, University of Wisconsin-Madison)
ProGov2l is a searchable digital library of progressive policies and practices for local government. It is maintained by COWS, a national think-and-do tank based at University of Wisconsin-Madison. Visitors can explore the database by policy areas like Children & Families, Civil Rights, Community Development, Economic Justice, Environment, Natural Resources, and more. Search results can be filtered by state, year, type of documents (policy brief, ordinance, fact sheet, model law, executive order, act or session law, ballot measure, constitutional amendment), and by level of government (city or town, county, school board, school district, other boards and agencies).

ProPublica Data Store (ProPublica)
ProPublica based in New York City is a non-profit corporation that produces investigative journalism in the public interest. Its data store disseminates datasets used in its reports. Datasets from government websites and other public sources are linked to the original sites. For the datasets that are compiled by ProPublica, there is a reasonable fee charged. You need to agree to its terms of use before you can download the data.

Public Agenda On-Line (Public Agenda)
Public Agenda is a nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research and citizen education organization based in New York City. It provides poll results to politicians as well as interested citizens on a variety of topics. The site also contains internal links which offer overviews on many pertinent issues in American politics.

Qualitative Data Repository (QDR) (the Center for Qualitative and Multi-Method Inquiry, Syracuse University)
Qualitative Data Repository (QDR) stores and shares digital data generated through qualitative and multi-method research in the social sciences. It is funded by the National Science Foundation, hosted by the Center for Qualitative and Multi-Method Inquiry, a unit of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. In the United States, social scientists have used qualitative data to advance a range of analytical, interpretive, and inferential goals. Traditionally qualitative data have been collected and used by the principal investigators and rarely shared because there is a lack of suitable venue for storing and sharing such data. QDR is created to fill this gap. It plans to expand and ease access to qualitative social science data to facilitate research, promote teaching and learning. Users can browse the projects and files at QDR but are required to register to access and download them.

Quinnipiac University Polling Institute (Quinnipiac University)
The Quinnipiac University Poll regularly surveys residents in Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and nationwide about political races, state and national elections, and issues of public concern, such as schools, taxes, transportation, municipal services, and the environment. Press releases and poll results are available on the site.

RAND (The RAND Corporation)

RAND (short for Research And Development) is a not-for-profit institution dedicated to improving policy and decision-making through research and analysis. The RAND home page includes general information, research areas, technical capabilities, and publications. RAND's public use databases are listed at and include:

  • Family Life Surveys (Guatemala, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Bangladesh)
  • Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey
  • Displaced New Orleans Residents Survey
  • RAND Center for the Study of Aging Contextual Data Library
  • Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics microdata documentation
  • RAND Health and Retirement Study Data Files

Representation in America's Legislatures (Gerald Wright, Indiana University)
The Representation in America's Legislatures project, funded by the National Science Foundation, collects and processes roll-call vote data from the state and national legislative chambers in the United States. Currently (May 2005) the site carries data for the 1999-2000 session, though the data is not complete for all states. The download for each chamber, when complete, contains the data in CSV and Stata formats, a text Readme file of chamber-specific information, and a text bill-summary file that serves as a codebook for the data files. Future plans for the site include roll-call data for 2003-04, plus historical roll-call data.

Resource Center for Minority Data (RCMD) (Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
The Resource Center for Minority Data (RCMD) is one of a growing number of special-purpose subsets within the vast data collections of the ICPSR. The focus of the RCMD is data for comparative analysis of issues affecting racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States. The subject coverage of the selected studies runs the gamut from education to housing to poverty to political participation. RCMD data falls into two general categories: studies that focus specifically on minority populations, such as the National Black Election Studies series; and studies with large enough sample sizes or ethnic/racial oversampling to permit meaningful analysis of issues that affect race and ethnic minority populations, such as the American Housing Survey series. While documentation is freely browsable, data download is available only to ICPSR member institutions, including UW-Madison.

Society for Political Methodology (American Political Science Association)
The Political Methodology section of the American Political Science Association offers a hyperlink to the Political Methodology Working Papers, 1995 to the present. Authors submit papers to be downloaded, abstracts are readable on the web, and the full text of the paper may be read or downloaded in PDF.

