Current Demographic Research Report #22, March 8, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Releases
Bureau of Labor Statistics News Releases, Compendium, Periodicals, Report
State Department Human Rights Reports
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
Congressional Budget Office Report
Pan American Health Organization News Releases
Roper Center Public Opinion Matters
Earth Policy Institute Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report
Urban Institute Reports
Info Health Pop. Reporter


National Bureau of Economic Research
MOTU Economic and Policy Research [Wellington, New Zealand]


Other Journals


UCLA Family Research Consortium


National Center for Health Statistics
Panel Study of Income Dynamics
US Department of Agriculture


Food and Drug Administration
National Center for Education Statistics



Census Bureau News Releases:

A. "Nearly One-Third of Nation's Public Transportation Commuters Live In New York City" (CB04-CN.02, Mar. 2, 2004, news release links to Microsoft Excel spreadsheets).

B. "Profile of Voting-Age Population Released by Census Bureau" (CB04-29, Mar. 4, 2004, news release links to Microsoft Excel spreadsheets).

Bureau of Labor Statistics News Releases, Compendium, Periodicals, Report:

A. "Employment of Teenagers During the School Year and Summer" (Feb. 18, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 10p.). The data is from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1997 (1997).



B. "State and Regional Unemployment Annual Averages: 2003" (Feb. 27, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.).

C. "Job Openings and Labor Turnover Estimates: December 2002 - December 2003" (Feb. 26, 2004).

D. _Occupational Outlook Handbook 2004-05_ (2004).

E. _Occupational Outlook Quarterly Online_ (Vol. 47, No. 1, Winter 2003-04, HTML and .pdf format). Note: This is a special issue: "Charting the projections, 2002-2012."

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _OOQ_ is released, this one, along with all others back to 1999, will be available at:

F. _Monthly Labor Review_ (Vol. 127, No. 2, February 2004, .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _MLR_ is released, this one, along with all others back to 1988, will be available at:

G. "Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment, 2002" (Bulletin 2564, February 2004, .pdf format).

State Department Human Rights Reports: The State Department has released its annual report on human rights for 2003.

Click on the regions on the left side of the page to links for individual country reports.

Previous reports back to 1993 can be found at:

Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: "_U.S. Housing Market Conditions: 4th Quarter 2003_ (February 2004, .pdf format). "_U.S. Housing Market Conditions_, published quarterly, is a compilation of statistical data and written reports. Tabular data indicate market conditions on the national level and are presented for each quarter. Historical data are also presented in summary tables. Overviews of economic and housing market trends are presented for ten geographical regions, the report for each of which includes a profile on a selected housing market. Each issue includes a summary of the overall trends in national housing and a topical piece that describes a particular, noteworthy aspect of housing activity." Back issues (to 1994) are available at the site (ASCII text or .pdf format).

Congressional Budget Office Report: "Family Income of Unemployment Insurance Recipients" (March 2004, HTML, .pdf format, and Corel WordPerfect format, 24p.).

Click on "PDF" or "WPD" tab on the upper right side of the page for full text in those formats.

Pan American Health Organization News Releases:

A. "Haitian Crisis Curtails Full Operations at Most Hospitals" (Mar. 1, 2004).

B. "PAHO Seeks To Restore Health Services in Haiti" (Mar. 3, 2004).

Roper Center Public Opinion Matters: The latest issue of "Public Opinion Matters" (Roper Center, University of Connecticut), concerns public opinion on Women and Work. Included are selected questions from Roper's 400,000 question iPOLL database, as well as links to selected relevant articles and Roper surveys.;start=HS_special_topics?Topic=womenwork

Earth Policy Institute Report: "The Sixth Great Extinction: Status Report," by Janet Larsen (March 2004).

More information about EPI:

Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report: "The Kaiser Health Poll Report is a bimonthly report designed to provide key tracking information on public opinion about health care topics to journalists, policymakers and the general public. Each Current Feature includes poll findings on a unique and timely topic, while the other sections track public opinion on some key broad questions over time." The latest (January/February 2004) Health Poll Report features "Health Care and Elections."

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "The Value of the Performing Arts in Five Communities 2: A Comparison of 2002 Household Survey Data for the Greater Metropolitan Areas of Austin, Boston, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Sarasota, and Washington, D.C.," by Mark A. Hager and Mary Kopczynski (January 2004, .pdf format, 72p.).

Click on "PDF" at the top of the page for full text

B. "Can Teacher Quality Be Effectively Assessed?" by Dan Goldhaber and Emily Anthony (March 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).

Click on "PDF" at the top of the page for full text

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 10, Mar. 8, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Changes in the Disparities in Chronic Disease during the Course of the Twentieth Century," by Robert W. Fogel (w10311, February 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).


