Current Demographic Research Report #28, April 19, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Release
National Center for Health Statistics Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Handbook Update, Article
Internal Revenue Service Reports
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical, Report
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports
_Demographic Research_ Article, Special Collection
National Academies Press Monograph
Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research Policy Brief
Urban Institute Periodical
Kaiser Family Foundation Issue Brief
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical
Commonwealth Fund Chartbook
Info Health Pop Reporter


University of Michigan Population Research Center
National Bureau of Economic Research
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)




National Cancer Institute
Global Development Network


Census Bureau Census 2000 Tables, Population Estimates, Poverty Data
National Cancer Institute
World Health Organization National Health Accounts (NHA)
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research



Census Bureau News Release: "Census Bureau to Test Handheld Computers in Southwest Georgia" (CB04-CT.11, Apr. 16, 2004).

National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Dietary Intake of Selected Minerals for the United States Population: 1999--2000," by R. Bethene Ervin, Chia-Yih Wang, Jacqueline D. Wright, and Jocelyn Kennedy-Stephenson (Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 341, April 2004, .pdf format, 8p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Before- and After-School Care, Programs, and Activities of Children in Kindergarten Through Eighth Grade: 2001," by Brian Kleiner and Mary Jo Nolin, and Chris Chapman (NCES 2004008, April 2004, .pdf format, 70p.).


This report provides insight into the complex and varied ways kindergarten through eighth graders in the nation spend their time out of school. Some spend time in with relative or a nonrelative in a home setting. Others spend time in center- or school-based programs or organized activities that are aimed toward their enrichment or enjoyment. Still others are responsible for themselves during out-of-school time. Children also experience patchworks of arrangements in order to meet the contingencies of availability, cost, etc. Data used for this report come from the Before- and After-School Programs and Activities Survey of the 2001 National Household Education Surveys Program.

US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Report:"Relationship Between the EITC and Food Stamp Program Participation Among Households With Children," by Kelly S. Mikelson and Robert I. Lerman (E-EFAN No. EFAN04002, April 2004, .pdf format, 54p.).


The Federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the Food Stamp Program (FSP) are the largest means-tested transfer programs for low-income, working parents in the United States. This study examines how these two programs interact, particularly with regard to the impact of the EITC on participation in the FSP during the latter half of the 1990s. Although EITC payments do not reduce the potential size of a household's food stamp allotment under FSP rules, they do add to a household's resources and thus could affect a household's willingness to participate in the FSP. The paper tests this hypothesis with monthly data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation for 1996 through 1999. Although the findings are mixed, they provide evidence of negative impact of EITC on FSP participation.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Handbook Update, Article:

A. _Handbook of Labor Statistics_, Chapter 16, "Consumer Expenditures and Income," and Chapter 17, "The Consumer Price Index," have recently been updated.

Chapter 16 (HTML and .pdf format, 7p.):



Chapter 17 (.pdf format, 107p.):

_Handbook of Labor Statistics_ (.pdf format).

B. "National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in Private Industry in the United States, March 2003" (April 2004, .pdf format, 16p.).

Internal Revenue Service Reports:

A. "Individual Income Tax Rates and Tax Shares, 2000," by David Campbell and Michael Parisi (2004, .pdf format, 46p.).

B. "Individual Income Tax Returns, Preliminary Data, 2001" (2004, .pdf format, 11p.).

Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical, Report:

A. _ResearchWorks_ (Vol. 1, No. 2, March 2004, .pdf format, 8p.).

B. "Evaluation of the Welfare to Work Voucher Program - Report to Congress," by Rhiannon Patterson, Michelle Wood, Ken Lam, Satyendra Patrabansh, Gregory Mills, Steven Sullivan, Hiwotte Amare, and Lily Zandniapour (March 2004, .pdf format, 231p.).

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "A Guide to Australian Alcohol Data" (PHE 52, April 2004, .pdf format, 110p.).


This publication identifies and briefly describes key Australian data collections relevant to assessing patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. The scope of this list is limited to mostly national data collections in the public domain. This document includes an analysis of these alcohol data collections and how they contribute to reducing alcohol-related harm.

