Current Demographic Research Report #54, October 18, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


National Center for Health Statistics Compendium
Centers for Disease Control News Release, Periodical, Surveillance Report
National Institutes of Health News Release
Food and Drug Administration News Releases
Government Accountability Office Report
National Center for Education Statistics Reports
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical
United Nations Children's Fund Report
Pan American Health Organization News Release
National Academies Press Monograph
Kaiser Family Foundation Survey Report, Issue Brief
Pew Hispanic Center Report
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspective, Book Review Extract
Info Health Pop Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates


National Opinion Research Center [University of Chicago] Demography Workshop Paper
University of Michigan Population Studies Center
Max Planck for Demographic Research
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
The Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF)
National Center for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM)
World Bank Development Programme
Economics Working Paper Archive at Washington University at St. Louis


Other Journals


East-West Center
International Sociological Association


Census Bureau Population Maps
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
National Longitudinal Study and NLS-Youth
Integrated Public Use Microdata Samples
UK Data Archive

Mississippi State University Libraries Census Meta-site



National Center for Health Statistics Compendium: "Deaths: Final Data for 2002," by Kenneth D. Kochanek, Sherry L. Murphy,,Robert N. Anderson, and Chester Scott (National Vital Statistics Reports Vol. 53, No. 5, October 2004, .pdf format, 116p.).

Centers for Disease Control News Release, Periodical, Surveillance Report:

A. "CDC, Aventis Pasteur Announce Allocation Plan to Address Influenza Vaccine Shortages" (Oct. 12, 2004).

B. "CDC/Aventis Pasteur Collaborate To Ship More Than 2 Million Doses of Influenza Vaccine to Providers Who Serve High-Priority Groups" (Oct. 15, 2004).

C. _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ (Vol. 53, No. 40, Oct. 15, 2004, HTML and .pdf format), is a special issue concerning " Health Disparities Experienced by Hispanics --- United States." There are six articles pertinent to the topic.

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _MMWR_ is released, this one will be available by clicking on "Current Volume" on the side of the page. After Jan. 1, 2005, it will be available by clicking on "Past Volumes" on the side of the page.

D. "Enhanced Perinatal Surveillance United States, 1999-2001," by Nan M. Ruffo Norma Harris, Lisa M. Lee, and Matthew McKenna, (HIV/AIDS Special Surveillance Report No. 4, October, 2004, .pdf format, 22p.).

National Institutes of Health News Release: "Panel Finds that Scare Tactics for Violence Prevention are Harmful: Good news is that positive approaches show promise" (Oct. 15, 2004). The news release links to a summary of an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality report: "Preventing Violence and Related Health-Risking Social Behaviors in Adolescents" (Evidence Report/Technology Assessment: Number 107, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.)

Food and Drug Administration News Releases:

A. "FDA and U.K. Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Working Cooperatively to Address Flu Vaccine Quality at Chiron's U.K. Facility" (P04-96, Oct. 13, 2004).

B. "FDA Team Completes Inspection of Chiron's Liverpool Flu Vaccine Plant (Oct. 15, 2004).

Government Accountability Office Report: "TANF and SSI: Opportunities Exist to Help People with Impairments Become More Self-Sufficient" (GAO-04-878, September 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results From the 2001-2002 Private School Universe Survey," by Stephen Broughman and Kathleen Pugh (NCES 2005305, October 2004, .pdf format, 118p.).


This report on the 2001-2002 Private School Universe presents data on private schools in the United States with grades kindergarten through twelve by selected characteristics such as school size, school level, religious orientation, association membership, geographic region, community type, and program emphasis. The number of teachers and students are reported by the same categories and the number of students is reported by grade level.

B. "2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSOPF:04) Field Test Methodology Report," by R. Heuer, M. Cahalan, M. Fahimi, J. Curry-Tucker, L. Carley-Baxter, T. Curtin, M. Hinsdale, D. Jewel, B. Kuhr, and L. McLean (NCES 200401, October 2004, .pdf format, 254p.).


This report describes the methodology and findings of the NSOPF:04 field test that took place during the 2002-03 academic year. The NSOPF:04 field test was used to plan, implement, and evaluate methodological procedures, instruments, and systems proposed for use in the full-scale study scheduled for the 2003-04 academic year.

Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Reports:

A. "Overcoming Challenges to Business and Economic Development in Indian Country," by Walter Hillabrant, Judy Earp, Mack Rhoades, and Nancy Pindus (August 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 50p.).

B. "Indicators of Child, Family, and, Community Connections," by Laura Lippman (2004, HTML: and .pdf format, 68p.).

C. "Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections: Companion Volume of Related Papers," edited by Laura Lippman (2004, HTML and .pdf format, 86p.).

D. "Spending on Social Welfare Programs in Rich and Poor States: Final Report" (July 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 84p.).

E. "Early Childhood Measures Profiles," by Lisa J. Bridges, Daniel J. Berry, Rosalind Johnson, Julia Calkins, Nancy Geyelin Margie, Stephanie W. Cochran, Thomson J. Ling, and Martha J. Zaslow (2004, .pdf format 404p.).

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: _Occupational Outlook Quarterly_ Online (Vol. 48, No. 2, Summer 2004, .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. _OOQ's_ are always available at:

United Nations Children's Fund Report: "Progress for Children: 2004" (September 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

United Nations Children's Fund Innocenti Research Center Report: "Innocenti Social Monitor 2004: Economic growth and child poverty in the CEE/CIS and the Baltic states" (October 2004, .pdf format, 129p.). Links to the report, press release, and a summary, can be found at:

Pan American Health Organization News Release: "New PAHO Fact Sheets on HIV Reflect Differences in Cost, Care, Coverage" (Oct. 13, 2004, .pdf format, English or Spanish language). These fact sheets were discussed in last week's CDERR report (CDERR #53, Oct. 11, 2004). At that time "care and treatment" fact sheets were not yet available.

Click on "a special web page" at the bottom of the news release for link to updated website.

National Academies Press Monograph: _Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance_, edited by Jeffrey P. Koplan, Catharyn T. Liverman, and Vivica A. Kraak (Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth, Institute of Medicine, 2004, OpenBook format, 482p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

Kaiser Family Foundation Survey Report, Issue Brief:

A. "Survey of African Americans About HIV/AIDS Media Campaigns" (October 2004, .pdf format, survey report, 17p., toplines, 19p.). "A new national survey of African Americans reviews aspects of the Rap It Up and KNOW HIV/AIDS campaigns, which are ongoing HIV/AIDS public education partnerships conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation with Black Entertainment Television (BET) and Viacom, Inc., respectively. The survey seeks to look at the reach and impact of the campaigns. Rap It Up is the single largest public education effort on HIV/AIDS and related issues directed toward the African American community."

B. "Disparities In Maternal And Infant Health: Are We Making Progress? Lessons >From California," by Susan Egerter, Kristen Marchi, Catherine Cubbin, and Paula Braveman, Alina Salganicoff, and Usha R. Ranji (KFF Issue Brief, Fall 2004, .pdf format, 23p.). "This issue brief prepared by researchers at the University of California at San Francisco and the Kaiser Family Foundation, analyzes changes in racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in maternal and infant health in California in 1994/1995 and 1999/2001. The issue brief also reviews the policy implications of these differences and offers general recommendations for health care policymakers to consider in addressing health disparities."

Pew Hispanic Center Report: "The Wealth of Hispanic Households," by Rakesh Kochhar (October 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).


Press Release (.pdf format, 3p.).

More information about Pew Hispanic Center:

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspective, Book Review Extract:

A. "Controlling Health Care Costs," by Paul B. Ginsburg (_NEJM_ Perspective, Vol. 351, No. 16, Oct. 14, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1591-1593).

B. _The Mold in Dr. Florey's Coat: The Story of the Penicillin Miracle_, by Eric Lax (_NEJM_ Book Review extract, Vol. 351, No. 16, Oct. 14, 2004, p. 1697-1698).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 42, Oct. 18, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Oct. 11 - Oct 15, 2004.

