Current Demographic Research Report #62, December 13, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Compendium
National Center for Health Statistics Reports
National Institute of Health News Release
Department of Health and Human Services News Release
Government Accountability Office Reports
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
Federal Bureau of Investigation Report
Department of Housing and Urban Development Report
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report
World Health Organization Periodical Index, News Release
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Compendium
UNESCAP Periodical
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Compendium
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports
Parliament of Australia Parliamentary Library Current Issues
_Demographic Research_ Articles
Urban Institute Reports
Kaiser Family Foundation Factsheet Update, Report & Factsheet
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical
Population Reference Bureau Series, Article
Housing Assistance Council Report
_British Medical Journal_ Article
Info Health Pop. Reporter
PSID/CDS Bibliography Updates
National Longitudinal Study Bibliography Updates
Society for the Study of Economic Inequality Call for Papers


University of Texas Population Research Center
National Bureau of Economic Research
Boston College Center for Retirement Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)
Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research, University of Gottingen


Other Journals


Association for Survey Computing Call for Papers
Society for the Study of Economic Inequality Call For Papers


National Institutes of Health Notices


US House Education and the Workforce Committee Hearing Publications
US House International Relations Hearing Publication


World Health Organization WHO Mortality Database
World Bank Living Standards and Measurement Study
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey


Kaiser Family Foundation


Census Bureau Compendium: _Statistical Abstract_ 2004-2005_, (December 2004, .pdf format 1006p.). As always, the best way to use the electronic version is to use the index as a guide to the table numbers for relevant tables. This issue, along with most others back to 1878, as well as _ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970_, is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "U.S. Cell Phone Use Up More Than 300 Percent, Statistical Abstract Reports" (CB04-236, Dec. 9, 2004).

Click on "Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005" for link to full texts.

National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "Teenagers in the United States: Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing, 2002," by Joyce C. Abma, Gladys M. Martinez, William D. Mosher, and B.S. Dawson (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 23, No. 24, December 2004, .pdf format, 48p.).

B. "Use of Contraception and Use of Family Planning Services in the United States: 1982-2002," by William D. Mosher, Gladys M. Martinez, Anjani Chandra, Joyce C. Abma, and Stephanie J. Willson (Vital and Health Statistics Advance Data Report 350, December 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Both reports are linked to from a NCHS news release: "Teens Delaying Sexual Activity: Using Contraception More Effectively: New Data on Contraceptive Use Among Adults" (Dec. 10, 2004).

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text of either report.

National Institute of Health News Release: "U.S.-Born Mexican Americans and Non-Hispanic Whites at Increased Risk for Psychiatric Disorders: Findings Raise New Questions About Influence of Culture" (Dec. 6, 2004).

Department of Health and Human Services News Release: "HHS Purchases 1.2 Million Doses of Flu Vaccine" (Dec. 7, 2004).

Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Reports:

A. "Characteristics of Primary Heroin Injection and Inhalation Admissions: 2002" (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System, December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

B. "Private-For-Profit and Private-Non-Profit Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities, 2003" (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System, December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

Government Accountability Office Reports:

A. "No Child Left Behind Act: Education Needs to Provide Additional Technical Assistance and Conduct Implementation Studies for School Choice Provision" (GAO-05-7, December 2004, .pdf format, 55p.).

B. "Census 2000: Design Choices Contributed to Inaccuracy of Coverage Evaluation Estimates" (GAO-05-71, November 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "International Outcomes of Learning in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving: PISA 2003 Results from the U.S. Perspective," by Mariann Lemke, Anindita Sen, Erin Pahlke, Lisette Partelow David Miller, Trevor Williams, David Kastberg, and Leslie Jocelyn (NCES 2005003, December 2004, .pdf format, 116p.).


This report provides key findings from the 2003 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). The report focuses on the performance of U.S. 15-year-olds in the two major areas assessed in 2003, mathematics literacy and problem solving, compared to their peers in 38 other countries. Information about achievement in reading literacy and science literacy is also provided, along with some discussion of changes in performance since 2000.

Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "HIV in Prisons and Jails, 2002," by Laura M. Maruschak (NCJ 205333, December 2004, ASCII text and .pdf format, 11p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).


Provides the number of HIV-positive and active AIDS cases among State and Federal prisoners at year-end 2002. This annual bulletin reports the number of AIDS-related deaths in prisons, a profile of those inmates who died, the number of female and male prisoners with AIDS, and a comparison of AIDS rates for the general and prisoner populations. Based on the 2002 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails, the report provides estimates of HIV infection among jail inmates by age, gender, race, Hispanic origin, education, marital status, and by current offense and selected risk factors such as prior drug use. Also included is information on AIDS-related deaths among jail inmates.

Federal Bureau of Investigation Report: "Crime in the United States: 2004" (Uniform Crime Reports, 2004 January-June Preliminary Report, December 2004, .pdf format, 7p.).

Click on "2004 Preliminary" under "Crime in the United States

Department of Housing and Urban Development Report: "An Analysis of Mortgage Refinancing, 2001-2003" (November 2004, .pdf format, 24p.). "Homeowners in the United States have had several opportunities to refinance in the past decade as interest rates have fluctuated but have been relatively low compared to earlier decades. A further decline in interest rates since the middle of 2001 has given homeowners additional refinancing opportunities. This paper examines this recent refinancing wave and its impact on refinancing households' consumption and debt burden. The paper also provides statistics on the demographics of households that have refinanced their mortgages in recent years."

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: "Estimating Longrun Food Stamp Program Caseloads," by J. Steven Clarke, J. William Levedahl, and A.J. Reed (E-FAN 04013, December 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).


This study analyzes the relationship between Food Stamp Program (FSP) caseloads and the macroeconomy using annual State-level panel data for 1980-99. It is the first study to link the time-series properties of the data to an interpretation of public assistance program policy. A longrun relationship involving FSP caseload equation and the macroeconomy is estimated but requires that Aid to Families with Dependent Children/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (AFDC/TANF) caseloads be included as an explanatory variable. The resulting equation that connects trends in the economy with the trend in FSP caseloads indicates that the economic expansion in the 1990s permanently lowered future FSP caseloads below what they would be otherwise. The potential for the economy to change the trend in FSP caseloads is in contrast to its role presented in previous studies in which the economic expansion of the 1990s is seen as causing only a temporary decrease in FSP caseloads that dies out over time. Tests of the estimated equation also indicate that the common practice of including year effects (annual dummy variables) or State-specific time trend in the FSP caseload equation may overcontrol for omitted variables. Instead, trends in the regressors should be allowed to explain the trend in FSP caseloads.

World Health Organization Periodical Index, News Release:

A. WHO has made "Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Volume 82, 2004" electronically available (.pdf format, 10p.).

Articles indexed are all electronically available (.pdf format) at:

B. "A new model for child survival in Africa: Four combined health actions for children in Togo to save thousands of lives in record time" (Dec. 13, 2004).

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Compendium: _The State of the World's Children 2005_ (December 2004, .pdf format, 151p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site. "_The State of the World's Children 2005_ focuses on childhood, defined as the state and condition of a child's life. The Convention of the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989, offers a new definition of childhood based on human rights. Yet for hundred of millions of children the promise of childhood that undergirds the Convention already appears broken as poverty, armed conflict and HIV/AIDS threaten their survival and development. The report examines these three key threats in detail, and offers a comprehensive agenda of action to combat them. It concludes by calling on all stakeholders-- governments, donors, international agencies, as well as communities, families, business and individuals--to reaffirm and recommit to their moral and legal responsibilities to children.

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and and the Pacific (UNESCAP) Periodical: _Asia-Pacific Population Journal_ (Vol. 19, No. 3, September 2004, .pdf format).

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Compendium: _The State of Food Insecurity in the World: 2004_ (2004, HTML and .pdf format, 40p.). The report is linked to from a FAO news release: "Hunger costs millions of lives and billions of dollars - FAO hunger report" (Dec. 8, 2004).

