Current Demographic Research Report #58, November 15, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Compendium
National Center for Health Statistics Reports
Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles, Press Release
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, Periodical, News Release
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
US Citizenship and Immigration Services Report
World Health Organization Report, News Release
International Monetary Fund Periodical
World Bank Periodical
Pan American Health Organization Report
National Academies Press Monographs
Kaiser Family Foundation Reports
Urban Institute Article
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical
PolicyLink Bibliography
_NEJM_ Perspective Extract, Perspective, Article Abstract
Info Health Pop. Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates


University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
National Bureau of Economic Research
Harvard University Center for International Development
Luxembourg Income Study
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
World Bank Development Programme


Other Journals


National Center for Education Statistics
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Carolina Population Center Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey
Missouri Census Data Center
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
UK Data Archive



Census Bureau Compendium: _ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970_ (.pdf format). The Census Bureau has released an electronic version of the two volume _Historical Statistics of the United States_.

Click on "Part 1" or "Part 2".

National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "United States Life Tables, 2002," by Elizabeth Arias (National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 53, No. 6, November 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

B. "Dietary Intake of Fats and Fatty Acids for the United States Population: 1999-2000," by R. Bethene Ervin, Jacqueline D. Wright, Chia-Yih Wang, and Jocelyn Kennedy-Stephenson (Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics No. 348, November 2004, .pdf format, 8p.).

C. "Births to 10-14 Year-Old Mothers, 1990-2002: Trends and Health Outcomes," by Fay Menacker, Joyce A. Martin, Marian F. MacDorman, and Stephanie J. Ventura (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 53, No. 7, November 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

Click on "View/Download PDF" for full text.

Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles, Press Release:

A. "State-Specific Prevalence of Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults --- United States, 2003" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 53, No. 44, Nov. 12, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1035-1037).

B. "Vaccination Coverage Among Children Entering School --- United States, 2003--04 School Year" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 53, No. 44, Nov. 12, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1041-1044).

C. "Awareness of Family Health History as a Risk Factor for Disease --- United States, 2004" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 53, No. 44, Nov. 12, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1044-1047).

.pdf format for all of the above articles:

D. "CDC and States Announce Plan to Distribute 10.3 Million Flu Shots Nationwide; Public Health Officials Call Allocation Fair and Aimed at Most Vulnerable Americans" (Nov. 9, 2004).

Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Male Veterans with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and a Substance Use Disorder," (National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Report, November 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "College Persistence on the Rise? Changes in 5-Year Degree Completion and Postsecondary Persistence Rates Between 1994 and 2000," by Laura Horn and Rachel Berger (NCES 2005156, November 2004, .pdf format, 64p.).


The study compares the degree completion and persistence rates between two cohorts--students who first enrolled in postsecondary education in academic year 1989--90 and their counterparts who first enrolled in 1995--96. The analysis focuses on the rates at which students in each cohort completed a degree within 5 years or were still enrolled at the end of 5 years. The study also examines changes in the students' demographic profile and other population characteristics.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, Periodical, News Release:

A. "National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in Private Industry in the United States, March 2004" (Summary 04-04, November 2004, .pdf format, 27p.).

B. _Monthly Labor Review_ (Vol. 127, No. 10, October 2004, .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _MLR_ is released, this one, along with all others back to 1983, will be available at:

C. "Employee Benefits in Private Industry, 2004" (Nov. 9, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Capital Punishment, 2003," by Thomas P. Bonczar and Tracy L. Snell (NCJ 206627, November 2004, ASCII text and .pdf format, 12p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).


Presents characteristics of persons under sentence of death on December 31, 2003, and of persons executed in 2003. Preliminary data on executions by States during 2004 are included, and the report summarizes the movement of prisoners into and out of death sentence status during 2003. Numerical tables present data on offenders' sex, race, Hispanic origin, education, marital status, age at time of arrest for capital offense, legal status at time of capital offense, methods of execution, trends, and time between imposition of death sentence and execution.

US Citizenship and Immigration Services Report: "Department of Homeland Security Fiscal Year 2004 Immigration Monthly Statistical Report: September 2004 Year End Report" (October 2004).

