Current Demographic Research Report #23, March 15, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Releases, Census 2000 Brief
Centers for Disease Control Fact Sheets
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Reports
US Geological Survey Report
World Health Organization Periodical
International Labour Organization Report
_Demographic Research_ Article
Brookings Institution Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Issue Brief
Urban Institute Reports
PNAS Article Abstracts
_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Article Abstract
National Academies Press Monograph
Info Health Pop. Reporter


National Bureau of Economic Research
Fundacion Centro de Estudios Andaluces [Seville, Spain]
Umea University [Sweden] Department of Economics:
Washington University at St. Louis Economics Working Paper Archive
State University of New York at Stony Brook Economics Department


Other Journals


US House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Health Hearing Testimony


IPUMS Update
Census Bureau State Age Group Estimates, TIGER Line files
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Department of Housing and Urban Development Census Special Tabulations


Census Bureau Question and Answer Center



Census Bureau News Releases, Census 2000 Brief:

A. "Census Bureau Estimates Number of Adults, Older People and School-Age Children in States" (CB04-36, Mar. 10, 2004). Note. The news release links to selected tables (Microsoft Excel and .pdf format).

B. "Eastern States Lead in Graduate Degrees; Colorado and New Mexico Stand Out in West (CB04-CN.04, Mar. 10, 2004). Note: The news release links to several tables (Microsoft Excel format) in both the body of text and the upper right corner.

C. "Journey to Work: 2000," by Clara Reschovsky (Census 2000 Brief C2KBR-33, March 2004, .pdf format, 13p.).

Centers for Disease Control Fact Sheets:

A. "Physical Inactivity and Poor Nutrition Catching up to Tobacco as Actual Cause of Death" (Mar. 9, 2004).

B. "CDCs Prevention Activities that Target Actual Causes of Death (Mar. 9, 2004).

National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Dietary Intake of Selected Vitamins for the United States Population: 1999-2000," by Bethene Ervin, Jacqueline D. Wright, Chia-Yih Wang, and Jocelyn Kennedy-Stephenson (Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics No. 339, March 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).


This report presents dietary intake estimates for selected B-vitamins, carotenes, and vitamins A,C, and E from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000, for the U.S. population.Vitamin intakes are estimated from one 24-hour dietary recall interview. Population means, medians, and standard errors of the mean are weighted to produce national estimates, and are presented by sex and age groups. Assessment of dietary intakes is an important part of monitoring the nutritional status of the U.S. population.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Reports:

A. "Consumer Expenditures in 2002" (BLS Report 974, February 2004, .pdf format, 16p.).

B. "Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, 2002" (BLS Summary 04-01, March 2004, .pdf format, 29p.).

US Geological Survey Report: "Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2000," by Susan S. Hutson, Nancy L. Barber, Joan F. Kenny, Kristin S. Linsey, Deborah S. Lumia, and Molly A. Maupin (USGS Circular 1268, March 2004). Note: the report is linked to from a USGS news release: "USGS Report: Americas Thirst Remains Stable: Water Use in 2000 Virtually Unchanged Despite Growth" (Mar. 11, 2004).

Link to full text is in second to last paragraph in the news release.

World Health Organization Periodical: _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_, Vol. 82, No. 3, March 2004, .pdf format, p. 160-238).

International Labour Organization Report: "Breaking Through the Glass Ceiling: Women in Management: Update 2004" (2004, .pdf format, 71p.).

_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research." "Life expectancy among LDS and Non-LDS in Utah," by Ray M. Merrill (Vol. 10, Article 3, March 2004, .pdf format, p. 62-82).


This paper compares life expectancy between members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS or Mormons) and non-LDS in Utah. It examines the extent to which tobacco-related deaths explain variation in life expectancy between LDS and non-LDS. Complete life table estimates were derived using conventional methods and cross-sectional data for white males and females from 1994-1998. Life expectancy was 77.3 for LDS males, 70.0 for non-LDS males, 82.2 for LDS females, and 76.4 for non-LDS females. For those alive at age 80, the remaining years of life expected were 8.2 for LDS males, 6.5 for non-LDS males, 10.3 for LDS females, and 7.1 for non-LDS females. Years of life expected increased more so among non-LDS after we removed deaths associated with tobacco use from the life table. A comparison between LDS and non-LDS of the adjusted life expectancy estimates indicates that although differential tobacco use explains some of the higher life expectancy in LDS, it only accounts for about 1.5 years of the 7.3 year difference for males and 1.2 years of the 5.8 year difference for females. Higher life expectancy experienced among LDS not explained by tobacco-related deaths may be due to factors associated with religious activity in general, such as better physical health, better social support, and healthier lifestyle behaviors. Religious activity may also have an independent protective effect against mortality.

Click on "Enter".

Brookings Institution Report: "The Rise of New Immigrant Gateways," by Audrey Singer (February 2004, .pdf format, 35p.). Note 1: The report is accompanied by maps of percent foreign Born by selected metropolitan area for 45 metro areas and a table of the top ten metropolitan areas (maps in .pdf format, table, .pdf format, 7p.). Note 2: This report is part of Brookings "Living Cities Census Series." Other reports, as well as links to relevant data, can be found at:

"The Rise of New Immigrant Gateways" is the first report on the list at present.