The Changing Importance of White Women's Economic Prospects for Assortative Mating
Journal of Marriage and Family 66,4 (November 2004): 1015-1029
Cohort(s): NLSY79, Young Women
ID Number: 4730
Publisher: National Council on Family Relations

Perinatal and Infancy Factors Associated with Personality Functioning During Early Childhood
Ph.D. Dissertation, Temple University, October 2004. DAI-B 65/04, p. 2135, Oct
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4731
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

Children's Mental Health Service Use in the Community: Static and Dynamic Panel Data Models of the Treatment Effect
Ph.D. Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University, October 2004. DAI-A 65/04, p.
1459, Oct 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4732
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and

The Effect of Adolescent Experience on Labor Market Outcomes: The Case of Height
Journal of Political Economy 112,5 (October 2004): 1019-1054
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4734
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Accounting for Misclassification Error in Retrospective Smoking Data
Health Economics 13,10 (October 2004): 1031-1044
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4735
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Socioeconomic Experience, Race/Ethnicity and Adult Health
Ph.D. Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University, October 2004. DAI-A 65/04, p.
1550, Oct 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4736
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

Marital Status and Obesity: Cause and Effect
Ph.D. Dissertation, City University of New York, October 2004. DAI-A 65/04, p.
1464, Oct 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4737
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

Panel Data Models with Discrete Dependent Variables
Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, October 2004. DAI-A 65/04, p. 1464,
Oct 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4738
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

Rethinking the IQ-Delinquency Relationship: A Longitudinal Analysis of Multiple Theoretical Models
Justice Quarterly 21,3 (September 2004): 603-636. Also:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=14583427
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4739

Long-Term Poverty Among Older Women: The Effects of Work in Midlife
Ph.D. Dissertation, Bryn Mawr College, September 2004. DAI-A 65/03, p. 1120,
Sep 2004
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
ID Number: 4740
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and

Essays in the Economics Of Obesity
Ph.D. Dissertation, City University of New York, September 2004. DAI-A 65/03,
p. 1043, Sep 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
ID Number: 4742
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and

The Short-Term Effects and Unintended Long-Term Consequences of Binge Drinking in College: A 10-Year Follow-Up Study
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 30,3 (August 2004): 659-675
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4744
Publisher: Marcel Dekker

Predictors of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses: National Survey Findings
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 1,8 (August 2004): 542-550
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4745
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

New Methods and Data Sources for Measuring Economic Consequences of Workplace Injuries
American Journal of Industrial Medicine 40,4 (September 2004): 452 - 463
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4748
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Lifestyle Preferences versus Patriarchal Values: Causal and Non-Causal
Advances in Life Course Research 8 (2004): 69-91
ID Number: 4755
Publisher: Elsevier Science

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National Opinion Research Center [University of Chicago] Demography Workshop Paper: "Religious Change in Europe: A Rational Choice?" by Andrew Greeley (Population Research Center/NORC Demography Workshop, Oct. 14, 2004, .pdf format, 22p.).

University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "International Networks, Ideas, and Family Change," by Arland Thornton, Georgina Binstock, and Dirgha Ghimire (PSC Research Report 04-566, October 2004, .pdf format, 35p.).


This paper begins with the observation that family change has been a common occurrence in many places around the world. Social scientists have accumulated a wide array of structural and ideational explanations of this worldwide family change. In this paper we focus our attention on one particular set of ideational forces that we refer to as developmental idealism. We suggest that it has been disseminated widely around the world, where it has had enormous influence on family behavior, beliefs, and values.Our contention that developmental thinking and conclusions have had extensive international dissemination is supported by new evidence from Nepal and Argentina. We find that in both countries, most ordinary people have considerable knowledge of the ideas of development, substantial knowledge about the major countries of the world, can rate countries on their levels of education and development, believe that there is an association between socioeconomic development and family structure, and believe that economic development and family structures and relationships are causally connected, with economic development causing family change and family change causing economic development. At this point in our research program, we cannot draw conclusions about the sources of these ideas in Argentina and Nepal or about their implications for family change. Further data collection and analysis will be required for answering these questions.

Click on PDF icon for link to full text.

B. "The Measurement and Prevalence of Developmental Thinking about the Family: Evidence from Nepal," by Arland Thornton, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Colter Mitchell (PSC Research Report 04-567, October 2004, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper evaluates the theory presented by Thornton (2001, forthcoming) that the interrelated ideas of societal development and modernity are understood and believed by ordinary people and has influence on their values and behavior. Using both qualitative and quantitative data collected in Nepal in 2003-2004 we examine the knowledge and beliefs of ordinary people, asking the extent to which they understand and believe the ideas of development and modernity and use these ideas in evaluating the world around them, including demographic and family behavior. An important outcome of this study is its confirmation of the ability to measure the complex concepts of development in a survey conducted with a broad spectrum of people in Nepal. There is also evidence supporting the contention that developmental thinking has been disseminated widely in Nepal, with large fractions of people understanding and endorsing developmental models. This evidence is consistent with the expectation that developmental thinking has been widely disseminated around the world and is related to people's beliefs and values about family life.