World Health Organization Report, News Release:

A."World Report on Knowledge for Better Health" (November 2004, .pdf format, 162p.). "The Report focuses on bridging of the 'know do' gap, the gulf between what we know and what we do in practice, between scientific potential and health realization. The bridging of this gap is central to achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDG's) by 2015. The gap exists for each of the MDG's and represents a fundamental and pragmatic knowledge translation challenge that must be addressed to strengthen health systems performance towards achieving the MDG's.

News release:

B. "Main conclusions from the Informal Meeting of WHO, Influenza Vaccine Manufacturers, National Licensing Agencies, and Governmental Representatives on Influenza Pandemic Vaccines" (Nov. 14, 2004).

International Monetary Fund Periodical: _Finance and Development_ (Vol. 41, No. 3, September 2004, .pdf format).

Click on "September 2004".

World Bank Periodical: _Findings_ (No. 244, November 2004, HTML and .pdf format). This issue's article is "Learning by Doing: Uganda's AIDS Control Project Empowers Local Managers," by Joseph J. Valadez and Peter Nsubuga.



Pan American Health Organization Report: "Financial Resources in Health in the Americas" (November 2004, .pdf format, 41p.).

National Academies Press Monographs:

A. _From Source Water to Drinking Water: Workshop Summary_, edited by Lawrence Reiter, Henry Falk, Charles Groat, and Christine M. Coussens(Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine, Institute of Medicine, 2004, OpenBook format, 126p.). Note: Ordering information for a print or .pdf electronic copy is available at the site.

B. _Quality Through Collaboration: The Future of Rural Health Care_ (Committee on The Future of Rural Health Care, Institute of Medicine, 2004, OpenBook format, 272p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

C. _Environmental Health Indicators: Bridging the Chasm of Public Health and the Environment -- Workshop Summary_, edited by Lynn Goldman and Christine M. Coussens (Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine, Institute of Medicine, 2004, OpenBook format, 136p.). Note: Ordering information for a print or .pdf electronic copy is available at the site.

Kaiser Family Foundation Reports: "Medicaid and Women: What's at Stake" (November 2004, .pdf format). KFF has released two factsheets and an issue brief on this topic. "Despite its critical importance as a health care safety net for nearly one in ten women, Medicaid is not typically viewed as a women's health program. This briefing addresses how the program works for women; examines its role for women across the different stages of their lives; provides data on women's coverage; highlights recent state initiatives of importance to women, and discusses what women have at stake in federal and state efforts to restructure the Medicaid program."

Urban Institute Article: "Lower-Income Households Spend Largest Share of Income," by Leonard E. Burman and Troy Kravitz (Tax Policy/Tax Facts, November 2004, HTML and.pdf format, 1p.).

Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical: _The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy_ (Vol. 7, No. 4, October 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

PolicyLink Bibliography: "The Influence of Community Factors on Health: An Annotated Bibliography" (Fall 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 99p.). "Developed by PolicyLink, and funded by The California Endowment, this annotated bibliography contains more than 150 entries of research on how community factors affect health. The Influence of Community Factors on Health: An Annotated Bibliography provides insight into the ways that researchers have investigated community effects on health, their findings, and the program and policy implications that researchers have drawn from their work."

More information on PolicyLink:

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspective Extract, Perspective, Article Abstract:

A. "Race-Based Therapeutics," by M. Gregg Bloche (Perspective extract, Vol. 351, No. 20, Nov. 11, 2004, p. 2035-2037).

B. "Weathering the Influenza Vaccine Crisis," by John Treanor (Perspective, Vol. 351, No. 20, Nov. 11, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2037-2040). Note: _NEJM_ has made this article freely available to the public.

C. "Combination of Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine in Blacks with Heart Failure," by Anne L. Taylor, Susan Ziesche, Clyde Yancy, Peter Carson, Ralph D'Agostino, Jr., Keith Ferdinand, Malcolm Taylor, Kirkwood Adams, Michael Sabolinski, Manuel Worcel, and Jay N. Cohn (article abstract, Vol. 351, No. 20, Nov. 11, 2004, p. 2049-2057).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 46, Nov. 15, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Nov. 8 - Nov 12, 2004.

