Current Demographic Research Report #53, October 11, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Slide Show, Facts for Features
Centers for Disease Control News Release, Compendium, Periodical Article
National Center for Health Statistics News Release
National Center for Education Statistics Compendium
Bureau of Labor Statistics Announcement
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report
World Health Organization News Release
Pan American Health Organization Fact Sheets, Report, Periodical
Statistics Canada Research Paper
Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Listserv, Report
Urban Institute Reports
Kaiser Family Foundation Reports
_Nature_ Letters to _Nature_ Extract
_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Article Abstract
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspective
_Lancet_ Articles
Info Health Pop Reporter
Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Study Bibliography Updates
NLS Bibliography Updates


University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
National Bureau of Economic Research
New Zealand Treasury
Institute for the Study of Labor
World Bank




Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement Workshop
Carlina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Program Workshop
Association for Survey Computing
National Center for Education Statistics


University of Pennsylvania Population Studies Center
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
National Center for Education Statistics
Princeton University Center for Health and Wellbeing Fellowship


Census Bureau
Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service



A. Census Bureau Slide Show, Facts for Features: "The Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS in 15 Developing Countries," by Laura M. Heaton, Timothy B. Fowler, Brynn G. Epstein, Tammany Mulder, and Peter O. Way (September 2004, HTML text or graphic, and Microsoft PowerPoint format).

B. "American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November 2004" (Facts for Features CB04-FF.20, Oct. 6, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).



Centers for Disease Control News Release, Compendium, Periodical Article:

A. "Interim Influenza Vaccination Recommendations: 2004-05" (Oct. 4, 2004).

B. _Worker Health Chartbook, 2004_ (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-146, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 354p.). " The _Worker Health Chartbook, 2004_ is a descriptive epidemiologic reference on occupational morbidity and mortality in the United States. A resource for agencies, organizations, employers, researchers, workers, and others who need to know about occupational injuries and illnesses, the _Chartbook_ includes more than 400 figures and tables describing the magnitude, distribution, and trends of the Nation's occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.

C. "Smoking During Pregnancy --- United States, 1990--2002" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 53, No. 39, Oct. 8, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 911-915).



National Center for Health Statistics News Release: "Obesity Still a Major Problem, New Data Show" (Oct. 6, 2004). The news release links to NCHS Health E-Stats: Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adults: United States, 1999-2002 (October 2004), and Prevalence of Overweight Among Children and Adolescents: United States, 1999-2002 (October 2004).

DHHS SAMHSA OAS Reports: "Characteristics of Homeless Female Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment: 2002" (Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS), October 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Compendium: "Mini-Digest of Education Statistics, 2003," by Thomas D. Snyder (NCES 2005017, October 2004, .pdf format, 59p.).


This publication is a pocket-sized compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from kindergarten through graduate school. The statistical highlights are excerpts from the _Digest of Education of Statistics, 2003_.

Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "A Profile of Families Cycling on and off Welfare," by Lashawn Richburg-Hayes and Stephen Freedman (April 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 94p.).

Bureau of Justice Statistics/Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reports:

A. "Profile of Nonviolent Offenders Exiting State Prisons," by Matthew R. Durose and Christopher J. Mumola (NCJ 207081), October 2004, .pdf format, 4p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).


Provides a description of the general characteristics of prison populations serving time for nonviolent crimes as they exit State prisons. Nonviolent crimes are defined as property, drug, and public order offenses that do not involve a threat of harm or an actual attack upon a victim. To conduct this analysis, BJS used data collected under two statistical programs, the National Recidivism Reporting Program that last collected data on those discharged from prisons in 15 States in 1994 and the Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities last conducted in 1997. This report examines the responses of inmates who indicated to interviewers that they expected to be released within 6 months.

B. "Juvenile Arrests 2002," by Howard N. Snyder (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, NCJ 204608, Juvenile Justice Bulletin, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 12p.).


Summarizes and analyzes national and state juvenile arrest data presented in the FBI's report Crime in the United States 2002. As reported in this bulletin, juvenile violent crime arrests increased substantially from the late 1980s through 1994 and then decreased for 8 consecutive years. In 2002, the juvenile arrest rate for violent crime was 47 percent below its peak in 1994, reaching its lowest level since 1980. The juvenile arrest rate for each of the offenses tracked in the FBI's Violent Crime Index (murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) has been declining steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 72% from its 1993 peak through 2002.