Click on PDF icon for link to full text.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "To concentration of reproduction in cohorts of US and European women," by Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Evgueni M. Andreev, Rene Houle, and James W. Vaupel (WP-2004-027, October 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).


We study inter-individual variability in number of children among women. Concentration ratio (CR) and percentile measures are used. In most countries CR has increasing from cohorts of the 1930s-40s onward due to rise in childlessness. In cohorts of the early 1960s CR varies from 0.24 to 0.46 among 20 countries. West Germany and the USA have the lowest values of CR, while Eastern European countries have the highest. The US CPS and FFS allow further exploring the variability. Fertility strongly varies across socio-demographic groups. Advanced groups of women experience childlessness of 30%, average fertility of 1.3-1.5 and CR of 0.45-0.49. Groups with lower qualification experience childlessness of 10 percent, average fertility of 2.4-3.0, and CR of 0.30-0.34. The inter-group contrast can not explain high concentration of reproduction in the USA, since variability is high within each group. Concentration of reproduction could be driven by women's preferences/orientations toward family vs. career.

Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs [Princeton University]: "Data and Dogma: The Great Indian Poverty Debate," by Angus Deaton and Valerie Kozel (September 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).


What happened to poverty in India in the 1990s has been fiercely debated, politically and statistically. The Indian debate has run parallel to, and is itself a large part of, the wider debate about globalization and poverty in the 1990s. The economic reforms of the early 1990s were followed by rates of economic growth that were high by Indian historical standards. The effects on poverty remain controversial, and the official numbers published by the Government of India, showing a reduction of poverty from 36 percent of the population in 1993-1994 to 26 percent of the population in 1999-2000, have been challenged both for showing too little and too much poverty reduction. The various claims have often been frankly political, but there are also many important statistical issues, and the Indian debate, of which this paper is a review, provides an excellent example of how politics and statistics interact in an important, largely domestic debate. Although there is no full consensus on what happened to Indian poverty in the 1990s, there is good evidence that the official estimates of poverty reduction are too optimistic, particularly for rural India. This overoptimism was amplified by statistical uncertainty that created space for some commentators to argue that poverty had been virtually eliminated in India in the wake of the economic reforms. Although this paper is concerned with the measurement of poverty in India, all of the issues -- discrepancies between surveys and national accounts, the effects of questionnaire design, reporting periods, survey non-response, repairing imperfect data, the choice of poverty lines, and the interplay between statistics and politics -- have wide resonance elsewhere.

The Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester UK]:

A. "Lost Jobs, Broken Marriages," by Marcus Eliason (WP 2004-21, October 2004, .pdf format, 23p.).


The objective of this paper is to examine the effect of a spouse's job loss on the probability that his/her marriage ends in divorce. Previous empirical studies on this matter are sparse, and the results inconclusive. Moreover, all previous studies focus on the short-term effects. A unique Swedish data set is used, containing all married couples where one of the spouses was displaced, due to an establishment closure, and an appropriate comparison group. I provide further evidence that the adverse consequences of a job loss cannot be measured in monetary terms alone, and extend the current literature on the impact of job loss (unemployment) on marital instability by also investigate the impact in the long run. The results suggest the existence of a destabilizing impact on marriages from both husbands', and wives', job losses, and both in the short and the longer run.

B. "Tackling Multiple Choices: A Joint Determination of Transitions out of Education and into the Labour Market Across the European Union," by Maria A. Davia (WP 2004-22, October 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).


The general aim of this research is to study transitions from education into the labour market among youths under a simultaneous framework. Using a sub-sample of youths from the European Community Household Panel, the empirical strategy has consisted of a trivariate probit estimation; initial conditions are controlled for. Results show that expectations about future labour market outcomes do not always contribute to explain youths decisions regarding education, other factors (i.e., current unemployment, family background and institutional factors) being more important. Moreover, there is a strong state dependency in educational choices and the relevant transitions from school into employment and job search are shown to be clearly interdependent.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "The Evolution of Income-Related Health Inequalities in Switzerland over Time," by Robert E. Leu, and Martin Schellhorn (Discussion Paper No. 1346, October 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).


