Current Demographic Research Report #52, October 4, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


National Center for Health Statistics Reports
_MMWR_ Article
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief
Government Accountability Office Report
Internal Revenue Service Articles
National Center for Education Research Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, Periodicals
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Periodical
National Institute of Justice Research in Brief
National Science Foundation InfoBrief
World Health Organization News Release, Periodical
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Report
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports
World Bank Compendium
ADD Health Conference Materials
Roper Center Public Opinion Matters
Population Reference Bureau Census 2000 Reports, Periodical
Urban Institute Report, Research Focus
Upjohn Institute Monograph
Allen Guttmacher Institute--Various
Kaiser Family Foundation Factsheets, Reports
Info Health Pop Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates


National Bureau of Economic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
World Bank


Other Journals


Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Program
Centers for Disease Control National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG)
United Nations Statistics Division


National Institutes of Health


Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Workshop


Census Bureau
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
National Center for Health Statistics
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Department of Housing and Urban Development



National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the January-March 2004 National Health Interview Survey" (September 2004, .pdf format, 93p.).

B. "Health Insurance Coverage: Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-March 2004," by Robin A. Cohen, Cathy Hao, and Zakia Coriaty-Nelson (September 2004, .pdf format, 13p.).

_MMWR_ Article: "High-Risk Sexual Behavior by HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men --- 16 Sites, United States, 2000--2002" (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 53, No. 38, Oct. 1, 2004, HTML and .pdf format).



Department of Health and Social Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Admissions with Five or More Prior Treatment Episodes: 2002" (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS) Report, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Employee Contributions to Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Coverage, 1997 versus 2002," by Beth Levin Crimmel (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Statistical Brief No. 55, September 2004, .pdf format, 5p.). "This Statistical Brief, based on estimates from the Insurance Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-IC), shows the changes in employee contributions for both single and family (for a family of four) coverage from 1997 to 2002 in the private sector of the economy. Changes for employees working for small (fewer than 50 employees) and large (50 employees or more) firms are analyzed.

Government Accountability Office Report: "No Child Left Behind Act: Improvements Needed in Education's Process for Tracking States' Implementation of Key Provisions" (GAO-04-734, September 2004, .pdf format, 51p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

Internal Revenue Service Articles:

A. "Corporation Income Tax Returns, 2001," by Patrice E. Treubert (2004, .pdf format, 23p.).

B. "High-Income Tax Returns for 2001," by Brian Balkovic (2004, .pdf format, 53p.).

National Center for Education Research Report: "Participation in Adult Education and Lifelong Learning: 2000-01," by Kwang Kim, Mary Collins Hagedorn, and Jennifer Williamson, and Chris Chapman (NCES 2004050, September 2004, .pdf format, 65p.).


This is the first full report using data from the Adult Education and Lifelong Learning Survey of the 2001 National Household Education Survey Programs (AELL-NHES:2001) on the educational activities of adults in the United States. The report shows that 46 percent of adults in the United States participated in some type of formal education between early 2000 and early 2001. Apart from looking at overall participation in formal educational activities, major topics addressed in the report include participation in various types of formal educational activities; characteristics of participating adults; educational experiences in college or university degree programs on a part-time basis, work-related courses, and personal interest courses; reasons for participation in work-related courses; characteristics of participants who received employer support; and characteristics of participants in work-related informal learning activities.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, Periodicals:

A. "Highlights of Women's Earnings in 2003" (BLS Report 978, September 2004, .pdf format, 41p.).

B. "National Compensation Survey: Occupational Wages in the United States, July 2003" (September 2004, Bulletin 2568, .pdf format, 184p.).

C. _Monthly Labor Review_ (Vol. 127, No. 9, September 2004, .pdf format).

Note: All _MLRs_ back to 1984 are now available at:

D. Compensation and Working Conditions Online. The latest article is dated Sep. 29, 2004.

Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: _Research Works_ (Vol. 1, No. 7, September 2004, .pdf format).

Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports:

A. "Homicide trends in the United States," by James Alan Fox and Marianne W. Zawitz (September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 158p.). "This site contains a series of charts that describe homicide patterns and trends in the United States since 1976."

