Current Demographic Research Report #38, June 28, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Release
National Center for Health Statistics Reports
Centers for Disease Control Periodicals
National Academies Press Monograph
Department of Health and Human Services Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
National Longitudinal Study Newsletter
General Accounting Office Report
US Department of Agriculture News Release
World Health Organization Atlas, News Releases
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Compendia
International Center for Research on Women Report
Kaiser Family Foundation--Various
Urban Institute Report
Population Reference Bureau Report
_Science_ Special Online Collection
_Lancet_ Article, Viewpoint
Info Health Pop. Reporter


Census Bureau
Bureau of Labor Statistics
National Bureau of Economic Research
Economic Growth Center, Yale University
Maxwell School Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University
Penn Institute for Economic Research
University of Connecticut Department of Economics
Center of Labor Economics and Economic Policy


Other Journals


National Institutes of Health


International Union for the Scientific Study of Population Call for Papers


National Longitudinal Study
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Research Proposals
Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS)
UK Data Archive (Essex University)


National Library of Medicine



Census Bureau News Release: "Arizona, Nevada and California Cities Show Fastest Growth, Census Bureau Says" (CB04-101, Jun. 24, 2004). The news release links to the latest Census Bureau estimates (July 2003) of minor civil divisions and incorporated places (Microsoft Excel, .pdf and comma separated value [.csv] formats).

National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2002 Outpatient Department Summary," by Esther Hing and Kimberly Middleton (Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 345, June 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

B. "Access to Health Care Among Hispanic/Latino Children: United States, 1998-2001," by Gulnur Scott,and Hanyu Ni (Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 344, June 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

Centers for Disease Control Periodicals:

A. The latest issue of _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ (Vol. 53, No. 24, Jun. 25, 2004, HTML and .pdf format) contains three articles that may be of interest to demographic researchers. They are: "Cancer Survivorship --- United States, 1971--2001," " Racial/Ethnic Trends in Fetal Mortality --- United States, 1990--2000," and "Progress Toward Global Eradication of Poliomyelitis, January 2003--April 2004."

Note: This is a temporary address. After the next _MMWR_ is released next week, this one, along with all others from 2004, will be available by clicking on "Current Volume" on the left side of the page. From 2005 onward, this issue will be available by clicking on "Past Volumes" on the left side of the page.

B. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 10, No. 7, July 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one along with all others, will be available at:

National Academies Press Monograph: _Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth: Assessing and Improving Child Health_ (Committee on Evaluation of Children's Health, National Research Council, and Institute of Medicine, 2004, OpenBook format, 284p.). Note: Ordering information for the print edition is available at the site.

Department of Health and Human Services Report: "Child Support Enforcement FY 2003 Preliminary Data Report" (Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, June 2004).

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Language Minorities and Their Educational and Labor Market Indicators--Recent Trends," by Steven Klein, Rosio Bugarin, Renee Beltranena, and Edith McArthur (NCES 2004009, July 2004, .pdf format, 66p.).


This report examines trends in the characteristics of the U.S. language minority population from 1979 through 1999. It examines changes in the numbers and proportion of the language minority population compared to the total U.S. population 5 to 24 years old and also discusses changes in the language minority population by language subgroups and English ability. Further, it examines education, income and labor force outcomes for this population during the two-decade period.

National Longitudinal Study Newsletter: The Bureau of Labor Statistics has made available an electronic copy of its latest NLS Newsletter (04-117, .pdf format, 5p.) announcing the availability of public use data from NLSY79 Round 20, among other information).

General Accounting Office Report: "Illegal Alien Schoolchildren: Issues in Estimating State-by-State Costs (GAO-04-733, June 2004, .pdf format, 29p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

US Department of Agriculture News Release: "Veneman Announces Full Implementation of Food Stamp Program Electronic Benefit Transfer System" (USDA News Release No.0251.04, Jun. 22, 2004).

World Health Organization Atlas, News Releases:

A. "Inheriting the World: The Atlas of Children's Health and the Environment," by Bruce Gordon, Richard Mackay and Eva Rehfuess (2004, .pdf format, 64p.). "More than three million children die every year due to unhealthy environments. This atlas tackles issues as diverse as the devastating and largely unknown impact of indoor air pollution, the unfashionable yet huge tragedy of sanitation, and complex emerging issues like climate change. Full-colour maps and graphics clearly demonstrate the threats that children face everywhere, and underscore the impact of poverty on children's health. While this crisis cannot be ignored and demands urgent action, success stories, such as the Montreal Protocol, show a way forward for the world to make sure that our children will inherit a safer planet and a brighter future."

