Current Demographic Research Report #56, November 1, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Centers For Disease Control Periodical, Periodical Article
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Government Accountability Office Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical, Report
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report
US Department of Agriculture Economics Research Service Reports
World Health Organization Periodical
World Bank B-Span Webcasts, Report
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report
National Research Council Monograph
Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspectives
Info Health Pop. Reporter


University of Michigan Population Studies Center
Penn State Population Research Institute
National Bureau of Economic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Training Seminar


Other Journals


National Institutes of Health


Senate Finance Committee Hearing Publication
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing Publication
Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing Publication


Census Bureau
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
National Longitudinal Study of Youth
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Population Reference Bureau
Demographic and Health Surveys
University of Chicago Population Research Center
Pan American Health Organization



Centers For Disease Control Periodical, Periodical Article:

A. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 10, No. 11, November 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

B. "Update: Influenza Activity --- United States and Worldwide, May--October 2004" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 53, No. 42, Oct. 29, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 993-995).



National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Mean Body Weight, Height, and Body Mass Index, United States 1960-2002," by Cynthia L.Ogden, Cheryl D.Fryar, Margaret D. Carroll, and Katherine M.Flegal (Vital and Health Statistics, Advance Data No. 347, October 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

Click on "View/download PDF" for link to full text.

Government Accountability Office Report: "Emerging Infectious Diseases: Review of State and Federal Disease Surveillance Efforts" (GAO-04-877, September 2004, .pdf format, 64p.).

This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical, Report:

A. _Compensation and Working Conditions Online_. Note: The latest articles are dated Oct. 27, 2004.

B. "A Profile of the Working Poor, 2002" (BLS Bulletin 976, October 2004, .pdf format, 14p.).

Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Crime and the Nation's Households, 2003," by Patsy A. Klaus (NCJ 206348, October 2004, ASCII text and .pdf format, with .zip compressed spreadsheets).


Presents national prevalence estimates for the percentage of households with one or more persons who were victimized by crime as measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey. Analyses provide household prevalence estimates for violent and property crimes and information on those households experiencing vandalism and intimate partner violence. Findings are presented by race and Hispanic origin, by region, by urban, suburban or rural location and by household size. Overall trends since 1994 are included. Comparisons with 2002 are made.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report: "National Health Care Expenses in the U.S. Community Population, 2001," by David Kashihara and Kelly Carper (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Statistical Brief #56, October 2004, .pdf format, 6p.). "Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), 2001, this Statistical Brief presents estimates on the health care expenses in the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population in calendar year 2001. Health care expenses represent payments to hospitals, physicians, and other health care providers for services reported by respondents in the MEPS-HC."

US Department of Agriculture Economics Research Service Reports:

A. "The Role of Economics in Eating Choices and Weight Outcomes," by Lisa Mancino, Biing-Hwan Lin, and Nicole Ballenger (Agricultural Information Bulletin AIB791, October 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).


This report uses data from the USDA's 1994-96 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the 1994-96 Diet and Health Knowledge Survey to ascertain whether economic factors help explain weight differences among adults. Weight differs among demographic subgroups, and differences in specific behaviors, health awareness, and eating patterns can be linked to weight outcomes. An economic framework helps explain how socioeconomic factors affect an individual's ability to achieve good health. Our results suggest that income, household composition, and formal education help explain variation in behaviors and attitudes that are significantly associated with weight outcomes.

B. "Rural America At A Glance, 2004," edited by Karen Hamrick (Agricultural Information Bulletin AIB793, October 2004, .pdf format, 6p.).


Rural America At A Glance, 2004 is a six-page brochure that highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The brochure is the third in a series of reports that uses current social and economic data to highlight population, labor market, income, and poverty trends in rural areas. This brochure provides information on key rural conditions and trends for use by public and private decision makers and others in efforts to enhance the economic opportunities and quality of life for rural people and their communities.

World Health Organization Periodical: _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 82, No. 11, November 2004, .pdf format).

World Bank B-Span Webcasts, Report:

A. "Arun Gandhi: Lessons My Grandfather Taught Me" (Sept. 14, 2004, RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required to view or hear this video or audio transcript, running time: 60 minutes).

B. "Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, and Health: Results from the Last 45 Years" (Mar. 30, 2004,RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required to view or hear this video or audio transcript, running time: 72 minutes).