Longitudinal studies support the proposition that the extent and severity of chronic conditions in middle and late ages are to a large extent the outcome of environmental insults at early ages, including in utero. Data from the Early Indicators program project undertaken at the Center for Population Economics suggest that the range of differences in exposure to disease has narrowed greatly over the course of the twentieth century, that age-specific prevalence rates of chronic diseases were much lower at the end of the twentieth century than they were at the beginning of the last century or during the last half of the nineteenth century, and that there has been a significant delay in the onset of chronic diseases over the course of the twentieth century. These trends appear to be related to changes in levels of environmental hazards and in body size. These findings have led investigators to posit a synergism between technological and physiological improvements. This synergism has contributed to reductions in inequality in real income, body size, and life expectancy during the twentieth century.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Opportunities, Race, and Urban Location: The Influence of John Kain," by Edward L. Glaeser, Eric A. Hanushek, and John M. Quigley (w10312, February 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).


Today, no economist studying the spatial economy of urban areas would ignore the effects of race on housing markets and labor market opportunities, but this was not always the case. Through what can be seen as a consistent and integrated research plan, John Kain developed many central ideas of urban economics but, more importantly, legitimized and encouraged scholarly consideration of the geography of racial opportunities. His provocative (and prescient) study of the linkage between housing segregation and the labor market opportunities of Blacks was a natural outgrowth of his prior work on employment decentralization and housing constraints on Black households. His more recent program of research on school outcomes employing detailed administrative data was an extension of the same empirical interest in how the economic opportunities of minority households vary with location. This paper identifies the influence of John Kain's ideas on different areas of research and suggests that his scientific work was thoroughly interrelated.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

C. "International Trade and Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence," by Eric Edmonds and Nina Pavcnik (w10317, February 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


We explore the relationship between greater exposure to trade (as measured by openness) and child labor in a cross country setting. Our methodology accounts for the fact that trade flows are endogenous to child labor (and labor standards more generally) by examining the relationship between child labor and variation in trade based on geography. We find that countries that trade more have less child labor. At the cross-country means, the data suggest an openness elasticity of child labor of -0.7. For low-income countries, the elasticity of child labor with respect to trade with high income countries is -0.9. However, these relationships appear to be largely attributable to the positive association between trade and income. When we control for the endogeneity of trade and for cross-country income differences, the openness elasticity of child labor at cross-country means is much smaller (-0.1) and statistically insignificant. We consistently find a negative but statistically insignificant association between openness and child labor conditional on cross-country income differences when we split the sample into different country groups, consider only trade between high and low income countries, or focus on exports of unskilled-labor intensive products from low income countries. Thus, the cross-country data do not substantiate assertions that trade per se plays a significant role in perpetuating the high levels of child labor that pervade low-income countries.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

D. "The Expanding Pharmaceutical Arsenal in the War on Cancer," by Frank R. Lichtenberg (w10328, February 2004, .pdf format, 50p.).


Only about one third of the approximately 80 drugs currently used to treat cancer had been approved when the war on cancer was declared in 1971. We assess the contribution of pharmaceutical innovation to the increase in cancer survival rates in a differences in differences' framework, by estimating models of cancer mortality rates using longitudinal, annual, cancer-site-level data based on records of 2.1 million people diagnosed with cancer during the period 1975-1995. We control for fixed cancer site effects, fixed year effects, incidence, stage distribution of diagnosed patients, mean age at diagnosis, and surgery and radiation treatment rates. Cancers for which the stock of drugs increased more rapidly tended to have greater increases in survival rates. The increase in the stock of drugs accounted for about 50-60% of the increase in age-adjusted survival rates in the first 6 years after diagnosis. New cancer drugs increased the life expectancy of people diagnosed with cancer by about one year from 1975 to 1995. The estimated cost to achieve the additional year of life per person diagnosed with cancer below $3000 is well below recent estimates of the value of a statistical life-year. Since the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with cancer is about 40%, the estimates imply that new cancer drugs accounted for 10.7% of the overall increase in U.S. life expectancy at birth.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

E. "The Long Road to the Fast Track: Career and Family," by Claudia Goldin (w10331, March 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).