B. "Drugs & Crime Facts," by Tina L. Dorsey, Marianne W. Zawitz, and Priscilla Middleton (NCJ 165148, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 75p.). " This site summarizes U.S. statistics about drug-related crimes, law enforcement, courts, and corrections from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and non-BJS sources (See Drug data produced by BJS below). It updates the information published in Drugs and Crime Facts, 1994, (NCJ 154043) and will be revised as new information becomes available. The data provide policymakers, criminal justice practitioners, researchers, and the general public with online access to understandable information on various drug law violations and drug-related law enforcement."

C. "Cross-National Studies in Crime and Justice," edited by David P. Farrington, Patrick A. Langan, and Michael Tonry (NCJ 200988, September 2004, ASCII text and .pdf format, 286p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).


Summarizes the results from a study that documents crime and criminal punishment trends from 1981 to 1999 in eight countries: Australia, Canada, England, the Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. To enhance comparability, each paper deals with six crimes that are similarly defined across the eight countries: murder, rape, non-commercial robbery, serious assault, household burglary, and completed motor vehicle theft. Each paper uses the same set of measures of criminal punishment. Measures include sentence length imposed, percent of sentence served, and probabilities of arrest, of conviction, and of incarceration.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Periodical:

"Trends in the Murder of Juveniles: 1980-2000," by Paul D. Harms and Howard N. Snyder (_Juvenile Justice Bulletin_, September 2004).

National Institute of Justice Research in Brief: "When Violence Hits Home: How Economics and Neighborhood Play a Role," by Michael L. Benson and Greer Litton Fox (NIJ Research in Brief, September 2004, .pdf format, 6p.).

National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "Federal R&D Funding Requests for FY 2005" (nsf04337, October 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

World Health Organization News Release, Periodical:

A. "Stopping the invisible epidemic of maternal deaths" (Sep. 29, 2004). Note: There is a link at the bottom of the news release to a WHO report: "Reviewing maternal deaths and complications to make pregnancy safer" (2004, .pdf format, 142p.).

B. _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 82, No. 10, October 2004, .pdf format). This months issue is a special theme issue: "Bridging the Know-Do Gap in Global Health."

Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Report: "Country studies on Health Care Expenditure and financing in Latin America and the Caribbean Region" (September 2004, .pdf format, 3p.).

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "Health Expenditure Australia 2002-03" (Health and Welfare Expenditure Series No. 20, September 2004, .pdf format, 128p. with Microsoft Excel tables and charts. "Health expenditure Australia 2002-03 examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1992-93 to 2001-02 and presents preliminary estimates for 2002-03. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state; by comparison with selected OECD countries; and by source of funding. This report will be helpful to anyone interested in studying, analysing and comparing estimates of health expenditure in Australia."

B. "Assisted Reproductive Technology in Australia and New Zealand 2002" (Assisted Conception Series No. 8, October 2004, .pdf format, p.). "This report presents data on all assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments that took place in 2002 and their resulting pregnancies and births. This is a different format from that of previous reports in this series in which the treatment cycles from a select year were reported along with the babies born in the prior year. The Australian and New Zealand Assisted Reproduction Database (ANZARD) permits the linkage of treatment cycles to pregnancies and births and, thus, allows the description of a single group: the treatment of cycles from a select year and their resulting pregnancies and births."

C. "General Practice Activity in the States and Territories of Australia 1998-2003," by Helena Britt, Graeme C Miller, Stephanie Knox, Janice Charles, Lisa Valenti, Clare Bayram, Julie O'Halloran, Joan Henderson, Ying Pan, and Christopher Harrison (General Practice Series No. 15, October 2004, .pdf format, 228p.). "This report provides the first picture of the activities of general practice in each state and territory of Australia, using a combination of BEACH (Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health) data for survey years 1998 to 2003. Results for each state and territory are reported in independent chapters and are described in terms of GP and patient characteristics, patient reasons for encounter, problems managed and management techniques used, along with information on selected patient health risk factors. Comparisons are made between each state and territory and the national average for the total 5 years."