C. "Development and Poverty Reduction -- Looking Back, Looking Ahead," by James Wolfensohn and Francois Bourguignon (October 2004, .pdf format, 38p.). "This paper, by World Bank President James Wolfensohn and Senior Vice President and Chief Economist Francois Bourguignon, was presented at the October 2004 Annual Meetings of the World Bank and IMF. In Part I, the authors examine the changes in development thinking and practice that emerged during the 1990s. Part II is a summary of the mixed progress made during the past decade: fairly impressive global aggregates, rapid poverty reduction and continued advances in social indicators -- but highly uneven distribution of these gains. Part III looks at the world in 2015 and in 2030, and charts out a course of action for the next decade.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Demand for SAAP Assistance by Homeless People 2002-03" (SAAP National Data Collection Agency (NDCA) Report Series 8, October 2004, .pdf format, 126p.). "This publication is one of the Series 8 reports on the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection for 2002-03. The series provides information on people who were homeless and people who were at risk of being homeless who accessed SAAP in 2002-03. This report looks at the demand for SAAP services and the ability of agencies to meet this demand."

National Research Council Monograph: _Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth: Assessing and Improving Child Health_ (National Academies Press, National Research Council Committee on Evaluation of Children's Health, 2004, OpenBook format, 360p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report: The September/October 2004 edition of the Health Poll Report concerns "Public's Expectations of Health Insurance and Attitudes Towards Potential New Insurance Options."

Previous Health Poll Reports:

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspectives: "Health Care Coverage and Drug Costs -- The Candidates Speak Out," by George W. Bush, and John F. Kerry (Vol. 351, No. 18, Oct. 28, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1815-1819). Note: This article is provided to the public free of charge by _NEJM_.

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 44, Nov. 1, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "Inequality of Wage Rates, Earnings, and Family Income in the United States, 1975-2002," by Peter Gottschalk and Sheldon Danziger (PSC Research Report 04-568, October 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).


This paper analyzes distributional changes over the last quarter of the twentieth century. We focus on four distinct distributions: the distribution of hourly wage rates, the distribution of annual earnings of individuals, the distribution of annual earnings of families, and the distribution of total family income adjusted for family size. Both male wage rate inequality and family income inequality accelerated during the early 1980's,increased at a slower rate through the early 1990's and then stabilized at a high level through the early 2000's. The similarity in the timing of changes in these two distributions has been used as evidence that increased family income inequality primarily reflects increased inequality of wage rates. We show that other important factors were also at work.

Click on PDF icon for full text.

B. "Housework, Market Work, and 'Doing Gender' When Marital Satisfaction Declines," by Hiromi Ono and James Raymo (PSC Report 04-569, November 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).


When faced with a decline in marital satisfaction, are wives constrained from increasing their labor market work time in part because they "do gender"? One of the predictions of the human capital accumulation hypothesis, which assumes no constraints, is that housewives with little work experience will respond to a decline in marital satisfaction by increasing labor market work time (only). In contrast, the gender display hypothesis predicts that, in settings where the evaluations of marriage and wives' work performance are closely intertwined, a decline in marital satisfaction among this group of housewives will increase both labor market work and housework -- and the increase in housework serves as a constraint on the increase in labor market work. To evaluate these contrasting hypotheses, we analyze a panel survey of women in contemporary Japan. Results from multinomial logit regression models are more consistent with the gender display hypothesis than the human capital accumulation hypothesis. Housewives with relatively little work experience are eleven times more likely to increase the time spent on both labor market work and housework when the satisfaction of their marriage declines than when it does not. No evidence is found that, when marital satisfaction declines, these housewives are statistically significantly more likely to increase labor market work only.

Click on PDF icon for full text.

Penn State Population Research Institute: "A Life-Span Developmental Perspective on Social Status and Health," by Duane F. Alwin and Linda A. Wray (WP 04-09, October 2004, .pdf format, 23p.).


This paper presents a life-span developmental perspective on the linkages between social status and health. The objective is to develop a conceptual framework that is useful in understanding why people are differentially exposed to risks of disease or protective factors and the social conditions that link the effects of risk and protective factors to the social environment over the life span. The discussion distinguishes between the complementary concepts of "life-span" and "life course," a critical distinction that may help refine hypotheses about the relationship between health and social status. Using the theoretical principles derived from this perspective, the review examines 1) gender differences, 2) race-ethnic experiences, 3) childhood experiences, 4) educational levels, 5) socioeconomic differences, and 6) age differences. The emphasis in the review is to highlight the value of a life-span developmental perspective on the development of health inequalities. The paper ends with a brief summary of where future research is headed and novel developments in the study of social status and health.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "The US Gender Pay Gap in the 1990s: Slowing Convergence," by Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn (w10853, October 2004, .pdf format, 65p.).