Click on "HTML" or "PDF" at at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Announcement: "CES Preliminary Benchmark Announcement" (Oct. 8, 2004).

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: "The Conservation Reserve Program: Economic Implications for Rural America," by Patrick Sullivan, Daniel Hellerstein, Leroy Hansen, Robert Johansson, Steven Koenig, Ruben Lubowski, William McBride, David McGranahan, Michael Roberts, Stephen Vogel, and Shawn Bucholtz (Agricultural Economic Report AER834, October 2004, .pdf format, 112p.).


This report estimates the impact that high levels of enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) have had on economic trends in rural counties since the program's inception in 1985 until today. The results of a growth model and quasi-experimental control group analysis indicate no discernible impact by the CRP on aggregate county population trends. Aggregate employment growth may have slowed in some high-CRP counties, but only temporarily. High levels of CRP enrollment appear to have affected farm-related businesses over the long run, but growth in the number of other nonfarm businesses moderated CRP's impact on total employment. If CRP contracts had ended in 2001, simulation models suggest that roughly 51 percent of CRP land would have returned to crop production, and that spending on outdoor recreation would decrease by as much as $300 million per year in rural areas. The resulting impacts on employment and income vary widely among regions having similar CRP enrollments, depending upon local economic conditions.

World Health Organization News Release: "One million polio vaccinators, 80 million children, 23 countries: Africa launches largest ever immunization campaign" (Oct. 8, 2004).

Pan American Health Organization Fact Sheets, Report, Periodical:

A. "Fact Sheets on HIV in the Americas" (2004, .pdf format). This site will contain " two sets of fact sheets containing country-specific information about the HIV epidemic. The Care and Treatment Fact Sheets include information about the care of people with HIV, antiretroviral coverage, lines of treatment, and drug prices, among other things. The Epidemiological Fact Sheets contain the most recent country specific data on prevalence, incidence and behavior, summarizing the status of epidemic. Both Fact Sheets were produced in collaboration with national authorities and reflect the best information made available to PAHO/WHO and partner organizations." At present only epidemiological fact sheets are available.

B. "Vigilancia del Sida en las Americas, Informe anual, Junio 2004" (PAHO/UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS), July 2004, .pdf format, 21p.). Note: this publication is available in Spanish only at this time.

C. "EID Updates: Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Region of the Americas (Vol. 2, No. 26, October 6, 2004).

Statistics Canada Research Paper: "Neighborhood Inequality, Relative Deprivation and Self-perceived Health Status," by Feng Hou and John Myles (Research Paper series 11F0019 No.228 September 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


This study examines two theses concerning the relation between individual health status and the socio-economic composition of the neighbourhoods in which they live. In the first variant, the claim is that more unequal communities will not generate the social capital/social cohesion that makes for healthy populations irrespective of whether these communities are rich or poor. At the individual level, the implication is that individuals who live in high inequality neighbourhoods will tend to have poorer health irrespective of their own income levels. The second variant involves testing two competing claims about the health advantages/disadvantages of sharing neighbourhoods with more or less affluent neighbours. On the one hand, sharing neighbourhoods with more affluent families may have negative effects on the health of the less affluent if residential proximity generates invidious social comparisons or competition for scarce resources. On the other hand, the less affluent may derive positive externalities by living with more affluent neighbours because of richer institutional resources and/or "learning effects." This study combines individual micro-data from Statistics Canada's 1996/97 National Population Health Survey (NPHS) with neighbourhood-level characteristics estimated from the 1996 Census of Canada 20% sample micro data file. We find that an overall negative association between neighbourhood income inequality and self-assessed health status does not persist once controls are introduced for individual level socio-economic characteristics. However, individuals, regardless of their own income status, derive positive health benefits from sharing neighbourhoods with higher income, better educated, neighbours.

Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Listserv, Report:

A. "HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Network (AIMEnet) Listserv." "With support from UNAIDS, The United States Government, World Bank, WHO and The Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria, MEASURE Evaluation has set up a listserv called the HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Network (AIMEnet) to connect professionals around the world who are working in M&E of HIV/AIDS. The goal of the listserv is to create a network and a sharing/learning space for professionals working in M&E of HIV/AIDS programs. The objectives of the listserv are to: Inform and share information about HIV/AIDS M&E, including but not limited to best practices, publications, reporting systems, relevant questions and technology sent in by participants; disseminate information on trainings, workshops and other relevant announcements, sent in by participants and the moderator; provide a space to hold forums with guest moderators/professionals in the field on specific topics; and create a global network that supports dialogue among M&E professionals working in HIV/AIDS." For more information, including subscription information, see:

B. "Avoiding Unwanted Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infections: A Rural Malawi District Study" (Center for Social Research, Save the Children Federation USA, Malawi Ministry of Health and Population, MEASURE Evaluation, 2004, .pdf format, 120p.).

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "How Are HOPE VI Families Faring? Income and Employment," by Diane Levy and Deborah R. Kaye (Metropolitan Housing and Communities: A Roof Over Their Heads Brief #4, October 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).

B. "How Are HOPE VI Families Faring? Health," by Laura E. Harris and Deborah R. Kaye (Metropolitan Housing and Communities: A Roof Over Their Heads Brief #5, October 2004, .pdf format, 6p.)

C. "How Are HOPE VI Families Faring? Children," by Susan J. Popkin, Michael Eiseman, and Elizabeth Cove (Metropolitan Housing and Communities: A Roof Over Their Heads Brief #6, October 2004, .pdf format, 6p.)

Kaiser Family Foundation Reports:

A. "Two New Reports Show Progress on Health Coverage is Threatened as States Continue to Face Growing Pressures to Control Costs." "Two new KCMU [Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured] 50-state surveys show states continue to face budget pressures that could limit public coverage. One survey shows all states plan more Medicaid cost-containment actions in FY2005 and the second shows that after recent gains, securing Medicaid and SCHIP coverage is more difficult for low-income families in 23 states." The reports are: "The Continuing Medicaid Budget Challenge: State Medicaid Spending Growth and Cost Containment in Fiscal Years 2004 and 2005," by Vernon Smith, Rekha Ramesh, Kathleen Gifford, Eileen Ellis, Robin Rudowitz, and Molly O'Malley (October 2004, .pdf format, 85p.); and "Beneath the Surface: Barriers Threaten to Slow Progress on Expanding Health Coverage of Children and Families," by Donna Cohen Ross and Laura Cox (October 2004, .pdf format, 62p.). In addition, there is a factsheet: "Health Coverage for Low Income Children: 2004" (September 2004, 2p.).

B. "NPR [National Public Radio/Kaiser/Kennedy School Immigration Survey" (October 2004, .pdf format, summary, 9p., toplines, 48p.). "A project by National Public Radio, the Kaiser Family Foundation, and Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government examines the public's views on immigration in America. The survey reviews native-born Americans' and immigrants' attitudes towards legal immigration; how immigration affects the American culture and economy; attitudes towards illegal immigration and government regulations; and how immigrants' views differ from those of non-immigrants."

C. "Tweens, Teens, and Magazines -- Fact Sheet" (Program for the Study of Entertainment Media and Health, October 2004, .pdf format, 4p.). "This fact sheet explores the history of teen magazines that generally focus on 12-19 year olds, as well as trends affecting the genre, including advertising, readership, content, the role the magazines play in the lives of their readers, the effect of the web, and magazines for teen boys."

_Nature_ Letters to _Nature_ Extract: "Enhanced virulence of influenza A viruses with the haemagglutinin of the 1918 pandemic virus," by Darwyn Kobasa, Ayato Takada, Kyoko Shinya, Masato Hatta, Peter Halfmann, Steven Theriault, Hiroshi Suzuki, Hidekazu Nishimura, Keiko Mitamura, Norio Sugaya, Taichi Uusui, Takeomi Murata, Yasuko Maeda, Shinji Watanabe, M. Suresh, Takashi Suzuki, Yasuo Suzuki, Heinz Feldmann, and Yoshirio Kawaoka (_Nature_ Letters to _Nature_, Vol. 431, No. 7009, Oct. 7, 2004, p. 703-707).