World Bank Compendium: _World Development Report 2005: A Better Investment Climate For Everyone_ (September 2004). Note: There is no free electronic availability of this report. More information about it, as well as purchasing information, is available at:

ADD Health Conference Materials: Carolina Population Center's National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health has released abstracts (.pdf format, 17p.) from the 2004 ADD Health User's Conference, along with a DNA presentation (Microsoft PowerPoint format) given by Brett Haberstick at that conference.


Author contact information:

DNA Presentation(.ppt format):

Roper Center [University of Connecticut] Public Opinion Matters: The latest Public Opinion Matters is about "Election 2004." Included are relevant poll results, as well as links to pertinent articles.

Population Reference Bureau Census 2000 Reports, Periodical:

A. "The American People" (2004, Russell Sage Foundation and Population Reference Bureau. "This new series of reports, from the Russell Sage Foundation and the Population Reference Bureau, sets the results of Census 2000 in context. Each report is written by an author or team of authors selected for their expertise with the data and broad understanding of the implications of demographic trends. Scheduled for release in the summer and fall of 2004, these reports cover topics that build the national stage on which America's demographic dramas of the next few decades will play out. Each report is 10.95 US dollars. Discounts available for bulk orders. All orders must be prepaid. To check this page for availability of individual reports, please bookmark As reports become available, you may order them from the Population Reference Bureau, 800-877-9881, or from PRB's online store (click on Order button). For more information see:

B. _Population Bulletin_ (Vol. 59, No. 3, September 2004, .pdf format). This issue is titled "Disability in America," by Vicki A. Freedman, Linda G. Martin,and Robert F. Schoeni.

Urban Institute Report, Research Focus:

A. "Bush Administration Tax Policy: Distributional Effects," by William G. Gale and Peter Orszag (Tax Analysis/Tax Break, September 2004, .pdf format, 8p.).

B. "Education in the Age of Accountability" (Urban Institute Research Focus, 2004). "Even before the No Child Left Behind Act raised the stakes in 2002, Urban Institute's education experts were exploring how schools and teachers would measure up."

Upjohn Institute Monograph: _Leaving Welfare: Employment and Well-Being of Families that Left Welfare in the Post-Entitlement Era_," by Gregory Acs and Pamela Loprest (2004, 120 pp. $40 cloth ISBN 0-88099-311-1 / $15 paper ISBN 0-88099-310-3). For more information see:

Allen Guttmacher Institute Report, Fact Sheet Update, Periodical, Conference Report:

A. "2003 Family Planning Annual Report: Part I: (August 2004, .pdf format, 76p.). "The 2003 Family Planning Annual Report includes key data on the Title X family planning program, including the number of women-and men-served, their demographic profile, and their choice of contraceptive method. Trend data contained in the report show that Title X-funded clinics continue to serve a larger and increasingly diverse patient population that is relying more on Depo-Provera and less on oral contraceptives."

B. "Contraception Counts" (2004, HTML and .pdf format)." This state and congressional district district brief compendium of contraceptive issues (discussed in cderr #39, Jul. 6, 2004), has recently been updated.

C. _Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health_ (Vol. 36, No. 4, July/August 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

D. _The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy_ (Vol. 7, No. 3, August 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

E. _International Family Planning Perspectives_ (Vol. 30, No. 3, September 2004, HTML and/or .pdf format).

F. "The Unfinished Revolution in Contraception: Convenience, Consumer Access and Choice," report of a Conference held by the Reproductive Health Technologies Project and The Alan Guttmacher Institute, October 2003 (August 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Factsheets, Reports:

A. "The Role of the Medicaid and Medicare Programs for People Living with HIV/AIDS" (October 2004, .pdf format, each factsheet is 2p.). "Two new fact sheets provide an overview of the role of the Medicaid and Medicare programs for people living with HIV/AIDS including federal funding estimates, eligibility criteria and services, profile of beneficiaries, and future outlook. Most people living with HIV/AIDS who qualify for Medicaid are Supplemental Security Income (SSI) beneficiaries, meaning they are both disabled and low income. The majority of Medicare beneficiaries with HIV/AIDS are under the age of 65 and disabled, and most also rely on Medicaid.

