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A Timely Guide to the American Community Survey: From the US Census Long Form to the ACS (CQ Press)
The Timely Guide site, presented in blog format, is a section of the second edition of the Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census from CQ Press. The Guide was posted in December, in conjunction with the U.S. Census Bureau's release of the first set of American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates of population down to the census tract and block-group level for all geographic areas. The guide includes an introduction, frequently-asked questions, history and methodology of the ACS, and information on interpreting ACS data.

AAPI Data (Karthick Ramakrishnan)
AAPI Data publishes demographic data and policy research on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Its Quick Stats has social, economic, and political data by diefferent geographical levels: national, state, county, congressional district, and metro area. Its Dataset Repository is a collaborative project between and the National Council of Asian Pacific Americans (NCAPA). Data (in SPSS, SAS, Stata, ASCII, and comma delimited) and document files are freely available from this repository.

Access to Archival Databases (AAD) (National Archives and Record Administration (NARA))
This searchable collection of online databases comprises around 85 million machine-readable historical records, comprising 475 datasets from over 30 United States federal agencies. Topics are diverse, ranging from prisoners of war to work stoppages to color photographs from NASA. Search results display in HTML tables but may then be downloaded in CSV. Entire datasets from the AAD collection may be ordered from NARA for a fee.

Administration for Community Living (U.S. Administration for Community Living)

The "Aging and Disability in America" section of the U.S. Administration for Community Living website provides links to the following databases and reports:

  • Profile of Older Americans
  • Aging Integrated Database (AGID)
  • Census Data & Population Estimates
  • Projected Future Growth of Older Population
  • Minority Aging
  • Key Indicators of Well-Being

The links are located under the sub-section titled "Data and Research"

African Census Analysis Project (ACAP) (Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania)
The African Census Analysis Project, a collaboration between the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania and various African governments, is dedicated to preserving and disseminating African census microdata. The first round of the project has focused on 1970-1990. The collection in 2009 includes 55 censuses for 26 African nations. The project's platform for disseminating the data is called the Pan-African Census Explorer (PACE). Users will be able to choose among three levels of access: Census Navigator, Census Guide, and Census Explorer. The Navigator is the only level available as of December 2009, providing standard tables and documentation. Census Guide will allow dynamic queries on grouped data to produce tables and maps. Census Explorer, the most detailed and powerful level, will allow access to microdata for subsetting and flexible analysis. Free registration is required to use the PACE.

AgeSource/AgeStats Worldwide (AARP International)

AARP International has created a pair of annotated databases, AgeSource and AgeStats, to identify and link to aging-related information online. AgeSource covers "clearinghouses, databases, libraries, directories, bibliographies and reading lists, texts and reports, national statistical resources, training materials, and Web 'metasites' focused on aging or closely allied subjects." AgeStats focuses on statistics comparing the situation of older adults between countries and regions. Users can keyword-search the annotations and also limit the search by type of resource (e.g. statistical resource) and geographic area. The AARP International site also features "country profiles", which consists of a table of quick aging-related stats such as life expectancy, statutory retirement age, and total health care expenditures per capita. .

AgingResearchBiobank (National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)
The AgingResearchBiobank has two components: Biologic Specimens (Biorepository) and Data Repository. It has a collection of biospecimens and related phenotypic and clinical data from NIA-funded clinical trials and longitudinal/observational studies. Only registered users can access and use the data and sample request systems on the AgingResearchBiobank website. (Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics)
This site features a biennial report called Older Americans: Key Indicators of Well-Being. It covers key indicators selected to portray aspects of the lives of older Americans and their families. There are five subject areas: population, economics, health status, health risks and behaviors, environment, special feature, figures, and health care. Key indicators are also available in Excel spreadsheet format. Reports are available back to 2000. Resources page provides links to the web sites of ongoing, federally sponsored surveys relevant to the aging.

All China Data Center (All China Marketing Research)

China Data Center founded in 1997 serves as an international center for advancing the study and understanding of China. A primary goal of the center is the integration of historical, social and natural science data in a geographic information system. The center is supported by All China Marketing Research (ACMR). It provides the China Data Online subscriptions, distributes China statistical data and publications, and provides data services outside of China.

While most of the data mentioned on the site are subscription-based, the China Data Center does offer some free data.

Note: UW-Madison does not subscribe to China Data Online. DISC's single-user free partial-subscription to China Data online has been discontinued, as the offer is no longer available for large institutions.

American Community Survey (ACS) (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The U.S. Census Bureau launched the full implementation of the American Community Survey (ACS) in January 2005, on track to replace the decennial census "long form" for the year 2010. The ACS is sent out to 250,000 households monthly, or approximately 1 in 40 households annually. For areas with populations of 65,000 or more, ACS annual data will be available beginning in the summer of 2006. For areas with populations between 20,000 and 65,000, annual data will first be released in the summer of 2008 based on rolling 3-year averages. For smaller areas down to the tract level, annual data will debut in the summer of 2010 based on rolling 5-year averages. ACS helps local officials, community leaders and businesses understand the changes taking place in their communities. It is the premier source for detailed information about the American people and workforce.

American FactFinder (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
American FactFinder provides access to data about the United States, Puerto Rico and the Island Areas. The data in American FactFinder come from several censuses and surveys. They include the American Community Survey, the American Housing Survey, Annual Economic Surveys, Annual Surveys of Governments, the Census of Governments, the Commodity Flow Survey, the Decennial Census, the Economic Census, the Economic Census of the Island Areas, the Survey of Business Owners, the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation, the Population Estimates Program, and the Puerto Rico Community Survey. Starting in June 2019, American FactFinder will have no new data releases. Its contents are migrating to Learn more about by watching this recorded webinar.

American Mosaic Project (Doug Hartmann and Penny Edgell)
The American Mosaic Project is a multi-year, multi-method study of the bases of solidarity and diversity in American life. The principal investigators of this project are Doug Hartmann, Penny Edgell and Joseph Gerteis at the University of Minnesota, and the project is funded by the Edelstein Family Foundation of Minneapolis, MN.

The survey was designed to gather data on diversity with a particular emphasis on race and religion. A nationally-representative telephone survey was conducted during the summer of 2003; additional in-depth interviews and fieldwork across the country, explored the various contexts in which Americans experience diversity, focusing on religious interfaith organizations, neighborhoods, and festivals. Key findings on Discrimination, Atheism, Anti-Semitism, Racial attitudes of Conservative Christians, Diversity, Racial Attitudes and Religion, and Racial Privilege are available as press releases at this site.

American Time Use Survey Data Extract Builder (ATUS-X) (Minnesota Population Center)

From the ATUS-X web site: "The American Time Use Survey Data Extract Builder (ATUS-X) is a project dedicated to making it easy for researchers to use data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS). The ATUS is an ongoing time diary study, started in 2003, that is funded by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and fielded by the U.S. Census Bureau. It provides detailed information about the activities in which respondents engage together with extensive information about the characteristics of those respondents and other members of their households."

ATUS-X assigns uniform codes to the variables across years, and makes the documentation more accessible. With a free registration, users can create extracts from the data, selecting and downloading only the variables and years they need.

Area Health Resource File (AHRF) (Quality Resource Systems, Inc.)
"The Area Health Resource File (AHRF) is a database containing over 6,000 variables for each county in the US. AHRF formerly known as Area Resource File (ARF) is used for health service research, health policy analysis, and other geographically based activities." The ARF data from 1940-1990, as well as the 1999, 2005 and 2009-2010 releases, are available at DISC for UW-Madison campus users. The ARF website provides a search engine to identify which variables are available in the most recent annual release.

Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America (Eonomic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture)

The U.S Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service has released the Atlas of Rural and Small-town America, an online mapping application. The Atlas allows users to map over 60 socioeconomic indicators at the county level. The indicators in the Atlas fit into four broad categories:

  • People--Demographic data from the American Community Survey, including age, race and ethnicity, migration and immigration, education, household size and family composition
  • Jobs--Economic data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and other sources, including information on employment trends, unemployment, industrial composition, and household income
  • Agriculture--Indicators from the latest Census of Agriculture, including number and size of farms, operator characteristics, off-farm income, and government payments
  • County classifications--the rural-urban continuum, economic dependence, persistent poverty, population loss, and other ERS county codes

The data in the Atlas may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet.

