Current Demographic Research Report #68, January 31, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Census 2000 Report, Facts for Features
Centers for Disease Control Periodical, News Release
Government Accountability Office Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical, News Release
Congressional Budget Office Report
United Nations Reports
World Health Organization News Release
Urban Institute Reports
Kaiser Family Foundation News Release
MDRC Report
Syracuse Univ. Maxwell School Center for Policy Research
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Report
Human Rights Watch Report
_Nature_ Letter to _Nature_ Abstract
_NEJM_ Article Abstract, Editorial Extract
Info Health Pop Reporter


University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
National Bureau of Economic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
World Bank Development Programme


Other Journals


Demographic and Health Surveys


Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Study
Bureau of Labor Statistics CPS Announcement



Census Bureau Census 2000 Report, Facts for Features:

A. "We the People: Women and Men in the United States," by Rene E. Spraggins (Census 2000 Special Reports CENSR-20, January 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

B. Census Bureau Facts for Features: "African-American History Month: February 2005" (CB05-FF.01-3, Jan. 24, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).



Centers for Disease Control Periodical, News Release:

A. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 11, No. 2, February 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

B. "CDC Announces New Strategies to Promote Continued Influenza Vaccination" (Jan. 27, 2005).

Government Accountability Office Report: "Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Selection of Antiretroviral Medications Provided Under U.S. Emergency Plan Is Limited" (GAO-05-133, January 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2002 and Financial Statistics, Fiscal Year 2002," by Laura G. Knapp (NCES 2005168, December 2004, .pdf format, 97p.).


This report presents findings from the Spring 2003 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Web-based data collection. Data were requested from over 6,600 postsecondary institutions participating in Title IV federal student financial aid programs. The tables in this publication present enrollment data for fall 2002, financial statistics for fiscal year 2002, and student financial aid data for academic year 2001-2002. Also included are graduation rate data for the 1996 and 1999 student cohorts.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical, News Release:

A. "Compensation and Working Conditions Online." The latest article is dated Jan. 24, 2005.

B. "Union Members in 2004" (Jan. 27, 2005, HTML, ASCII text, and .pdf format, 12p.).

Congressional Budget Office Report: "The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2006 to 2015" (January 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 165p.).

Click on PDF tab at upper right corner for .pdf format.

United Nations Reports:

A. "World Fertility Report 2005 (Department of Economic and Social Affairs, January 2005, .pdf format, 504p., with selected tables in Microsoft Excel format). The report is linked to from a UN news release: "Human fertility declines significantly in developing countries, UN says" (Jan. 25, 2005). Note: The country tables, in the country profiles section, are arranged by country. Use the bookmark tab in Adobe Acrobat to pick the country or countries you are interested in.

B. "World Economic Situation and Prospects 2005" (January 2005, .pdf format 121p.).

World Health Organization News Release: "700 000 people living with AIDS in developing countries now receiving treatment" (Jan. 26, 2005).

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Estimating Financial Support for Kinship Caregivers," by Julie Murray, Jennifer Ehrle Macomber, and Rob Geen (New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families B-63, December 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).

Click on "PDF" for full text.

B. "Child Welfare Spending during a Time of Fiscal Stress," by Roseana Bess and Cynthia Andrews Scarcella (Child Welfare Research Program Brief No. 1, December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation News Release: "A Sharp Rise in Enrollment During the Economic Downturn Triggered Medicaid Spending to Increase by One-Third from FY2000-03: _Health Affairs_ Article Finds Medicaid Costs Slowing and Per Enrollee Cost Growing at a Slower Rate than Private Insurance Spending" (Jan. 26, 2005).

MDRC Report: "The Interaction of Child Support and TANF: Evidence from Samples of Current and Former Welfare Recipients," by Cynthia Miller, Mary Farrell, Maria Cancian, and Daniel R. Meyer (January 2005, .pdf format, 99p.).

Click on "Full Report" at top left side of the page for full text.

More information on MDRC:

Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research Policy Brief: "Spending Health Care Dollars Wisely: Can Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Help?" by Milton Weinstein (NO. 30/2005, January 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Report: "The Glass Nearly Half Full: 47% of U.S. Population Lives in Jurisdiction With Sexual Orientation Nondiscrimination Law," by Sean Cahill (January 2005, .pdf format, 13p.). The report is linked to from a NGLTF news release: "Glass Nearly Half Full: Analysis Shows 47% of U.S. Population Now Protected From Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation" (Jan. 25, 2005).