B. "Polio experts warn of largest epidemic in recent years, as polio hits
Darfur" (Jun. 22, 2004).

C. "New WHO guidelines to promote proper use of alternative medicines" (Jun. 22, 2004).

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Compendia:

A. "Australia's Health 2004," (AIHW Cat. No. AUS-44, June 2004, .pdf format, 528p.). "Australia's Health 2004 is the ninth biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It is the nation's authoritative source of information on patterns of health and illness, determinants of health, the supply and use of health services, and health services expenditure."

B. "Australian Hospital Statistics 2002-03" (AIHW Cat. No. HSE-32, Health Services Series No. 22, June 2004, .pdf format, 356p.). "Australian Hospital Statistics 2002-03 is the tenth of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's annual summary reports describing the characteristics and activity of Australian hospitals. Detailed information is presented on hospital care and hospitals in 2002-03, along with summaries of changes over time, and comparisons between public and private hospitals. The report is based largely on data in the Institute's National Hospital Morbidity Database, the National Public Hospital Establishments Database and the National Elective Surgery Waiting Times Data Collection, which are compiled each year with the assistance of the state and territory health authorities."

International Center for Research on Women Report: "Understanding HIV and AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination in Vietnam," by Thu Hong Khuat, Thi Van Anh Nguyen, and Jessica Ogden, (February 2004, .pdf format, 48p, via Population and Health Infoshare).

Click on "Download document" or "E-mail document to me" for full text.

More information on ICRW:

Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report, Policy Brief, International AIDS Conference Newsmaker Interviews:

A. The KFF Health Poll Report for May/June 2004 concerns Americans' Views of Disability. "The _Kaiser Health Poll Report_ is a bimonthly report designed to provide key tracking information on public opinion about health care topics to journalists, policymakers and the general public. Each Current Feature includes poll findings on a unique and timely topic, while the other sections track public opinion on some key broad questions over time."

Click on "Americans Views of Disability".

B. "U.S. Government Funding for Global HIV/AIDS Through FY 2005," by Jennifer Kates and Todd Summers (KFF HIV/AIDS Policy Brief, June 2004, .pdf format, 13p.). "To help understand U.S. budget trends and priorities for global HIV/AIDS, the Kaiser Family Foundation has prepared a new policy brief, "U.S. Government Funding for Global HIV/AIDS Through FY 2005." It provides detailed data on funding through FY 2004, and for the FY 2005 budget request. FY 2004 marks the first year of funding for the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), a five-year $15 billion initiative to address HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria in the developing world.

C. KFF conducted newsmaker interviews with Anthony Fauci, Mechai Viravaidya, and Yoweri Museveni in preparation for the 15th International AIDS Conference, to be held in Bangkok, Thailand, Jul. 11-16, 2004. The interview transcripts are available in print (.pdf format) and in video (RealPlayer or Windows Media Player format, running times are listed on the page).

For daily coverage of the conference see:

Urban Institute Report: "Squeezing SCHIP: States Use Flexibility to Respond to the Ongoing Budget Crisis," by Ian Hill, Holly Stockdale, and Brigette Courtot (New Federalism: Issues and Options for States A-65, June 2004, .pdf format, 11p.).

Population Reference Bureau Report: "Educational Attainment in Appalachia," by John Haaga (Demographic and Socio-Economic Change in Appalachia, May 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

_Science_ Special Online Collection: "HIV/AIDS in Asia" (_Science_, Vol. 304, No. 5679, Jun. 25, 2004). Note: Full text may be available. Check your organization's library.

_Lancet_ Article, Viewpoint: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Burden of disease attributable to selected environmental factors and injury among children and adolescents in Europe," by Francesca Valent, D'Anna Little, Roberto Bertollini, Leda E. Nemer, Fabio Barbone, and Giorgio Tamburlini (_Lancet_, Vol. 363, No. 9426, Jun. 19, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2032-2039).



B. "Public health in the new era: improving health through collective action," by Robert Beaglehole, Ruth Bonita, Richard Horton, Orvill Adams, Martin McKee (_Lancet_ Viewpoint, Vol. 363, No. 9426, Jun. 19, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2084-2086).



Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 26, Jun. 28, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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Census Bureau: "People with Health Insurance: A Comparison of Estimates from Two Surveys," by Shailesh Bhandari (Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Working Paper 243, June 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

Bureau of Labor Statistics: "Which Workers Gain from Computer Use?" by Cindy Zoghi and Wulff Pabilonia (Working Paper 373, June 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


Workers who use computers earn more than those who do not. Is this a productivity effect or merely selection? Using the Canadian Workplace and Employee Survey, we control for selection and find a wage premium of 3.8% for the average worker upon adopting a computer. This premium, however, obscures important differences in returns to computer adoption across education and occupation groups. We find that long-run returns to computer use are over 5% for most workers. Differences between short-run and long-run returns may suggest that workers share training costs through sacrificed wages.

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Where Do New US-Trained Science-Engineering PhDs come from?" by Richard B. Freeman, Emily Jin and Chia-Yu Shen (w10554, June 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


This study shows that the demographic and institutional origins of new US trained science and engineering PhDs changed markedly between the late 1960s-1970s to the 1990s-early 2000s. In 1966, 71% of science and engineering PhD graduates were US-born males, 6% were US-born females, and 23% were foreign born. In 2000, 36% of the graduates were US-born males, 25% were US-born females, and 39% were foreign born. Between 1970 and 2000 most of the growth in PhDs was in less prestigious smaller doctorate programs. The undergraduate origins of bachelor's obtaining science and engineering PhDs changed only modestly among US colleges and universities while there was a huge growth in the number of foreign bachelor's graduates obtaining US PhDs.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Further Tests of Abortion and Crime," by Ted Joyce (w10564, June 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).


The inverse relationship between abortion and crime has spurred new research and much controversy. If the relationship is causal, then polices that increased abortion have generated enormous external benefits from reduced crime. In previous papers, I argued that evidence for a casual relationship is weak and incomplete. In this paper, I conduct a number of new analyses intended to address criticisms of my earlier work. First, I examine closely the effects of changes in abortion rates between 1971 and 1974. Changes in abortion rates during this period were dramatic, varied widely by state, had a demonstrable effect on fertility, and were more plausibly exogenous than changes in the late 1970s and early 1980s. If abortion reduced crime, crime should have fallen sharply as these post-legalization cohorts reached their late teens and early 20s, the peak ages of criminal involvement. It did not. Second, I conduct separate estimates for whites and blacks because the effect of legalized abortion on crime should have been much larger for blacks than whites, since the effect of legalization of abortion on the fertility rates of blacks was much larger. There was little race difference in the reduction in crime. Finally, I compare changes in homicide rates before and after legalization of abortion, within states, by single year of age. The analysis of older adults is compelling because they were largely unaffected by the crack-cocaine epidemic, which was a potentially important confounding factor in earlier estimates. These analyses provide little evidence that legalized abortion reduced crime.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Economic Growth Center, Yale University [New Haven, Connecticut]:"Residential Segregation in General Equilibrium," by Patrick Bayer, Robert McMillan, and Kim Rueben (Center Discussion Paper No. 885, May 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


This paper studies the causes and consequences of racial segregation using a new general equilibrium model that treats neighborhood compositions as endogenous. The model is estimated using unusually detailed restricted Census microdata covering the entire San Francisco Bay Area, and in combination with a rich array of econometric estimates, serves as a powerful tool for carrying out counterfactual simulations that shed light on the causes and consequences of segregation. In terms of causes, and contrasting with prior research, our GE simulations indicate that equalizing income and education across race would be unlikely to result in significant reductions in racial segregation, as minority households would sort into newly formed minority neighborhoods. Indeed, among Asian and Hispanic households, segregation increases. In terms of consequences, this paper provides the first evidence that sorting on the basis of race gives rise to significant reductions in the consumption of local public goods by minority households and upper-income minority households in particular. These consumption effects are likely to have important intergenerational implications.

Maxwell School Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University: "School Finance, Equivalent Educational Expenditure and Income Distribution: Equal Dollars or Equal Chances for Success?" by Kathryn Wilson, Kristina Lambright, and Timothy M. Smeeding (Working Paper No. 62, June 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


This paper breaks new ground in the debate on school finance and equality of per pupil school expenditures. Unlike previous studies which conduct such analyses at the school district level, we are able to allocate expenditures per pupil at the individual student and family level. This allows us to examine both student and school district characteristics and to assess several measures of equality of expenditure across the income distribution of parents and by funding sources. We find a surprising degree of equality in the actual amounts expended for children in low vs. high income families. However, adjusting for student needs to reach equivalent education expenditures results in much great inequality across the income distribution. We are able to relate these to local revenues compared to state and federal spending which are both more equalizing. Policy implications for school finance and increased equality of educational opportunity are drawn in closing.