The Role of Test Scores in Explaining Race and Gender Differences in Wages
Economics of Education Review 23,6 (December 2004): 555-577.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4762
Publisher: Elsevier Science

The Effect of Adolescent Neighborhood Poverty on Adult Employment
Journal of Urban Affairs 26,4 (October 2004): 427-455. See also:,ip,url,uid&db=slh&an=14700768
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4763
Publisher: Urban Affairs Association

Interactive Effects of Gender Ideology and Age at First Marriage on Women's Marital Disruption
Journal of Family Issues 25,5 (July 2004): 658-683. See also:
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4764
Publisher: Sage Publications

Maternal employment and adolescent risky behavior
Journal of Health Economics 23,4 (July 2004): 815-839.
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4765
Publisher: Elsevier Science

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University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology:

A. "The HIV/AIDS Epidemic, Kin Relations, Living Arrangements and the Elderly in South Africa," by M.Giovanna Merli and Alberto Palloni (WP 2004-13, May 2004, .pdf format, 67p.).

B. "Modeling the spread of HIV/AIDS in China," by M.Giovanna Merli, Sara Hertog, Bo Wang and Jing Li (WP 2004-14, 2004, .pdf format, 54p.).


The Chinese population is believed to be in the early stages of an HIV/AIDS epidemic, and concerns are great that the epidemic may soon spread to the general population via heterosexual transmission. Using a bio-behavioral macrosimulation model driven by realistic input parameters from the Chinese Health and Family Life Survey (CHFLS), we evaluate the implications of China's regime of sexual relations for the future course of HIV/AIDS in the world's largest population. Our results illustrate the importance of accounting for prevailing patterns of sexual behavior in the Chinese population. They show that, under the prevailing regime of sexual relations, as measured by the CHFLS, the simulated adult HIV prevalence rate for 50-year projection horizons remains below one or two percent, depending on which sexual mixing scenarios we ascribe to. Alternative scenarios based on assumptions about changes in sexual norms and behaviors, consistent with the strong relationship between average income and risky sexual behavior observed in the CHFLS, produce much larger epidemics. In particular, a simulated rise in the demand for commercial sex in combination with bi-monthly contacts with prostitutes will produce an explosive epidemic, but could be prevented by means of an effective policy intervention promoting 100% condom use with prostitutes.

C. "The (Re-)Emergence of Spatial Demography," by Paul R. Voss, Katherine J. Curtis White and Roger B. Hammer (WP 2004-04, May 2004, .pdf format, 67p.).


This paper consists of two parts. The first reviews the historical role that space and place has played in the discipline of demography in the United States. We argue that until approximately the middle of the 20th century nearly all of demographic analysis could be labeled "spatial demography." Beginning in the 1940s this pattern changed, as an increasing number of microdata files from large sample surveys began to provide attitudinal and behavioral data for individuals and families. The trend was further accelerated by release in the early 1970s of census data in the form of public use microdata sample files (PUMS). We argue that in addition to data availability, the drift away from analysis of aggregated census data was prompted by a conscious desire on the part of researchers to avoid the troublesome issues of aggregation bias and what came to be known in sociology as the ecological fallacy. Sometime around the 1950s to 1960s most population analysis in the U.S. shifted away from macro- (spatial) to micro-level research, although we acknowledge and document that in two small subfields of demography (rural demography and applied demography) fascination with aggregate (spatial) data analysis persisted. In the second part of the paper, we argue that there has emerged in very recent years a renewal of interest in aggregate demographic data. Part of this re-emergence of interest in spatial demography is driven by awareness of developments in the fields of spatial econometrics and regional science that bring fresh approaches to the specification of traditional regression models and new software tools for estimating parameters in the presence of spatial externalities. By way of illustration, we provide a brief data analysis as various aspects of these new developments are discussed. Finally, we close the paper with an overview of how the earlier split between macro and micro approaches to data analysis are now being bridged with multilevel models that simultaneously consider both individual-level variables and aggregated contextual level variables for those areas where the individual lives or works.