Basic Tables: 1990 Demographic Profile Generator (Urban Information Center, University of Missouri-St. Louis)
"This application generates a single 1990 'Basic Tables' (demographic profile) report for any of the supported geographic units, including census tract, block group, city (no size limit), 5-digit ZIP code, state, county or metro area for anywhere in the United States. Enter only codes relevant to the area for which you want data." Although this is a terrific resource, it is not necessarily easy to use -- primarily because the selection is geographic code-based rather than clicking on a selection list. The good news is that there is a Lots of Helpful Examples document to help get you started; this document provides links to places that can help you get the codes you need.

Canadian Century Research Infrastructure (Canadian Century Research Infrastructure)
The Canadian Century Research Infrastructure is a five year initiative to develop databases from Canadian manuscript census records from the period of 1911 to 1951. The resulting project will link this database to other databases that cover 1871 to 1901 and 1961 to 2001. The site currently provides a listing of variables for 1911 to 1951. In English and French.

Carolina Population Center (CPC) (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)

The Carolina Population Center (CPC) is "a community of scholars and professionals collaborating on interdisciplinary research and methods that advance understanding of population issues." Research projects specialize in the following themes, both internationally and in the U.S.:

  • Family, Fertility, and Children
  • Population Diversity and Inequality
  • Social and Spatial Contexts of Demographic and Health Behavior
  • Economic, Demographic, and Health Transitions
  • Population and Environment
  • Health Behavior and Infectious Disease
  • Demography and Economics of Aging

CPC projects include the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, the China Health and Nutrition Survey, the MEASURE Evaluation Project, the Nang Rong Projects, the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Heatlh, and the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey.

CenStats (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
Censtats included data from across programs, including county business patterns, international trade, building permits, and the decennial census. This data tool is not longer avilable, however, all of the data distributed through Censtats remains available on and current programs will continue to publish data online.

Census 2010 (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The U.S. Census Bureau released results from its 2010 Census at this site.

Census Bureau Experimental Data Products (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
Experimental data products at the Census Bureau are innovative statistical products created using new data sources or methodologies. Here are some products might benefit data users.

  • Quarterly Business Formation Statistics (BFS) consist of four business application series and eight business formation series. The BFS relies only on administrative data from the IRS, specifically the data on applications for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) via IRS Form SS-4.
  • Weekly Business Formation Statistics (BFS) release data at the national regional, and state levels.
  • Community Resilience measures the capacity of individuals and households to absorb, endure, and recover from the health, social, and economic impacts of a disaster such as a hurricane or pandemic.
  • Dispersion Statistics on Productivity (DiSP) provides statistics on within-industry dispersion in productivity for the manufacturing sector.
  • Household Pulse Survey tracks changes during the Coronavirus pandemic.
  • Monthly State Retail Sales data combine Monthly Retail Trade Survey data, administrative data, and third-party data.
  • Post-Secondary Employment Outcomes (PSEO) provides data on earnings and employment outcomes for college and university graduates by degree level, degree major, and post-secondary institution.
  • Robotic Equipment Expenditures provide measures of robot adoption intensity and the impact on employment and productivity.
  • Selected Monthly State Sales Tax Collections data are available by state, month, year, and type of tax.
  • Small Business Pulse Survey tracks business changes during the Coronavirus pandemic.
  • Supplemental Quarterly E-Commerce Table shows e-commerce sales broken out by retailers' primary kind of business.
  • Veteran Employment Outcomes (VEO) include earnings and employment outcomes for U.S. Army veterans.

Census Bureau FTP site (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
For those who like to ferret out files without the annoyances of a fancy front end --check out the census_1980, census_1990, and census_2000 directories.

Census of India (Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India)
The Census of India web site carries data and information relating to the decennial censuses of India.

Census Product Catalog (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Census Product Catalog provides descriptions and ordering contact information for Census Bureau products -- CD-ROMs, DVDs, publications, maps and other statistical and reference products. This is now the only product catalog on the Census web site; e-sales were discontinued in Fall 2007. The catalog contains brief product descriptions but no prices; customers must call the Customer Service Center for price and ordering information.

CensusScope (Social Science Data Analysis Network)
The Social Science Data Network (SSDAN) at the University of Michigan offers this point and click interface to Census 2000 data. Pre-selected topics for charts, maps, and trends let the user choose a state or metro area using drop-down menus. The graphics are eye-catching and suitable for printing.

Center for Business & Economic Research (CBER) - Alabama (Culverhouse College of Business, University of Alabama)
The Center for Business and Economic Research (CBER) was established in 1930 in the Culverhouse College of Business at the University of Alabama. It is an outreach unit designed to promote Alabama’s economic development through research and public service. It houses the Alabama State Data Center and is source for most current analysis of Census data, population estimates and projections, and other demographics throughout the state.

Center for Demography and Ecology (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Many excellent CDE Working Papers are available online.

Center for International Development Research Datasets (Harvard University)
The Research Datasets Page at Harvard's Center for International Development (CID) contain links to datasets and accompanying papers results from research done at the Center. Data is presented in a various formats. Some titles include: Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia; International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications; and, Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies.

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) (Columbia University)
Columbia University's CIESIN works with on-line data applications and training in the fields of social and natural sciences. The site features links to freely-available data from CIESIN's ftp servers, such as the China Dimensions Data Collection and the Environmental Sustainability Index.

Center for Migration and Development (Princeton University)
Founded in 1998, the Center for Migration and Development (CMD) conduct research on international migration and national development particularly the relationship between immigrant communities in the developed world and the growth and development prospects of the sending nations. These studies are freely available from its data archive. The Adaptation Process of Cuban and Haitian Refugees (CHR), The Comparative Immigrant Entrepreneurship Project (CIEP), The Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS), The Comparative Immigrant Organizations Project (CIOP), Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the US (CMI), Caribbean Urbanization in the years of the Crisis (CUIC), Children of Immigrants in Spain (ILSEG), Values, and Institutional Quality, and Development in Portugal (VIQD). Datasets are available in ASCII, Stata, and/or SPSS formats. The codebooks are available in pdf, rtf or cdx.

Child and Family Data Archive (C&F Data Archive) (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families (ACF). Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) and Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
The Child and Family (C&F) Data Archive hosts over 300 datasets. It allows visitors to discover, access, and analyze data on young children, their families and communities, and the programs that serve them.

Child Trends Databank (Child Trends)
The Child Trends DataBank is an online resource for indicators of child and family well-being and associated measures. It includes population-based measures like health, mental health, health-related behaviors, violence, drug and tobacco usage, and more. This site provides mainly statistics and tabulated data, but also includes links to the data sources of their research analyses.

China Dimensions (CIESIN/SEDAC)
The China Data Management Team of SEDAC (Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center) at CIESIN developed a large collection of data on China up to the first half of the 1990s, to be used in consort with GIS systems, such as: County-Level Data on Population and Agriculture, 1990: Keyed to 1:1M GIS Map. County-Level Data on Provincial Economic Yearbooks, 1990-91: Keyed to 1:1M GIS Map. Agricultural Statistics of the People's Republic of China, 1949-94.

Components of Population Change (Nineteenth Century) (Michael Haines)
The five text-based tables in this file were prepared by Michael Haines of Colgate University. The goal is to provide some updated summary information on the components of population change, the composition of the population, fertility and mortality, regional population redistribution, and recorded immigration to the United States from 1790 to 1920.

Comprehensive Epidemiologic Data Resource (CEDR) (U.S. Department of Energy)
The Comprehensive Epidemiologic Data Resource (CEDR) is a "public-use repository of data from occupational and environmental health studies of workers at DOE facilities and nearby community residents. DOE is the federal agency responsible for the development, testing, and production of nuclear weapons. Because this work involves exposures to ionizing radiation and other potentially hazardous materials, DOE established an epidemiologic program in the 1960's to monitor the health of its workforce. Later, an environmental dose reconstruction program was initiated to study the potential health risks due to releases that traveled off-site to communities near DOE facilities." The site includes multiple datasets related to radiation and health. Users must be authorized to view data from the site. Click on sign up on the menu bar to become an authorized CEDR user.

Current Population Survey Table Creator (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The U.S. Bureau of the Census offers the Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. The data comes from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) since 2003. The ASEC is the survey formerly known as the Annual Demographic Survey aka the March Supplement. The table-creation form comes in seven sections: Years of data, universe, subsets, variable selection, statistics, customized formatting, and appearance issues. A "Detailed Examples" section shows examples of table creation.

