Current Demographic Research Report #26, April 5, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Centers for Disease Control News Release
Department of Health and Human Services News Release
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical
Internal Revenue Service Compendium
World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund Report
World Health Organization Periodical
Population Reference Bureau Periodical
Urban Institute Monograph, Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Report Update, Policy Brief, Issue Paper
Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Report
National Academies Press Monograph
_British Medical Journal_ Special Issue
Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Report
Info Health Pop Reporter
National Longitudinal Survey Bibliography Update


University of Michigan Population Studies Center
National Bureau of Economic Research
Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [Bonn, Germany]


Other Journals


House Government Reform Hearing Publication


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
United Nations Population Division
FERRET Announcement




Centers for Disease Control News Release: "Motor Vehicle Crashes Claim More than a Million Lives Worldwide" (Apr. 1, 2004).

Department of Health and Human Services News Release: "Welfare Rolls Drop Again" (March 30, 2004). Note: At the bottom of the news release, there is a link to the latest state caseload statistics.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: "Compensation and Working Conditions Online." The latest article, dated March 31, 2004, is titled"Cost Sharing in Medical Insurance Plans," by Cathy A. Baker.

Internal Revenue Service Compendium: "Internal Revenue Service 2003 Databook" (2004, .pdf format, 64p.).

World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund Report:"Antenatal Care in Developing Countries: Promises, achievements and missed opportunities, An analysis of trends, levels and differentials, 1990-2001," by Carla Lidia Abou-Zahr and Tessa M. Wardlaw (2003, .pdf format, 32p.). "This document examines the trends levels and differentials of antenatal care over the last decade in developing countries. It seeks to answer such questions as: Why does antenatal care matter ? What should it consist of ? How is its use measured? and What is known about recent trends in antenatal care?" Note: The report is linked to from a WHO/UNICEF press release: "Far more pregnant women getting antenatal care" (Mar. 30, 2004).

Click on "Report: Antenatal Care in Developing Countries" at the bottom of the press release for link to full text.

World Health Organization Periodical: _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_, Vol. 82, No. 4, April 2004, .pdf format, p. 239-318).

Population Reference Bureau Periodical: _Population Bulletin_ (Vol. 59, No. 1, March 2004, .pdf format). This issue is titled: "Transitions in World Population." "World population was transformed in the 20th century as technological and social changes brought steep declines in birth and death rates. Europe's population is aging and declining; all future growth will be in developing countries, among the world's poorest groups."

Urban Institute Monograph, Report:

A. _The Gay and Lesbian Atlas_, by Gary Gates and Jason Ost (March 2004, 242p.). The monograph is available for a fee from the Urban Institute. For more information see:

B. "Is Public Housing Ready For Freedom?" by Martin D. Abravanel (April 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Report Update, Policy Brief, Issue Paper:

A. "Trends in U.S. Funding for HIV/AIDS" (March 2004, .pdf and Microsoft PowerPoint format, Issue Brief, 11p., Chartpack, 11 slides). "These updated documents, 'Trends in U.S. Government Funding for HIV/AIDS,' provide an analysis of U.S. federal funding for HIV/AIDS since fiscal year (FY) 1981. The issue brief and chartpack present data and trends in the major categories of funding -- care, cash and housing assistance, research, prevention, and global/international -- over time. Cumulatively through its FY 2004, the US government has invested approximately $150 billion for domestic and international HIV/AIDS programs.

B. "Medicaid: A Lower-Cost Approach to Serving a High-Cost Population" (March 2004, .pdf format, 12p.).

C. "Dual Eligibles: Medicaid's Role in Filling Medicare's Gaps" (March 2004, .pdf format, 12p.).

Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Report: "Indonesia-2002" (2004, .pdf format, 319p.).

Ordering information:

Survey information:

National Academies Press Monograph: _Reengineering the 2010 Census: Risks and Challenges_, edited by Daniel L. Cork, Michael L.Cohen, and Benjamin F. King (2004, OpenBook format, 292p.). Note: Ordering information is available at the site.

_British Medical Journal_ Special Issue: This issue of _BMJ_ (Vol. 328, No. 7443, Apr. 3, 2004) is a special issue on "Health in South Asia." Articles are freely available (HTML and .pdf format).

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Report: "National Consensus Conference on Population Health Indicators" (2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

More information about CIHI:

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 14, Apr. 5, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

National Longitudinal Survey Bibliography Update: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: These references represent updated citations from Mar, 29 - Apr. 2, 2004.