B. "The Economic Downturn and Changes in Health Insurance Coverage, 2000-2003," by John Holahan and Arunabh Ghosh (September 2004, .pdf format, 47p.). "This report shows that number of uninsured Americans under age 65 increased by 5.1 million between 2000-2003 largely driven by continuing declines in employer sponsored insurance. For children, this decline was more than offset by increases in enrollment in Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), resulting in a decrease in the number of children without coverage. The same growth in public coverage did not occur for adults, and as a result all of the increase in the number of uninsured was among adults."

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 40, Oct. 4, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Sep. 6 - Oct 1, 2004.

The Immediate and Long-Term Effects of Family Income on Child and Adolescent Bullying
Sociological Focus 37,1 (February 2004): 25-41
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4686
Publisher: North Central Sociological Association

Do Marital Status and Computer Usage Really Change the Wage Structure?
Journal of Human Resources 39,3 (Summer 2004): 774-91. Also:
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4687
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press

The Match Quality Gains from Unemployment Insurance
Journal of Human Resources 39,3 (Summer 2004): 839-63. Also:
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4688
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press

Early Television Exposure and Subsequent Attentional Problems in Children
Child: Care, Health & Development 30,5 (September 2004): 559-561. Also:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=14228391
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4689
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

Continuity of Binge and Harmful Drinking From Late Adolescence to Early Adulthood
Pediatrics 114,3 (September 2004): 714-720
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4690
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics

The Effect of Corporal Punishment on Antisocial Behavior in Children
Social Work Research 28,3 (September 2004): 153-163. Also:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=14315449
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4691
Publisher: National Association of Social Workers (NASW)

Income, Family Structure, and Child Maltreatment Risk
Children and Youth Services Review 26,8 (August 2004): 725-799
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4692
Publisher: Elsevier Science

Joint estimation of sequential labor force participation and fertility
decisions using Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques
Presented: Lisbon, Portugal, European Association of Labour Economists,
September 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4694
Publisher: Author

Maternal Employment and Latchkey Adolescents
Working Paper, Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University, June 2004.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4695
Publisher: Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University

People People
Working Paper, Maastricht University, July 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4696
Publisher: Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology

Joint Estimation of Sequential Labor Force Participation and Fertility
Decisions Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo Techniques
Working Paper, Department of Economics, University of Missouri-Columbia, August
2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4697
Publisher: Department of Economics, University of Missouri - Columbia

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Will Job Testing Harm Minority Workers?" by David H. Autor and David Scarborough (w10763, September 2004, .pdf format, 58p.).


Because minorities typically fare poorly on standardized tests, job testing is thought to pose an equity-efficiency trade-off: testing improves selection but reduces minority hiring. We evaluate this trade-off using data from a national retail firm whose 1,363 stores switched from informal to test-based worker screening. We find that testing yielded more productive hires -- raising median tenure by 10 percent and reducing the frequency of firing for cause. Consistent with prior research, minorities performed significantly worse on the test. Yet, testing had no measurable impact on minority hiring, and productivity gains were uniformly large among minorities and non-minorities. We show formally that these results imply that employers were effectively statistically discriminating prior to the introduction of testing -- that is, their screening practices already accounted for expected productivity differences between applicant groups. Consequently, testing improved selection of both minority and non-minority applicants, but did not alter the racial composition of hiring.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Global Demographic Change: Dimensions and Economic Significance," by David E. Bloom and David Canning (w10817, October 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


Transitions from high mortality and fertility to low mortality and fertility can be beneficial to economies as large baby boom cohorts enter the workforce and save for retirement, while rising longevity has perhaps increased both the incentive to invest in education and to save for retirement. We present estimates of a model of economic growth that highlights the positive effects of demographic change during 1960-95. We also show how Ireland benefited from lower fertility in the form of higher labor supply per capita and how Taiwan benefited through increased savings rates. We emphasize, however, that the realization of the potential benefits associated with the demographic transition appears to be dependent on institutions and policies, requiring the productive employment of the potential workers and savings the transition generates. Economic projections based on an "accounting" approach that assumes constant age-specific behavior are likely to be seriously misleading.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

C. "Healthcare Markets, the Safety Net and Access to Care Among the Uninsured," by Jose Escarce, Carole Roan Gresenz, and Jeanette A. Rogowski (w10799, September 2004, .pdf format, 37p.).