Cutler/Glaeser/Vigdor Segregation Data (David Cutler, Edward Glaeser, Jacob Vigdor)
This geographic/historical dataset contains ASCII files for years 1890-2000, documentation concerning the segregation measures and supplemental census geographic data. Note: the site is no longer being maintained at Duke University. The link is to a version archived by the "Wayback Machine" in 2008.

Data Sharing for Demographic Research (DSDR) (Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) and Carolina Population Center (CPC), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Data Sharing for Demographic Research (DSDR) provides assistance to both users and producers of demographic data. DSDR services include confidentiality and disclosure review, restricted data contract development and data dissemination, and a searchable index of important demography and population study data with links to the data. (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The U.S. Census Bureau has a new platform for visitors to access its data and digital content. Surveys and programs on the new platform include 2017 Economic Census and 2018 American Community Survey. American FactFinder and DataFerrett will be replaced by this new platform. Starting in June 2019, American FactFinder will have no new data releases. On the new platform, visitors can type in words or phrases in one simple search box or use advanced search by topics, geographies, years, surveys, and industries. Data can be downloaded in CSV format. OnTheMap, MyCongressional District, and many other tools will continue to be available to Census data users. Check out Data Gems for experts' tips and How-to documents about this new microdata analysis system.

Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID))

The MEASURE DHS program facilitiates the Demographic and Health Survey, the Service Provision Assessment (SPA) Survey, and the HIV/AIDS Indicator Survey (AIS). The resulting datasets, which focus on Central and South America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, are available for direct downloading. Datasets include information on family planning, maternal and child health, child survival, AIDS, educational attainment, and household composition and characteristics. Online data tools include:

  • the STATcompiler tool for quick facts and country comparisons, allowing users to build customized tables from DHS surveys and indicators.
  • the HIV/AIDS Survey Indicators Database, for creating HIV/AIDS data tables from a variety of sources.
  • the STATmapper tool for creating maps from DHS data in more than 75 countries.

Documentation and SPSS/PC and SAS data dictionaries are also available. Users must register and receive a password to download datasets.

Harmonized DHS data is available at IPUMS Global Health. (Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University) is designed as an information system to monitor the state of wellbeing, diversity, opportunity and equity for U.S. children. Visitors can view and assess important differences across seven geographic levels (depending on data availability): the neighborhood, county, city, school district, metropolitan area, state and national levels. All of their data and analyses are presented by race/ethnicity, and when possible, also by socioeconomic status and immigrant status. It monitors child outcomes as well as key factors (including opportunities, conditions, and resources) that drive child outcomes.

Economic & Business Research Center - Arizona (Eller College of Management, University of Arizona)
The Economic and Business Research Center provides economic and socio-demographic data, economic forecasts, and analysis for Arizona.

FAOSTAT (United Nations. Food and Agricultural Organization)
"FAOSTAT provides access to over 3 million time-series and cross sectional data relating to food and agriculture. FAOSTAT contains data for 200 countries and more than 200 primary products and inputs, just in its core." The FAOSTAT system was overhauled in 2006, with new features released gradually over the course of the year. The updated site relies on a core database which both integrates and serves as a gateway to complementary thematic databases.

Florida Bureau of Economic & Business Research (BEBR) (Warrington College of Business, University of Florida)
The Florida Bureau of Economic & Business Research (BEBR) web site carries free reports in PDF of retail price and wage indices by Florida county; Florida price level indices; historical census counts for Florida and counties 1830 through 2000; and per capita & total personal income by MSA and county. Other publications are available for purchase, including the Florida Statistical Abstract in hard copy and on CD-ROM.

Gateway to Global Aging Data ( Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR), Program on Global Aging, Health & Policy, University of Southern California)
Gateway to Global Aging Data is a platform designed for harmonizing cross-national studies of aging to Health and Retirement Study (HRS). It includes Health and Retirement Study (HRS), Mexican Health and Ageing Study (MHAS), English Longitudinal Study on Ageing (ELSA), Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging (KLoSA), Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR), Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), China Health, Aging, and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE), and Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI). It has a digital library contains survey questions, sets of harmonized variables, and tools to search, compare, and obtain the information from various health and retirement surveys from over 25 countries. Its Interactive Graphs and Tables page can produce population estimates in a graph or table format as well as data visualization on a map of the globe.

GenderStats (World Bank)
GenderStats is an interactive database of gender statistics, developed by the World Bank's Gender and Development. GenderStats offers country data sheets showing summary gender indicators, basic demographic data, population dynamics, labor force structure, and education and health statistics. Data sources for GenderStats include national statistics, United Nations databases, and World Bank-conducted or funded surveys. Results may be saved in Excel format.

Generations and Gender Contextual Database (GGP) (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) is a research infrastructure for Social Science. It provides micro- and macro-level data at the national and regional level to improve the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. GPP has these key features: cross-national comparability, a longitudinal design, a large sample size, a broad age range, a combination of micro and macro data and a theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. The GGP surveys and contextual database provide a wide variety of data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. Researchers need to register first before they access GGP data.

Geocorr Applications (Missouri Census Data Center)
Geocorr previously know as Mable/Geocorr Geographic Correspondence Engine is an interactive tool allowing researchers to input source geographic units, and receive equivalent target units to provide correlation, or crosswalk tables. Any geographic unit specified in U.S. Censuses, from nation down to block level, plus special designated areas such as Congressional Districts, School District, ZIP codes, and PUMAs from the Public-Use Microdata Samples may be used as either source or target geocodes. The user may choose to weight the correlation by either population, housing unit counts or land area, depending on the subject. The gigantic database that underlies this operation is called MABLE--Master Area Block Level Equivalency file.

GetFacts (University of Wisconsin-Extension and Applied Population Laboratory, UW-Madison)

GetFacts allows users to map, plot, or download data for the state of Wisconsin using selected variables from the following datasets:

  • Census 2000
  • Census 2010
  • American Community Survey 2008-2012
  • WI Dept. of Revenue (DOR) Revenues / Expenditures 2010

Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data (The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME))
Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data captures premature death and disability from more than 300 diseases and injuries in 195 countries, by age and sex, from 1990 to the present, allowing comparisons over time, across age groups, and among populations. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) has built online data visualization tools to present recent GBD data using country profiles and US county profiles. Some GBD data can be downloaded from the Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx) site :

Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) (U.S. National Air and Space Administration (NASA))
The Global Change Master Directory is a large database of records containing annotated links pointing to web pages for "Earth science datasets and services relevant to global change and Earth science research." The section on Human Dimensions, available as a link from the front page, makes the connection between the physical sciences that are the primary emphasis of the directory and the social sciences upon which global change impacts. The Human Dimensions section of the directory includes close to 3,400 records in the categories of Attitudes/Preferences/Behavior, Economic Resources, Human Health, Natural Hazards and more. Each record contains links, a brief text summary, contact information for the person or entity that created the site, and in many cases a Google Earth map showing the geographic coverage of the information.

Global Population Database (CIESIN)
Used to map the populations of 107 countries, in three subsets: Total, Rural, and Urban population counts. The database uses a rectangular grid for mapping of 20 minutes of latitude by 30 minutes of longitude (about 2,000 square kilometers at the equator). For urban areas of more than 25,000 people, density circles are drawn to provide more detail. Population projections from the U.S. Census Bureau's International Programs Center allow for the latest migration patterns. Documentation viewable on the web site, data available via FTP in ARC/INFO format.

Google Public Data Explorer (Google Labs)
Google Public Data Explorer is an online data visualization tool that allows users to explore publicly-available data within the site's collections, and design their own graphs and tables for display. Displays can be animated to show changes over time, and users can link or embed the visualizations in their own web pages. The initial collection includes selected data from the World Bank, OECD, Eurostat and several statistical agencies in the United States. While the collection is growing, it is not comprehensive. The data itself cannot be downloaded directly from Google, but links are provided to the source websites.

Great Britain Historical GIS Project (University of Portsmouth)
The Great Britain Historical GIS Project aims to be a comprehensive description of Great Britain and places within Great Britain, back through history. The project contains geographic information ranging from mapped coordinates to text descriptions from gazetteers and historical travel accounts. The project also includes a vast quantity of geographically-linked historical social data, much of which makes up the Great Britain Historical Database. The GIS project produces the graphically-rich Vision of Britain through time site; see in particular the Statistical Atlas.

Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition Online (UW-Madison subscription) (Cambridge University Press)
The previous edition covered colonial times through 1970 and was issued by the U.S. Bureau of the Census in honor of the U.S. Bicentennial (DISC has the bicentennial edition on CD-ROM). The present edition, greatly expanded and updated, was undertaken by Cambridge University Press, resulting in a web edition as well as 5 volumes in print (print volumes available at several libraries on the UW-Madison campus). Major subject categories include: Population, Work and Welfare, Economic Structure and Performance, Economic Sectors, Governance and International Relations. The online version offers tables for download in XLS and CSV, along with a custom table feature for combining more than one table. The custom tables and some other site features require a free registration, in addition to the subscription provided by UW-Madison via IP-authentication.

HNPStats (World Bank)
HNPStats, short for Health, Nutrition, and Population Statistics, is a component of the Knowledge Management System of the World Bank's Human Development Network. HNPStats offers a query system for an international database of time series covering indicators for health status, health determinants, and health finance. Results may be downloaded in Excel. The site also carries country summaries in Excel and PDF.

Homelessness PIT and HIC Data (US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Hud Exchange)
These datasets contain Point-in-Time (PIT) estimates and national PIT estimates of homelessness as well as national estimates of homelessness by state and estimates of chronic homelessness from 2007 and on. Estimates of homeless veterans are also included beginning in 2011. The accompanying Housing Inventory Count (HIC) data is available starting in 2007. Data is in Microsoft Excel format.

Human Mortality Database (Department of Demography at the University of California-Berkeley and The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research)
The Human Mortality Database is the sister of the Human Life Table Database. The Human Mortality Database is also an outgrowth of the Department of Demography at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, and at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. The Database measures mortality data by country, specifically industrialized countries such as the United States and much of Western Europe. Users can download data by country (free registration required).

IEA Census State Data Center - Arkansas (University of Arkansas at Little Rock, College of Business)
The web site of the IEA Census State Data Center for Arkansas features online census data for Arkansas, both from the decennial census and the American Community Survey.

Immigration Statistics (Office of Immigration Statistics, U.S. Department of Homeland Security)
This site provides comprehensive annual immigration statistics, profiles of naturalized citizens and legal permanent residents, immigration maps, and reports on the immigration-related activities of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The annual Statistical Yearbook makes available detailed tables in Excel format for editions since 1996.

Indiastat (UW-Madison subscription) (Datanet India) provides socio-economic statistical data primarily from Indian government sources in electronic formats (both HTML and Excel files). Data includes statistics on demographics, health, higher education, agricultural and industrial production information, economic statistics, etc. Information from specific sectors such as bank and financial institutions, companies, co-operatives, crime and law, population, foreign trade, labor and workforce, housing, media, power, and transportation are also included. Note: UW-Madison subscribes via IP-authentication. If asked for member sign-in, select "IP Login." Campus license allows one simultaneous user.

Institute for Community Alliances (ICA) Wisconsin (Institute for Community Alliances (ICA) Wisconsin)
The Institute for Community Alliances (ICA) Wisconsin office provides training and support to Homeless Management Information System (HMIS). HMIS database collects client-level data and provides reporting capabilities on behalf of homeless continua of care (CoC). Annual reports on homelessness in Wisconsin from 2013 to present are available from this site. Custom data can be requested by completing an online form.

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) (Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)

The IPUMS project makes census microdata available for the U.S. (1850 to present) and for an increasing number of international censuses. For each arm of the project (U.S., International, and Current Population Survey), samples are combined into a unified database, with uniform codes and integrated documentation. Users can create and download extracts online. One major asset of IPUMS International, the international arm of the project, is the inventory of known censuses and surviving microdata. Free registration and agreement to conditions of use are required for download.

The site also includes the following projects from the Minnesota Population Center:

  • American Time Use Survey (ATUS)
  • Global Health
  • Integrated Health Interview Series
  • Harmonized International Census Data
  • National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS)
  • North Atlantic Population Project
  • Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
  • Terra Integrates Population and Environmental Data

International Data Base (IDB) (U.S. Bureau of the Census, International Programs Center)
The IDB contains demographic statistics for all countries of the world, combining data from country sources (especially censuses and surveys) with IPC's estimates and projections to provide information dating back as far as 1950 and as far ahead as 2050. Data includes population, fertility, mortality, and migration indicators. Tables may be viewed online, downloaded in spreadsheet or customizable (comma or space delimited, etc.) format, or the entire database may be downloaded for use on a PC.

International Migrant Stock (United Nations Population Division)
International Migrant Stock database provides estimates of international migrant by age, sex and origin for all countries and areas of the world. These estimates are based on official statistics on the foreign-born or the foreign population. Meanwhile, the United Nations Global Migration Database (UNGMD) has the empirical data on the number of international migrants by country of birth and citizenship, sex and age as enumerated by population censuses, population registers, nationally representative surveys and other official statistical sources from more than 200 countries and territories in the world. Migration Profiles - Common Set of Indicators includes development indicators such as life expectancy, GDP per capita, remittances and others. It also covers international migration by major age-group and country of origin and destination, refugee populations by country of origin and destination, and the number of tertiary students by country of origin. These indicators are organized by countries and are in PDF and in MS-Excel format.

IPUMS CPS (Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)
IPUMS-CPS is an integrated set of microdata from 1962 to almost the present of the March annual supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The Current Population Survey is a monthly U.S. household survey conducted jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the March supplement collects demographic and income information widely used by social scientists and policy makers. So that the data may be more easily compared across time, IPUMS-CPS codes the variables identically from year to year. The data is also compatible with the IPUMS-USA decennial census project, at IPUMS-CPS covers all substantive variables from the original CPS samples. A free registration is required to create and download extracts from IPUMS.

IPUMS Global Health (Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)
IPUMS Global Health includes integrated international health surveys data form Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Performance Monitoring for Action (PMA). DHS covers Africa and South Asian surveys from the 1980s to the present with variables on pregnancy termination, childrearing, women's work, marriage and sexuality, family planning, HIV, malaria, postpartum care, health care access, treatment of child fever/respiratory illness, and vaccinations. Integrated PMA surveys are administered frequently to monitor trends in select high-fertility countries in Africa and Asia. IPUMS PMA provides an interactive web dissemination system for PMA data with variable documentation on thousands of harmonized variables on family planning, water and sanitation, and health.

IPUMS Higher Ed (The Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)
IPUMS Higher Ed offers harmonized versions of the surveys incorporated into the NSF Scientists and Engineers Statistical Database (SESTAT), which is composed of three National Science Foundation surveys: the National Survey of College Graduates, the Survey of Doctorate Recipients, and the National Survey of Recent College Graduates. Its data includes education history, labor force status, employer and academic institution characteristics, income, and work activities. SESTAT data have been used previously to study a wide variety of topics, including gender differences in the labor force and the presence of immigrants in the U.S. science and engineering workforce.

IPUMS Multigenerational Longitudinal Panel (MLP) (Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)
IPUMS USA has a set of crosswalks to link individual records in full count historical census data between adjacent censuses from 1900 to 1940. These cross-walks contain IDs that link persons between census years. They are intended for use with IPUMS data extracts. To download these data, you must agree to IPUMS USA terms of use and register to create your user account with IPUMS.

Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement (JSTAR) (Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) and Hitotsubashi University and the University of Tokyo)
The Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement (JSTAR), a panel survey of elderly people aged 50 or older in Japan, was launched in 2007 and data from the first wave of the study was released in 2010. JSTAR focuses on the economic, social, and health conditions of elderly people. The study is designed to be comparable to the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) in the United States, Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA). The questionnaire, codebook, and a report on the first results can be downloaded from the site. The site also describes conditions, confidentiality levels, and application instructions for qualified researchers and agencies to receive the data free of charge. The JSTAR datasets are available in Stata and CSV formats.

Kannisto-Thatcher Database on Old Age Mortality (Väinö Kannisto and A. Roger Thatcher)
The Kannisto-Thatcher database on old age mortality (K-T database) includes data on death counts and population counts classified by sex, age, year of birth, and calendar year for more than 30 countries. This database was established for estimating the death rates at the highest ages (above age 80). This database is maintained by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Researchers need to register first before they access this database.

Kuwait - Central Statistical Bureau (State of Kuwait Central Statistical Bureau)
Socio-economic and agricultural statistics for the State of Kuwait are published by its Central Statistical Bureau. Statistical reports are downloadable in pdf format. Most reports are in Arabic but some are in English and Arabic.

Language Use (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
This section of the U.S. Census site provides summary tables on language spoken at home and ability to speak English, by age, for states and United States. Data is derived both from decennial censuses (1990 & 2000) and the American Community Survey (ACS) from 2006 to recent years.