_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Article Abstract: "Racial and Ethnic Differences in Time to Acute Reperfusion Therapy for Patients Hospitalized With Myocardial Infarction," by Elizabeth H. Bradley, Jeph Herrin, Yongfei Wang, Robert L. McNamara, Tashonna R. Webster, David J. Magid, Martha Blaney, Eric D. Peterson,John G. Canto, Charles V. Pollack, Jr, and Harlan M. Krumholz (Vol. 292, No. 13, Oct. 6, 2004, p. 1563-1572).

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspective: "Protecting the Uninsured," by Kenneth E. Thorpe (Vol. 351, No. 15, Oct. 7, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1479-1481). This article is freely available to the public.

_Lancet_ Articles: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Mortality of infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers in Africa: a pooled analysis," by Marie-Louise Newell, Hoosen Coovadia, Marjo Cortina-Borja, Nigel Rollins, Philippe Gaillard, and Francois Dabis (_Lancet_, Vol. 364, No. 9441, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1236-43).



B. "Voices lost: Indigenous health and human rights in Australia," by Ian Anderson, and Bebe Loff (_Lancet_ Health and Human Rights, Vol. 364, No. 9441, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1281-1282).



C. "Human rights, drinking rights? Alcohol policy and Indigenous Australians," by David Martin and Maggie Brady (_Lancet_ Health and Human Rights, Vol. 364, No. 9441, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1282-1283).



D. "Mental illness in detained asylum seekers," by Carmen Lawrence (_Lancet_ Health and Human Rights, Vol. 364, No. 9441, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1283-1284).



Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 41, Oct. 11, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Study Bibliography Updates: The following items have recently been added to the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID CDS bibliography. The bibliography is available at:

Bianchi, Suzanne; Fay, Robert, and Hill, Martha S. Where Have All the Fathers Gone? Attrition of Noncustodial Fathers in the PSID and SIPP ; forthcoming.

Chase-Lansdale, L.; Levine, R.C.; Lohman, B.J., and Pittman, L.D. Welfare Reform: What About the Children?. Welfare, Children & Families - A Three City Study. 2004.

Davis-Keane, Pamela E. and Schnabel, K. U. . The Impact of Socio-Economic Characteristics on Child Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Parents Beliefs and Behaviors. ; Unpublished Manuscript.

Hoard, Laura Ruth. Chronic Illness and Behavior Problems in Children: Mediating and Moderating Influences: University of Maryland - College Park; 20041135 pages DAI-A 65/03 Sept. 2004.

Vandewater, E.A.; Shim, M., and Caplovitz, A.G. Linking Obesity and Activity Level with Children's Television and Video Game Use. Journal of Adolescence. 2004; 27(1):71-85.

Vandewater, Elizabeth A.; Lee, J. H., and Shim, M. Family Conflict and Violent Media Use Among School-Aged Children. Media Psychology. forthcoming

NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Oct. 1 - Oct 8, 2004.

Impact of Family Stability on Children's Delinquency: An Implication for Family Preservation
Journal of Family Social Work 8, 1 (2004): 47-60. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4699
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.

Family Structure and Children's Educational Outcomes: Blended Families, Stylized Facts, and Descriptive Regressions
Working Paper, Population Research Center, NORC & the University of Chicago,
March 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4700
Publisher: NORC - National Opinion Research Center

Does Marriage Matter for Kids? The Impact of Legal Marriage on Child Outcomes
Presented: Bergen, Norway, XVIII Annual Conference of the European Society for
Population Economics, June 2004. Also, (abstract only)
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4701
Publisher: European Society for Population Economics (ESPE)

Single Mothers' Employment Dynamics and Adolescent Well-Being
Working Paper No. 04-10, National Poverty Center, The University of Michigan,
June 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4703
Publisher: National Poverty Center

Nonstandard Work Schedules and Child Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes
Presented: Atlanta, GA, Public Policy Analysis and Management Research
Conference, October 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4704
Publisher: Association for Public Analysis and Management (APPAM)

The Impact of Child Support on Fertility, Parental Investments and Child Well-Being
Working Paper, Department of Economics, Brown University, April 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4705

Sibling Similarities, Differences and Economic Inequality
Working Paper No. 2004-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4706
Publisher: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

The Demand for Sons: Evidence from Divorce, Fertility, and Shotgun Marriage
Working Paper 01/2004, Centre for Household Income, Labour, and Demographics,
Torino Italy, January 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4708
Publisher: Centre for Household Income, Labour, and Demographic Economics