We use nationally representative Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data linked with data from multiple secondary sources to study the relationship between access to care among the uninsured and the local healthcare market and safety net. We find that distances between the rural uninsured and safety net providers such as hospital emergency rooms, public hospitals, migrant health centers, public housing primary care programs, and community health centers are significantly associated with utilization of a variety of healthcare services. In urban areas, we find that the capacity of the safety net and the pervasiveness and competitiveness of managed care have a significant relationship with healthcare utilization. Our findings suggest that facilitating transport to safety net providers and increasing the number of such providers are likely to improve access to care among the rural uninsured. By contrast, policies oriented toward enhancing funding for the safety net and increasing the capacity of safety net providers are likely to be important to ensuring access among the urban uninsured.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

D. "The Changing Association Between Prenatal Participation in WIC and Birth Outcomes in New York City," by Ted Joyce, Diane Gibson, and Silvie Colman (w10796, September 2004, .pdf format, 57p.).


We analyze the relationship between prenatal WIC participation and birth outcomes in New York City from 1988-2001. The analysis is unique for several reasons. First, we restrict the analysis to women on Medicaid and or WIC who have no previous live births and who initiate prenatal care within the first four months of pregnancy. Our goal is to lessen heterogeneity between WIC and non-WIC participants by limiting the sample to women who initiate prenatal care early and who have no experience with WIC from a previous pregnancy. Second, we focus on measures of fetal growth distinct from preterm birth, since there is little clinical support for a link between nutritional supplementation and premature delivery. Third, we analyze a large sub-sample of twin deliveries. Multi-fetal pregnancies increase the risk of anemia and fetal growth retardation and thus, may benefit more than singletons from nutritional supplementation. We find no relationship between prenatal WIC participation and measures of fetal growth except among a sub-sample of US-born Blacks between 1990-1992. A similarly sporadic pattern of association exists among US-born Black twins. Our finding that the modest association between WIC and fetal growth is limited to a specific racial and ethnic group during specific years and even specific ages suggests that the protective effect of prenatal WIC on adverse birth outcomes in New York City has been minimal.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "The Evolution of Income-Related Health Inequalities in Switzerland over Time," by Robert E. Leu and Martin Schellhorn (Discussion Paper 1316, September 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).


This paper presents new evidence on income-related health inequality and its development over time in Switzerland. We employ the methods lined out in van Doorslaer and Jones (2003) and van Doorslaer and Koolman (2004) measuring health using an interval regression approach to compute concentration indices and decomposing inequality into its determining factors. Nationally representative survey data for 1982, 1992, 1997 and 2002 are used to carry out the analysis. Looking at each of the four years separately the results indicates the usual positive relationship between income and health, but the distribution is among the least unequal in Europe. No clear trend emerges in the evolution of the inequality indices over the two decades. Inequality is somewhat lower in 1982 and 1992 as compared to 1997 and 2002 but the differences are not significant. The most important contributors to health inequality are income, education and activity status, in particular retirement. Regional differences including the widely varying health care supply, by contrast, do not exert any systematic influence.

B. "Gender Equality in Educational Achievement: An East-West Comparison," by Sylke V. Schnepf (Discussion Paper 1317, September 2004, .pdf format, 29p.).


Data on educational access show gender parity of pupils attending primary and secondary schools in transition countries. The first aim of this analysis is to examine whether the gender balance in educational access translates also into gender equality in educational achievement. There are several and very recent international surveys available measuring pupils learning achievement and functional literacy in schools. These surveys are typically analysed in isolation from each other even though they are very different in their design. The second aim of this paper is to evaluate whether we find a robust pattern on gender equality in achievement across different sources: the Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS), the Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Programme of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS). Besides a comparison of gender differences in mean achievement for transition and OECD countries we discuss alternatives for translating achievement scores into something easily understood. In addition, differences in boys' and girls' achievement distributions and determinants of gender inequality will be examined.