Latin American Migration Project (LAMP) (Princeton University and University of Guadalajara)
The Latin American Migration Project (LAMP) is a multidisciplinary research project based at Princeton University and the University of Guadalajara. The survey is based on the Mexican Migration Project and uses the same methodology: an ethnosurvey approach, combining ethnographic techniques with representative survey sampling to gather qualitative as well as quantitative data. Latin American migration to the United States is the focus, but some additional migration patterns are included as well, such as migration from Paraguay to Argentina. The LAMP began in 1998, with the survey of five communities in Puerto Rico, and has since expanded to include the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Peru, Haiti, Guatemala, Columbia, El Slsavador, and Ecuardo. Data from all these countries is available for download (free registration required).

Longitudinal Tract Database (LTDB), 1970-2010 (John R. Logan, Zengwang Xu, and Brian J. Stults)
In every U.S. decennial census, many tracts are split, consolidated, or changed to reflect population growth or decline. The Longitudinal Tract Database (LTDB), 1970-2010 provides estimates using 2010 boundaries for a standard set of variables from 1970 through 2000. LTDB inlcudes full count and sample count from decennial censuses, and sample data from the American Community Survey for 2008-2012. LTDB files can be downloaded after you fill out a short user agreement.

Madison Neighborhood Indicators Project (City of Madison, Wisconsin)
The Madison Neighborhood Indicators Project program, funded by the City of Madison (Wisconsin) and hosted by UW-Madison's Applied Population Lab, offers a single year of selected data indicators plus mapping capability, covering the city of Madison as a whole and 70 neighborhoods, also organized as 57 planning districts. Indicators for each neighborhood include a basic area & population profile, public safety indicators, health & well-being indicators, community action & involvement indicators, economic vitality indicators, and housing quality & availability indicators. Mapping and neighborhood-comparison tools are available on the site. Note that some indicators, particularly relating to health and family well-being, are suppressed at the neighborhood level due to privacy concerns. The project launched as a pilot in 2008 with 5 neighborhoods, and went city-wide in October 2009.

Maryland State Data Center (Maryland State Data Center)
Although each state has Data Centers in collaboration with the U.S. Census Bureau, Maryland's online offerings are more extensive than most. The site focuses on census information and socioeconomic projects for the state of Maryland.

Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000 (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
"Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790-2000" tracks the development of the census in the United States from 1790 to the present. The report shows the growth of the United States and the gradual changes in population demographics through questionnaires used in each census. Methodology for each census is also included. Note: DISC also has a print copy available in the library.

Metropolitan Racial and Ethnic Change--Census 2000 (Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research, State University of New York at Albany)
These pages from the Lewis Mumford Center offer information and analyses of how the racial and ethnic composition of metropolitan areas has shifted from 1990 to 2000, and how increasing diversity is experienced at the level of local neighborhoods. The data page of the site offers 11 topic choices, relying on Census data, including segregation in the population as a whole, school segregation, and homeowners/renters. For each topic, there are 3 ways to view the data: select a metro area (HTML output), sortable lists (again HTML, but the tables can be re-sorted with a mouse click), or download as Excel files.

Migration and Remittances Data (World Bank)
Migration and remittances data are available in Excel format. Annual remittance data include inflows and outflows. Monthly remittance flows to selected countries can be downloaded in Excel as well. Bilateral remittances matrices start in 2010. Migration data include bilateral migration matrix, bilateral migration database, 1960-2000, panel data on international migration, 1975-2000 and extended bilateral migration database - joint OECD - World Bank. Household survey data on migration and remittances for Burkina Faso, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda can be accessed from this web site.

Millennium Development Goals (The World Bank)
The World Bank has adopted the 8 goals set out by the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals initiative, and offers data on the progress toward those goals as part of its Data Bank.

Minorities at Risk (MAR) (Center for International Development and Conflict Management, University of Maryland)
The Minorities at Risk project tracks 284 politically-active ethnic groups worldwide. The project focuses on ethnopolitical groups that experience discriminatory treatment in relation to other groups in society, and that mobilize for political action on the basis of their identity and self-defined interests. The data section of the site includes both qualitative and quantitative elements. The qualitative area carries reports of risk assessments and analytic summaries for each of the groups in the project, as well as chronologies for each group that detail important events in the history of each group and their location. The variables in the quantitative data address such aspects as group characteristics, organization, discrimination, collective interests, and conflict behavior. The site also includes a Discrimination Dataset, available either in SPSS or Excel, that records overall levels of political and economic discrimination for all groups in the Minorities at Risk Project.

Missouri Census Data Center (MCDC) (Missouri State Library)
The MCDC has an impressive web site of tools and data, focusing on U.S. Census data for Missouri but with some nationwide components and other economic indicators as well. Highlights include the UEXPLORE application that lets advanced users explore and download from the extensive MCDC data archive; the MCDC Internet Map Server (GIS for non-experts); and a Circular Area Profiles online application to generate aggregate SF3 Census data for a circular area where the user defines the center and radius.

Missouri State Census Data Center County Population Trends Report, 1990-2016 (Missouri State Census Data Center (MCDC))
According to the MCDC website, "This application generates trend reports showing change and percent change (total and annualized) at the nation, state, or county level for selected time periods and demographic categories". Demographic categories include race and age. Data is obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics. Data is available in HTML, PDF, and Exel format.

Nang Rong Projects (Thailand) (Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and The Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University (Thailand))
(from the web site) "The Nang Rong Projects are designed to monitor and promote understanding of the sweeping demographic, social, and environmental changes taking place in Nang Rong, Thailand, over the last 20 years. Scholars from across the US and Thailand contribute to research on life course choices, fertility and contraceptive behavior, migration processes, and land use/land cover change." The projects include a household census (1984, 1994, 2000); migrant follow-up data (1994/5, 2000/1); documentation of social networks; community-level data; and GIS sources. Most of the household data and migrant follow-up data are downloadable for public use, while other areas of the data are restricted and require an IRB-approved research plan and a contractual confidentiality agreement.

National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) Catalog of Surveillance Systems ( National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR))
The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) Catalogue of Surveillance Systems has 100 publicly available datasets with information on health behaviors, outcomes, determinants, policies and environmental factors. This free online resource was created for researchers and practitioners to investigate childhood obesity in America.

National Health and Aging Trends Survey (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health)
The National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) was designed to follow nationally representative cohorts of persons ages 65 and older and enrolled in Medicare. Round 1 of the study was fielded in 2011. The design includes oversamples of individuals at older ages and Blacks. It succeeded the National Long Term Care Survey (NLTCS) to support research on disability trends and trajectories in later life. NHATS examines how the daily lives of older adults change as they age. It supports investigations on how individuals adapt to changes in physical, cognitive, and sensory capacity and the consequences of disablement for wellbeing. The National Study of Caregiving (NSOC) is a nationally representative study of family and other unpaid caregivers to older persons living with limitations in daily activities. Together NHATS and NSOC are the only national study that provide both care recipient and care giver perspectives on late-life care. NHATS public use data can be downloaded by registered users.

National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) (Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota)
The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) a massive database covering all available aggregate US census data between 1790 and 2010. Funded largely by the National Science Foundation, the NHGIS not only incorporates existing census data, but also creates high-quality electronic boundary files for census tracts dating back to 1790. The project covers population, economic, and agricultural census data as well as selected voting statistics, land-use data and information on physical geography. Free registration required for access to the data.

National Longitudinal Surveys (Bureau of Labor Statistics)

The National Longitudinal Surveys (NLS) are a set of surveys designed to gather information at multiple points in time on the labor market activities and other significant life events of several groups of men and women. The site includes survey overviews, documentation, and links to access data via the NLS Investigator web utility.

Surveys include:

  • National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97)-- Survey of young men and women born in the years 1980-84; respondents were ages 12-17 when first interviewed in 1997.
  • National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79)-- Survey of men and women born in the years 1957-64; respondents were ages 14-22 when first interviewed in 1979.
  • NLSY79 Children and Young Adults-- Survey of the biological children of women in the NLSY79.
  • National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Mature Women (NLSW)-- The Young Women's survey includes women who were ages 14-24 when first interviewed in 1968. The Mature Women's survey includes women who were ages 30-44 when first interviewed in 1967. These surveys were discontinued in 2003.
  • National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Men and Older Men-- The Young Men's survey, which was discontinued in 1981, includes men who were ages 14-24 when first interviewed in 1966. The Older Men's survey, which was discontinued in 1990, includes men who were ages 45-59 when first interviewed in 1966.