B. "Apparent Consumption of Nutrients Australia 1997-98" (2004). "This report estimates the nutrient content in the food supply, from which assessments can be made as to whether the nutrients available for consumption in Australia are adequate to meet the needs of the population."

C. "Physical Activity, Diet and Body Weight: Results from the 2001 National Health Survey" (Risk Factors Data Briefing No. 1, 2004). "This data briefing explores self-reported leisure-time physical activity and selected dietary behaviours collected in the 2001 National Health survey and analyses how they vary by weight status for adults aged 20 years and over."

Note: B. and C. above are available, free of charge, in hard copy only at this time. See the above sites for more information.

_Demographic Research_ Article, Special Collection: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research."

A. "The impact of parent's and spouses' education on divorce rates in Norway," by Torkild Hovde Lyngstad (Vol. 10, Art. 5, April 2004, .pdf format, p. 122-142).


According to both economic and sociological theory, a couple's divorce rate may be influenced by their own educational attainment, that of their parents, and whether they have taken further education after marriage, although predictions are ambiguous. However, these three variables have never been included simultaneously and few studies have included both partners' characteristics. A discrete-time hazard model based on register and census data on 54178 Norwegian first marriages started 1980-1999 reveals a very strong negative educational gradient in divorce risk and no particularly harmful influence of heterogamy. Parent's education exerts a small positive effect, however. Among couples with the same current level of education, those who have taken education after entry into marriage display the highest divorce rate.

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B. "Determinants of Diverging Trends in Mortality" (_Demographic Research_ Special Collection S2, 2004, .pdf format). "The papers in this special collection were presented at the seminar "Determinants of Diverging Trends in Mortality", held at MPIDR, Rostock [Germany] on 19-21 of June, 2002. The seminar was organized by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and the Committee on Emerging Health Trends of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population."

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Click on "Special Collections" on the left side of the page.

National Academies Press Monograph: "Advancing the Federal Research Agenda on Violence Against Women," edited by Candace Kruttschnitt, Brenda L. McLaughlin, and Carol V. Petrie (National Research Council, 2004, OpenBook format, 144p.). Note: Hard copy ordering information is available at the site.

Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research Policy Brief: "Are the Benefits of Medicine Worth What We Pay for It?" by David M. Cutler (Fifteenth Annual Herbert Lourie Memorial Lecture on Health Policy, Policy Brief No. 27, April 2004, .pdf format, 25p.).

Urban Institute Periodical: _Neighborhood Change in Urban America_ (No.3, March 2004, .pdf format, 9p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Issue Brief: "Current Issues in Medicaid Financing - An Overview of IGTs, UPLs, and DSH - Issue Brief," by David Rousseau and Andy Schneider (Medicaid and the Uninsured, April 2004, .pdf format, 13p.). "Medicaid is financed jointly by the federal government and states. This shared financing has produced tension at times over the appropriate share of the cost of the program. This report explains briefly the mechanisms used by states in recent years to finance their share of Medicaid expenditures."

Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical: _International Family Planning Perspectives_ (Vol. 30, No. 1, March 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

Commonwealth Fund Chartbook: "Quality of Health Care for Children and Adolescents: A Chartbook," by Sheila Leatherman and Douglas McCarthy (University of North Carolina Program on Health Outcomes/Commonwealth Fund, April 2004, .pdf format, 132p.). "A new chartbook on children's health released by The Commonwealth Fund. "The chartbook... illustrates the state of preventive care and chronic care services and the extent of medical mistakes in children and youth. The chartbook finds dramatic progress in some areas-such as reductions in hospital-acquired infections in pediatric intensive care units-and serious challenges in many others-such as gaps in preventive care and developmental services. It also identifies geographic, racial, and ethnic disparities in care for children and provides examples of quality improvement programs that have successfully improved care."