We use data from the Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to study the slowdown in the convergence of female and male wages in the 1990s compared to the 1980s. We found that changes in human capital did not contribute to the trends, since women improved their relative human capital to a comparable extent in the 1980s and the 1990s. Occupational upgrading of women and de-unionization explained a portion of the slower 1990s convergence since the positive effect of these factors on women's relative wage gains was larger in the 1980s. However, the largest factor accounting for the slowing of wage convergence was the trend in the "unexplained gap," which was sufficient to more than fully account for the slowdown in wage convergence in the 1990s. Factors that may have contributed to the slower narrowing of the unexplained gender pay gap include changes in labor force selectivity, changes in gender differences in unmeasured characteristics and labor market discrimination, and changes in the favorableness of supply and demand shifts. We find some evidence consistent with each of these factors suggesting that each may have played a role in explaining the observed trends.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Does Immigration Affect the Long-Term Educational Outcomes of Natives? Quasi-Experimental Evidence," by Eric D. Gould, Victor Lavy, and M. Daniele Paserman (w10844, October 2004, .pdf format 40p.).


This paper uses the mass migration wave to Israel in the 1990s to examine the impact of immigrant concentration in elementary school on the long-term academic outcomes of native students in high school. To identify the causal effect of immigrant children on their peers, we exploit random variation in the number of immigrants across grades within the same school. The results suggest that the overall presence of immigrants had essentially no effect on the quality of the high school attended by native Israelis and on dropout rates, and at most a mild negative effect on high school matriculation rates. However, when we break up the sample by parents' education and by ethnic origin, we find that disadvantaged children were more likely to have been adversely affected by a higher immigrant concentration in elementary school. Focusing on the impact of Ethiopian immigrants who are from a much lower socio-economic background, we find stronger evidence of adverse effects, especially for disadvantaged students and in classes where immigrant concentration was particularly high.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Job Stability Trends, Layoffs, and Transitions to Unemployment: An Empirical Analysis for West Germany," by Annette Bergemann and Antje Mertens (Discussion Paper No. 1368, October 2004, .pdf format, 49p.).


This paper studies the evolution of job stability in West Germany. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we first show that the median elapsed tenure declined for men between 1984 and 1999. Second, estimating proportional Cox hazard models with competing risks and controls for stock sampling, we are able to distinguish the reasons for job separation and different transition states. We show that the decline in the stability of men's jobs can be attributed partly to an increase in layoffs and partly to an increase in transitions to unemployment. However, these two developments are not significantly related to each other. Some evidence is presented that downsizing of large firms might be responsible for part of the decline in job stability.

B. "Is There a Glass Ceiling over Europe? Exploring the Gender Pay Gap across the Wages Distribution," by Wiji Arulampalam, Alison L. Booth, and Mark L. Bryan (Discussion Paper 1373, October 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


Using harmonised data from the European Union Household Panel, we analyse gender pay gaps by sector across the wages distribution for ten countries. We find that the mean gender pay gap in the raw data typically hides large variations in the gap across the wages distribution. We use quantile regression (QR) techniques to control for the effects of individual and job characteristics at different points of the distribution, and calculate the part of the gap attributable to differing returns between men and women. We find that, first, gender pay gaps are typically bigger at the top of the wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with the existence of glass ceilings. For some countries gender pay gaps are also bigger at the bottom of the wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with sticky floors. Third, the gender pay gap is typically higher at the top than the bottom end of the wage distribution, suggesting that glass ceilings are more prevalent than sticky floors and that these prevail in the majority of our countries. Fourth, the gender pay gap differs significantly across the public and the private sector wages distribution for each of our EU countries.

CESifo (University of Munich's Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute for Economic Research) [Munich, Germany]: "Too Many Migrants, Too Few Services: A Model of Decision-making on Immigration and Integration with Cultural Distance," by Harrie A.A. Verbon and Lex Meijdam (WP 1268, September 2004, .pdf format, 18p.).


In this paper we model the demand for immigrants as a trade-off native voters face between having services, produced by unskilled and non-assimilated immigrants, and experiencing disutility due to the immigrant workers having a culture different from the native culture. Immigrants decide whether to integrate into the native culture. If they don't, they produce services. Assimilated immigrants take on skilled jobs. At the political level natives choose the number of immigrants that can be allowed, given some fixed price for services. We show that, at the assumed price, it is never optimal for natives to have equilibrium or unemployment in the service sector. Market forces then lead to higher service prices, implying that the initially allowed number of immigrants is too large.

University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Training Seminar: "Parental Involvement and Young Women's Contraceptive Use," by Michelle Frisco (Nov. 2, 2004 seminar: "Families, Schools and Health: Making New Connections", .pdf format, 31p.).