Penn Institute for Economic Research [University of Pennsylvania]: "The Production of Cognitive Achievement in Children: Home, School and Racial Test Score Gaps," by Petra E. Todd and Kenneth I. Wolpin (Working Paper 04-019, April 2004, .pdf format, 50p.).


This paper studies the determinants of children's scores on tests of cognitive achievement in math and reading. Using rich longitudinal data on test scores, home environments, and schools, we implement alternative specifications for the production function for achievement and test their assumptions. We do not find support for commonly used restrictive models that assume test scores depend only on contemporaneous inputs or that assume conditioning in a lagged score captures the effects of all past inputs. Instead, the results show that both contemporaneous and lagged inputs matter in the production of current achievement and that it is important to allow for unobserved child-specific endowment effects and endogeneity of inputs. Using a specification that incorporates these features, we analyze sources of test score gaps between black, white and Hispanic children. The estimated model captures key patterns in the data, such as the widening of minority-white test score gaps with age, which is most pronounced for black children. The parameter estimates indicate that home inputs are significant determinants of achievement, while the effects of school inputs (as measured by pupil-teacher ratios and teacher salaries) are imprecisely measured in specifications that allow for unobserved child endowments. We find that equalizing home inputs at the average levels of white children would close the black-white test score gap by about 25% and close the Hispanic-white gap by about 30%.

University of Connecticut Department of Economics: "The Improving Relative Status of Black Men," by Kenneth A. Couch and Mary C. Daly (Working Paper 2004-12, June 2004, .pdf format, 34p.).


Using data from the Current Population Survey, we examine recent trends in the relative economic status of black men. Our findings point to gains in the relative wages of black men (compared to whites) during the 1990s, especially among younger workers. In 1989, the average black male worker (experienced or not) earned about 69 percent as much per week as the average white male worker. In 2001, the average younger black worker was earning about 86as much as an equally experienced white male; black males at all experience levels earned 72 percent as much as the average white in 2001. Greater occupational diversity and a reduction in unobserved skill differences and/or labor market discrimination explain much of the trend. For both younger and older workers, general wage inequality tempered the rate of wage convergence between blacks and whites during the 1990s, although the effects were less pronounced than during the 1980s.

Click on the title for link to full text.

Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CES/Ifo) [University of Munich, Germany]: "Public Education in an Integrated Europe: Studying for Migration and Teaching for Staying?" by Panu Poutvaara (via Economic Working Paper Archive, Washington University at St. Louis, 2004, June 2004, .pdf format, 35p.).


Both current and especially new member states of the European Union face incentives to distort the provision of public education away from internationally applicable education towards country-specific skills. This would mean educating too few engineers, economists and doctors, and too many lawyers. Such an outcome could be avoided by introducing graduate taxes or income-contingent loans, collected also from migrants. By giving the providers of internationally applicable education a stake also in efficiency gains earned elsewhere, graduate taxes would encourage member states to invest more in internationally applicable education.

Centro di Economia del Lavoro e di Politica Economia (Center of Labor Economics and Economic Policy [University of Salerno, Italy]: "Unemployment and Welfare Participation in a Structural VAR: Rethinking the 1990s in the United States," by Corrado Andini (Discussion Paper DP 80, May 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).


A 1997 report by the Council of Economic Advisers started a large research effort about the effects of the unemployment rate on the welfare participation rate and vice-versa, with special regard to the 1990s in the United States. In this paper the relationship between the US unemployment rate and the welfare participation rate is examined in a structural VAR. It is found that the unemployment rate does not Granger-cause the welfare participation rate, while the converse is true. Moreover, a negative shock to the welfare participation rate predicts a reduction in the unemployment rate. The conclusion is that the decline in the welfare participation rate in the 1990s should be attributed to restrictive welfare reforms, not to the fall in the unemployment rate. Further, the political choice to reduce the welfare participation rate may have inflated the reduction in the unemployment rate, by increasing the number of people willing to accept peripheral jobs, for instance in the eating and drinking place.


JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

AIDS (Vol. 18, No. 8, 2004).