Click on "FAO Hunger Report: SOFI 2004" on the right side of the page for link to full text.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "National Report on Health Sector Performance Indicators 2003" (November 2004, .pdf format, 153p., with two appendices, .pdf format, 92p.). "The national report on health sector performance indicators 2003 is the sixth in the series of reports to the Australian Health Ministers' Conference. It provides a comprehensive picture of the performance of the Australian health sector in regard to health status, health determinants and health services. The report will be relevant to the broader community as well as health policy makers, health professionals and researchers interested in the performance of the health sector."

B. "Disability and its Relationship to Health Conditions and other Factors" (December 2004, .pdf format, 155p.). "Disability experience is a complex interaction between the health condition and environmental and personal factors. People's health is increasingly conceptualised in terms of their quality of life, what activities they can do, in what areas of life they are able to participate as they wish, and what long-term supports they need for living in the community. This report examines some of the inter-relationships among components of disability, health conditions and other related factors, as well as some aspects of measurement. The report provides prevalence estimates of significant diseases and health conditions associated with disability and estimates the likelihood and severity of disability associated with those diseases and health conditions. It also presents results of analyses that explore the relationship between severity of disability, health conditions, and personal and environmental factors."

Parliament of Australia Parliamentary Library Current Issues: "Measuring violence against women: a review of the literature and statistics," by Janet Phillips and Malcolm Park (Current Issues E-Brief, December 2004).

_Demographic Research_ Articles: Note: _DR_ is " a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]."

A. "Teen Fertility and Gender Inequality in Education," by Parfait M. Eloundou-Enyegue and C. Shannon Stokes (Vol. 11, Article 11, December 2004, .pdf format, p. 305-334).


Previous studies in developed countries have found a micro-level association between teenage fertility and girls' educational attainment but researchers still debate the policy implications of these associations. First, are these associations causal? Second, are they substantively important enough, at the macro-level, to warrant policy attention? In other words, how much would policy efforts to reduce unintended pregnancy among teens pay off in terms of narrowing national gender gaps in educational attainment? Third, under what contexts are these payoffs likely to be important? This paper focuses on the latter two questions. We begin by proposing a contextual hypothesis to explain cross-national variation in the gender-equity payoffs from reducing unintended teen fertility. We then test this hypothesis, using DHS data from 38 countries.

B. "Education at home: the age-specific pattern of migration between the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies around 1930," by Evert van Imhoff and Gijs Beets (Vol. 11, Article 12, December 2004, .pdf format, p. 335-356).


The 1930 population census of the former Dutch East Indies (currently Indonesia) shows for the European population a striking shortage in the age range 10-20. This paper deals with the possible causes of this constriction in the age structure, in particular, the phenomenon of European children attending secondary education in the Netherlands. Using sample data from the city of The Hague, it is estimated that the proportion of students in the Netherlands born in the Dutch Indies was about 3 per cent, implying than the teenager gap in the Dutch Indies was for about half due to a cohort effect and for the other half due to the 'education at home' effect.

Links to both articles can be found at:

Click on "Enter".

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Kids, Real Numbers," by Christopher B. Swanson (December 2004, from _Principal Leadership_, December 2004, .pdf format, 6p.).

B. "Chicago Prisoners' Experiences Returning Home," by Nancy G. La Vigne, Christy Visher, and Jennifer Castro (December 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

C. "High School Graduation, Completion, and Dropout (GCD) Indicators," by Christopher B. Swanson (December 2004, .pdf format, 111p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Factsheet Update, Report & Factsheet:

A. "State Fiscal Conditions and Medicaid" (Medicaid and the Uninsured, November 2004, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Health Insurance Coverage in America: 2003 Data Update," by Catherine Hoffman, Alicia Carbaugh, and Allison Cook(November 2004, .pdf format, 55p.). "This chartbook provides 2003 data on health insurance coverage, with special attention to the uninsured. It includes trends and major shifts in coverage and a profile of the uninsured population."

C: "The Uninsured and Their Access to Care" (Medicaid and the Uninsured, November 2004, .pdf format, 2p.).

Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical: _International Family Planning Perspectives_ (Vol. 30, No. 4, December 2004, HTML and .pdf format). Note: This issue contains seven articles on coerced intercourse/intimate partner violence in six countries.

Population Reference Bureau Series, Article:

A. "The American People: Census 2000" (Population Reference Bureau and Russell Sage Foundation, 2004-05. "This new series of reports, from the Russell Sage Foundation and the Population Reference Bureau, sets the results of Census 2000 in context. Each report is written by an author or team of authors selected for their expertise with the data and broad understanding of the implications of demographic trends. Scheduled for release in the summer and fall of 2004, these reports cover topics that build the national stage on which America's demographic dramas of the next few decades will play out. Note: Reports can be purchased for 10.95 US dollars from the site. Extensive extracts of the publications presently published are available at the site.

B. "Study Finds U.S. Manufactured-Home Owners Face 'Quasi-Homelessness'," by Paola Scommegna (October 2004).

Housing Assistance Council Report: "Race, Place, and Housing: Housing Conditions in Rural Minority Counties," by Lance George, Jennifer Pinder, and Theresa Singleton (December 2004, .pdf format, 40p.). The report is linked to from a HAC news release: "Race, Place, and Housing are Interconnected (Dec. 9, 2004).

Click on "Race, Place, and Housing: Housing Conditions in Rural Minority Counties" about halfway down the page for link to full text.

More information on HAC:

_British Medical Journal_ Article: "Death rates in England and Wales and the United States: variation with age, sex, and race," by Brian Jarman and Paul Aylin (Dr. Foster's Case Notes, _BMJ_ Vol. 329, No. 7479, Dec. 11, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1367.).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 50, Dec. 13, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Supplement Bibliography Updates: The following items have been added to the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID/CDS: For all items see:

Davis-Kean, Pamela. The Influence of Parent Education and Family Income on Child Achievement: The Indirect Role of Parental Expectations and the Home Environment. Journal of Family Psychology. Forthcoming.

Davis-Kean, Pamela E. and Schnabel, K. U. . The Impact of Socio-Economic Characteristics on Child Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Parents Beliefs and Behaviors.; not given; Unpublished Manuscript.

National Longitudinal Study Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Nov. 22-Dec. 10, 2004.

For more information on any of these citations (selected abstracts are available) go to the above listed address and click on "Title List". Click on the first item, which will give the syntax of the citation URLs:[0]=320

Then change the number after the equal sign (320 in this case) to the number listed as the "ID Number" in the citations below. You will be linked to the full citation listing.

The effects of parenting practices, maternal depression and other
socio-demographic variables on behavioral health in white, African American and Latino children.
Presented: Washington, DC, CDC National Center on Birth Defects and
Developmental Disabilities Conference, July 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4784

Essays in Labor and Family Economics
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 2005
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4785
Publisher: Author

Children's Welfare Exposure and Subsequent Development
Journal of Public Economics 89,1 (January 2005): 31-56
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4786
Publisher: Elsevier Science

Effects of Childhood Foster Care and Adoption on Adulthood Childbearing
Children and Youth Services Review 27,1 (January 2005): 85-98
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4787
Publisher: Elsevier Science

Wages, Earnings, And Occupational Status: Did World War II Veterans Receive A Premium?
Social Science Research 33,4 (December 2004): 581-605
Cohort(s): Older Men
ID Number: 4788
Publisher: Academic Press, Inc.

Estimates of the Return to Schooling and Ability: Evidence from Sibling Data
Labour Economics, In Press, Corrected Proof (2005): 0
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4789
Publisher: Elsevier Science

Academic Choice Behavior of High School Students: Economic Rationale and Empirical Evidence
Economics of Education Review, In Press, Corrected Proof,
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4790
Publisher: Elsevier Science

Effects of Family Structure on the Risk of First Premarital Birth in the Presence of Correlated Unmeasured Family Effects
Social Science Research, In Press, Corrected Proof (2005): 0
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4791
Publisher: Academic Press, Inc.