C. "Mass Migration to Israel and Natives' Transitions from Employment," by Sarit Cohen-Goldner, Daniele Paserman (Discussion Paper 1319, September 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


This paper studies the impact of mass migration from the Former Soviet Union to Israel on natives' probability of moving from employment to non-employment in a segmented labor market that is defined by various combinations of schooling, occupation, industry, district of residence and experience. We find that the share of immigrants in a given labor market segment is generally positively associated with the probability of natives to move from employment in that segment to non-employment, both for males and females. However, when segment fixed-effects are added, this effect is substantially reduced for males, and disappears or is even reversed for females. We conclude that immigrants are negatively selected into occupations with high turnover and that natives were not facing higher probability to exit employment due to immigrants' presence in a certain occupation. Allowing the effect to vary across natives with different levels of education and experience reveals that young men, educated men and workers in the private sector are adversely affected by the presence of immigrants.

D. "Pre-Marital Fertility and Labour Market Opportunities: Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study," by Emilia Del Bono (Discussion Paper 1320, September 2004, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper investigates the effect of earnings and employment opportunities on pre-marital fertility. Using data from a sample of British women born in 1970, we estimate an independent competing risks hazard model of fertility and cohabitation decisions. Our results show that individual earnings opportunities are negatively related to pre-marital fertility but do not affect union formation. Local male unemployment, on the contrary, is a positive determinant of single motherhood and a negative factor in cohabitation decisions. The latter result is consistent with the Wilson hypothesis as it shows the existence of a direct effect of male joblessness on co-residential relationships.

E. "Sibling Size and Investment in Children's Education: An Asian Instrument," by Jungmin Lee (Discussion Paper 1323, September 2004, .pdf format, 37p.).


This study consistently estimates the trade-off between child quantity and quality by exploiting exogenous variation in fertility due to son preferences. Under son preferences, childbearing and fertility timing are determined conditional on the first child's gender. For the sample of South Korean households I find strong evidence of unobserved heterogeneity across households. However, sibling size has adverse effects on per-child investment in education, in particular when fertility is high.

F. "Returns to Schooling in Russia and Ukraine: A Semiparametric Approach to Cross-Country Comparative Analysis," by Yuriy Gorodnichenko, and Klara Sabirianova Peter (Discussion Paper 1325, September 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).


This study provides the first set of estimates of the returns to schooling over an extended period in Russia and Ukraine (1985-2002). There has been an increase in returns to schooling in both countries but the increase is much bigger in Russia than in Ukraine. The intriguing question is why returns to schooling in Russia and Ukraine diverged so much over the transition period while the skill composition of employment did not. Our approach in analyzing the sources of cross-country differences in returns to schooling is to compare the Mincerian earnings functions between the two countries and then to employ decomposition techniques. Using semiparametric methods, we construct counterfactual wage distributions for university and secondary school graduates for Ukraine using the distributions of Russian characteristics, returns to characteristics, and unobservables. This allows us to decompose differences in returns to schooling between the two countries due to differences in the labor market returns (price effect), differences in unobservables (residual effect), and differences in the labor force composition (composition effect). We conclude that of these three effects the price effect makes a major contribution to the observed differences in the returns to schooling.

G. "Is the Child Health / Family Income Gradient Universal? Evidence from England," by Alison Currie, Michael A. Shields, and Stephen Wheatley Price (Discussion Paper 1328, October 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).


In an influential study Case et al. (2002) documented a positive relationship between family income and child health in the US, with the slope of the gradient being larger for older than younger children. In this paper we explore the child health income gradient in England, which has a comprehensive publicly-funded National Health Service (NHS) founded on the twin principles of health care being free at the point of delivery and equality of access for the whole population. Our analysis is based on a sample of over 13,000 children (and their parents) drawn from the Health Survey for England. In accordance with Case et al. (2002), we find consistent and robust evidence of a significant family income gradient in child health using the subjective general health status measure. However, in England the size of the gradient is considerably smaller than that found for the US and we find no evidence that its slope increases with child age. We also provide new evidence that nutrition and family lifestyle choices have an important role in determining child health and that child health outcomes are highly correlated within the family. In addition, we find no evidence of an income gradient for objective indicators of child health, derived from nurse measurements and blood test results. Together our evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that the NHS has a protective effect on the health of children in England.

Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]:

A. "Intergenerational Mobility and Sample Selection in Short Panels," by Marco Francesconi and Cheti Nicoletti (WP 2004-17, September 2004, .pdf format, 41p.).


Using data from the first eleven waves of the BHPS [British Household Panel Survey], this paper measures the extent of the selection bias induced by adulthood and coresidence conditions --- bias that is expected to be severe in short panels --- on measures of intergenerational mobility in occupational prestige. We try to limit the impact of other selection biases, such as those induced by labour market restrictions that are typically imposed in intergenerational mobility studies, by using different measures of socioeconomic status that account for missing labour market information. We stress four main results. First, there is evidence of an underestimation of the true intergenerational elasticity, the extent of which ranges between 10 and 25 percent. Second, the proposed methods used to correct for the selection bias seem to be unable to attenuate it, except for the propensity score weighting procedure, which performs well in most circumstances. This result is confirmed both under the assumption of missing-at-random data as well as under the assumption of not-missing-at-random data. Third, the two previous sets of results (direction and extent of the bias, and differential abilities to correct for it) are also robust when we account for measurement error. Fourth, restricting the sample to a period shorter than the eleven waves under analysis leads to a severe sample selection bias. In the cases when the analysis is limited to four waves, this bias may range from 27 to 80 percent.

B. "The Effects of Income Imputation on Micro Analyses: Evidence from the ECHP," by Cheti Nicoletti and Franco Peracchi (WP 2004-19, October 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


Social surveys are usually affected by item and unit nonresponse. Since it is unlikely that a sample of respondents is a random sample, social scientists should take the missing data problem into account in their empirical analyses. Typically, survey methodologists try to simplify the work of data users by "completing" the data, filling the missing variables through imputation. The aim of this paper is to give data users some guidelines on how to assess the effects of imputation on their micro-level analyses. We focus attention on the potential bias caused by imputation in the analysis of income variables and poverty measures. We consider two methods for evaluating the effects of imputation, using the European Community Household Panel as an illustration.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: "Private Health Insurance in OECD Countries. The Benefits and Costs for Individuals and Health Systems," by Francesca Colombo and Nicole Tapay (OECD Health Working Paper No. 15, 2004, .pdf format, 60p.).

World Bank:

A. "Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality since 1980," by David Dollar (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3333, September 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).


One of the most contentious issues of globalization is the effect of global economic integration on inequality and poverty. Dollar documents five trends in the modern era of globalization, starting around 1980. Trend 1: Poor country growth rates have accelerated and are higher than rich country growth rates -- for the first time in modern history. The developing world economy grew at more than 3.5 percent per capita in the 1990s. Trend 2: The number of poor people in the world has declined significantly -- by 375 million people since 1981 -- the first such decline in history. The share of the developing world population living on less than $1 a day was cut in half since 1981. Trend 3: Global inequality (among citizens of the world) has declined -- modestly -- reversing a 200-year-old trend toward higher inequality. Trend 4: There is no general trend toward higher inequality within countries. Trend 5: Wage inequality is rising worldwide (which may seem to contradict trend 4, but it does not because wages are a small part of household income in developing countries, which make up the bulk of the world in terms of countries and population). Furthermore, the trends toward faster growth and poverty reduction are strongest in the developing countries in which there has been the most rapid integration with the global economy, supporting the view that integration has been a positive force for improving people's lives in the developing world.

B. "Poverty Alleviation through Geographic Targeting: How Much Does Disaggregation Help?" by Chris Elbers, Tomoki Fujii, Peter Lanjouw, Wesley Yin, and Berk Ozler (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3419, September 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).