Kaiser Family Foundation Issue Brief:

"Coverage and Cost Impacts of the President's Health Insurance Tax Credit and Tax Deduction Proposals," by Jonathan Gruber (March 2004, .pdf format, 10p.). "This issue brief looks at the coverage impacts and costs of two components of the administration's FY 2005 budget proposals to increase the affordability of health insurance: a new tax credit for people purchasing non-group health insurance and a new tax deduction for premiums for high-deductible, non-group health insurance policies."

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Should We Get Married in the Morning? A Profile of Cohabiting Couples with Children," by Gregory Acs and Sandi Nelson (Assessing the New Federalism Discussion Paper No. 04-01, March 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

B. "Baltimore Prisoners' Experiences Returning Home," by Christy Visher, Vera Kachnowski, Nancy G. La Vigne, and Jeremy Travis (March 2004, .pdf format, 16p.). "This research brief provides empirical evidence on the actual experiences of prisoners returning home to Baltimore, based on a series of interviews with these prisoners before and after their release. It presents key findings on a range of reentry challenges faced by returning prisoners and describes factors that relate to postrelease success or failure, such as employment, substance use, individuals' expectations and attitudes, health challenges, criminal histories, and the family and community context awaiting them." The report is linked to from an _UI_ press release: "Family Support, Substance Abuse Help, and Work Release Programs Are Essential as Ex-Prisoners Restart Lives in Baltimore" (Mar. 15, 2004).

Click on "Baltimore Prisoners' Experiences Returning Home" for full text.

PNAS Article Abstracts:

A. "Geography, biogeography, and why some countries are rich and others are poor," by Douglas A. Hibbs, Jr. and Ola Olsson (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 10, Mar. 9, 2004, p. 3715-3720).

B. "Persistent colonization and the spread of antibiotic resistance in nosocomial pathogens: Resistance is a regional problem," by David L. Smith, Jonathan Dushoff, Eli N. Perencevich, Anthony D. Harris, and Simon A. Levin (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 10, Mar. 9, 2004, p. 3709-3714).

_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Article Abstract: "Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000," by Ali H. Mokdad, James S. Marks, Donna F. Stroup, and Julie L. Gerberding (_JAMA_ Special Communication, Vol. 291, No. 10, Mar. 10, 2004, p. 1238-1245).

National Academies Press Monograph: _Measuring Racial Discrimination_, edited by Rebecca M. Blank, Marilyn Dabady, and Constance F. Citro (National Research Council, 2004, OpenBook browsable and searchable format, 324p.). Note: hard copy ordering information is available at the site.

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 11, Mar. 15, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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National Bureau of Economic Research: "From the Valley to the Summit: The Quiet Revolution that Transformed Women's Work," by Claudia Goldin (w10335, March 2004, .pdf format, 29p.).


Meaningful discussions about women at the top can take place today only because a quiet revolution occurred about thirty years ago. The transformation was startlingly rapid and was accomplished by the unwitting foot soldiers of an upheaval that transformed the workforce. It can be seen in a number of social and economic indicators. Sharp breaks are apparent in data on labor market expectations, college graduation rates, professional degrees, labor force participation rates, and the age at first marriage. Turning points are also evident in most of the series for college majors and occupations. Inflection or break points in almost all of these series occur from the late 1960s to the early 1970s and for cohorts born during the 1940s. Whatever the precise reasons for change, a great divide in college-graduate women's lives and employment occurred about 35 years ago. Previously, women who reached the peaks often made solo climbs and symbolized that women, contrary to conventional wisdom, could achieve greatness. But real change demanded a march by the masses from the valley to the summit. That march began with cohorts born in the late 1940s.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Fundacion Centro de Estudios Andaluces [Seville, Spain]: "The Motherhood Wage Gap for Women in the United States: The Importance of College and Fertility Delay," by Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes and Jean Kimmel (Serie Economica E2004/07, 2004, .pdf format, 52p.).


One of the stylised facts from the past thirty years has been the declining rate of first births before age 30 for all women and the increas[ed] rate of first births after age 30 of women with four-year college degrees (Martin 2000). What are some of the factors behind women's decision to postpone their childbearing? We hypothesize that the wage difference often observed between like-educated mothers and non-mothers (Waldfogel 1998) may be affected by the postponement of childbearing until after careers are fully established. We use individual-level data on women from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and find that: (a) College-educated mothers do not experience a motherhood wage penalty at all, and (b) fertility delay enhances their earnings opportunities even further.

Umea University [Sweden] Department of Economics:

A. "Married Immigrant Women and Employment: the role of family investments," by Saman Rashid (Working Paper 623, February 2004, .pdf and Postscript format, 24p.).