D. "The Varieties of Veteran Experience: Peacetime Cold War Military Service and Later Life Attainment," by Alair MacLean (WP 2004-15, August 2004, .pdf format, 47p.).


In this paper I examine the effects of peacetime Cold War military service on the life course according to five hypotheses that state that the armed forces: 1. disrupted veterans' lives; 2. provided veterans with an apprenticeship program; 3. enabled veterans to benefit from additional education; 4. reproduced civilian status; and/or 5. reflected the process of selection into military service. The findings at least partly correspond with the status reproduction and selection hypotheses. In addition, more educated veterans and veterans who became officers benefited from their service. These findings suggest that military service did not substitute for, but rather supplemented a college degree.

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty:

A. "Geographic Skills Mismatch, Job Search, and Race," by Michael A. Stoll (Discussion Paper DP 1288-04, September 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper examines whether a geographic skills mismatch exists between the location of less-educated minorities, in particular African Americans, and high-skill job concentrations, and if so, whether it contributes to the relatively poor employment outcomes of this group. It explores these questions by examining data on the recent geographic search patterns of less-educated workers in Los Angeles and Atlanta from the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality. These data are combined with employer data from the concurrent Multi-City Employer Survey to characterize the geographic areas searched by respondents with respect to high-skill job requirements. The results indicate that in relation to less-educated whites, comparable blacks and Latinos search in areas with higher levels of job skill requirements. Moreover, racial residential segregation as well as blacks' lower car-access rates accounts for most of blacks' (but not Latinos') relatively greater mismatch. Evidence is also found that such a geographic skills mismatch is negatively related to employment and accounts for a significant share of the racial differences in employment.

B. "Extending Health Care Coverage to the Low-Income Population: The Influence of the Wisconsin BadgerCare Program on Insurance Coverage," by Barbara Wolfe, Thomas Kaplan, Robert Haveman, and Yoon Young Cho (Discussion Paper DP 1289-04, October 2004, .pdf format, 47p.).


The Wisconsin BadgerCare program, which became operational in July 1997, expanded public health insurance eligibility to families with incomes below 185 percent of the U.S poverty line (200 percent for those already enrolled). This eligibility expansion was part of a federal initiative known as the State Children's Health Initiative Program (SCHIP). In this paper, we attempt to answer the following question: "To what extent does a public program with the characteristics of Wisconsin's BadgerCare program reduce the proportion of the low-income population without health care coverage?" Using a coordinated set of administrative databases, we track three cohorts of mother-only families: those who were receiving cash assistance under the Wisconsin AFDC and TANF programs in September 1995, 1997, and 1999, and who subsequently left welfare. We follow these "welfare leaver" families on a quarterly basis from two years before they left welfare through the end of 2001, making it possible to use the labor market information and welfare history of the women in analyzing outcomes. Hence, these 19,201 families, together with their public and private health insurance coverage experience, are tracked for up to 25 quarters after leaving welfare. We apply multiple methods to address the policy evaluation question, including pooled probit, random effects, and difference-in-difference strategies, and compare the results across methods. All of our estimates indicate that BadgerCare substantially increased public health care coverage for mother-only families leaving welfare. Our best estimate is that BadgerCare increased the public health care coverage of all leavers by about 17 percentage points and that BadgerCare increased the probability of these women having any health insurance coverage, public or private, by about 15 percentage points.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Well-Being and Social Capital: Does Suicide Pose a Puzzle?" by John F. Helliwell (w10896, November 2004, .pdf format, 51p.).


