Current Demographic Research Report #4--October 27, 2003

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Report
United Nations Reports
US Government Printing Office Compendium
US Centers for Disease Control Periodical
US Bureau of Justice Statistics/National Center for Education Statistics
FBI Compendium
National Academies Press Monograph
Population Reference Bureau Reports
Urban Institute Reports
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodicals
Physicians for Human Rights Report
Center for Immigration Studies Report
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium
Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Study Bibliography Updates


Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Population Council
University of British Columbia [Canada] Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration/CES Ifo




US House Agriculture Committee Hearing Publication
US House Committee on Education and the Workforce Hearing Publication
US Senate Appropriations Committee Hearing Publication



Census Bureau Report: "Fertility of American Women: June 2002," by Barbara Downs (Current Population Reports, Population Characteristics, P20-548, October 2003, .pdf format, 11p.). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Percentage of Childless Women 40 to 44 Years Old Increases Since 1976, Census Bureau Reports" (CB03-166, Oct. 23, 2003).

United Nations Reports:

A. "Maternal mortality in 2000: Estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA," by Carla AbouZahr and Tessa Wardlaw (World Health Organization, 2003, .pdf format, 39p.).

Executive Summary Extract:

Reduction of maternal mortality is one of the major goals of several recent international conferences and has been included within the Millennium Development Goals. However, because measuring maternal mortality is difficult and complex, reliable estimates of the dimensions of the problem are not generally available and assessing progress towards the goal is difficult. In recent years, new ways of measuring maternal mortality have been developed, with the needs and constraints of developing countries in particular in mind. As a result, there is considerably more information available today than was the case even a few years ago. Nonetheless, problems of underreporting and misclassification are endemic to all methods and estimates that are based on household surveys are subject to wide margins of uncertainty because of sample size issues. For all these reasons, it is difficult to compare the data obtained from different sources and to assess the overall magnitude of the problem.

B. "Consensus document on the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)" (World Health Organization Global Health Security Epidemic Alert and Response WHO/CDS/CSR/GAR/2003.11, October 2003, .pdf format, 44p.).

Related press release:

C. "The Impact of AIDS" (UN Population Division, 2003, .pdf format, report is in two sections: Part I: 108p., and Part II: 58p.).


This report was prepared by the Population Division as a contribution to the knowledge of the impact of AIDS on population, societies and the economy at large. The report documents the wide-ranging impacts of HIV/AIDS: on population size and growth and national mortality levels; on families and households; agricultural sustainability; business; the health sector; education, and economic growth. The study also shows that the AIDS epidemic will continue to have devastating consequences for decades to come for virtually every sector of society. The report is divided into two parts. Part one is an attempt to provide a comprehensive survey of available studies on the impact of AIDS. Part two presents summaries of selected studies, with particular attention to the methodology and scope of each study.

D. "Child Poverty in the Developing World," by David Gordon, Shailen Nandy, Christina Pantazis, Simon Pemberton and Peter Townsend (United Nations Childrens Fund [UNICEF] and Policy Press, October 2003, .pdf format, 36p.). The report is linked to from a UNICEF press release: "New study shows one billion children suffer effects of poverty" (Oct. 21, 2003).

Click on "Child poverty in the developing world (pdf)" for full text.

US Government Printing Office Compendium: _2003-2004 Congressional Directory_ (HTML and .pdf format, searchable and browsable, 1190 p.). "The Congressional Directory is the official directory of the U.S. Congress, prepared by the Joint Committee on Printing (JCP). Published since 1888, the Congressional Directory presents short biographies of each member of the Senate and House, listed by state or district, and additional data, such as committee memberships, terms of service, administrative assistants and/or secretaries, and room and telephone numbers. It also lists officials of the courts, military establishments, and other Federal departments and agencies, including D.C. government officials, governors of states and territories, foreign diplomats, and members of the press, radio, and television galleries." Chapters are available separately for convenience.

US Centers for Disease Control Periodical: "_Emerging Infectious Diseases_" (Vol. 9, No. 11, November 2003, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

US Bureau of Justice Statistics/National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2003," by Jill F. DeVoe, Katharin Peter, Phillip Kaufman, Sally A. Ruddy, Amanda K. Miller, Mike
Planty, Thomas D. Snyder, and Michael R. Rand (NCES 2004-04, NCJ 201257, October 2003, .pdf format, 164p.).


This report presents data on crime at school from the perspectives of students, teachers, principals, and the general population from an array
of sources--the National Crime Victimization Survey (1992-2001), the School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (1995, 1999 and 2001), the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2001), the School Survey on Crime and Safety (2000) and the School and Staffing Survey (1993-94 and 1999-2000). This report examines crime occurring in school as well as on the way to and from school. Data on crime away from school are also presented to place school crime in the context of crime in the larger society.


B. "Violence in U.S. Public Schools: 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety," by Amanda K. Miller (NCES 2004314, October 2003, .pdf format, 112p.).