Using recently completed "poverty maps" for Cambodia, Ecuador, and Madagascar, the authors simulate the impact on poverty of transferring an exogenously given budget to geographically defined subgroups of the population according to their relative poverty status. They find large gains from targeting smaller administrative units, such as districts or villages. But these gains are still far from the poverty reduction that would be possible had the planners had access to information on household level income or consumption. The results suggest that a useful way forward might be to combine fine geographic targeting using a poverty map with within-community targeting mechanisms.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Demography (Vol. 41, No, 3, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Other Journals

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 10, October 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Work and Occupations (Vol. 31, No. 4, November 2004).

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Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Program: "Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Advisor." For more information see:

Centers for Disease Control National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG): Statistician (Demography) GS-1530 -11/12. For more information see:

United Nations Statistics Division: "Interregional Advisor on Population and Housing Censuses. (Sep. 23, 2004, .pdf format, 3p.).

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National Institutes of Health: "Developing Study Designs to Evaluate the Health Benefits of Workplace Policies and Practices" (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD); National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA); Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR); and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) RFA-HD-04-017, Sep. 24, 2004).

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Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community: "6th Open Meeting of the HDGECRC," a conference to be held in Bonn Germany, Oct. 9-13, 2005. For more information see:

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Workshop: "AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) Data Users' (MEPS) Workshop, to be held Nov. 30 - Dec. 1, 2004, in Rockville, Maryland. For more information including registration information see:

Click on "Workshop Schedule".

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Census Bureau:

A. "July 1, 2003 State and County Characteristics Population Estimates" (September 2004, Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and comma separated value [.csv] format). The data are linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Texas Moves Closer to 'Majority-Minority' Status, Census Bureau Estimates Show" (CB04-170, Sep. 30, 2004).

Click on "Detailed tables" for link to data.

B. International Data Base: The Census Bureau has updated IDB as of Sep. 30, 2004. The database is available either via a web extraction system or a downloadable program for use on the PC. "The International Data Base (IDB) is a computerized data bank containing statistical tables of demographic, and socio-economic data for 227 countries and areas of the world."

Click on "Release notes" next to "Data updated 9-30-2004" for content of the latest updates.

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

National Crime Victimization Survey, 1992-2003 (#3995)

National Center for Health Statistics: "Asthma Data on Demand" (September 2004, Beyond 20/20 web based or downloadable format) " This site contains tables of estimates for asthma prevalence, health care use, and mortality by age, gender, race and/or ethnicity, and when available, region of residence in the United States. Data is available starting from 1998 and is presented as 3-year annual averages."

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey:

A. "HC-068: Multum Lexicon Addendum Files to MEPS Prescribed Medicines Files 1996-2001" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, September 2004, documentation in HTML, .pdf, .asp, or ASCII format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements; data in ASCII (.zip or .exe compression) or SAS transport format (.zip or .exe compression)).

B. "HC-067H: 2002 Home Health File" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, September 2004, documentation in HTML, .pdf, .asp, or ASCII format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements; data in ASCII (.zip or .exe compression) or SAS transport format (.zip or .exe compression)).

C. "HC-067C: 2002 Other Medical Expenses" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, September 2004, documentation in HTML, .pdf, .asp, or ASCII format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements; data in ASCII (.zip or .exe compression) or SAS transport format (.zip or .exe compression)).

D. "HC-067B: 2002 Dental Visits" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, September 2004, documentation in HTML, .pdf, .asp, or ASCII format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements; data in ASCII (.zip or .exe compression) or SAS transport format (.zip or .exe compression)).

E. "MEPS Household Compendia of Tables" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, September 2004). Household Medical Quality Tables for 2001 have been added.

Department of Housing and Urban Development: "2005 Fair Market Rents" (2004, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format). "The Fair Market Rents for fiscal year 2005 will be published in the _Federal Register_ on October 1, 2004 and will be effective on that date.The final FY2005 FMRs are rebenchmarked using 2000 Census rent data and random digit dialing surveys conducted in August 2004, but use the same geographic area definitions as were used for the FY2004 FMRs."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706