This paper has a double purpose: to see how well Durkheim's (1897) findings apply a century later, and to see if the beneficial effects of social capital on suicide prevention are parallel to those already found for subjective well-being (Helliwell 2003). The results show that more social capital and higher levels of trust are associated with lower national suicide rates, just as they are associated with higher levels of subjective well-being. Furthermore, there is a strong negative correlation between national average suicide rates and measures of life satisfaction. Thus social capital does appear to improve well-being, whether measured by higher average values of life satisfaction or by lower average suicide rates. There is a slight asymmetry, since the very high Scandinavian measures of subjective wellbeing are not matched by equally low suicide rates. To take the Swedish case as an example, this asymmetry is explained by Sweden having particularly high values of variables that have more weight in explaining life satisfaction than suicide (trust and quality of government), and less beneficial values of variables that have more influence in explaining suicide rates (Swedes have low belief in God and high divorce rates), because with the latest data and models the Swedish data fit the wellbeing and suicide equations with only tiny errors. If the international suicide data pose a puzzle, it is more because suicide rates, and their estimated equations, differ greatly by gender, while life satisfaction and its explanations are similar for men and women.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "What Happens When We Randomly Assign Children to Families?" by Bruce Sacerdote (w10894, November 2004, .pdf format, 51p.).


I use a new data set of Korean-American adoptees who, as infants, were randomly assigned to families in the U.S. I examine the treatment effects from being assigned to a high income family, a high education family or a family with four or more children. I calculate the transmission of income, education and health characteristics from adoptive parents to adoptees. I then compare these coefficients of transmission to the analogous coefficients for biological children in the same families, and to children raised by their biological parents in other data sets. Having a college educated mother increases an adoptee's probability of graduating from college by 7 percentage points, but raises a biological child's probability of graduating from college by 26 percentage points. In contrast, transmission of drinking and smoking behavior from parents to children is as strong for adoptees as for non-adoptees. For height, obesity, and income, transmission coefficients are significantly higher for non-adoptees than for adoptees. In this sample, sibling gender composition does not appear to affect adoptee outcomes nor does the mix of adoptee siblings versus biological siblings.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

C. "The Dynamics of Income, Schooling, and Fertility Distributions Over the Course of Economic Development: A Human Capital Perspective," by Isaac Ehrlich and Jinyoung Kim (w10890, November 2004, .pdf format, 50p.).


We develop a dynamic model of fertility and income distribution in which both are linked to the formation and distribution of human capital among families. Our model offers a dynamic version of Becker's (1967) model of income distribution within an endogenous growth framework. We view the population as consisting of heterogeneous families, which are subject to intra-family and inter-family interactions. Families determine fertility, human capital formation in children, and savings. We thus link income and fertility distributions over an entire development path, extending from a low-income, stagnant state to a self-sustaining growth regime. In this context, we also reexamine the "Kuznets hypothesis" concerning the relation between income inequality and income growth over a transitional development period. The paper offers new insights and supporting empirical evidence concerning the time-paths of distributional measures of fertility, educational attainments, and three income-related measures: family-income inequality, income-group inequality, and the Gini coefficient.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Harvard University Center for International Development: "Why is There No AIDS Vaccine?" by Michael Kremer and Christopher M. Snyder (CID Working Paper No. 111, October 2004, .pdf format, 52p.).


We argue that differences in timing of drug and vaccine consumption will lead firms to be biased against developing vaccines. Vaccines are sold before consumers are infected, when they still have private information regarding their infection risk, whereas drugs are sold after consumers are infected, when those with positive valuation have no private information on infection risk. Calibrations suggest that, for sexually transmitted diseases, for which infection risk is highly heterogeneous across consumers, producer surplus from drugs may exceed that from vaccines by a factor of four. Consistent with the model, empirical tests suggest vaccines are particularly unlikely to be developed for sexually transmitted diseases. Biases against vaccines are exacerbated by the durability of vaccines and by the interaction between the timing of vaccine and drug consumption and the temporary protection of intellectual property rights. We extend the analysis to allow for government procurement and for income heterogeneity among consumers. Given that antiretroviral drugs are difficult to deliver in the poor countries where most people infected with HIV/AIDS live, biases against developing a vaccine raise enormous public health concerns.

Luxembourg Income Study: LIS has added the following working papers to its electronic holdings. Extensive abstracts, as well as links to full text, can be found at:

No. 386. Income Distribution in 14 OECD Nations, 1967-2000: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study, by Thomas W. Volscho, Jr., August 2004.