The career and family outcomes of college graduate women suggest that the twentieth century contained five distinct cohorts. Each cohort made choices concerning career and family subject to different constraints. The first cohort, graduating college from the beginning of the twentieth century to the close of World War I, had either family or career. The second, graduating college from around 1920 to the end of World War I[I], had job then family. The third cohort the college graduate mothers of the baby boom graduated college from around 1946 to the mid-1960s and had family then job. The fourth cohort graduated college from the late 1960s to the late 1970s. Using the NLS Young Women I demonstrate that 13 to 18 percent achieved career then family by age 40. The objective of the fifth cohort, graduating from around 1980 to 1990, has been career and family, and 21 to 28 percent (using the NLS Youth) have realized that goal by age 40. I trace the demographic and labor force experiences of these five cohorts of college graduates and discuss why career and family outcomes changed over time.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

MOTU Economic and Policy Research [Wellington, New Zealand]: "Migration and the Environment in the Galapagos: An analysis of economic and policy incentives driving migration, potential impacts from migration control, and potential policies to reduce migration pressure," by Suzi Kerr, Susana Cardenas, and Joanna Hendy (February 2004, .pdf format, 188p.).


From 1974 through 1997 the Galapagos experienced very rapid population growth, around six per cent per year. Sustained at this level, the population would continue to double every 12 years. Increased population brings an increased risk of invasive introduced species, which endangers the fragile ecosystems. On 18 March 1998, a Special Law was passed to protect the Galapagos. This law severely limits migration to the islands. We discuss the environmental problems that motivated the law, describe the law, and discuss anecdotal evidence on its operation and potential to date. We then theoretically assess the implications of limiting migration and empirically assess the history and drivers of migration to Galapagos. In particular we discuss distorted incentives arising from subsidies and inadequate regulations that exacerbate migration pressure. Finally, we draw on our analysis to offer some short and longer term policy solutions and ideas on how existing capacity could be enhanced to implement them.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Migration (Vol. 42, No. 1, March 2004).

Journal of Human Resources (Vol. 39, No. 1, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Social Issues (Vol. 50, No. 1, 2004).


Other Journals:

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 6, Mar. 15, 2004).

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 3, March 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 23, No. 2, March 2004).

Click on "ScienceDirect Full Text & Abstracts".

Public Opinion Quarterly (Vol. 67, No. 4, Winter 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Sociological Theory (Vol. 22, No. 1, March 2004).

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UCLA Family Research Consortium: "The Family Research Consortium IV, a
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)-sponsored program, announces
the availability of four, two-year postdoctoral positions beginning July
1, 2004. The program provides research training in theoretical, methodological, and substantive issues concerning transitions, family processes and mental health, and the burden of mental illness and psychiatric disorders, in ethnic/racial and socio-economically diverse populations." For more information, including application information, see:

MIDUS: "Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) 2004-5 Pilot Project Grant Program." "Two pilot project grants will be awarded for innovative interdisciplinary research on adult health and well-being, with an emphasis on integrative approaches to understanding life course and subgroup variations in physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive functioning. All research must be based on the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) data set, or its satellite studies including the National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE) and sibling/twin subsample studies. Grants of up to $15,000 (total costs) will be awarded to investigators from a variety of disciplines." For more information see:

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National Center for Health Statistics: "National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 1997-2001 Inputed Income Files." "Imputed Family Income/Personal Earnings Files" [contain] missing data on family income and personal earnings in the NHIS [,which] were imputed using multiple-imputation methodology. ...ASCII data sets containing imputed values for [these] survey year[s] are included in the compressed data file (INCMIMP.EXE), which can be downloaded..." from the site. Documentation is available in .pdf format. For more information see:

and click on the "Imputed Income Files, 1997-2001" link. Each imputed file is with the data for its year.

Panel Study of Income Dynamics: The PSID (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan) has announced three updates to its datasets as of Mar. 5, 2004.

US Department of Agriculture: USDA's Agricultural Research Service has released the latest version (16-1) of its National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. "This page provides access to Release 16-1 of the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. You can either view the data here or download the data files and documentation in several different formats for use later on your computer. A search tool is also provided so you can look up the nutrient content of 6,661 different foods directly from this home page." Data is available in ASCII format, with documentation in .pdf format).

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Food and Drug Administration: FDA has recently launched a searchable and browsable website: Drugs@FDA, which "includes information on approved prescription drugs, some over-the-counter drugs, and discontinued drugs. Located on the web page of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), it is the first web resource to offer a comprehensive overview of a drug product's approval history."

FDA news release: "FDA Launches New Easy-to-Use Drug Information Web Site" (P04-26, Mar. 3, 2004).

National Center for Education Statistics: NCES has created a website for its School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS). "The School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) collects information on crime and safety from U.S. public school principals. SSOCS was administered in the spring of 2000 and is being administered again in the spring of 2004. SSOCS is a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of 3,000 public elementary and secondary schools. Data are collected on such topics as frequency and types of crimes at school, frequency and types of disciplinary actions at school, perceptions of other disciplinary problems, and descriptions of school policies and programs concerning crime and safety. On this new website you can find data products and publications from the 2000 SSOCS. Principals participating in the 2004 School Survey on Crime and Safety can find additional information about the study. The research questions and the questionnaires are also provided."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706