State Government Tax Collections (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The State Government Tax Collections Survey provides annual state-by-state data for state tax revenue from 1992 onward. The data are not to be interpreted as state area data (state & local government taxing efforts combined), but apply solely to state government tax revenues. In this survey the concept of "taxes" is comprised of all compulsory contributions exacted by a government for public purposes, except employer and employee assessments for retirement and social insurance purposes. Summary tables are available in HTML, Excel, and text files.

Statewide Database (California) (Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California Berkeley)
The Statewide Database (SWDB) is the redistricting database for the state of California. The information in the Statewide Database is available free of charge to anyone interested in the political and demographic make-up of the State of California.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute. SIPRI site provides information on its research in the areas of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. The Databases section of the site includes international data on military expenditures, arms industry, arms transfers, multilateral peace operations, arms embargos, arms exports and financial value of the arms exports.

Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development (National Science Foundation (NSF))
This survey, conducted by the National Science Foundation, annually collects data on current funding levels and future obligations for research and development by U.S. federal agencies and their subdivisions. It provides a consistent time series on federal research and development (R&D) support broken down by character of work, type of performer, field of science and engineering, and geographic distribution. Reports and tables are available in spreadsheet or ASCII format (Excel table links are embedded within HTML reports).

Survey Research Data Archive-Academic Sinica (Taiwan) (Academic Sinica)
The Survey Research Data Archive stores and disseminates various surveys related to Taiwan for mainly academic purposes. Studies are included on a variety of issues relating to sociological trends in Taiwan. SRDA uses Nesstar for online data dissemination and analysis; of the SRDA datasets available via Nesstar, only one (the Taiwan Education Panel Study) is available in English. Most of the rest of the site is Chinese-only as well.

The Cline Center for Democracy (The Richard G. and Carole J. Cline Center for Democracy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
The Cline Center for Democracy has a number of public datasets produced by the Societal Infrastructures and Development (SID) Project. SID offers education attainment data starting in 1950 and covering 166 countries and rule of law data with two composite measures to gauge cross-national and inter temporal differences in law-based orders for 165 nations from 1850 to 2010. Meanwhile, the Social, Political and Economic Event Database (SPEED) extracts event data from a global archive of news reports covering the Post WWII era. SPEED offers civil unrest event data and coup d'état event data in the post-World War II era.

The Correlates of War (COW) Project (Zeev Maoz and D. Scott Bennett)
The Correlates of War Project was founded in 1963 to systematically accumulate scientific knowledge about war. It has assembled datasets on the incidence and extent of inter-state and extra-systemic war in the post-Napoleonic period. Users are required to agree to COW's terms and conditions of usage before they can download a COW data set. Its external links page has a list of resources on quantitative international relations.

The Economic Report of the President (Executive Office)
The Executive Office of the United States provides an on-line copy of the Economic Report of the President. The report, available in ASCII text and PDF, offers a detailed analysis of the President's economic plan for the coming year. The site also includes links to previous economic reports dating back to 1995. Statistical tables are available in spreadsheet (.xls) format.

The Hotline from National Journal (UW-Madison Subscription) (National Journal)
The Hotline is the National Journal's "daily briefing on politics." Up-to-date material is provided on a number of pressing issues. The site is a virtual newspaper with a number of columns, almanacs, and reports on various election races throughout the country. Note: UW-Madison subscribes via IP authentication.

The Journalist's Resource (Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, Harvard University)
The Journalist's Resource presents peer-reviewed and high-quality research on public policy topics like public health, economics, business, technology and crime. Its mission is to bridge the communications gap between academia and journalism. Research findings are presented in clear and simple language.

The Pew Research Center for People and the Press (The Pew Research Center for People and the Press)
The Pew Research Center is an independent opinion research group that studies attitudes toward the press, politics and public policy issues, best known for regular national surveys that measure public attentiveness to major news stories, and for polling that charts trends in values and fundamental political and social attitudes. The web site contains downloadable survey data files (free registration required) back to 1997.

