Current Demographic Research Report #49, September 13, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Release, Facts for Features, Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical
National Institute on Drug Abuse Report
Government Printing Office Compendium
National Center for Education Statistics Issue Briefs, Reports
National Academies Press Monograph
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
Government Accountability Office Report
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Periodical
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
Kaiser Family Foundation Report
Urban Institute Report
Info Health Pop Reporter


University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
Penn State Population Research Institute
Population Council
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]
The Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)


Other Journals


Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing Publication



Census Bureau News Release, Facts for Features, Report:

A. "First New Census Bureau Economic Indicator in 40 Years: Commerce Secretary Evans Says New Economic Indicator on Service Industries Will Help Close ~QCritical Gap'" (CB04-152, Sep. 8, 2004).

B. "Hispanic Heritage Month 2004: Sept. 15-Oct. 15" (Facts for Features CB04-FF.14-2, Sep. 8, 2004).

C. "Comparing Selected Physical and Financial Housing Characteristics with Census 2000," by Susan P. Love, Joan K. Broadwater, Deborah H. Griffin, Theresa F. Leslie, and David A. Raglin (Meeting 21st Century Demographic Data Needs-Implementing the American Community Survey Report No. 10, July 2004, .pdf format, 134p.).

Centers for Disease Control Periodical: _MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report) Recommendations and Reports_" (Vol. 53, No. RR-11, Sep. 10, 2004, HTML and .pdf format). The current RR is "Indicators for Chronic Disease Surveillance."

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next volume (2005) becomes available, this report, along with all volumes back to 1990, will be available by clicking "Past Volumes" under "_MMWR_ Recommendations and Reports."

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Report: "Accessing Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)" (September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 254p., with detailed tables in .pdf format, 8p. table of contents which links to further .pdf tables). Note: This survey was formerly known as National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

Scroll to "2004 Publications" and see entries under "09/09/04."

National Institute on Drug Abuse Report: "Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2003. Volume II: College students and adults ages 19-45," by L.D. Johnson, P.M. O'Malley, J.G. Bachman, and J.E. Schulenberg (NIDA, 2004, .pdf format, 267p.). "Volume II is a 267-page monograph covering many of the same subjects for college students and adults through age 45, including 24-year trends among American college students (1980 through 2003)." Note: This is a companion volume to Vol. 1, discussed in CDERR #42, July 26, 2004: Monitoring the Future: National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2003, Vol. I: Secondary Students".

Vol. II:

Vol. I:

Government Printing Office Compendium: _2004-05 U.S. Government Manual_ (2004, ASCII text and .pdf format, 692p.). "As the official handbook of the Federal Government, the United States Government Manual provides comprehensive information on the agencies of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It also includes information on quasi-official agencies, international organizations in which the United States participates, and boards, commissions, and committees."

National Center for Education Statistics Issue Briefs, Reports:

A. "The Summer after Kindergarten: Children's Activities and Library Use by Socioeconomic Status," by David Meyer, Daniel Princiotta, and Lawrence Lanahan (NCES 2004037, September 2004, .pdf format, 3p.).


This Issue Brief provides a description of children's participation in various activities during the summer after kindergarten. Children's participation in activities is compared across a measure of SES. This Brief also takes a closer look at one summer activity in particular--children's library use. The Issue Brief draws on data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998--99 (ECLS-K), which provide nationally representative information regarding the approximately 3.9 million children enrolled in kindergarten during the 1998--99 school year. The ECLS-K included a parent interview in fall 1999 that asked parents about their children's participation in activities during the summer of 1999.

B. "English Language Learner Students in U.S. Public Schools: 1994 and 2000," by David Meyer, David Madden, and Daniel J. McGrath (NCES 2004035, August 2004, .pdf format, 3p.).