Testing Labour Supply and Hours Constraints
Labour Economics, In Press, Corrected Proof (2005): 0
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4793
Publisher: Elsevier Science

Family Matters: The Developmental Course of Adolescents' Relationships with Their Parents
Ed.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4795
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

Location-Specific Human Capital, Migration and Amenities
Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Chicago, 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4796
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

Essays on the Economics of the Family
Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4797
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

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University of Texas Population Research Center:

A. "Self-Regulated Health Behavior And Chronic Disease: A Longitudinal Analysis Of A Healthy Population," by Hyeyoung Woo and W. Parker Frisbie (Working Paper 04-05-04, 2004, .pdf format, 27p.).


This study explores how self-regulated health behaviors affect chronic diseases by following a cohort of respondents who initially report no chronic disease of any sort using the data from the American Changing Lives survey. Self-regulated health behaviors are operationalized as four variables: physical activity, smoking, drinking, and body mass index. Initially, we investigated whether there are differences in health behaviors by gender, race, education level and marital status. A multinomial logistic regression model was estimated to explore the relationships between health behaviors and the emergence of chronic diseases. We found that women, African Americans, lower educated persons, and the unmarried are at higher risk of chronic diseases. Also, self-regulated health behaviors are associated with chronic diseases. These associations appeared in different and interesting ways when we compared the seriousness (or lethality) of chronic diseases.

B. "Religion and HIV Risk Behaviors among Men: Initial Results from a Panel Study in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa," by Jenny Trinitapoli and Mark D. Regnerus (Working Paper 04-05-05, October 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).


Although some scholars have identified religion as a possible protective factor in the AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence concerning the relationship between religion and AIDS behavior there remains sparse. Using a sample of married men from rural Malawi, we examine whether or not AIDS risk behavior and perceived risk are associated with religious affiliation or with religious involvement. Our analyses of data from the Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project (2001) reveal few differences in perceived risk according to religious affiliation. Men belonging to Pentecostal churches consistently report lower levels of both HIV risk behavior and perceived risk. Regular attendance at religious service is associated both with reduced odds of reporting extramarital partners and with lower levels of perceived risk of infection. Strong regional differences imply that contextual effects may play a key role in HIV risk, suggesting that religious influences may be tempered or augmented by local norms.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Demographic Changes and International Factor Mobility," by John F. Helliwell (w10945, December 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


This paper reviews the extent and policy implications of linkages between demographic changes and international factor mobility. Evidence is found of significant demographic effects on both migration and the current account, but for different reasons neither increased migration nor international transfers of savings is expected to offer much assistance in digesting the variety of demographic transitions expected over the next fifty years. The paper also examines more briefly the effects of demography on the factor content of international trade, as exemplified by offshore provision of back-office and other services previously provided closer to home. When considering the consequences of using international capital movements and especially migration to mediate international differences in demographic patterns, I broaden the focus from the usual economic variables, such as the size and distribution of incomes and employment, to consider explicit measures of well-being, which have been shown to depend on far more than economic variables. This has implications for a whole range of policies, both domestic and international, that might help deal with national and global demographic transitions.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "An Investigation of the Effects of Alcohol Policies on Youth STDs," by Michael Grossman, Robert Kaestner, and Sara Markowitz (w10949, December 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).


The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of alcohol policies in reducing the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases among youth. Previous research has shown that risky sexual practices (e.g., unprotected sex and multiple partners) that increase the risk of contracting a STD are highly correlated with alcohol use. If alcohol is a cause of risky sexual behavior, then policies that reduce the consumption of alcohol may also reduce the incidence of STDs. In this paper, we examine the relationship between alcohol policies (e.g., beer taxes and statutes pertaining to alcohol sales and drunk driving) and rates of gonorrhea and AIDS among teenagers and young adults. Results indicate that higher beer taxes are associated with lower rates of gonorrhea for males and are suggestive of lower AIDS rates. Strict drunk driving policies in the form of zero tolerance laws may also lower the gonorrhea rate among males under the legal drinking age.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Boston College Center for Retirement Research: "Projecting Immigration: A Survey of the Current State of Practice and Theory," by Neil Howe and Richard Jackson (WP 2004-32, December 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).