This paper presents new evidence on income-related health inequality and its development over time in Switzerland. We employ the methods lined out in van Doorslaer and Jones (2003) and van Doorslaer and Koolman (2004) measuring health using an interval regression approach to compute concentration indices and decomposing inequality into its determining factors. Nationally representative survey data for 1982, 1992, 1997 and 2002 are used to carry out the analysis. Looking at each of the four years separately the results indicates the usual positive relationship between income and health, but the distribution is among the least unequal in Europe. No clear trend emerges in the evolution of the inequality indices over the two decades. Inequality is somewhat lower in 1982 and 1992 as compared to 1997 and 2002 but the differences are not significant. The most important contributors to health inequality are income, education and activity status, in particular retirement. Regional differences including the widely varying health care supply, by contrast, do not exert any systematic influence.

B. "Subjective Well-Being and Relative Deprivation: An Empirical Link," by Conchita D'Ambrosio and Joachim R. Frick (Discussion Paper 1351, October 2004, .pdf format, 22p.).


This paper explores the relationship between two well-established concepts of measuring individual well-being: the concept of happiness, i.e. self-reported level of satisfaction with income and life, and relative deprivation/satisfaction, i.e. the gaps between the individual's income and the incomes of all individuals richer/poorer than him. Operationalizing both concepts using micro panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we provide empirical evidence for subjective well-being depending more on relative satisfaction than on absolute levels of income. This finding holds even after controlling for other influential factors in a multivariate setting.

C. "Heterogeneity in the Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment: Evidence from Switzerland on Natives and Second Generation Immigrants," by Philipp Bauer and Regina T. Riphahn (Discussion Paper 1354, October 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).


This study applies rich data from the 2000 Swiss census to investigate the patterns of intergenerational education transmission for natives and second generation immigrants. The level of secondary schooling attained by youth aged 17 is related to their parents' educational outcomes using data on the entire Swiss population. Based on economic theories of child educational attainment we derive hypotheses regarding the patterns in intergenerational education transmission. The data yields substantial heterogeneity in intergenerational transmission across population groups. Only a small share of this heterogeneity is explained by the predictions of economic theory.

Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF) [University of Salerno, Italy]: "Illegal Immigration into Italy: Evidence from a field survey," by Maria Concetta Chiuri, Giuseppe De Arcangelis, Angela Maria D'Uggento, and Giovanni Ferri (WP 121, July 2004, .pdf format, 25p.)


The Survey on illegal migration in Italy (SIMI henceforth) aims to analyse the phenomenon of clandestines migrating to or through Italy. SIMI contains information concerning the main demographic, economic and social characteristics of a sample of 920 clandestines crossing Italian borders and apprehended during 2003. Migrants' motivations, intention to send remittance and expectations about the future are collected within SIMI and reported in this paper.

National Center for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM) (University of Canberra, Australia):

A. "Public Policy and Private Health Insurance: Distributional Impact on Public and Private Hospital Usage in New South Wales," by Agnes Walker, Richard Percival, Linc Thurecht and Jim Pearse (CP2004_003, October 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).


The paper reports on findings from a three year Australian Research Council grant with the NSW Health Department, the Health Insurance Commission and the Productivity Commission as industry partners.

B. "Income Distribution and Redistribution: The Impact of Selected Government Benefits and Taxes in Australia in 2001-02," by Ann Harding, Rachel Lloyd and Neil Warren (CP2004_004, October 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


This study examines the distribution of household income, and of selected taxes and benefits in Australia, in 2001-02. We find that direct cash transfers are more progressive than indirect (non-cash) benefits, but that the combined overall impact of all benefits remains strongly redistributive towards lower income Australians. Similarly, the regressive impact of the indirect taxes considered in our study partially offsets the highly progressive impact of direct taxes but the overall impact of the taxes considered remains strongly pro-poor.

C. "A Spatial Divide? Trends in the incomes and socioeconomic characteristics of regions between 1996 and 2001," by Rachel Lloyd, Mandy Yap and Ann Harding (CP2004_005, October 2004, .pdf format, 18p.).


This paper examines trends in income for different regions of Australia between 1996 and 2001, using census data. Most regions and states experienced strong income growth during the five years, although incomes in the capital cities remained much higher than in other areas of Australia. Sharp rises in housing costs offset part of the income gain in the capital cities. The paper also examines trends in a range of other socioeconomic characteristics, including education and labour force status.