Journal of Human Resources (Vol. 39, No. 2, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Work and Occupations (Vol. 31, No. 3, August 2004).

Other Journals

Medical Care (Vol. 42, No. 7, July 2004).

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National Institutes of Health: "The Science and Ecology of Early Development (SEED) (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) PA-04-113, Jun. 18, 2004). For more information see:

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International Union for the Scientific Study of Population Call for Papers: IUSSP has opened its website to paper submissions for its 25th International Population Conference, to be held in Tours, France, Jul. 18-23, 2005. For more information see:

Click on "Scientific Programme and Submission of Papers" on the left side of the page.

More information on IUSSP:

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National Longitudinal Study: The Bureau of Labor Statistics, via the Center for Human Resource Research (CHRR) at the Ohio State University, has released the following items. Note 1: Data items below are available for download, free of charge. Documentation items are available for download, free of charge, print copies are available for a fee. Note 2: The latest version of NLS Database Investigator software, which is the extraction software for all NLS data, can be found at:


NLSY97 Main File Data Rounds 1-6 Release 06/04 (D97-R6). NLSY79, 1979-2002, Main File and Work History Data, R12.1 (D79-R12.1). NLSY79 Child/Young Adult 1979-2002 Data Release R11.0 (DCYA-R11).

Documentation (all .pdf format):

NLS Mature Women and Young Women:

1968 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1368).
1969 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1369).
1971 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1371).
1974 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1374).
1976 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1376).
1977 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1377).
1979 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1379).
1981 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1381).
1982 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1382).
Codebook Supplement - Mature Women (W07).

NLS Older Men and Young Men:

1966 Young Men Questionnaire (B1366).
1967 Young Men Questionnaire (B1367).
1968 Young Men Questionnaire (B1368).
1970 Young Men Questionnaire (B1370).
1971 Young Men Questionnaire (B1371).
1973 Young Men Questionnaire (B1373).
1975 Young Men Questionnaire (B1375).
1976 Young Men Questionnaire (B1376).
1978 Young Men Questionnaire (B1378).
1980 Young Men Questionnaire (B1380).
1981 Young Men Questionnaire (B1381).
Codebook Supplement - Young Men (B07).

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Research Proposals: "NCHS is now considering new or revised questionnaire material,laboratory assessments, and examination components for NHANES 2007-2008. The ability to add examination components or new questionnaire items is limited by logistical considerations (time) and is dependent on other content cycling out of the survey. Proposals of merit received for consideration in 2005-6 but not added to the protocol will be considered with the highest priority for 2007-8. Proposals for inclusion in 2007 may be deferred for consideration until 2009 if that is of interest to the party proposing. The proposal submission process is a 2-stage process. Initially, all proposers should submit a letter of intent describing the proposed NHANES project. The letter of intent should be brief (two pages maximum) and include descriptions of the public health significance of the proposal, technical requirements to perform the proposed component, and issues related to the safety and privacy of survey participants. NCHS will review the letters of intent and provide comments to proposers. If the proposal is selected for further consideration a full research proposal will be requested. The final date for letters of intent to be received is October 15, 2004. NCHS will notify proposers by December 15, 2004 as to whether a proposal will be given further review. The proposer will have until February 28, 2005 to submit the final research proposal. For more information see:

Click on "Deadlines and Guidelines for 2007-2008 NHANES Proposals" (.pdf format, 10p.)..

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) [University of Minnesota]: The following revisions and additions were announced at IPUMS on Jun. 23, 2004. Note: Users must register with IPUMS before extracting data.

A. "Posted new versions of all the 2000 samples. The RACE variable was expanded to incorporate all information in all other race variables. Details about multiple-race responses are now included, some value labels were clarified, and a few other categories were added. In addition, corrections were made to MOBLHOME and CITYPOP."

B. "American Community Survey (ACS) samples for 2000, 2001, and 2002 were released on the IPUMS."

For more information, as well as a link to the new IPUMS ACS beta-site, see:

UK Data Archive (Essex University): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 4967 -British Household Panel Survey; Waves 1-12, 1991-2003

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National Library of Medicine: "American Indian Health." "This Web resource on American Indian Health, sponsored by the National Library of Medicine, is designed to bring together health and medical resources pertinent to the American Indian population including policies, consumer health information, and research. Links are provided here to an assortment of documents, Web sites, databases, and other resources."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706