This report presents the first analysis of the 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS). SSOCS is a nationally representative sample of public elementary and secondary school principals. Principals were asked about the amount of crime and violence, disciplinary actions, prevention programs and policies, and other school characteristics. While the SSOCS collects a wide variety of information, this report focuses on the violence that occurred in American public schools during the 1999-2000 school year.

FBI Compendium: _Crime in the United States: 2002_" (July 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 472p., with selected tables in Microsoft Excel format). "The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics. Today, several annual statistical publications, such as the comprehensive Crime in the United States, are produced from data provided by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the United States."

Click on "2002" Under _Crime in the United States_.

National Academies Press Monograph: "Improving Racial and Ethnic Data in Health: Report of a Workshop," edited by Daniel Melnick and Edward Perrin (Panel on DHHS Collection of Race and Ethnicity Data, National Research Council, 2003, OpenBook browsable and searchable format, 57p.). Purchase options are available at the site.

Population Reference Bureau Reports:

A. "Country Profiles for Population and Reproductive Health: Policy Developments and Indicators 2003," edited by William Ryan (Population Reference Bureau and United Nations Population Program, October 2003, .pdf format, 345p.). Note: Geographic area chapters can be downloaded separately for convenience. "The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), in collaboration with PRB, recently published an update to the 1995 Resource Requirements for Population and Reproductive Health Programmes: Programme Country Profiles for Population Assistance. The volume contains national and subnational indicators on the demographic and social situation in 162 countries. Indicators are organized by the following categories: population, estimated programme resource requirements, socioeconomic and health conditions, adolescent reproductive health, gender equality, and reproductive health commodity security needs. Each country also has a population profile that details current social and political contexts, and policy priorities."

B. "Migration and HIV in Northern Senegal," by Macoumba Thiam, Rebecca Perry, and Victor Piche (October 2003).

C. "The Growing Number of Kids in Severely Distressed Neighborhoods: Evidence from the 2000 Census," by William O'Hare and Mark Mather (PRB and Annie E. Casey Foundation Kids Count, revised October 2003, .pdf format, 15p.).

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Immigrants and TANF: A Look at Immigrant Welfare Recipients in Three Cities," by Karen C. Tumlin and Wendy Zimmermann (Assessing the New Federalism Occasional Paper No. 69, October 2003, .pdf format, 25p.).

B. "Children in Kinship Care" (Assessing the New Federalism Brief, October 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodicals:

A. _Guttmacher Report on Public Policy_, Vol. 6, No. 4, October 2003 (HTML and .pdf format).

B. _Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health_, (Vol. 35, No. 5, September/October 2003, HTML and .pdf format).

Click on "35(5) September/October, html and pdf" for full text.

Physicians for Human Rights Report: "The Right to Equal Treatment: An Action Plan to End Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment in the United States" (September 2003, .pdf format, 42p.).

Click on "Read the Report" for full text.

Center for Immigration Studies Report: "Remaking the Political Landscape: The Impact of Illegal and Legal Immigration on Congressional Apportionment," by Dudley L. Poston, Jr., Steven A. Camarota, and Amanda K. Baumle (October 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).

More information about CIS:

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 3, No. 43, Oct. 27, 2003). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Study Bibliography Updates: The following items have been added to the bibliography as of Oct. 27, 2003.

Dunifon, R. & Kowaleski-Jones, L. (2003). The influences of participation in the national school lunch program and food insecurity on the child well-being. The Social Science Review, 77, 72-94.

Hofferth, Sandra L., & Sandberg, J. F. (2001). Children at the millennium: Where have we come from, where are we going? In T. J. Owens, and S. L. Hofferth (Eds.), Advances in Life Course Research 6, 193-229. New York: Elsevier Science.

Hofferth, S.L., Smith, J., McLoyd, V.C., & Finkelstein, J. (2000). Achievement and behavior among children of welfare recipients, welfare leavers, and low-income single mothers. Journal of Social Issues:Special Issue:The impact of welfare reform, 56, 747-73.

Hofferth, Sandra L., & Jankuniene, Z. (2001). Life After School. Educational Leadership 58, 19-23.

Yeung, W. J., Linver, M., & Brooks-Gunn, J.B.. (2002). How Money Matters for Young Children's Development: Parental Investment and Family Processes. Child Development 73, 1861-79.

Hofferth, S.L., & Curtin, S. (2003). Food Programs and Obesity among US Children. Paper presented at the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC.

Return to top



Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "A new method for correcting the underestimation of disabled life expectancy inherent in conventional methods: Application to the oldest old in China," by Yi Zeng, Danan Gu, and Kenneth C. Land (WP-2003-033, September 2003, .pdf format, 47p.).


This article demonstrates that the widely used disabled life expectancies based on conventional methods are significantly underestimated due to assuming no functional status changes between age and death. We propose a new method to correct the bias and apply it to the longitudinal survey data of about 9,000 oldest old Chinese aged 80-105 collected in 1998 and 2000. In our application the age trajectories of ADL status-specific death rates and ADL state transition probabilities of the oldest old were investigated for the first time in a developing country. We have estimated the bias-corrected disabled and active life expectancies of Chinese oldest old, and demonstrate patterns of large differentials associated with initial status, gender and advances in ages. Employing combined information on ADL and length of having been bedridden before dying, we analyze gender and age patterns of the extent of morbidity before dying among the oldest old and the implications of the debating hypothesis of compression of morbidity.