Accounting for Racial Differences in Marriage and Employment
Working Paper, Economics Department, Queen's University, August 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4709
Publisher: Economics Department, Queen's University

Home Literacy Supports and Children's Reading Trajectories
Presented: San Diego, American Educational Research Association Meeting, April 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4711
Publisher: American Educational Research Association

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Parent Perception of Child Need for Mental Health Care Following School Disciplinary Events
Mental Health Services Research 6, 2 (June 2004): 75-92
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4714
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers

Spanking in Early Childhood and Later Behavior Problems: A Prospective Study of Infants and Young Toddlers
Pediatrics 113, 5 (May 2004): 1321-1330
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4715
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics

Welfare Reform and Marriage Promotion: The Marital Expectations and Desires of Single and Cohabiting Mothers
Social Service Review 78, 1 (2004): 2-25. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4716
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Childhood Disadvantage, Adolescent Development, and Pro-social Behavior in Early Adulthood
Advances in Life-Course Research (2005) forthcoming
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4717
Publisher: Elsevier Science

The Well-Being of Children Born to Teen Mothers: Multiple Approaches to Assessing the Causal Links
Presented: Society for Social Work Research Meeting, 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4720
Publisher: Society for Social Work and Research

Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Experience and Adult Health
Presented: San Diego, AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, June 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4721
Publisher: AcademyHealth

The Effect of Adolescent Experience on Labor Market Outcomes: The Case of Height
Journal of Political Economy 112,5 (October 2004): 1019-1053. Also:
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4723
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

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University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology: "County Child Poverty Rates in the U.S.: A Spatial Regression Approach," by Paul R. Voss, David D. Long, Roger B. Hammer and Samantha Friedman (WP-2004-05, 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).


We apply methods of exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) and spatial regression analysis to examine inter-county variation in child poverty rates in the U.S. Such spatial analyses are important because regression models that exclude explicit specification of spatial effects, when they exist, can lead to inaccurate inferences about predictor variables. Using county-level data for 1990, we re-examine earlier published results (Friedman & Lichter 1998). We find that formal tests for spatial autocorrelation among county child poverty rates confirm and quantify what is obvious from simple maps of such rates: the risk of a child living in poverty is not (spatially) a randomly distributed risk at the county level. Explicit acknowledgment of spatial effects in an explanatory regression model improves considerably the earlier published regression results which did not take account of spatial autocorrelation. These improvements include (1) the shifting of "wrong sign" parameters in the direction originally hypothesized by the authors, (2) a reduction of residual squared error, and (3) the elimination of any substantive residual spatial autocorrelation. While not without its own problems and some remaining ambiguities, this reanalysis is a convincing demonstration of the need for demographers and other social scientists to examine spatial autocorrelation in their data and to explicitly correct for spatial externalities, if indicated, when performing multiple regression analyses on variables that are spatially referenced. Substantively, the analysis improves the estimates of the joint effects of place-influences and family-influences on child poverty.

National Bureau of Economic Research: "The Effect of College Curriculum on Earnings: Accounting for Non-Ignorable Non-Response Bias," by Daniel S. Hamermesh and Stephen G. Donald (w10809, October 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


We link information on the current earnings of college graduates from many cohorts to their high-school records, their detailed college records and their demographics to infer the impact of college major on earnings. We develop an estimator to handle the potential for non-response bias and identify non-response using an affinity measure -- the potential respondent's link to the organization conducting the survey. This technique is generally applicable for adjusting for unit non-response. In the model describing earnings, estimated using the identified (for non-response bias) selectivity adjustments, adjusted earnings differentials across college majors are less than half as large as unadjusted differentials and ten percent smaller than those that do not account for selective non-response.

New Zealand Treasury:

A. "New Zealand's Diaspora and Overseas-born Population," by John Bryant and David Law (TWP 04/13, September 2004, .pdf format, 12p.).