The Long Arm of Childhood: The Influence of Early-Life Social Conditions on Men's Mortality
Demography 41,1 (February 2004): 87-108. Also:
Cohort(s): Older Men
ID Number: 4516
Publisher: Population Association of America

Access to Supervisory Jobs and the Gender Wage Gap among Professionals
Journal of Economic Issues 37,4 (December 2003): 1023-1044. Also:
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4517
Publisher: Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE)

The Impact of Malpractice Fears on Cesarean Section Rates
Journal of Health Economics 18,4 (August 1999): 491-522
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4518
Publisher: Elsevier Science



University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "Family Background, Service Providers and Early Childhood Development in the Philippines: Proxies and Interactions," by Sharon J. Ghuman, Jere Behman, Judith B. Borja, Socorro Gultiano, and Elizabeth M. King (PSC Research Report 04-552, February 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).


We examine the importance of family background for several dimensions of early childhood development (ECD) using data collected in 2003 from 4,291 children between age 0 and 36 months in three regions of the Philippines. We focus on four main research questions: 1) are associations of family background with ECD, in part, proxying for health and other ECD-related programs and services? 2) are associations of family background with ECD biased due to omission of unobserved community characteristics that may be related to placement of health and other ECD-related programs and services? 3) are there important interactions between family background and health and other ECD-related programs in their effect on ECD? 4) are there important interactions among the components of family background? Physical assets and human assets have a number of important positive associations with ECD. These include the positive relation between physical assets and the hemoglobin levels, occurrence of worms and anthropometrics of children. The mother's height and father's schooling attainment also have notable positive correlations with these ECD outcomes. The failure to account for community characteristics is related to often substantial bias in the estimated effect of family background on ECD. We do not find strong evidence that interactions are important.

B. "Moving Out: Transition to Nonresidence among Resident Fathers in the U.S., 1968 - 1997," by Sanjiv Gupta, Pamela J. Smock and Wendy D. Manning (PSC Research Report 04-553, March 2004, .pdf format, 16p.).


This paper provides the first individual-level estimates of the change over time in the probability of nonresidence for initially resident fathers in the U.S. Drawing on the 1968 - 1997 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we use discrete-time event history models to compute the probabilities of nonresidence for six 5-year periods. Our sample consists of men (N = 1,388) who are coresident with their biological children at the time of birth. We find that the observed probability of nonresidence doubled over the three decades of the study period, but not linearly. The risk increased substantially in the 1980s and then stabilized in the 1990s. Our multivariate models show that the stabilization was due to changes over time in characteristics such as income; had these remained constant, the likelihood of nonresidence would have increased throughout the study period. Both fathers' and mothers' incomes reduce the likelihood of paternal nonresidence, as do mothers' employment hours.

C. "Marriage on the Public Policy Agenda: What Do Policy Makers Need to Know from Research?" by Kristin S. Seefeldt and Pamela J. Smock (PSC Research Report 04-554, March 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).


For the last 30 years, encouraging employment has been the primary focus of U.S. anti-poverty policies. More recently, however, promoting the formation and maintenance of "healthy marriages" has emerged as a central feature of domestic social policy in the United States, with proposals pending that would allocate up to $1.5 billion to undertake and evaluate marriage promotion efforts. The central goal of this paper is to elaborate the implications of social science research for such efforts. We proceed as follows. After reviewing trends in family structure and theories and empirical evidence that attempt to account for these trends, we discuss various proposed marriage promotion policies and activities. Next, we identify potential challenges to designing, evaluating, and learning from these initiatives. We conclude with recommendations for research needed in order to move policy forward.

D. "Living Together Unmarried in the United States: Demographic Perspectives and Implications for Family Policy," by Pamela J. Smock and Wendy D. Manning (PSC Research Report 04-555, March 2004, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper synthesizes research on the demographic correlates and consequences of unmarried, heterosexual cohabitation in the United States. First, we place cohabitation in the context of recent demographic trends in union formation and dissolution. Second, we consider the implications of cohabitation for child wellbeing. Third, we review population subgroup variation in the role of cohabitation in family patterns, focusing on social class and race and ethnicity. Finally, we discuss how and why unmarried cohabitation is implicated in recent dialogues about family policy.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Consumer Demand for Health Information on the Internet," by M. Kate Bundorf, Laurence Baker, Sara Singer, and Todd Wagner (w10386, March 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


The challenges consumers face in acquiring and using information are a defining feature of health care markets. In this paper, we examine demand for health information on the Internet. We find that individuals in poor health are more likely than those in better health to use the Internet to search for health information and to communicate with others about health and health care. We also find that individuals facing a higher price to obtain information from health care professionals are more likely to turn to the Internet for health information. Our findings indicate that demand for consumer health information depends on the expected benefits of information and the price of information substitutes.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Top Wealth Shares in the United States: 1916-2000: Evidence from Estate Tax Returns," by Wojciech Kopczuk and Emmanuel Saez (w10399, March 2004, .pdf format, 96p.).