No. 387. Welfare State Expenditures and the Redistribution of Well-Being: Children, Elders, and Others in Comparative Perspective

No. 389. Gender Differences in Poverty: A Cross-National Research, by Pamala Wiepking and Ineke Maas, October 2004.

No. 390. The Welfare State and Relative Poverty in Rich Western Democracies, 1967-1997, by David Brady, October 2004.

No. 391. Electoral Support for Extreme Right-Wing Parties: A Subnational Analysis of Western European Elections in the 1990s, by David Jesuit and Vincent Mahler, August 2004.

No. 392. State Redistribution in Comparative Perspective: A Cross-National Analysis of the Developed Countries, by Vincent Mahler and David Jesuit, November 2004.

No. 393. Societal Shifts and Changed Patterns of Poverty, by Johan Fritzell and Veli-Matti Ritakallio, September 2004.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Self-Employment Dynamics Across the Business Cycle: Migrants Versus Natives," by Amelie Constant and Klaus F. Zimmermann (Discussion Paper 1386, November 2004, .pdf format, 51p.).


Economically active people are either in gainful employment, are unemployed or self-employed. We are interested in the dynamics of the transitions between these states across the business cycle. It is generally perceived that employment or self-employment are absorbing states. However, innovations, structural changes and business cycles generate strong adjustment processes that lead to fluctuations between employment and self-employment, directly or through the unemployment state. Migrants are more likely to be sensitive to adjustment pressures than natives, since they have less stable jobs and choose more often self-employment to avoid periods of unemployment. These issues are investigated using a huge micro data set generated from 19 waves of the German Socioeconomic Panel. The findings suggest that the conditional probabilities of entry into self-employment are more than twice as high from the status of unemployment as from the status of employment. Self-employment is also an important channel back to regular employment. Business cycle effects strongly impact the employment transition matrix, and migrants take a larger part in the adjustment process. They use self-employment as a mechanism to circumvent and escape unemployment and to integrate into the host country's labor market.

B. "Information and Racial Exclusion," by Shelly Lundberg, Richard Startz (Discussion Paper 1389, November 2004, .pdf format, 34p.).


This paper presents several economic models that explore the relationships between imperfect information, racial income disparities, and segregation. The use of race as a signal arises here, as in models of statistical discrimination, from imperfect information about the return to transactions with particular agents. In a search framework, signaling supports not simply a discriminatory equilibrium, but a pattern of racially segregated transactions, which in turn perpetuates the informational asymmetries. Minority groups necessarily suffer disproportionately from segregation, since the degree to which transactions opportunities are curtailed depends upon group size, as well as the informational "distance" between racial groups. However, in some variants of the model, minority agents will self-segregate since they face an adverse selection of majority agents who are willing to trade with them. We also show that, if agents are able to learn from transactions, racial signaling can emerge with only minimal assumptions about the ex ante importance of race.

C. "Religion as a Determinant of Economic and Demographic Behavior in the United States," by Evelyn L. Lehrer (Discussion Paper 1390, November 2004, .pdf format, 34p.).


This paper critically reviews and synthesizes research on the role of religion on various aspects of the economic and demographic behavior of individuals and families in the United States, including the choice of marital partner, union formation and dissolution, fertility, female time allocation, education, wages, and wealth. Using a theoretical framework based on Gary Becker's contributions to the economics of the family, religious affiliation is seen to affect these outcomes because it has an impact on the costs and benefits of many interrelated decisions that people make over the life cycle. In addition, for behaviors that pertain to married couple households, affiliation matters because it is a complementary trait within the context of marriage. Religiosity, another dimension of religion, also affects economic and demographic outcomes, partly because it accentuates differences by religious affiliation, partly because of the generally beneficial effects that religious involvement has on health and well-being.

D. "Single Motherhood and (Un)Equal Educational Opportunities: Evidence for Germany," by Philippe Mahler and Rainer Winkelmann (Discussion Paper 1391, November 2004, .pdf format, 23p.).