Click on Internet addresses at the bottom of the news release for link to full text and a map of state non-discrimination laws in the US.

More information on NGLTF:

Human Rights Watch Report: "Blood, Sweat, and Fear: Workers' Rights in U.S. Meat and Poultry Plants," by Lance Compa (January 2005, .pdf format, 185p.). The report is linked to from a HRW news release: "Abuses Against Workers Taint U.S. Meat and Poultry" (Jan. 25, 2005).

More information on HRW:

_Nature_ Letter to _Nature_ Abstract: "Host immunity and synchronized epidemics of syphilis across the United States," by Nicholas C. Grassly, Christophe Fraser, and Geoffrey P. Garnett (Vol. 433, No. 7024, Jan. 27, 2005, p. 417-421).

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspectives Extract, Article Abstract, Editorial Extract:

A. "The Threat of an Avian Influenza Pandemic," by Arnold S. Monto (_NEJM_ Perspectives, Vol. 352, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2005, p. 323-325).

B. " Probable Person-to-Person Transmission of Avian Influenza A (H5N1)," by Kumnuan Ungchusak, Prasert Auewarakul, Scott F. Dowell, Rungrueng Kitphati, Wattana Auwanit, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Mongkol Uiprasertkul, Kobporn Boonnak, Chakrarat Pittayawonganon, Nancy J. Cox, Sherif R. Zaki, Pranee Thawatsupha, Malinee Chittaganpitch, Rotjana Khontong, James M. Simmerman, and Supamit Chunsutthiwat (Vol. 352, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2005, p. 333-340).

C. "Avian Influenza and Pandemics -- Research Needs and Opportunities," by Klaus Stohr (_NEJM_ Editorial, Vol. 352, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2005, p. 405-407).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 5, No. 4 Jan. 31, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "The Political Roots of Disability Claims: How State Environments and Policies Shape Citizen Demands," by Joe Soss and Lael R. Keiser (January 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


Who gets what from government is partly determined by who applies for government programs. Despite the importance of the claiming process, political scientists have said little about the factors that influence citizen demands on government programs. We test the hypothesis that state environments systematically shape aggregate rates of welfare demand making by testing a model of welfare claiming in the Social Security Disability Insurance and the Supplemental Security Income programs. Our findings show that in addition to economic need for benefits, the density of civil society organizations, the political ideology of state officials, and the generosity of state-run public assistance programs shape the amount and direction of citizen demands on the welfare system. Although commonalities exist in which variables explain welfare claiming, relationships vary in interesting ways across programs and stages of the claiming process, highlighting the need for a theoretical model of claiming behavior that takes into account such differences.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Saving and Cohabitation: The Economic Consequences of Living with One's Parents in Italy and the Netherlands," by Rob Alessie, Agar Brugiavini, and Guglielmo Weber (w11079, January 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


The paper deals with the e.ects of cohabitation of grown children with their parents on household saving, using data from Italy and the Netherlands. It presents a two-period gametheoretical model where the child has to decide whether to move out of the parental home. This decision is affected by transaction costs, the child's preference for independence, and by the consumption loss induced by the move (consumption is a public good while the child lives in the parental home). We show that the child's income share affects the household saving decision, in contrast with predictions of the standard unitary model of household decision making. Empirical results from both countries are supportive of the key model predictions. We find strong positive effects of the child income share on the saving rate in Italy, where we calculate saving as the difference between disposable income and consumption but cannot distinguish children who will leave from those who will stay. We also find some significant effects of the child income share on household saving rate in the Netherlands, where saving is computed as the change over time in financial wealth. In the Dutch data we distinguish between children who stay and children who leave. The effect of the child's income share is significantly negative for those who stay, positive for those who leave.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Politics, Relief, and Reform: The Transformation of America's Social Welfare System during the New Deal," by John Joseph Wallis, Price Fishback, Shawn Kantor (w11080, January 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


The American social welfare system was transformed during the 1930s. Prior to the New Deal public relief was administered almost exclusively by local governments. The administration of local public relief was widely thought to be corrupt. Beginning in 1933, federal, state, and local governments cooperatively built a larger social welfare system. While the majority of the funds for relief spending came from the federal government, the majority of administrative decisions were made at state and local levels. While New Dealers were often accused of playing politics with relief, social welfare system created by the New Deal (still largely in place today) is more often maligned for being bureaucratic than for being corrupt. We do not believe that New Dealers were motivated by altruistic motives when they shaped New Deal relief policies. Evidence suggests that politics was always the key issue. But we show how the interaction of political interests at the federal, state, and local levels of government created political incentives for the national relief administration to curb corruption by actors at the state and local level. This led to different patterns of relief spending when programs were controlled by national, rather than state and local officials. In the permanent social welfare system created by the Social Security Act, the national government pressed for the substitution of rules rather than discretion in the administration of relief. This, ultimately, significantly reduced the level of corruption in the administration of welfare programs.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "School Vouchers Italian Style," by Giorgio Brunello and Daniele Checchi (Discussion Paper 1475, January 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