This Issue Brief examines growth in the population of English Language Learner (ELL) students in U.S. public schools between the 1994 and 2000 school years. Data are drawn from the Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS) of 1993-94 and 1999-2000. Nationally, the number of ELL students in public schools increased from approximately two million students in 1993-94 to three million students in 1999-2000. Regionally, over half the national total of U.S. public school ELL students in 1999-2000 were in the West region. The Issue Brief also examined the extent to which ELL students were concentrated in schools in 1999-2000. Nationally in 1999-2000, 62 percent of public school students were in schools with an ELL student population of less than 1 percent of the school population. However, in the West, 19 percent of students were in schools with ELL populations comprising at least 25 percent of the school population; 7 percent of students in the West were in schools comprising over 50 percent ELL students.

C. "Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 1976 to 2001," by Stephen Provasnik and Linda L. Shafer (NCES 2004062, September 2004, .pdf format, 116p.).


Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 1976 to 2001 is a tabular report that presents a quarter-century of trend information on HBCUs. The report contains summary information for HBCUs on enrollment, degrees, staff, salaries, and finances, with comparisons to other colleges and universities. In addition, the report contains detailed information on individual HBCUs, with trends in enrollment, and detailed data on degrees, staff, and finances for recent years.

D. "A Decade of Undergraduate Student Aid: 1989-90 to 1999-2000," by Christina Chang Wei, Xiaojie Li, and Lutz Berkner (NCES 2004158, September 2004, .pdf format, 216p.).


Tuition increases and the broader availability of federal student loans were the major driving forces of change in undergraduate student financing during the 1990s. A Decade of Undergraduate Student Aid: 1989-90 to 1999-2000 uses data from four National Postsecondary Student Aid Studies (NPSAS) to look at changes in financial aid to students in four types of institutions: public 2-year; public 4-year; private not-for-profit 4-year; and private for-profit less-than-4-year. The study focuses on full-time, full-year undergraduates in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico and includes information on grants, loans, and work-study aid. The report also discusses the 1992 Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act (HEA-92) and its effects on how federal financial aid was distributed over time.

National Academies Press Monograph: _Keeping Score for All: The Effects of Inclusion and Accommodation Policies on Large-Scale Educational Assessment_, edited by Judith Anderson Koenig and Lyle F. Bachman (Committee on Participation of English Language Learners and Students with Disabilities in NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress] and Other Large-Scale Assessments, National Research Council, 2004, OpenBook format, 150p.). Note: print copy ordering information is available at the site.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Report: "New Service Industry Productivity Measures" (Report 979, September 2004, .pdf format, 4p.).

Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Criminal Victimization, 2003," by Shannan M. Catalano (NCJ 205455, ASCII text and .pdf format, 12p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets). Note: At the time of mailing, the .pdf formatted report was not downloading properly.


Presents estimates of national levels and rates of personal and property victimization for the year 2003. Rates and levels are provided for personal and property victimization by victim characteristics, type of crime, victim-offender relationship, use of weapons, and reporting to police. A special section of this annual report is devoted to trends in victimization rates from 1993 to 2003. Estimates are from data collected using the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), an ongoing survey of households that interviews about 75,000 persons in 42,000 households twice annually. Violent crimes included in the report are rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault (from the NCVS), and homicide (from the FBI's UCR program). Property crimes examined are burglary, motor vehicle theft, and property theft.

Government Accountability Office Report: "Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services. [New Jersey, New York, Georgia, Oklahoma] (GAO-04-852, September 2004, .pdf format, 37p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s, Final Report," by Peter Schochet and Anu Rangarajan (April 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 250p.).

Click on "Printed Copy (in PDF format)" for full text .pdf.

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: "Prototype Notebook: Short Questions on Dietary Intake, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors," by Heather Hartline-Grafton, Rebecca Nyman, Ronnette Briefel, and Thoda Cohen (E-FAN 04010, September 2004, .pdf format, 171p.).


This report provides a compendium of 128 survey questions used in previous research to assess dietary knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for low-income populations over the age of 18. The short questions or sets of questions on nine topics, including fruits and vegetables; grains, legumes, and fiber; variety; fat; calcium food sources; nonalcoholic beverages; knowledge, attitudes; and behaviors, are drawn from an extensive inventory and evaluation of available questions reported in the research literature. Each question is presented using a common template including the citations, data sources, and characteristics such as question reliability, validity, sensitivity to change, availability in other languages, mode of administration, use in populations with low-income and/or low-education levels, relation to nutrition and health outcomes, and availability of comparative data. This report is part of a larger ERS research effort to develop a common core set of questions to assess the dietary behavior impact of Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE) on Food Stamp Program participants.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Periodical: _Juvenile Justice_ (Vol. 9, No. 1, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format).



Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: _ResearchWorks_ (Vol. 1, No. 6, August 2004, .pdf format, 7p.). "ResearchWorks is the official newsletter of U.S. HUD's Office of Policy Development & Research. ResearchWorks includes new publication announcements, relevant case studies, and success stories highlighting the efforts of those who care about housing, and who work to make it more affordable, more accessible, more energy and resource efficient, and above all, more readily available."

Click on "Current Issue" for link to full text.

Kaiser Family Foundation Report: "Employer Health Benefits 2004 Annual Survey," by Gary Claxton, Isadora Gil, Ben Finder, Erin Holve, Jon GabelJeremy Pickreign, Heidi Whitmore, Samantha Hawkins, and Cheryl Fahlman (September 2004, .pdf format, 150p., Summary of Findings, .pdf format, 8p., Chartpack, .pdf format, 30p.). "This annual survey of employers provides detailed insights into trends in employer-based health coverage, including changes in premiums, employee contributions, cost-sharing policies and other relevant information. The 2004 survey included 3,017 randomly selected public and private firms with three or more employees (1,925 of which responded to the full survey and 1,092 of which responded to an additional question about offering coverage). The Kaiser Family Foundation and the Health Research and Educational Trust jointly conduct the survey."

Urban Institute Report: "The Real Truth about Low Graduation Rates, An Evidence-Based Commentary," by Christopher B. Swanson (August 2004, .pdf format, 9p.).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 37, Sep. 13, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology: "Contributions of Job Strain and Workaholism to Work-Family Conflict," by Brian C. Martinson and Joan M. Griffin (2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


Work and family influence the health and health behaviors of employed adults, especially when these domains have conflicting or competing demands. The extent to which work-family conflict is a function of extrinsic factors, such as the organization of work vs. an individual's work habits, remains unclear. We conducted a mail survey of randomly selected working men (n=655) and women (n=825), ages 30-65, enrolled in a large managed care organization (MCO) to investigate the relationships among workplace characteristics, work habits and work-family conflict. Standard scale items assessed job demands, job control (skill discretion, decision authority) and social support. Using cluster analysis to assess multiple dimensions of work behavior, we classified workers into one of three categories of work habits: workaholic (n=186), unengaged (n=558), and average workers (n=642). We measured work to family conflict by asking respondents how frequently work responsibilities intruded into their family life and the level of distress caused by these intrusions. In multivariate regression models adjusted for age, sex, marital status, major occupational group, and educational attainment, we observed significant and independent associations between measures of workplace characteristics, work habits, and work-family conflict. More specifically we observed significant associations between work-family conflict and social support (b=-0.30, p<.01), decision authority (b=-0.51, p<.01), and a significant interaction effect between job demands and skill discretion (b=0.27, p<.01). Workaholics reported significantly higher work-family conflict (b=1.45, p<.01), while unengaged workers reported significantly lower work-family conflict (b=-0.80, p<.01). We found no interaction between work environment and work habits. The issue of workaholism needs to be included in discussions of policies to reduce work-family conflict.

Penn State Population Research Institute: "School Climate and Youth's Strategies to Intervene Peer's Risk Behaviors," by Suet-ling Pong, Constance Flanagan, and Les Gallay (WP 04-03R, September 2004, .pdf format, 29p.).


Previous research on school climate has largely focused on its effects on student achievement. Much less is known about school climate's influence on non-academic outcomes. Using data from a survey of students in the 5th through the 12th grades, we found that when young people report that their schools have a positive school spirit, a climate of respect, and democratic climate, they are more likely to actively intervene rather than to ignore peer's risk behaviors. This relationship between school climate and youth's peer intervention is mediated by social responsibility beliefs. Schools with a positive climate tend to instill in young people a sense of social responsibility which in turn leads to their active intervention.