We examine the effect of single motherhood on children's secondary school track choice using a sample of 14 years old children drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel. In line with previous studies for the U.S., the U.K. and Sweden, we find a negative correlation between disrupted family structure and children's educational outcome. Looking for alternative explanations for this correlation, we use ordered probit regression models to control for factors related to single motherhood such as lower educational background, lower household income and higher labor supply of the mother. Our evidence suggests that single parenthood reduces school attainment mainly because it is associated with lower resources (income and time) available for the child.

E. "Rooms of One's Own: Gender, Race and Home Ownership as Wealth Accumulation in the United States," by "Stanley A. Sedo and Sherrie Kossoudji (Discussion Paper 1397, November 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


Do income disparities between men and women translate into longer term wealth disparities? We use the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to investigate gender and race disparities in home ownership, value, and equity. These investigations reveal that the gap in housing outcomes is much more pronounced for the probability of home ownership than for home value or home equity. Once households have entered the housing market, differences across gender, race and family type are much smaller and sometimes turn in favor of households that are usually considered to be disadvantaged. Family type is associated with differences that are larger than those based solely on gender and are as large as those associated solely with race. The predicted probability of home ownership ranges from 0.83 for male householders in married couple households to 0.49 for male householders in non-family households. African Americans are consistently predicted to have lower home value, but less consistently predicted to have less equity than whites. We find that race gaps in homeownership, typically attributed to differences in family type (such as prevalence of female headed households in the African American population), are significantly and sizably present within gendered family types.

F. "How Different Are Immigrants? A Cross-Country and Cross-Survey Analysis of Educational Achievement," by Sylke V. Schnepf (Discussion Paper 1398, November 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


This paper examines differences in educational achievement between immigrants and natives in ten countries with a high population of immigrant pupils: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the USA. The first step of the analysis shows how far countries differ regarding immigrants' educational disadvantage. In a second step, the paper compares immigrants' characteristics across countries focusing predominantly on socioeconomic status, language proficiency, immigrants' time spent in the host country and patterns of school segregation. Using a regression framework the last step of the analysis investigates how far these determinants of educational achievement can explain immigrants' educational disadvantage in the countries examined. The paper evaluates whether results found are robust across different sources of achievement data: the Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS), the Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Programme of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS).

G. "Marital Fertility and Religion: Recent Changes in Spain," by Alicia Adsera (Discussion Paper 1399, November 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).


Since the onset of democracy in 1975, both total fertility and Mass attendance rates in Spain have dropped dramatically. I use the 1985 and 1999 Spanish Fertility Surveys to study whether the significance of religion in fertility behavior -- both in family size and in the spacing of births -- has changed. While in the 1985 SFS family size was similar among practicing and non-practicing Catholics, practicing Catholics portray significantly higher fertility during recent years. In the context of lower church participation, religiosity has acquired a more relevant meaning for demographic behavior. Among the youngest generation, non-practicing Catholics behave as those without affiliation. The small group of Protestants and Muslims has the highest fertility and interfaith unions are less fertile.

World Bank Development Programme:

A. "Education Decentralization and Accountability Relationships in Latin America," by Emmanuela Di Gropello (Working Paper 3453, November 2004, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to a detailed abstract and full text can be found at:

B. "Labor Market Distortions, Rural-Urban Inequality, and the Opening of China's Economy," by Fan Zhai and Thomas W. Hertel (Working Paper 3455, November 2004, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to a detailed abstract and full text can be found at:

C. "Schooling and Labor Market Impacts of a Natural Policy Experiment," by Chris N. Sakellariou, and Harry Anthony Patrinos (Working Paper 3460, November 2004, .pdf format, 23p.). Links to a detailed abstract and full text can be found at:

D. "Economic Volatility and Returns to Education in Venezuela: 1992-2002," by Chris N. Sakellariou, and Harry Anthony Patrinos (Working Paper 3459, November 2004, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to a detailed abstract and full text can be found at:

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C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Annual Review of Sociology (Vol. 30, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest research library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

International Migration (Vol. 42, No. 4, October 2004).