National Neighborhood Indicators Project (NNIP) (Urban Institute)

The National Neighborhood Indicators Project (NNIP) is a collaborative effort by the Urban Institute and local partners to further the development and use of neighborhood-level information systems in local policymaking and community building. With 35 partners as of November 2011, from Atlanta to Washington, the NNIP fosters local projects to gather and use local data to effect community change. Note that reports of partner activities are often in PDF. Access to actual data may take considerable drilling-down into partner web sites.

Visit DISC in person to use the Urban Institutes flagship data product, the Neighborhood Change Database (NCDB), to analyze decennial Census data at the tract level from 1970 through 2000.

National Statistics Online (UK) (United Kingdom)
The United Kingdom's official statistics site, with datasets, reference tables and publications carrying economic, social and demographic statistics relating to the United Kingdom. - World Statistics, Country Comparisons (NationMaster)
This site was founded as an engine for comparing countries using the figures from the latest CIA World Factbook (no time-series data). Many additional sources have been added, so that statistics range from pesticide use to web-site defacements to Olympic gold medals.

NEMDA - Key Data on Ethnic Minorities in Great Britain (National Ethnic Minority Data Archive)
Sponsored by The National Ethnic Minority Data Archive project (NEMDA), this site contains data about ethnic minorities in Great Britain, primarily from the 1991 census. There is no raw data, but the site provides summary charts in HTML and PDF reports. Note: last updated in 1999.

New York State Statistics (Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, State University of New York)
Hosted by the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, the New York State Statistical Yearbook since 2002 is available online in PDF and Excel files. The print versions of editions back to 1998 may be ordered from the web site.

North American Jewish Data Bank (NAJDB) (United Jewish Communities (UJC) and University of Connecticut)
The North American Jewish Data Bank collects and disseminates social science surveys and reports pertaining to the Jewish community in North America. The collection includes the National Jewish Population Surveys of 1971, 1990 and 2000-01; several other national surveys of the American Jewish community, and over 90 local Jewish community surveys. Free registration is required to download datasets, documentation and reports.

OECD Factbook (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD))
OECD Factbook is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. Starting in OECD Factbook 2015-2016 new indicators are included on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area. The Factbook is available through the UW-Madison OECD iLibrary subscription.

Office of Financial Management - State of Washington (State of Washington)
The Forecasting Division of the Office of Financial Management for the State of Washington "provides estimates of state and local population, monitors changes in the state economy and labor force, and conducts research on a variety of issues affecting the state budget and public policy." One highlight of the site is the Washington State Data Book, the state's statistical abstract. Washington only posts its most recent State Data Book (the 2005 edition was posted in January 2006) and recommends that its users follow up on the specific sources of the data to get the absolute latest figures. The State Data Book tables display in HTML but may be downloaded as PDF or Excel files. Also of interest on the OFM Forecasting Division site are a Criminal Justice Data Book and an Employer Health Insurance Data Book for the state of Washington. In addition, Washington conducts a biennial State Population Survey, with downloadable data posted on the site for 1998 through 2004.

Origins and Destinations of the World's Migrants, from 1990-2017 (Pew Research Center)
This interactive map allows visitors to explore the origins and destinations of migrants from 233 countries between 1990 and 2017. The figures refer to the total number of migrants living around the world as of 1990, 2000, 2010 or 2017 instead of the annual rate of migration in a given year. Its data is based on international migrant data published by the United Nations.

Paises@ (Countries@) (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE))

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) has announced a new map-based data extractor called Paises@ ("Paises" translates to "Countries"). This Flash-based ready reference tool contains basic population, social indicator, economic, technological, land use, and United Nations Millenium Development Goals information for each of the 192 United Nations members for the latest year available.

To use the extractor, first select a language (Portuguese, English, Spanish). Then select a country from the World Map on the Paises@ main page. Basic information about the country will appear. Select a category of indicators for that country, then click the globe icon next to an individual indicator to get a sortable listing for that indicator for all countries in the database. Additional information for each country includes a political map, a short slide show featuring photographic highlights of the country, and a link to a Google satellite map.

Note: for geographically-small countries, users may have to use the magnifying glass icon (+) several times, in conjunction with the arrow keys, until the country becomes large enough to click on.

Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 (PMA2020) (Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020)
Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 (PMA2020) uses innovative mobile technology to support low-cost, rapid-turnaround surveys monitoring key health and development indicators. It collects a nationally representative sample of data from households and service delivery points in selected sentinel sites, to estimate health indicators on an annual basis. Topics include family planning, key water, sanitation and hygiene indicators, menstrual hygiene management, diarrheal disease, women and girls empowerment, and others. All PMA2020 datasets are free to download and use, although users are required to register for a PMA2020 dataset account. Harmonized PMA data series are available from IPUMS PMA.

Pew Hispanic Center (Pew Charitable Trusts)
The Pew Hispanic Center, supported by Pew Charitable Trusts, was founded in 2001 "to improve understanding of the U.S. Hispanic population and to chronicle Latinos' growing impact on the entire nation." The Center commissions studies on such topics as education, immigration, labor, and economics, including some public opinion surveys. Several datasets are available on the site, along with research reports back to 2002.

Polling The Nations: The Ultimate Survey Database (UW-Madison Subscription) (ORS Publishing)
Polling the Nations is an online database of public opinion polls containing the full text of 600,000+ questions and responses, from 18,000+ surveys and 1,700+ polling organizations, conducted from 1986 through the present in the United States and more than 100 other countries around the world. Note: UW-Madison subscribes to this resource via IP authentication. Non-UW-Madison users may visit the Polling the Nations site at

Population Estimates - U.S. Census Bureau (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Population Estimates Program of the U.S. Census Bureau publishes total resident population estimates and demographic components of change (births, deaths, and migration) each year. Estimates are also provided for the U.S., states and counties by demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin). In addition to the resident population universe, the program also produces population estimates for these universes: resident plus armed forces overseas, civilian, and civilian non-institutional at the national level; and civilian at the state level. The reference date for estimates is July 1. With each new issue of July 1 estimates, estimates are revised for years back to the last census. Previously published estimates are superseded and archived; archives for state and county estimates go back to 1970, while national estimates go back as far as 1900. For current estimates, users may select either popular tables in XLS or CSV format, or download the entire dataset in CSV. Archived data is in various formats: CSV, TXT, PDF. Estimates are developed with the assistance of the Federal State Cooperative Program for Population Estimates (FSCPE).

Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR) (Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science)
The Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR) links policies, data, and research for users to explore population developments. It is designed to meet the information needs of researchers, policy makers, civil society organizations and journalists. It includes detailed information on policies over time, a link catalog to socio-economic and demographic data, and an online repository of research outcomes. It covers countries outside of Europe as well.

Population Index on the Web (Princeton University, Office of Population Research)
From the Office of Population Research at Princeton University. This searchable database contains items from the quarterly published bibliography from 1986 to the present. Pre-1986 issues of Population Index are available through JSTOR for subscribing institutions only (including UW-Madison).

Population Reference Bureau (Population Reference Bureau)
The Population Reference Bureau's web site lists its areas of focus as Evironment, HIV/AIDS, Population Trends, and Reproductive Health. Within those areas, topics include aging, education, family planning, fertility, gender, health, marriage/family, migration, mortality, policy, poverty, race/ethnicity, and youth. In service of these topics, the PRB web site carries reports, data sheets, and serial publications, in addition to a database called the DataFinder. The DataFinder contains data on 95 demographic variables for more than 220 countries, 28 world regions and sub-regions, the world as a whole, the United States as a whole, and the U.S. states.

Population Studies Center (PSC) Data Archive (University of Michigan)
The data archive at the University of Michigan's Population Studies Center (PSC) primarily serves the data needs of researchers at the center. The site contains the PSC data archive catalog, outside links, and a specialized Census Support section.

Question and Answer Center (Ask Census) (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
The Question and Answer Center of the U.S. Census web site includes a searchable database of over 300 frequently-asked questions regarding the U.S. Census, and their answers. You can also use this feature to e-mail your own question if you do not find the answer in the database.

Quick Health Data Online (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Office on Women's Health)
Quick Health Data Online (formerly known as National Women's Health Indicators Database) "provides state- and county-level data for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and US territories and possessions. Data are available by gender, race and ethnicity and come from a variety of national and state sources. The system is organized into eleven main categories, including demographics, mortality, natality, reproductive health, violence, prevention, disease and mental health. Within each main category, there are numerous subcategories." Results can be exported in CSV or PDF.