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 16, Apr. 19, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Michigan Population Research Center: "Measurement of Women's Autonomy according to Women and Their Husbands: Results from Five Asian Countries," by Sharon J., Ghuman, Helen J. Lee, and Herbert L. Smith (PSC Research Report 04-556. April 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


We illustrate the difficulty of measuring gender relations in surveys by comparing couple responses to survey items on the wife's autonomy in various domains using data from 23 communities in India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand. We employ an item response model to show that the level of women's autonomy depends on whether wives or husbands are respondents and that the response categories do not have the same cognitive or semantic meanings to men and women. The disagreement between men and women varies across communities for reasons that are not easy to explain. The items also contain random measurement error that attenuates the correlation between spousal reports. We conclude that these survey questions are of limited utility for understanding differences in gender stratification across context.

Click on PDF icon for full text.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Cigarette Smoking Among Young People in the United States, 1992-1999," by Jeffrey E. Harris and Beatriz Lopez-Valcarcel (w10409, April 2004, .pdf format, 67p.).


We analyzed cigarette smoking among people aged 15 - 24 in approximately 90,000 households in the 1992 - 1999 U.S. Current Population Surveys. We modeled social influence as an informational externality, in which each young person's smoking informs her peers about its coolness.' The resulting family smoking game,' with each sibling's smoking endogenous, may have multiple equilibria. We found that the pro-smoking influence of a fellow smoker markedly exceeded the deterrent effect of a non-smoking peer. The phenomenon of asymmetric social influence has implications for financial markets, educational performance, criminal behavior, and other areas of inquiry where peer influence is important.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B, "Shame and Ostracism: Union Army Deserters Leave Home," by Dora L. Costa and Matthew E. Kahn (w10425, April 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


During the Civil War not all men served honorably and this was known by everyone in their communities. We study how shame and ostracism affect behavior by examining whether men who deserted from the Union Army, and who faced no legal sanctions once the war was over, returned home or whether they moved and re-invented themselves. We build a unique panel data set that provides us with a control group for deserters because we can identify men who deserted but then returned to fight with their companies. We find that, compared to non-deserters and returned deserters, deserters were more likely to move both out of state and further distances. This effect was stronger for deserters from pro-war communities. When deserters moved they were more likely to move to anti-war states than non-deserters. Our study provides a rare test of the empirical implications of emotion. While both shame and ostracism would push deserters out of their home community, we find no evidence that deserters faced economic sanctions.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "Who Exits the Food Stamp Program after Welfare Reform?" by Colleen M. Heflin (Discussion Paper DP 1279-04, April 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).


I estimate the effects of work and welfare receipt on the probability of exiting the Food Stamp program using four waves of the Women's Employment Study. A competing risk analysis shows that work increases the odds of jointly leaving the Food Stamp program and welfare, but is unrelated to the odds of leaving the Food Stamp program while continuing to receive welfare benefits. Analyses also indicate that the odds of exiting are positively associated with being married, the number of adults in the household, and drug dependence. The rate of exiting is negatively associated with age, educational level, welfare history, the number of children in the household, having access to a car, and knowledge of Food Stamp eligibility rules.

Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research [University of Munich, Germany]: "Welfare-to-Work Experiences with Specific Work-First Programmes in Selected Countries," by Wolfgang Ochel (Working Paper 1153, March 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


This paper reviews the evidence of specific mandatory work-first programmes (job search assistance and workfare) for welfare recipients in the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark, the Netherlands and Germany. It primarily refers to experimental and econometric evaluations. The effectiveness of specific programme elements in promoting the transition from welfare to work is compared. The advantage of combining work-first with training programmes and inwork benefits is discussed. Some policy conclusions are drawn.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?" by David Card (Discussion Paper 1119, April 2004, .pdf format, 39p.). Abstract:

This paper reviews the recent evidence on U.S. immigration, focusing on two key questions: (1) Does immigration reduce the labor market opportunities of less-skilled natives? (2) Have immigrants who arrived after the 1965 Immigration Reform Act successfully assimilated? Looking across major cities, differential immigrant inflows are strongly correlated with the relative supply of high school dropouts. Nevertheless, data from the 2000 Census shows that relative wages of native dropouts are uncorrelated with the relative supply of less-educated workers, as they were in earlier years. At the aggregate level, the wage gap between dropouts and high school graduates has remained nearly constant since 1980, despite supply pressure from immigration and the rise of other education-related wage gaps. Overall, evidence that immigrants have harmed the opportunities of less educated natives is scant. On the question of assimilation, the success of the U.S.-born children of immigrants is a key yardstick. By this metric, post-1965 immigrants are doing reasonably well: second generation sons and daughters have higher education and wages than the children of natives. Even children of the least educated immigrant origin groups have closed most of the education gap with the children of natives.