School vouchers introduced recently in some Italian regions have lowered the cost of private schools. On one side, we provide evidence that Italian private schools may be selected for different reasons than quality considerations. On the other side, by exploiting individual data on voucher applicants, we present evidence that the percentage of voucher applicants is higher the higher the average quality of private schools, which we explain with the fact that better quality schools provide better services to students, including information and consulting on vouchers. We show that enrollment in private schools responds sluggishly to changes in tuition induced by vouchers. Under stringent assumptions, we estimate the slopes of demand and supply of private education in the largest Italian region, Lombardy, during the first two years since implementation of a voucher scheme, and provide a quantitative assessment of the long-term impact of vouchers on tuition fees and enrollment in private schools.

B. "The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or Hindering Employment Amongst the Disabled?" by David Bell and Axel Heitmueller (Discussion Paper 1476, January 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).


The enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 triggered a substantial academic debate about its consequences on employment rates of disabled people. In contrast, the employment provision of the 1996 Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) in Britain has received little attention. This paper provides robust evidence that, similar to the ADA in the US, the DDA has had no impact on the employment rate of disabled people or possibly worsened it. Possible reasons for this are low take-up of financial support, low levels of general awareness about the Act among disabled people and employers, and limited knowledge about the true costs of required adjustments.

World Bank Development Programme: "Lasting Local Impacts of an Economywide Crisis," by Michael M. Lokshin and Martin Ravallion (WP 3503, January 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).


The immediate welfare costs of an economywide crisis can be high, but are there also lasting impacts? And are they greater in some geographic areas than others? Ravallion and Lokshin study Indonesia's severe financial crisis of 1998. They use 10 national surveys spanning 1993-2002, each covering 200,000 randomly sampled households, to estimate the impacts on mean consumption and the incidence of poverty across each of 260 districts. Counterfactual analyses indicate geographically diverse impacts years after the crisis. Proportionate impacts on the poverty rate were greater in initially better off and less unequal areas. In the aggregate, a large share--possibly the majority--of those Indonesians who were still poor in 2002 would not have been so without the 1998 crisis.

Click on "PDF" or the envelope icon for full text.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

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Journal of Family Issues (Vol. 26, No. 2, March 2005).

Other Journals

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 161, No. 3, Feb. 1, 2005).

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 95, No 2, February 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO host academic search elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal (Vol. 33, No. 3, March 2005. Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Journal for Quality in Health Care (Vol. 17, No. 1, February 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Urban Affairs Review (Vol. 40, No. 4, March 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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Demographic and Health Surveys: "Postdoctoral Fellowships at DHS": The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) program at ORC Macro is offering one, and possibly two, fellowships for a period of two years. The fellowship program is financed by USAID and its main goals are to provide further training for developing country researchers and to contribute to the further analysis of DHS data, particularly those on HIV/AIDS. Candidates should have a doctoral degree in demography, epidemiology or the social sciences and should be knowledgeable about the DHS program and DHS data files. They should be able to perform their own data processing and statistical analysis and able to speak and write fluently in English. Only candidates who are developing country nationals will be considered. Preference will be given to candidates who are already in the U.S. due to problems with obtaining visas and the cost of international recruiting. The fellows will receive an annual salary of $40,000.00, health benefits and assistance with relocation. The aim is to have the fellows in place as soon as possible. Candidates should send an application letter, copies of awards of their educational degrees, and an indication of their visa status in the U.S., as well as the names of two references. Please send these items to Dr. Shea Rutstein, ORC Macro, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, email:, fax: +1 301 572-0999. Applications are due by February 15, 2005.

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Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Study: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID/CDS program has announced the following data updates:

A. "Time Diary Aggregate File 2002 and 1997" (Jan. 25, 2005).

B. "PCG-Child File 2002: Release 2" (Jan. 24, 2005).


Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey Announcement: "Changes to the occupational and industry classification systems used in the Current Population Survey" (Jan. 27, 2005).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706