RAND Corporation Public Use Databases (The RAND Corporation)
The mission of the RAND Corporation, a non-partisan non-profit organization headquartered in California, is "to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis." As part of their research work on social and economic policy issues, RAND makes available a collection of public use databases at this site. The databases on the RAND site include: Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD); Displaced New Orleans Residents Survey (DNORS); Family Life Surveys; Health and Fertility Archive; Human Biospecimen Database; Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; Worldwide Terrorism Incidents; and more.

Research Centers Collaborative Network of the the National Institute on Aging (Wake Forest School of Medicine and American Federation for Aging Research (AFAR))
The Research Centers Collaborative Network (RCCN) is designed to feature cross-disciplinary collaboration among six National Institute on Aging (NIA) Center programs: Alzheimer's Disease Research Centers, Centers on the Demography and Economics of Aging, Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Centers (OAICs), Nathan Shock Centers of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging, Resource Centers for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR), and Roybal Centers for Translational Research on Aging. These programs address important topics in aging but typically from a specific disciplinary perspective. The objective of RCCN is to initiate new cross-disciplinary networks and to align approaches across programs. Through collaborative networks these NIA programs will uncover synergies and insights that lead to novel collaborations.

Resource Center for Minority Data (RCMD) (Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
The Resource Center for Minority Data (RCMD) is one of a growing number of special-purpose subsets within the vast data collections of the ICPSR. The focus of the RCMD is data for comparative analysis of issues affecting racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States. The subject coverage of the selected studies runs the gamut from education to housing to poverty to political participation. RCMD data falls into two general categories: studies that focus specifically on minority populations, such as the National Black Election Studies series; and studies with large enough sample sizes or ethnic/racial oversampling to permit meaningful analysis of issues that affect race and ethnic minority populations, such as the American Housing Survey series. While documentation is freely browsable, data download is available only to ICPSR member institutions, including UW-Madison.

School Attendance Boundary Information System (SABINS) (The College of William and Mary and the Minnesota Population Center and University of Minnesota)

The School Attendance Boundary Information System (SABINS) provides, free of charge, aggregate census data and GIS-compatible boundary files for school attendance areas, or school catchment areas, for selected areas in the United States for the 2009-2010 school year.

SABINS data are delivered through the SABINS/NHGIS data extraction system. Users select data tables and GIS school boundary files, and the system creates a custom-made extract containing this information. Data are generated on the SABINS server, and the system sends out an email message to the user when the extract is completed. The user must download the extract and analyze it on their local machine. Free registration is required to submit an extract request.

School District Demographics System (SDDS) (National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), U.S. Department of Education)
The School District Demographics System (SDDS) site provides access to school district geographic and demographic data useful for describing and analyzing characteristics of school districts, children, and K-12 education. The site draws on data from U.S. Decennial Census data, including special tabulations, and intercensal estimates as well. Data can be downloaded or viewed as tables or maps.

Social Explorer (Social Explorer)
The Social Explorer website provides current and historical census data and demographic information about the United States, using an online thematic map and report application. Its contents include US Census, American Community Survey (ACS), the Religious Congregations and Membership Study (RCMS), InfoGroup data on religious congregations in the US and carbon emissions data from the Vulcan Project. UW-Madison has a subscription to this interactive online tool.

Social Science & Government Data Library (University of California, Berkeley)

The Social Science and Government Data Library (SSGDL) is a collaboration between the UC-Berkeley Library and UC DATA on the University of California, Berkeley campus. The SSGDL web site carries both an extraction system and FTP links for U.S. Census Data. The extraction system contains 1990 census data from SSTF1, SSTF2 (Ancestry of the Population of the US) SSTF3 (Persons of Hispanic Origin in the United States), and SSTF5 (Characteristics of Asian and Pacific Islander Population of the US). Users can pick both geographies and variables.

The FTP files available from the site include:

  • Census 2000: Summary File 1 (SF1), Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171), Race and Hispanic or Latino Summary
  • 1990 Census: Congressional Districts in the U.S., Equal Employment Opportunity File, Public Law 94-171 data, Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) - 1% and 5% data, Summary Tape File 1B (includes PR files), Summary Tape File 3 (includes 3A, 3B, and 3C), Subject Summary Tape Files
  • 1970 Census Fifth Count Special Tabulation
  • County & City Databook 1988 and 1994
  • Current Population Survey files between 1988 and 1993
  • Economic Census Data (1987, 1992, 1997)
  • TIGER/Line 1997 files

Downloaded FTP files use the "Go" extraction system.

Social Science Japan Data Archive (SSJDA) (Center for Social Research and Data Archives, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo)
The Social Science Japan Data Archive (SSJDA) is affiliated with the Center for Social Research and Data Archives in the Institute of Social Science (ISS) at the University of Tokyo. SSJDA collects, maintains, and provides access to social science data to researchers who are interested in Japanese quantitative data for secondary analyses. Users are required to fill out online applications and get approval before they can access datasets housed in SSJDA. Most of the datasets are in Japanese.

Social Security Death Index (Ancestry, Inc)
This index contains data from the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). It has over 85 million records of decedents created from SSA payment records. Fields include last name, first name, state issued social security number, birth data, death date, last residence and lump sum payment.

State and County QuickFacts (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Its data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

Statewide Database (California) (Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California Berkeley)
The Statewide Database (SWDB) is the redistricting database for the state of California. The information in the Statewide Database is available free of charge to anyone interested in the political and demographic make-up of the State of California.

Statistical Abstract of the United States (ProQuest) (ProQuest)

The Statistical Abstract of the United States, otherwise known as the National Data Book, contains a large collection of tables on social and economic conditions in the United States, in PDF and Excel. Selected international data are also included. The above link leads to the most current version from ProQuest, a UW-Madison subscription. The U.S. Census Bureau ceased updating the Statistical Abstract with the 2012 edition.

However, the Census Bureau site for the back issues of the Statistical Abstract, 2012 and previous, is still online. Recent editions include PDF and Excel both, and nearly the entire historical run of the Statistical Abstract has been placed online as PDF documents under the "Earlier Editions" link, back to the first edition in 1878. Also under the "Earlier Editions" link is the Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970.

Summary Tape File Information (1990) (CIESIN)
Useful and brief definitions for the U.S. Census of Population and Housing datasets STF1A, 3B etc. to help users determine which they need.

Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
SIPP is a nationwide longitudinal survey for the U.S. that collects information on topics such as poverty, income, employment, and health insurance coverage. SIPP core content covers demographic characteristics, work experience, earnings, program participation, transfer income, and asset income; additional topical modules are also included with each wave. The site contains data and documentation back to 1984.

The China County-Level Data on Population (Census) and Agriculture, Keyed to 1:1M GIS Map, v1 (1985-1990) (CIESIN)
From the site: "The China County-Level Data on Population (Census) and Agriculture, Keyed to 1:1M GIS Map contains 1990 census and agricultural economic variables at the county level for the People's Republic of China, 1990. Also included are geocoded China county boundary GIS data at 1:1M for 1990. The tabular data are available in dBase IV and ARC/INFO export formats."

The Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx) (The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME))
The Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx) is created and supported by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), an independent global health research center at the University of Washington. The GHDx is a comprehensive catalog and repository of health and demographic datasets from different places and providers for health research. Its sources include surveys, censuses, vital statistics, and administrative records. Visitors can browse GHDx by data types, keywords, organizations, countries, and series and systems. Standardized citations are provided to encourage appropriate acknowledgment of data owners& contributions.

The Human Life-Table Database (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and Department of Demography at the University of California-Berkeley, Institut national d'etudes demographiques)
The Human Life-Table Database (HLD), compiled by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, the Department of Demography at the University of California-Berkeley, and the Institut national d'etudes demographiques (INED) in Paris, provides population life information for a variety of countries. Life tables describe the extent to which a generation of people (i.e. life table cohort) dies off with age. This database is a collection of population life tables covering a multitude of countries and many years. Most of the HLD life tables are life tables for national populations, which have been officially published by national statistical offices. Some of the HLD life tables refer to certain regional or ethnic sub-populations within countries. Parts of the HLD life tables are non-official life tables produced by researchers.

The International Database on Longevity (IDL) (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research)
The International Database on Longevity (IDL) contains thoroughly validated information on individuals of extreme ages. Data collection was performed in such a way that age-ascertainment bias is avoided. The IDL allows for the demographic analysis of mortality at the highest ages. Originally, the data were collected on individuals who attained an age of 110 years or more known as supercentenarians. In the meantime the data collection has been extended to include younger ages for some countries. Researchers can obtain IDL data after they register online.

The Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study (San Francisco Coordinating Center, University of California San Francisco and California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute)
MrOS, an NIH funded study began in 2000. 5,994 men from six clinical centers in the United States have been followed since enrollment till 2012 for incident fractures, falls, prostate cancers, and death. This study was designed to examine the extent to which fracture risk is related to bone mass, bone geometry, lifestyle, anthropometric and neuromuscular measures, and fall propensity. An extensive bank of data, images (x-rays, DXA scans, QCT scans, HRpQCT scans) and specimens are avaialbe from MrOS Online. Researchers need to register before they can access the data.

The US Counties IN Profile (Stats Indiana and Indiana Business Research Center, Indiana University Kelley School of Business)
"The US Counties IN Profile" allows users to pick a state and county and see how they are ranked in terms of various statistical categories. Categories include population, number of households, labor force, unemployment rate, per capita personal income, poverty rate, and many others. Users can choose the state, and then choose a county and also see how the county ranks in terms of other counties within the state. Also available are comparisons between two counties. Data is provided in HTML tables only.

TransMONEE: Database of Socio-Economic Indicators for CEE/CIS Countries (United Nations Children's Fund and Innocenti Research Center)
TransMONEE contains over 150 economic and social indicators divided into ten different topics (population, natality, child and maternal mortality, life expectancy and adult mortality, family formation, health, education, child protection, crime indicators, and economic indicators) for 27 transition countries in Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. Annual time series data is available as far back as 1989. The TransMONEE data and country profiles are both available in Excel format.

U.N. Social Indicators (United Nations Statistics Division)
Most-recently-collected year's worth of basic figures for many countries, in HTML tables, in these categories: population, child-bearing, youth and elderly populations, education, human settlements, literacy, water supply and sanitation, income and economic activity, housing, and unemployment.

U.S. Bureau of the Census (U.S. Department of Commerce)
The United States Census Bureau gathers and disseminates demographic and economic data, including the decennial census. The Census Bureau uses the Internet as their primary distribution method, most prominently via the American FactFinder interface for Census 2000, Census 2010, and other recent data. The New on Site page lists the latest additions to the site. A searchable Question and Answer Center provides answers to frequently asked questions. The Publications page is a subject-oriented resource guide to the programs and services of the Census Bureau.

U.S. Census of Population and Housing Basics (Beth Harper, Government Documents Reference Librarian, University of Wisconsin--Madison)
Beth Harper, a Government Documents reference librarian at the University of Wisconsin--Madison, compiled this annotated bibliography of web sites regarding the U.S. Census.

U.S. Demography (CIESIN)
Included here are informative explanations of the following datasets: Public Use Microdata Samples, Current Population Survey, Economic Census Data, County Business Patterns, County City Data Book, Statistical Abstract Supplement, National Economic Social and Environmental Databank, Regional Economic Information System, Enhanced County to County Migration 1985-1990, TIGER 1992 Boundaries, and STF3A Standard Extracts.

U.S. Population Summary (U.S. Bureau of the Census)

This page from the U.S. Census Bureau contains links to population data, statistics, publications, and more for the following categories:
Age and Sex
Computer and Internet Use
Foreign Born
Hispanic Origin
Language Use
Migration/Geographic Mobility
Older Population and Aging
Population Estimates
Population Projections
See also:

UNdata (United Nations)
The United Nations is undertaking to bring together many of its various statistical databases under a single interface, at UNdata. UNdata carries 34 databases containing over 60 million records, covering a range of topics including population, industry, energy, trade and national accounts. The databases are accessible either by keyword searching from a single search page, or through a menu of databases. UNdata replaces the UN Common Database, which was discontinued after the December 2007 edition. However, the trade information in Undata does not replace UN COMTRADE, which continues to cover a deeper and more fully-featured set of merchandise statistics.

Understanding the 1990 Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) (UCLA)
This document presents a general overview of PUMS, while specifically discussing the distribution of census questionnaires, privacy protection, selection of PUMS 5% data, and structure of the 1990 PUMS 5% data which includes geographic, household, and person information.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) Statistical Division (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division)
The UN/ECE contains statistical data regarding European member countries, an archive of documents, census recommendations, and links to other statistical agencies. The online data consists of six databases: Gender Statistics Database; Trends in Europe and North America; Human Settlements Database; Demographic Database; Robotics; and Gas Centre Database. Most of the information in these databases is presented in either chart or graph format.

United States Historical Census Data Browser (University of Virginia and Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR))
Data presented here describes the people and the economy of the U.S. for each state and county from 1790 to 1960 as provided by U.S. Census results.

Veteran Data & Information (U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs)
The Veteran Data & Information site includes demographic and socio-economic characteristics of U.S. veterans of military service, the geographical distribution of the veteran population, and other statistical data and information on U.S. Veterans Affairs programs. The Population section of the site includes a collection of Excel pivot-tables called VetPop2007, comprising the VA's latest official estimate and projection of the veteran population and their characteristics from 2000 to 2036.

Wisconsin Blue Book (Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau)
Wisconsin's answer to the statistical abstract is the Blue Book, published by the Legislative Reference Bureau. The series began in 1853 and is currently published on a biennial basis. The Blue Book also includes statistics, biographies and photos of Wisconsin elected officials, the text of the Wisconsin state constitution, and in-depth description of Wisconsin governmental structure and function. The online version is available solely in PDF.

WomanStats (The WomanStats Project)
WomanStats is a comprehensive database on the situation and status of women in the world. It covers issues such as rape, sex trafficking, maternal and child mortality, family law, women in government and the military, and many others for countries with populations greater than 200,000 persons. It includes quantitative data, qualitative information, current legal statutes, and scales created by the WomanStats researchers for cross-national comparison. Over 350 variables are organized by nine categories:

  • Women's Physical Security
  • Women's Economic Security
  • Women's Legal Security
  • Women's Security in the Community
  • Women's Security in the Family
  • Security for Maternity
  • Women's Security Through Voice
  • Security Through Societal Investment in Women
  • Women's Security in the State
To download data, you need to register with the site.

World Bank Data (World Bank)
The World Bank launched its World Bank Data site in April 2010, an open-data initiative freely offering indicators and statistics about development that previously were accessible only by subscription. The Data Catalog on the site includes World Development Indicators (UW-Madison previously subscribed), Global Development Finance, Africa Development Indicators, Millennium Development Indicators, and more. The products grouped together in the searchable "Databank" comprise over 2000 indicators, some of which go back as far as 50 years; products from the Databank and others as well can be downloaded in Excel or CSV formats.

World Marriage Data (Population Division, United Nations)
The World Marriage Data site presents comparable and up-to-date national data over time on the marital status of populations and the singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM) for countries around the world. Data starts from around 1950 to the most recent data available. Major sources are censuses, sample surveys and national estimates. Time series data are available and viewable online for users to query interactively and download (in Excel format).

World Population Prospects Database (United Nations Population Division)
This database contains population estimates and projections for countries and regions worldwide, through the year 2100. The methodology takes into account the impact of HIV/AIDS as well as other mortality, fertility, and migration trends. Visitors can find a series of Excel files displaying key demographic indicators for each development group, income group, major area, region and country for selected periods or dates within 1950-2100. Data tables, figures, maps, analyses and technical notes are also available on this website.

World Vital Events per time Unit (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
This page contains a table which lists births, deaths, and natural increase by year, month, day, hour, minute and second. These statistics are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau based on analysis of available data (obtained from census, survey, and administrative information) on population, fertility and mortality. Various demographic techniques are used to make estimations and assumptions. Information obtained from healh and social science literature is also incorpoated in the process of analysis, along with information about external factors such as historical events. public health factors, etc. Data is adjusted as necessary to correct for errors, omissions, and inconsistencies. The cohort-component method is then used to generate projections. Countries or areas of the world with a population of 5,000 or more are included in the analysis.

ZIP Code Resources Page (MABLE/Geocorr)
This page describes a series of tools for helping users deal with 5-digit U.S. postal ZIP code areas. It focuses primarily on tools for linking ZIP codes to other geographies (such as counties, cities, metro areas, ZCTAs) and to demographic information from the 2000 decennial census. A supplement was created to address ZCTA's from the 2010 census, which can be found here: All About Zip Codes: 2010 Supplement Excellent explanation of the "messiness" of using the ZIP code as a geographic unit.

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