D. "Getting down to small areas: estimating regional income and wealth in Australia using spatial microsimulation," by Rachel Lloyd and Ann Harding (CP2004_006, October 2004, .pdf format, 22p.). Links to an extensive abstract and full text are available at:

E. "Australians in poverty in the 21st century," by Rachel Lloyd, Ann Harding and Alicia Payne (CP2004_007, October 2004, .pdf format, 21p.).


This paper provides new estimates of poverty in Australia, using data from the 2000-2001 Survey of Income and Housing Costs, conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). This study uses the OECD Half Median Poverty line, and examines both poverty rates and poverty gaps. It suggests that the unemployed and single people face a particularly high poverty risk.

F. "The Distribution of Taxes and Government Benefits in Australia," by Ann Harding, Rachel Lloyd and Neil Warren (CP2004_008, October 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


This study examines the distribution of household income, and of selected taxes and benefits in Australia, in 2001-02. We find that direct cash transfers are more progressive than indirect (non-cash) benefits, but that the combined overall impact of all benefits remains strongly redistributive towards lower income Australians. Similarly, the regressive impact of the indirect taxes considered in our study partially offsets the highly progressive impact of direct taxes but the overall impact of the taxes considered remains strongly pro-poor.

G. "Housing Unaffordability at the Statistical Local Area Level: New Estimates Using Spatial Microsimulation," by Elizabeth Taylor, Ann Harding, Rachel Lloyd and Marcus Blake (CP2004_009, October 2004, .pdf format, 48p.).


This paper examines housing affordability estimates at the ASGC2001 Statistical Local Area (SLA) level and assesses spatial and other distributive patterns of households experiencing housing unaffordability. The study covers all SLAs in New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and the ACT, and there is a particular focus on the spatial distribution of housing unaffordability across the Brisbane, Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney Statistical Divisions. The housing affordability estimates are output from a project to develop and apply spatial microsimulation techniques to generate detailed synthetic small-area data for use as a decision support tool by state and territory governments. The synthetic data have been produced through reweighting of the 1998-99 ABS Household Expenditure Survey Confidentialised Unit Record File (CURF), with the 2001 Census Expanded Community Profile (XCP) used as the small-area 'target' data. As well as reviewing the results and implications of the housing unaffordability estimates, this paper provides a general overview of the scope of the linkage project, and the methodological approaches taken in building the estimates. This background includes attention to methodological issues encountered and solutions developed, and to methods of data validation.

H. "Equity and Hospitals: Do Usage and Treatment Costs Vary with Socioeconomic Status and Locality?" by Linc Thurecht, Ann Harding, and Agnes Walker (CP2004_010, October 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).


Equity of access and treatment are important goals of our health system. Reports on aggregate state expenditures mask potentially important underlying differences in the usage of and cost of services received, by those of varying socioeconomic status or region of residence. To shed light on these issues, this paper examines whether hospital usage and the average cost of hospital treatment per patient varies with socioeconomic status, Statistical Local Area and ARIA. We first apply a unique person based measure of socioeconomic status to avoid problems associated with geographically based measures. This is then imputed onto all in-patient separations from NSW hospitals, to assess the spatial distribution of usage and average cost of hospital treatment across the state.

I. "Prosperity for all? How low income families have fared in the boom times," by Justine McNamara, Rachel Lloyd, Matthew Toohey and Ann Harding (October 2004, .pdf format, 45p.)


World Bank Development Programme: "Growth, Inequality, and Simulated Poverty Paths for Tanzania, 1992-2002," by Gabriel Demombynes and Johannes Hoogeveen (WP 3432, October 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).


Although Tanzania experienced relatively rapid growth in per capita GDP in the 1995-2001 period, household budget survey (HBS) data show only a modest and statistically insignificant decline in poverty between 1992 and 2001. To assess the likely trajectory of poverty rates over the course of the period, changes in poverty are simulated using unit-record HBS data and national accounts growth rates under varying assumptions for growth rates and inequality changes. To this end the projection approach of Datt and Walker (2002) is used along with an extension that is better suited to taking into account distributional changes observed between the two household surveys. The simulations suggest that following increases in poverty during the economic slowdown of the early 1990s, recent growth in Tanzania has brought a decline in poverty, particularly in urban areas. Unless recent growth is sustained, the country will not meet its 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG). Poverty reduction is on track in urban areas, but reaching the MDG target for bringing down poverty in rural areas, where most Tanzanians live, requires sustaining high growth in rural output per capita.