Journal of the American Statistical Association (Vol. 99, No. 467, 2004).

Journal of Biosocial Science (Vol. 36, No. 6, 2004).

Journal of Political Economy (Vol. 112, No. 5, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest research library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Public Health Nursing (Vol. 21, No. 6, November 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Sociological Methods Research (Vol. 33, No. 2, 2004).

Other Journals

AIDS (Vol. 18, Nos. 13-16, September 3 - November 5 2004).

Click on relevant date for table of contents.

American Economic Review (Vol. 94, No. 4, September 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest research library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next AER table of contents is released, this one will be available at:

Medical Care (Vol. 42, Nos. 10,11, October, November 2004).

Click on "October 2004" or "November 2004" for tables of contents.

Public Health Reports (Vol. 119, No. 6, 2004) Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest research library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Public Opinion Quarterly (Vol. 68, Nos. 3,4, Fall and Winter 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest research library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

Click on "Fall" or "Winter" for tables of contents.

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National Center for Education Statistics:

A. "IPEDS (Postsecondary Data) Executive Peer Tool." "IPEDS Executive Peer Tool allows access to 2003-04 data presented in the National Postsecondary Education Cooperative (NPEC) IPEDS Data Feedback Report for all postsecondary institutions and a comparison group of institutions. In addition to presenting the data a graphing component permits the creation of graphs for this data."

B. _Digest of Education Statistics 2003_ Tables (ASCII text and Microsoft Excel format). "The primary purpose of the Digest of Education Statistics is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from prekindergarten through graduate school. The Digest includes a selection of data from many sources, both government and private, and draws especially on the results of surveys and activities carried out by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). To qualify for inclusion in the Digest, material must be nationwide in scope and of current interest and value. The publication contains information on a variety of subjects in the field of education statistics, including the number of schools and colleges, teachers, enrollments, and graduates, in addition to educational attainment, finances, federal funds for education, libraries, and international education. Supplemental information on population trends, attitudes on education, education characteristics of the labor force, government finances, and economic trends provides background for evaluating education data."

Click on "2003".

C. "Handbooks Online - Version 2" (November 2004). "Handbooks Online - Version 2 is a searchable web tool that provides access to the NCES Data Handbooks for elementary, secondary, and early childhood education. These Handbooks offer guidance on consistency in data definitions and in maintaining data so that they can be accurately aggregated and analyzed. The updated database includes data elements for students, staff, and education institutions; added data elements for food service, technology and discipline; and a link to the current NCES Accounting Handbook."

Department of Housing and Urban Development: "2000 Census Rent Data Used in Calculation of FY2005 FMRS (.zip compressed and comma separated value [.csv] format: "These files contain rounded aggregations of the 2000 Census rent used to calculate FY2005 FMRs and bedroom ratios." The

Note: The FY2005 FMRS data referred to was discussed in the Oct. 7, 2004 CDERR report (#52). Those data can be found at:

Carolina Population Center: Data from Round 12 of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey has been made available by CPC. Note: Users must either fill out a data request form or agree to a data use agreement or both before using RLMS data.

See the note under "Data Availability".

RLMS data direct connection:

Missouri Census Data Center: "Rx: A Cure for the Common Codes" (University of Missouri). " A Cure for the Common Codes is a collection of web pages - one page for each state in the U.S. and the District of Columbia - that display common geographic codes pertaining to the state. While all of these codes are somewhat readily available at various locations on the web, we think it will be very convenient to have a 1-stop site where they are all collected in one place and in a consistent, compact format. Codes included in the initial release are: counties, places (cities), county subdivisions, various kinds of metropolitan/micropolitan areas, urban clusters and urbanized areas, and school districts."

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

National Household Education Survey, 2003 (#4098)

UK Data Archive [University of Essex, Colchester]: Note: There may be restrictions and costs associated with UK Data Archive data. For more information see:

Continuous Household Survey, 2003-2004 (#5034)

ILO Key Indicators of the Labour Market, 1980- (#4995)

ONS Omnibus Survey, Smoking Module, October and November, 2002 (#4987) has been released to Nesstar:

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706