Assumptions about long-term trends in international migration are an increasingly important component of the demographic projection module. Yet most official immigration projections both in the United States and abroad rely on ad-hoc assumptions based on little theory and virtually no definable methodology. The purpose of this paper is twofold: to assess where projection-making agencies stand in their practice of immigration projection and to explore how theoretical insights about immigration may help them improve their practice. The first section describes the current projection methods of leading national and international agencies, from the U.S. Census Bureau and Social Security Administration to the United Nations and the World Bank. The second section scans the wide and varied array of "theoretical frameworks" that attempt to explain international migration flows. The paper identifies six important ones: the policy, the neoclassical, the world systems, the new economics, the social networks, and the dual labor market frameworks. We conclude that much progress might be achievable if the explanatory richness of immigration theory could somehow be consolidated and integrated into a usable projection method. The third section briefly outlines some first steps to start harnessing theory and improving practice.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Gender Differences Across the Earnings Distribution: Evidence from NLS:86 & HSB:92," by Spyros Konstantopoulos and Amelie Constant (Discussion Paper 1425, December 2004, .pdf format, 29p.).


This study examines gender differences in the earnings of young adults in the 1980s and 1990s. We determine changes in the gender gap over time in the middle, the tails, and the variability of the earnings distribution. We employ data from two longitudinal, nationally probability samples of high school seniors: the National Longitudinal Study of high school seniors in 1972, and the High School and Beyond Study in 1980 (and the 5th and 4th follow-up studies respectively). We compute the average differences using effect size estimates expressed in standard deviation units. Differences in the tails and the variability are computed using number and variance ratios respectively. Adjusting for employment selection our findings reveal that once education, occupation, and marital status are taken into account gender differences in earnings (in the middle, the tails, and the variance of the earnings distribution) are eliminated. We observe similar results in gender differences for Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics.

Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), University of Essex [Colchester, UK]: "Dependent Interviewing and Seam Effects in Work History Data," by Annette Jackle and Peter Lynn (WP 2004-24, December 2004, .pdf format, 22p.).


Dependent interviewing has been introduced by a number of panel surveys as a means of reducing measurement error, in particular the typically observed concentration of transitions at the seam between waves, the "seam effect". Little evidence exists, however, of the effects on survey estimates. We report on a large scale randomised experiment comparing dependent interviewing with traditional independent methods. Proactive dependent interviewing improves the quality of work history data by reducing seam effects, and reduces bias in estimates of monthly labour force transitions and spell durations. Proactive interviewing does not have any effect on measures of cumulative experience and does not appear to lead to under-reporting of change. Seam transitions in continuous work histories are largely explained by editing rules used to reconcile reports from repeated panel observations. Proactive methods reduce seam effects by precluding overlapping non-corresponding reports. The potential for eliminating seam effects is, however, limited by item non-response to date questions.

Center for Economic Studies (CES) and the Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [University of Munich, Germany]: "Why Does Educational Attainment Differ Across U.S. States?" by Lutz Hendricks (Working Paper 1335, November 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).


The fraction of persons holding a college degree differs nearly two-fold across U.S. states. This paper documents data related to state educational attainment differences and explores possible explanations. It shows that highly educated states employ skill-biased technologies, specialize in skill-intensive industries, but do not pay lower skill premia than do less educated states. Moreover, measures of urbanization and population density are positively related to educational attainment. Theories based on agglomeration economies offer natural explanations for these observations.

Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research, University of Gottingen [Germany]: "Population, Population Density, and Technological Change," by Stephan Klasen and Thorsten Nestmann (Working Paper 100, October 2004, .pdf format, 18p.)


In a model on population and endogenous technological change, Kremer combines a short-run Malthusian scenario where income determines the population that can be sustained, with the Boserupian insight that greater population spurs technological change and can therefore lift a country out of its Malthusian trap. We show that a more realistic version of the model, which combines population and population density, allows deeper insights into these processes. The incorporation of population density also allows a superior interpretation of the empirical regularities between the level of population, population density, population growth, and economic development, both at aggregated and disaggregated levels.