B. "Demographic trends in Sweden: An update of childbearing and nuptiality through 2002," by Gunnar Andersson (WP 2003-034, October 2003, .pdf format, 14p.).


In the present note, we display the main features of recent trends in vital family-demographic behavior in Sweden. We update previously published indexes of marriage, divorce, and childbearing risks by calendar year in order to cover the developments up trough 2002, adding another two to three years of observation to our series.

Population Council:

A. "Estimating Mean Lifetime," by John Bongaarts and Griffith Feeney (WP 179, 2003, .pdf format, 21p.).


The life expectancy implied by current age-specific mortality rates is calculated with life table methods that are among the oldest and most fundamental tools of demography. We demonstrate that these conventional estimates of period life expectancy are affected by an undesirable 'tempo effect'. The tempo effect is positive when the mean age at death is rising and negative when the mean age is declining. Estimates of the effect for females in three countries with high and rising life expectancy range from 1.6 years in the United States and Sweden to 2.4 years in France for the period 1980-95.

B. "The Ghana community-based health planning and services initiative: Fostering evidence-based organizational change and development in a resource-constrained setting," by Frank K. Nyonator, J. Koku Awoonor-Williams, James F. Phillips, Tanya C. Jones and Robert A. Miller (WP 180, 2003, .pdf format, 24p.).


Research projects demonstrating ways to improve health services often fail to have an impact on what national health programs actually do. An approach to evidence- based policy development has been launched in Ghana that bridges the gap between research and program implementation. The Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative employs strategies tested in the successful Navrongo experiment to guide national health reforms that mobilize volunteers, resources, and cultural institutions to support community-based primary health care. Over the 1999 to 2002 period, 100 out of the 110 districts in Ghana adopted a CHPS initiative. This paper reviews features of the initiative that explain its success and constrain future progress.

Integrated Research Infrastructure in the Socio-Economic Sciences (IRSS) at CEPS/INSTEAD (Centre d'Etudes de Populations, de Pauvrete et de Politiques Socio-Economiques / International Networks for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development) [Differdange, Luxembourg]: "Trends in income inequality, pro-poor income growth and income mobility," by Stephen P. Jenkins and Philippe Van Kerm (WP 2003-11, September 2003, .pdf format, 18p.).


We provide an analytical framework within which changes in income inequality over time are related to the pattern of income growth across the income range, and the reshuffling of individuals in the income pecking order. We use it to explain how it was possible both for 'the poor' to
have fared badly relatively to the rich in the USA during the 1980s (when income inequality grew substantially), and also for income growth to have been pro-poor. Income growth was also pro-poor in Western Germany, more so than in the USA, and inequality did not rise as much.

University of British Columbia [Canada] Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration/Center for Economic Studies-Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CES-Ifo [Munich, Germany]: "Relationship Between Maternal Behavior During Pregnancy, Birth Outcome, and Early Childhood Development: An Exploratory Study," by Kai Li and Dale J. Poirier (July 2003, .pdf format, 27p.).


This study examines the relationship between maternal behavior during pregnancy, birth outcomes, and early childhood development. Specifically, in the context of four measures of maternal behavior during pregnancy (maternal smoking, drinking, prenatal care, and maternal weight gain), three measures of birth outcome (gestational age, birth length, and birth weight), and 32 exogenous covariates observed during pregnancy, we investigate the importance of maternal choices during pregnancy and birth outcomes in forecasting child health (as indicated by height and weight), child behavioral problems, and a child math/reading test score at age five or six. Strikingly, birth outcomes have virtually no structural/causal effects on early childhood developmental outcomes, and only maternal smoking and drinking during pregnancy have some effects on child height. Not surprisingly, family child-rearing environment has sizeable negative and positive effects on behavioral problems index and math/reading test score, respectively, and a mildly surprising negative effect on child height.

Return to top


JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Economic Review (Vol. 93, No. 4, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Gender and Society (Vol. 17, No. 5, 2003).

Journal of Adult Development (Vol. 10, No. 4, 2003).

Studies in Family Planning (Vol. 34, No. 3, 2003).

Return to top



US House Agriculture Committee Hearing Publication: "Review the Operations of the Food Stamp Program," a hearing held Jul. 24, 2003 (House Serial Publication No. 108-16, .pdf format, 28p.).

US House Committee on Education and the Workforce Hearing Publication:"LIHEAP & CSBG: Providing Assistance to Low-Income Families," a hearing held Jun. 8, 2003 (House Serial Publication No. 108-23, ASCII text and .pdf format, 96p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-23" (without the quotes).

US Senate Appropriations Committee Hearing Publication: "Global HIV/AIDS and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Special Hearing," a hearing held Apr. 8, 2003 (Senate Hearing 108-139, ASCII text and .pdf format, 33p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "S. Hrg. 108-139" (without the quotes).

Return to top

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706