Many New Zealand-born people migrate overseas, creating a diaspora, and many overseas-born people migrate to New Zealand. Both the diaspora and the overseas-born population in New Zealand may facilitate the international exchange of goods and ideas. Much discussion of international linkages has, however, been limited by a lack of data on numbers of people involved. Based mainly on place-of-birth data from national censuses, this paper provides estimates of the size and structure of New Zealand's diaspora and overseas-born population, as well as comparisons with selected OECD countries such as Australia. A tentative conclusion is that the potential contribution of New Zealand's diaspora may have been overestimated, and the contribution of the overseas-born population underestimated.

B. "Household incomes in New Zealand: The impact of the market, taxes and government spending, 1987/88 - 1997/98," by Ron Crawford and Grant Johnston (TWP 04/20, September 2004, .pdf format, 61p.).


How well have New Zealand households fared over a decade of extensive economic and social changes? This study compares household incomes in 1997/98 with household incomes in1987/88, using the concept of "final income". Final income is a measure of the income accruing to households after adjusting for payments to, and benefits from, central government, whether these benefits are in cash or in kind. In particular, receipt of government health and education services is counted as adding to a household's income, and payment of consumption taxes is counted as taking away from a household's income. In all income deciles, the real final incomes of households were, on average, at least the same in 1997/98 as they were in 1987/88, and in most cases had increased. Government intervention, through taxes, cash benefits and social services, has maintained the incomes of less well-off households over a period of upheaval in New Zealand.

Institute for the Study of Labor (University of Bonn, Germany):

A. "Diploma No Problem: Can Private Schools Be of Lower Quality than Public Schools?: by Giorgio Brunello and Lorenzo Rocco (Discussion Paper DP-1336, October 2004, .pdf format, 32 p.).


Motivated by anecdotal as well as econometric evidence from Italy, we ask whether private schools can provide lower quality than public schools. Using a stylized model of the education market with sequential entry of a public and a private school, we show that, depending on the underlying parameters of the model, a market structure with the private school offering at a positive price lower quality than the public school can be an equilibrium. The calibrated parameters for Italy suggest the existence of such an equilibrium in the Italian market for education.

B. "Growth, Inequality and Poverty Relationships," by Almas Heshmati (Discussion Paper DP-1338, October 2004, .pdf format, 28.p).


This paper examines the causal relationship between inequality and a number of macroeconomic variables frequently found in the inequality and growth literature. These include growth, openness, wages, and liberalisation. We review the existing cross-country empirical evidence on the effects of inequality on growth and the extent to which the poorest in society benefit from economic growth. The linkage between growth, redistribution and poverty is also analysed. In the review of literature mainly empirical examples from 1990s are taken. In addition we test the conditional and unconditional relationship between inequality and growth in the post World War II period using WIDER inequality database. Regression results suggest that income inequality is declining over time. Inequality is also declining in growth of income. There is a significant regional heterogeneity in the levels and development over time. The Kuznets hypothesis represents a global U-shape relationship between inequality and growth.

C. "Heterogeneity in Reported Well-Being: Evidence from Twelve European Countries," by Andrew Clark, Fabrice Etile, Fabien Postel-Vinay, Claudia Senik, and Karine Van der Straeten (Discussion Paper DP-1339, October 2004, .pdf format, 25p.).


This paper models the relationship between income and reported well-being using latent class techniques applied to panel data from twelve European countries. Introducing both intercept and slope heterogeneity into this relationship, we strongly reject the hypothesis that individuals transform income into well-being in the same way. We show that both individual characteristics and country of residence are strong predictors of the four classes we identify. We expect that differences in the marginal effect of income on well-being across classes will be reflected in both behaviour and preferences for redistribution.

World Bank:

A. "Can Student Loans Improve Accessibility to Higher Education and Student Performance? An Impact Study of the Case of SOFES, Mexico," by Andreas Blom, and Erik Canton (Policy Research Working Paper 3425, October 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


Financial aid to students in tertiary education can contribute to human capital accumulation through two channels -- increased enrollment and improved student performance. Canton and Blom analyze the quantitative importance of both channels in the context of a student loan program (SOFES) implemented at private universities in Mexico. With regard to the first channel, enrollment, results from the Mexican household survey indicate that financial support has a strong positive effect on university enrollment. Given completion of upper secondary education, the probability of entering higher education rises 24 percent. The authors use two data sources to investigate the second channel, student performance. They analyze administrative data provided by SOFES using a regression-discontinuity design, and survey data enable them to perform a similar analysis using a different control group. Empirical results suggest that SOFES recipients show better academic performance than students without a credit from SOFES. However, the results cannot be interpreted as a purely causal impact of the student loan program, since the impacts also could reflect (self-) selection of students.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address (click on envelope icon) for full text.