B. "Race, Performance, Pay and Retention among National Basketball Association Head Coaches," by Lawrence M. Kahn (Discussion Paper 1120, April 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).


This paper estimates racial differences in the retention probability, pay and performance of NBA coaches over the 1996-2003 period. Using a hazard function approach, I find small and statistically insignificant racial differences in the exit hazard, conditional on team performance, team payroll, and a variety of coaching quality indicators. There were also statistically insignificant racial differences in the quit and discharge hazards, all else equal. Further, among marginal coaches, I find no racial performance differentials, all else equal. Finally, controlling for performance and qualifications, I find small and statistically insignificant racial differences in annual compensation, total contractwide compensation, and contract duration. Together, these findings do not suggest that black NBA coaches are subject to racial discrimination in entry, pay or retention.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
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Demography (Vol. 41, No. 1, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Forces (Vol. 82, No. 3, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

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National Cancer Institute: "The NCI Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program provides postdoctoral training opportunities in cancer prevention and control. The purpose of the program is to train individuals from a multiplicity of health science disciplines in the field of cancer prevention and control." For more information see:

Global Development Network: "Global Development Awards: Medals for Research on Development 2004." For more information, including eligibility and deadline information see:

More information on Global Development Network:

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Census Bureau Census 2000 Tables, Population Estimates, Poverty Data:

A. "Migration for the Young, Single, and College Educated for the United States, Regions, States, and Metropolitan Areas: 2000" (PHC-T-34, April 2003, Microsoft Excel, .pdf and comma separated value [.csv] delimited format).

B. "Disability Status of the Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population by Sex and Selected Characteristics for the United States and Puerto Rico: 2000" (PHC-T-32, April 2003, Microsoft Excel, .pdf and comma separated value [.csv] delimited format).

C. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Selected Age Groups and Sex for the United States and Puerto Rico: 2000" (April 2003, Microsoft Excel, .pdf and comma separated value [.csv] delimited format).

D. "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates Revision to 2000 School District Estimates (April 2003, ASCII format). "School district estimates for income year 2000 were revised April 13, 2004 to reflect corrected geographic boundaries for school districts in the following 3 states: Illinois, Iowa, and South Carolina. Only these states were affected by the revision; the date stamp in the FTP directory, and the date tag within the data files, identify the updated files. This link provides the list of school districts with a population or poverty estimate change."

Click on the Page icon at the top of the page for link to data.

National Cancer Institute: "SEER 1973-2001 Public-Use Data." NCI Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results public use data has been updated through 2001 (ASCII or binary format--for use with SEER*Stat extraction software). Interested researchers must sign off on a public-use data agreement before acquiring the data, either directly from the website, or via CD-ROM. "The SEER Public-Use Data include SEER incidence and population data associated by age, sex, race, year of diagnosis, and geographic areas (including SEER registry and county). A signed SEER Public-Use Data Agreement is required to access these data. Use of these data for publication purposes should contain a citation which includes submission and release dates."

World Health Organization National Health Accounts (NHA): "Policy-makers need reliable information on the quantity of financial resources used for health, their sources and the way they are used, in order to develop policies to enhance the performance of their health systems. National health accounts (NHA) can provide that information. If undertaken regularly, they reveal trends in health expenditure over time, an essential element in health system monitoring and evaluation. NHA methodology can be used to make financial projections of a country's health system requirements and compare their own experiences with those of other countries."

Click on "Guide to producing national health accounts" on the right side of the page for technical documentation (2003, .pdf format, 309p.) Click on "country information" near the bottom of the page for link to data (Microsoft Excel format).

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-2002 (#3958)

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706