The Political Leaders' Affiliation Database (PLAD) (Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Andreas Kammerlander, Lennart Kaplan, Charlotte Robert, and Kerstin Unfried)
The Political Leaders' Affiliation Database (PLAD) contains information on the birthplaces and ethnicities of more than one thousand effective leaders from 175 countries around the world in the 1989-2018 period. The dataset is at the political leader level and it follows the definitions in the Archigos database.

U.S. Tax Statistics (Internal Revenue Service)
A wealth of information about the financial composition of individuals, business taxpayers, tax exempt organizations and more. This data has been sampled from all kinds of returns and sorted in lots of interesting ways.

Uppsala Conflict Data Project (Uppsala University, Department of Peace & Conflict Research)
From the UCDP website: "The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) collects information on a large number of aspects of armed violence since 1946. Since the 1970s, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) has recorded ongoing violent conflicts. This effort continues to the present day, now coupled with the collection of information on an ever broadening scope of aspects pertaining to organised violence, such as the resolution and dynamics of conflict." The site offers multiple datasets for free download as well as a menu-driven database covering the years 1975-2009. See also the Beginner's Guide to Conflict Data - Finding the Right Dataset (2005). (U.S. Office of Management and Budget)

"Government spending at your fingertips" is the promise of 2.0, a recently-released update from the Office of Management and Budget. The site was originally launched in 2007 in the wake of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA) of 2006. The Act required the creation of a free public website with detailed information on federal awards, including recipients, locations, amounts, and types of awards. was redesigned in March 2015.

Veteran Data & Information (U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs)
The Veteran Data & Information site includes demographic and socio-economic characteristics of U.S. veterans of military service, the geographical distribution of the veteran population, and other statistical data and information on U.S. Veterans Affairs programs. The Population section of the site includes a collection of Excel pivot-tables called VetPop2007, comprising the VA's latest official estimate and projection of the veteran population and their characteristics from 2000 to 2036.

VOTER (Views of the Electorate Research Survey) Survey (Voter Study Group, Democracy Fund)
The Views of the Electorate Research (VOTER) survey starting in 2016 has been polling over 6,000 adults on their political attitudes, values, and affinities in 2011 as well as self-reports of their turnout and vote choice. Because most respondents have participated in the surveys over time, VOTER survey offers unique longitudinal data on public opinion on the country's most divisive issues. Data can be downloaded in csv, Stata, and SPSS formats. Registration is required for data download.

Washington Post Opinion Polls Archive (Washington Post)
The Washington Post Opinion Polls Archive carries poll results back to 2006, primarily regarding electoral politics.

Wisconsin Blue Book (Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau)
Wisconsin's answer to the statistical abstract is the Blue Book, published by the Legislative Reference Bureau. The series began in 1853 and is currently published on a biennial basis. The Blue Book also includes statistics, biographies and photos of Wisconsin elected officials, the text of the Wisconsin state constitution, and in-depth description of Wisconsin governmental structure and function. The online version is available solely in PDF.

WomanStats (The WomanStats Project)
WomanStats is a comprehensive database on the situation and status of women in the world. It covers issues such as rape, sex trafficking, maternal and child mortality, family law, women in government and the military, and many others for countries with populations greater than 200,000 persons. It includes quantitative data, qualitative information, current legal statutes, and scales created by the WomanStats researchers for cross-national comparison. Over 350 variables are organized by nine categories:

  • Women's Physical Security
  • Women's Economic Security
  • Women's Legal Security
  • Women's Security in the Community
  • Women's Security in the Family
  • Security for Maternity
  • Women's Security Through Voice
  • Security Through Societal Investment in Women
  • Women's Security in the State
To download data, you need to register with the site.

World Values Survey (World Values Study Group)
The World Values Survey (WVS) is a worldwide investigation of sociocultural and political change. It is conducted by a network of social scientists at leading universities all around the world. The survey is performed on nationally representative samples in almost 100 countries which contain almost 90 percent of the world's population, using a common questionnaire. WVS has been carried out since 1981. Data files are available for download in comma delimited, SPSS SAV, R, and STATA formats (free registration required). The site also includes an online data analysis module, allowing users to select countries and samples for browsing data. Its cartographical view provides a different view of results and allows users to get indicators useful to build rankings. Maps are displayed for indicators built for each variable.

(Back to the Crossroads Search main page)