This study examines whether the transition probability from employment to non-employment among married immigrant women is consistent with the Family Investment Hypothesis (FIH). A dynamic random effects model is used and the estimations are based on a longitudinal database covering the period 1990-1996. The results indicate that the relationship between the transition probability from employment to non-employment and the family's time of residence in Sweden, considered here as an indication of the husbands need for host country-specific human capital, does not seem to be consistent with the interpretation of the FIH. Further, when immigrant women married to native-born Swedes are used as a comparison group, the corresponding relationship is similar despite the fact that this group should not need to apply family investment strategy.

B. "Internal migration and income of immigrant families," by Saman Rashid (Working Paper 624, February 2004, .pdf and Postscript format, 26p.).


Using a longitudinal dataset from the years 1995 and 2000, respectively, this study examines whether migration within the host country of Sweden generates higher total annual income for (two-earner) immigrant families. The empirical findings indicate that internal migration generates a positive outcome in terms of higher family income for newly arrived refugee-immigrant families. Further, with the length of residence in the host country, the monetary gain accruing from internal migration decreases. On the other hand, I could not find similar results for immigrant families from the Nordic countries, Europe and Asia.

Washington University at St. Louis Economics Working Paper Archive: "Birth Spacing and Child Survival: Comparative Evidence from India and Pakistan, by Pushkar Maitra and Sarmistha Pal (March 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).


This paper examines the two-way relationship between birth interval and child survival and compares the behaviour of households in the Indian and Pakistani provinces of Punjab. Birth interval and child survival are modelled here as correlated hazard processes, allowing for mother-specific unobserved heterogeneity. We find evidence of significant mutual dependence between birth interval and child survival in both samples. There are also significant differences between Indian and Pakistani households. Part of the difference in behaviour could be explained by differences in female literacy, which in turn highlight the differences in religion and state policies in these two neighbouring states.

State University of New York at Stony Brook Economics Department: "Urban Poverty and Health in Developing Countries: Household and Neighborhood Effects," by Mark R. Montgomery and Paul C. Hewett (WP 04-01, January 2004, .pdf format, 49p.).


In the U.S. and other high-income countries, where most of the population lives in urban areas, there is intense scholarly and program interest in the effects of household and neighborhood living standards on health. Yet very few studies of developing-country cities have examined these issues. This paper investigates whether in these cities, the health of women and young children is influenced by both household and neighborhood standards of living. Using data from the urban samples of some 85 Demographic and Health surveys, and modelling living standards using factor-analytic MIMIC methods, we find, first, that the neighborhoods of poor households are more heterogeneous than is often asserted. To judge from our results, it appears that as a rule, poor urban households do not tend to live in uniformly poor communities; indeed, about 1 in 10 of a poor households neighbors is relatively affluent, belonging to the upper quartile of the urban distribution of living standards. Do household and neighborhood living standards influence health? Applying multivariate models with controls for other socioeconomic variables, we discover that household living standards have a substantial influence on three measures of health: unmet need for modern contraception; birth attendance by doctors, nurses, or trained midwives; and children's height for age. Neighborhood living standards exert significant additional influence on health in many of the surveys we examine, especially in birth attendance. There is considerable evidence, then, indicating that both household and neighborhood living standards can make a substantively important difference to health.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Economic Development and Cultural Change (Vol. 52, No. 1, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Other Journals:

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 109, No. 5, March 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Population and Development Review (Vol. 29, No. 4, December 2003).

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US House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Health Hearing Testimony: "Hearing on the Uninsured," a hearing held Mar. 9, 2004.

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IPUMS Update: The Integrated Public Use Microdata Sample site at the University of Minnesota announced updated content on Mar. 10, 2004. IPUMS"posted new versions of the 2000 1% sample and the 2000 5% sample. For those living in group quarters, the variable PERWT now has the HHWT value, rather than a value of 0. In addition, a correction was made to the BPL variable. Posted new versions of the 1990 State, Metro, Elderly, and Unweighted samples. A problem in the MORTGAGE variable was corrected in the new samples." For more information on these changes, as well as IPUMS, see:


Census Bureau State Age Group Estimates, TIGER Line files:

A. The Census Bureau has released state annual age group estimates of resident and civilian population of the US for 2003 (Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and comma separated values [.csv] format).

B. "The Census Bureau is releasing the 2003 TIGER/Line files by county or statistically equivalent entity based on the latest available governmental unit boundaries (January 1, 2003). The 2003 TIGER/Line file coverage is as follows: all counties, parishes, boroughs, census areas and equivalent entities for each state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Island Areas." Files are in .zip compressed format, by state. For more information see:

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Status of Older Persons in Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Countries, Census Microdata Samples: Lithuania, 1989 (#3952). Note: This study is available via CD-ROM only, and only after signing a pledge of confidentiality.

Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States]: Minor Civil Division/County-to-Minor Civil Division/County Worker Flow Files (#13572).

Department of Housing and Urban Development Census Special Tabulations: HUD has released an interactive web based data extractor for the "1990 and 2000 Decennial Census Special Tabulations of Households by Income, Tenure, Age of Householder, and Housing Conditions."

Click on "Special Tabulations of Households" at the bottom of the page.

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Census Bureau Question and Answer Center: The Census Bureau has recently opened this site, an interactive question and answer center. Questions and answers are kept in a searchable database, and users can ask their question after creating an account.

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706