B. "Shelter Strategies for the Urban Poor: Idiosyncratic and Successful, but Hardly Mysterious," by Robert Buckley and Jerry Kalarickal (Policy Research Working Paper 3427, October 2004, .pdf format, 36p.). Links to an extensive abstract and full text can be found at:

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address (click on envelope icon) for full text.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

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International Labour Review (Vol. 143, No. 1-2, December 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement Workshop: "Call for Poster Abstracts CDS-II Early Results Workshop: June 24-25, 2005 Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI. The Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan is hosting a 2-day workshop to highlight new empirical research focusing on the recently released Child Development Supplement. For more information see the notice (.pdf format, 1p.) at:

Carlina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Program Workshop: "Workshop on Evaluation the Impact of Reproductive Health Programs 2005," to be held in Honolulu, Hawai'i, May 31 - Jun. 30, 2005). For more information see:

Association for Survey Computing: "Mobile Computing," a conference to be held in London, UK, Apr. 22, 2005). For more information, including a call for papers, see:


National Center for Education Statistics: "Using the ECLS-B (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-B] Database for Research and Policy Discussion: ECLS-B Advanced Studies Database Training Seminar," to be held in Washington D.C., Jan. 10-13, 2005). For more information see:

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University of Pennsylvania Population Studies Center: "Social Science Programmer/Analyst Position." For more information see:

Check the 10.05.04 listing

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: MPDIR has announced an employment opportunity for a research scientist. For more information see:

Click on "Jobs", then "Research Scientist" (.pdf format 1p.).

National Center for Education Statistics: NCES has announced openings for 4 statistician jobs. For more information see:

Princeton University Center for Health and Wellbeing Fellowship: "The Center for Health and Wellbeing (CHW), part of the Woodrow Wilson School, invites outstanding researchers to apply for appointments as Fellows for the 2005-2006 academic year. CHW supports research on the multiple aspects of health and wellbeing in both developed and developing countries. Successful candidates will devote an academic year or a semester in residence at Princeton to research, discussions, and scholarly collaborations concerned with the determinants of physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing, and the effects of public policy on health and wellbeing. Applications are welcome from researchers in a variety of health-related disciplines, including medicine, psychology, biology, epidemiology, economics, sociology, and related social science disciplines." Deadline for applications for 2005-2006 fellowships is Dec. 15, 2004. For more information see:

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Census Bureau:

A. "National Estimates by Age, Sex, Race: 1900-1979 (PE-11) (October 2004, Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and comma separated value [.csv] format). The worksheets are estimates by single year of age, and topcoded at 75+ for 1900-1939, 85+ for 1940-1979. The race breakdowns are for "White, Nonwhite" for 1900-1959, and for "White, Black, Other" for 1960-1979. Files are available in year by year or 10 year increments.

B. "Consolidated Federal Funds Report 2003 (State and County Areas)" (CFR/03, September 2004, .zip compressed ASCII data" and .pdf format, 110p.) and "Federal Aid to States for Fiscal Year 2003" (FAS/03, September 2004, .pdf format, 56p.). The reports and data are linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Federal Domestic Spending Tops $2 Trillion in 2003, Census Bureau Reports" (CB04-176, Oct. 7, 2004).


Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families: "Total Number of TANF Families and Recipients Fiscal Year 2004 as of 7/31/04."

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service: "Farm and Farm-related Employment" (October 2004, Microsoft Excel and comma separated value [.csv] format, uncompressed and .zip compressed). Annual data have been updated through 2001 and are available from 1981-2001. " Estimates of farm and farm-related employment are derived by combining farm employment data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis with an enhanced file of the Census Bureau's County Business Patterns. These estimates, which are rich in geographic detail, provide valuable information about the importance of agriculture across the country. Farm and farm-related industries are generally identified as those with 50 percent or more of their national workforce employed in providing goods and services necessary to satisfy the final demand for agricultural products. These industries include farm production, processing and marketing of agricultural goods, and agricultural wholesale and retail trade."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706