This paper presents new homogeneous series on top wealth shares from 1916 to 2000 in the United States using estate tax return data. Top wealth shares were very high at the beginning of the period but have been hit sharply by the Great Depression, the New Deal, and World War II shocks. Those shocks have had permanent effects. Following a decline in the 1970s, top wealth shares recovered in the early 1980s, but they are still much lower in 2000 than in the early decades of the century. Most of the changes we document are concentrated among the very top wealth holders with much smaller movements for groups below the top 0.1%. Consistent with the Survey of Consumer Finances results, top wealth shares estimated from Estate Tax Returns display no significant increase since 1995. Evidence from the Forbes 400 richest Americans suggests that only the super-rich have experienced significant gains relative to the average over the last decade. Our results are consistent with the decreased importance of capital income at the top of the income distribution documented by Piketty and Saez (2003) and suggest that the rentier class of the early century is not yet reconstituted. The most plausible explanations for the facts are perhaps the development of progressive income and estate taxation which has dramatically impaired the ability of large wealth holders to maintain their fortunes, and the democratization of stock ownership which now spreads stock market gains and losses much more widely than in the past.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research: "Maternal Employment and Adolescent Self-Care," by Leonard M. Lopoo (Working Paper No. 59, March 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


Mounting evidence shows that self-care produces deleterious consequences for adolescents in the U.S. Since descriptive evidence suggests that maternal employment is the primary explanation for adolescent self-care, maternal employment, it is frequently argued, is harming children. Heretofore, very little empirical research has actually investigated the impact of maternal employment on adolescent self-care, however, calling into question this assertion. This paper aims to fill this gap. The author uses the National Education Longitudinal Survey of 1988 supplemented by the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth -- 1979 to estimate the relationship between maternal employment and adolescent self-care. Unlike prior research, the author employs a variety of fixed effects models to account for omitted variables that may be related to maternal employment and adolescent self-care. Findings suggest that the adolescents of mothers who work full-time spend an additional 43 minutes per week in self-care compared to the adolescents of mothers who work part-time. Further, a standard deviation increase in the number of weeks a mother works during the year increases the probability that her child will be unsupervised by 27 percent. These effects are not constant across socio-economic groups: affluent families have strong effects, while the relationship is more tenuous among low-income families. This finding has important implications for pro-work social welfare policies in the United States.

Click on "Click here..." at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [Bonn, Germany]: "Single Mothers and Work," by Libertad Gonzalez (Discussion Paper No. 1097, March 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).


Western countries differ greatly in the extent to which single mothers participate in the labor market. Using LIS data for 15 countries, I propose and estimate a simple structural model of labor supply that incorporates the main variables that influence the work decision for single mothers. The results suggest that a large part of the cross country variation in the employment rates of single mothers can be explained by their different demographic characteristics and by the variation in expected income in the in-work versus out-of-work states. Women with higher expected earnings are more likely to work. Higher in-work benefits encourage employment. Single mothers with higher income from other sources, including child support, are less likely to work. Even after demographic and income variables are controlled for, the country dummies remain significant. This indicates that other variables not explicitly incorporated in the model, such as childcare arrangements or social and cultural backgrounds, may also play a relevant role.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

AIDS (Vol. 18, No. 4, 2004).

American Sociological Review (Vol. 69, No. 1, February 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Other Journals:

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 8, Apr. 15, 2004).

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 4, April 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 22, No. 5-6, December 2003, and Vol. 23, No. 1 and 2, February and April 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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House Government Reform Hearing Publication: "The American Community Survey: The Challenges of Eliminating the Long Form from the 2010 Census," a hearing held May 13, 2003 (House Serial Publication 108-97, ASCII text and .pdf format, 105p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-97" (without the quotes).


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-2001 (#3947)

United Nations Population Division:

A. "Urban Agglomerations: 2003" (2004, Microsoft Excel and .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Urban and Rural Areas: 2003" (2004, Microsoft Excel and .pdf format, 2p.).

FERRET Announcement: FERRET, the data extraction collaboration between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau, has announced that it is switching over to a now application known as Data Ferret. FERRET will no longer be supported, and datasets will no longer be added to it. The new extractor must be downloaded to the desktop. For more information see:

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST The Kaiser Family Foundation has opened this site, which provides "health policy students and faculty easy access to data, literature, news and developments regarding major health policy topics and debates."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706