Economics Working Paper Archive at Washington University at St. Louis: "Food for Thought: Basic Needs and Persistent Educational Inequality," by Oded Galor and David Mayer-Foulkes (June 2004, .pdf format, 53p.).


This research demonstrates that human capital accumulation by the poor is only possible if a minimum level of health and well-being has been attained. When families do not have enough resources to invest in the satisfaction of basic needs and health care, and finance is not available for this purpose, a poverty trap exists with low health, education and income. These poverty traps may persist if policies financing education are applied which do not also address deficiencies in nutrition and health impairing human potential, and in particular early child development. This link between health and education contributes to explain the important, long-term effects of nutrition and health on economic growth and implies that nutrition and health play a causal role in the persistence of inequality and in the effects of inequality on growth.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

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Gender and Society (Vol. 18, No. 6, 2004).

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Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal (Vol. 33, No. 2, December 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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East-West Center [Honolulu, Hawai'i]: "36th Summer Seminar on Population," a seminar to be held May 31 - Jun, 30, 2005 in Honolulu, Hawai'i. For more information see:

International Sociological Association Symposium on Inequalities in Population Call for Papers: "The Research Committee on Sociology of Population (RC41), International Sociological Association (ISA) is pleased to announce that it will hold its mid-Congress symposium on September 15 and 16, 2005, in Malta. The general theme of the symposium is: Inequalities in Population." For more information see:

See the "Malta, September 15-16, 2005" entry, or:

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Census Bureau Population Maps: The Census Bureau has released selected state and county maps (HTML and .pdf format,) with associated data tables (Microsoft Excel, comma separated value [.csv] and .pdf format). Five state and four county maps are available at this time.

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Study of Political Socialization: Parent-Child Pairs Based on Survey of Youth Panel and Their Offspring, 1997 (#4024).

Survey of Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa, 2000-2001 (#4030)

Spatial Analysis of Rare Crimes: Homicides in Chicago, Illinois, 1989-1991 (#4079)

National Longitudinal Study and NLS-Youth Documentation Update, Data:

A. The Center for Human Resource Research at the Ohio State University has made the following Labor Department National Longitudinal Study and National Longitudinal Study of Youth documentation electronically available (.pdf format).

CYA-2002: NLSY79 Child/Young Adult Questionnaires 2002

The following publication is being made available in print format (for a fee) only at this time:

DNLS-11/2004: National Longitudinal Surveys, All Cohorts, November 2004

B. The following data has been made available

D97-R6EH: NLSY97 Event History and Main File Data Rounds 1-6 Release 11/2004

D97-Rnd1-6-GEO: NLSY97 CD Geocode Data including Main File and Event History Data Rounds 1-6

D79CYA2002-GEO: NLSY79/Child/Young Adult 1979-2002 Geocode Data on CD (Includes the NLSY79 1979-2002 main file, work history, and geocode data, as well as the 1986-2002 Child and Young Adult public release and geocode data).

Note: The last two geocode items are restricted and can only be obtained after signing a confidentiality agreement. More information, as well as links to the above mentioned publications and public use data, can be found at:

Scroll to titles.

Integrated Public Use Microdata Samples: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota posted new versions of the 2000 1% and 5% samples, along with a new version of the 2000-2002 ACS (American Community Survey). For more information, the Oct. 13, 2004 entry at:

UK Data Archive [University of Essex, Colchester]: Note: There may be restrictions and costs associated with UK Data Archive data. For more information see:

Benefit Leavers' Survey, 2003 (SN 5026):

Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 2003 (SN 5002):

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST: Update: The Kaiser Family Foundation's site (discussed in CDERR #26, Apr. 5, 2004), has recently added an issue module devoted to: Health Care and the 2004 Election.

Mississippi State University Libraries Census Meta-site: "United States Decennial Censuses General Research Guide: Census of Population, Census of Housing" (April 2004). Note: some of the resources linked to from these pages are either print documents (identified by their Superintendent of Documents call number, which would be the same in any US government depository library), resources specific to MSU Libraries. Most or all of these resources should be available in most depository libraries. Check your depository library for further information.'

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706