Centre Interuniversitaire sur le Risque, Les Politiques Economiques et l'Emploi (CIRPEE), Department of Economics, McGill University [Montreal, Quebec, Canada]: "A Life-Cycle Model of Outmigration and Economic Assimilation of Immigrants in Germany," by Charles Bellemare (Working Paper 04-30, November 2004, .pdf format, 33p.).


This paper estimates a structural dynamic model of outmigration which incorporate several features of existing outmigration theories but distinguishes itself by introducing uncertainty about future earnings and preferences which allows immigrants to revise their duration decisions throughout their migration experience. Estimation results indicate that outmigration does not depend exclusively on earnings differentials. Immigrants are found to be forward looking decision makers, and simulations show that predicted migration durations can be very sensitive to changes in the economic environment, and differ considerably from those of a myopic model.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

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Journal of Sociology (Vol. 40, No. 4, December 2004).

Other Journals

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 80, No. 6, December 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 23, No. 5-6, December 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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Association for Survey Computing Call for Papers: "Mobile Computing," a conference to be held Apr. 22, 2005, at the Imperial College, London [UK]. A call for papers has been issued by ASC. For more information see:

Society for the Study of Economic Inequality (ECINEQ) Call for Papers: "The First Meeting of ECINEQ, to be held at the Universitat de les Illes Baleares, in Palma de Mallorca, Spain Jul. 20-22, 2005 has issued a call for papers. For more information see:

Click on "First Meeting..."

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National Institutes of Health Notices:

A. "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions: RFA-OD-05-001--Strengthening Behavioral and Social Science in Medical Schools" (NOT-OD-05-012, Dec. 6, 2004).

B. "Reminder of Financial Conflict of Interest Requirements for All NIH-Supported Institutions" (NOT-OD-05-013, Dec. 6, 2004).

C. "NIH Establishes Website for New Investigators" (NOT-OD-05-014, Dec. 10, 2004).

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US House Education and the Workforce Committee Hearing Publications:

A. "The Importance of Highly Qualified Teachers in Raising Academic Achievement," a hearing held Apr. 21, 2004 (House Serial Publication 108-51, ASCII text and .pdf format, 67p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-51" (without the quotes).

B. "No Child Left Behind: Raising Student Achievement in America's Big City Schools," a hearing held Jun. 23, 2004 (House Serial Publication 108-62, ASCII text format only at this time).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-62" (without the quotes). NOTE: THERE ARE TWO REPORTS NUMBERED 108-62. SCROLL OR "FIND IN PAGE" UNTIL YOU FIND THE CORRECT ONE.

US House International Relations Hearing Publication: "Malaria and Tuberculosis in Africa," a hearing held Sep. 14, 2004 (House Serial Publication 108-141, .pdf format, 62p.).

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World Health Organization WHO Mortality Database: The documentation and data file for ICD10 of the WHO Mortality Database has been updated as of Dec. 10, 2004). For more information see:,whsa,mort_download&language=english

and scroll to the bottom of the page.

World Bank Living Standards and Measurement Study: LSMS has made a user's guide .pdf format, 125p.) available for the Tanzania-Kagera 1991-1994 study.

Scroll to of "find in page" "Tanzania" without the quotes. See the "Basic Document Information".

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "MEPS HC-070: 2002 Full Year Consolidated Data File" (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, December 2004, data in .zip or .exe compressed ASCII or SAS transport format, documentation in .pdf, HTML, and .asp format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements in ASCII format).

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Kaiser Family Foundation:, which provides "health policy students and faculty easy access to data, literature, news and developments regarding major health policy topics and debates" (and was first discussed in the Apr. 5, 2004 [#26] issue of CDERR] has added a module on "Women's Health Policy: Coverage and Access to Care" (November 2004) (HTML with sound, and Microsoft PowerPoint format).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706