Young adult women in the U.S. tend to delay family formation, pursue higher education and professional jobs, and become sexually active before marriage. Using effective contraception is the best way to ensure that nonmarital parenthood does not disrupt educational and career plans. Because parental involvement in education shapes teenagers' attitudes about school and work by encouraging achievement and by providing a home environment that values education, this study assesses whether it may also influence contraceptive choices during early adulthood. Analysis of data from 3,828 young women who participated in the National Education Longitudinal Study indicates that parental involvement not only increases the odds that young adult women use contraception; it is also tied to the likelihood of using specific birth control methods.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Other Journals

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 11, November 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Health Policy and Planning (Vol. 19, Supplement 1, October 2004: Vol. 19, No. 6, November 2004). The supplement is titled "Sexual and reproductive health and health systems development."

International Journal for Quality in Health Care (Vol. 16, No. 5, October 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Sociology (Vol. 19, No. 4, December 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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National Institutes of Health: "Research on Mental Health Economics" (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), PA-05-008, Oct. 21, 2004). For more information see:

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Senate Finance Committee Hearing Publication: "The Benefits of a Healthy Marriage," a hearing held May 5, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-595, .pdf format, 248p.).

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing Publication: "Saving Lives: The Deadly Intersection of AIDS and Hunger," a hearing held May 11, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-616, ASCII text and .pdf format). Note: At the time of mailing, the .pdf version of the publication is unavailable.

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-616" (without the quotes).

Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing Publication: "The Child Custody Protection Act: Protecting Parents' Rights and Children's Lives," a hearing held Jun. 3, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-619, Serial Publication J-108-78, ASCII text and .pdf format). Note: At the time of mailing, the .pdf version of the publication is unavailable.

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-619" (without the quotes).

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Census Bureau:

A. "Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home (PHC-T-37)" (Census 2000 data tables, Microsoft Excel, .pdf and comma separated value [.csv] format.

B. "State and Local Government Employment and Payroll Data: 2003" (Microsoft Excel, tab delimited ASCII, or .zip compressed ASCII format, documentation in .pdf or HTML format). Data is available annually back to 1992 at the site. The data is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "'Full-Time Equivalent' State and Local Workers Near 16 million" (CB04-186, Oct. 26, 2004).

Click on "2003 Annual Survey of State and Local Government Employment and Payroll" and then " State & Local Government" under "Public Employment & Payroll" for link to data:

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys), 2003 (#4018)

Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2003 (#4109)

Current Population Survey, September 2003: Volunteer Supplement (#4032)

For a list of all recent ICPSR additions, see:

Click on "Recent updates & additions"

National Longitudinal Study of Youth: The Ohio State University Center for Human Resources Research (CHRR) has released the following data from the NLSY79, which can be downloaded directly from the following website: NLSY79 Child/Young Adult 1979-2002 Data Release R11.3

Click on "NLSY79-Children-Young Adults" and look for item no DCYA-R11-3. Note: users will need CHRR's extraction software NLS Database Investigator to use this data. It can be downloaded from:

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: Note: For all of the following, data is available in .zip and .exe self decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation in .pdf, HTML, ASCII, or ASP codebook format, with codebooks, questionnaires, SAS and SPSS programming statements provided (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, October 2004).

A. "MEPS HC-065: MEPS Panel 5 Longitudinal Weight File":

B. "MEPS HC-067D: 2002 Hospital Inpatient Stays File":

C. "MEPS HC-067E: 2002 Emergency Room Visits File":

D. "MEPS HC-067F: 2002 Outpatient Department Visits":

E. "MEPS HC-067G: 2002 Office-Based Medical Provider Visits File":

Population Reference Bureau: "U.S. Datafinder." "This database contains data on 95 demographic variables for more than 220 countries, 28 world regions and sub-regions, the world as a whole, the United States as a whole, and the U.S. states. (Not all countries have data on all variables.)

Demographic and Health Surveys: Macro International has announced the availability of the following MEASURE DHS datasets. Note: Users must register with Macro International in order to obtain data.

A. Uzbekistan Health Examination Survey, 2002. Note: Users must register with Macro International in order to obtain data.

Uzbekistan 2002 Health Examination Survey Report (April 2004, .pdf format, 379p.).

B. "Egypt: MEASURE DHS+, Interim, 2003

University of Chicago Population Research Center: "Taiwan Women and Family Studies" (English and Chinese documentation, .pdf format, data in SAS transport, SPSS system and STATA version 7.0 format). For more information about this data, see:

Pan American Health Organization: "Regional Core Health Data Initiative. Table Generator System." "The Regional Core Health Data Initiative includes 108 essential health indicators to quantitatively characterize the health situation of 48 countries and territories of the Region of the Americas for the period 1997-2004. With this Table Generator System, you can construct tables by any combination of indicator(s)/country(ies)/year(s)."

Core Health Data System - Glossary

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706