Population Council: ""Bridging the gap between evidence-based innovation and national health-sector reform in Ghana," by Awoonor-Williams, John Koku, Ellie S. Feinglass, Rachel Tobey, Maya N. Vaughan-Smith, Frank K. Nyonator, Tanya C. Jones, and James F. Phillips (2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


Although experimental trials often identify optimal strategies for improving community health, transferring operational innovation from well-funded research programs to resource-constrained settings often languishes. Because research initiatives are based in institutions equipped with unique resources and staff capabilities, results are often dismissed by decision makers as irrelevant to large-scale operations and national health policy. This article describes an initiative undertaken in Nkwanta District, Ghana, focusing on this problem. The Nkwanta District initiative is a critical link between the experimental study conducted in Navrongo, Ghana, and a national effort to scale up the innovations developed in that study. A 2002 Nkwanta district-level survey provides the basis for assessing the likelihood that the Navrongo model is replicable elsewhere in Ghana. The effect of community-based health planning and services exposure on family planning and safe-motherhood indicators supports the hypothesis that the Navrongo model is transferable to impoverished rural settings elsewhere. This finding confirms the need for strategies to bridge the gap between Navrongo evidence-based innovation and national health-sector reform.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Why Are Black-Owned Businesses Less Successful than White-Owned Businesses? The Role of Families, Inheritances, and Business Human Capital," by Robert W. Fairlie, and Alicia M. Robb (Discussion Paper 1292, September 2004, .pdf format, 48p.).


Four decades ago, Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan made the argument that the black family "was not strong enough to create those extended clans that elsewhere were most helpful for businessmen and professionals." Using data from the confidential and restricted access Characteristics of Business Owners Survey, we investigate this hypothesis by examining whether racial differences in family business backgrounds can explain why black-owned businesses lag substantially behind white-owned businesses in sales, profits, employment size and survival probabilities? Estimates from the CBO indicate that black business owners have a relatively disadvantaged family business background compared with white business owners. Black business owners are much less likely than white business owners to have had a self-employed family member owner prior to starting their business and are less likely to have worked in that family member's business. We do not, however, find sizeable racial differences in inheritances of business. Using a nonlinear decomposition technique, we find that the relatively low probability of having a self-employed family member prior to business startup among blacks does not generally contribute to racial differences in small business outcomes. Instead, the lack of prior work experience in a family business among black business owners, perhaps by limiting their acquisition of general and specific business human capital, negatively affects black business outcomes. We also find that limited opportunities for acquiring specific business human capital through work experience in businesses providing similar goods and services contribute to worse business outcomes among blacks. We compare these estimates to contributions from racial differences in owner's education, startup capital, geographical location and other factors.

The Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "The Effects of Dependent Interviewing on Responses to Questions on Income Sources," by Peter Lynn, Annette Jackle, Stephen P. Jenkins, and Emanuela Sala (WP 2004-16, September 2004, .pdf format, 47p.).


Using an experimental design, we compare two alternative approaches to dependent interviewing (proactive and reactive) with traditional independent interviewing on a module of questions about sources of income. We believe this to be the first large-scale quantitative comparison of proactive and reactive dependent interviewing. The three approaches to questioning are compared in terms of their impact on under-reporting of income sources and related bivariate statistics. The study design also enables identification of the characteristics of respondents whose responses are sensitive to the mode of interviewing. We conclude that under-reporting can be significantly greater with independent interviewing than with either form of dependent interviewing, especially for income sources that are relatively common or relatively easy to forget. We find that dependent interviewing is particularly helpful as a recall aid for respondents below retirement age and registered disabled persons.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Political Economy (Vol. 112, No. 4, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Milbank Quarterly (Vol. 82, No. 3, 2004).

Sociological Methods and Research (Vol. 33, No. 1, 2004).

Other Journals

Sociology (Vol. 38, No. 4, October 2004).

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Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing Publication: "Fighting HIV/AIDS in Africa: A Progress Report," a hearing held Apr. 7, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-560, ASCII text and .pdf format, 68p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-560" (without the quotes).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706