Current Demographic Research Report #70, February 14, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Reports
Centers For Disease Control Factsheet Update, Periodical Articles
Pan American Health Organization Press Release
Statistics Canada Report
Government Accountability Office Report
Department of Health and Human Services Press Release
Bureau of Labor Statistics Chartbook
Department of Housing and Urban Development Report, Periodical
Internal Revenue Service Report
National Academies Press Monograph
Rand Corporation Report
Brookings Institution Reports
Urban Institute Report
Population Reference Bureau Periodical, Report, Article
American Bar Association Report
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstracts
Info Health Pop. Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates


National Bureau of Economic Research
Center for Law and Social Policy
John F. Kennedy School of Government
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Institute for Social And Economic Research (ISER)
National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM)
World Bank Development Programme


Other Journals


National Institutes of Health
Census Bureau
Association of Survey Computing
Confidentiality and Privacy Group


National Institutes of Health


Census Bureau
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Supplement


Kaiser Family Foundation FY2006 Budget Resources



Census Bureau Reports:

A. "Number, Timing, and Duration of Marriages and Divorces: 2001," by Rose M. Kreider (Household Economic Studies P70-97, February 2005, .pdf format, 17p.). The report, along with two detailed tables (Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and comma separated value [.csv] format) is linked to from the Census Bureau Marriage and Divorce page.

See under "2001 SIPP".

B. "State of Residence in 2000 by State of Birth: 2000" (PHC-T-38, January 2005, Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and comma separated value [.csv] format, 10p.).

Centers For Disease Control Factsheet Update, Periodical Articles:

A. "HIV/AIDS among African Americans" (Feb. 7, 2005).

B. _Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report (Vol. 54, No. 5, Feb. 11, 2005) contains the following articles which may be of interest to demography researchers: "Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Multiple Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke --- United States, 2003" (p. 113-117);

"Disparities in Screening for and Awareness of High Blood Cholesterol --- United States, 1999--2002" (p. 117-119);

"Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence and Impact of Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis --- United States, 2002" (p. 119-123);

"QuickStats: Infant Mortality Rates*, by Selected Racial/Ethnic Populations --- United States, 2002" (p. 126):

These articles are also available in .pdf format:

Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Reports:

A. "State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2002-2003 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health," by Douglas Wright and Neeraja Sathe (February 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 149p.).



B. "Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Among American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2002" (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS), February 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

Pan American Health Organization Press Release: "Health Risks Increase In Guyana with Leptospirosis, Vector-Borne Diseases" (Feb. 7, 2005).

Statistics Canada Report: "Income inequality and low income in Canada: an international perspective," by Garnett Picot and John Myles (Research Paper No. 240, February 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

News release:

Government Accountability Office Report: "2010 Census: Basic Design Has Potential, but Remaining Challenges Need Prompt Resolution" (GAO-05-9, January 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

Department of Health and Human Services Press Release: "HHS Announces Simplified System for Research Protection Assurances" (Feb. 9, 2005).

Bureau of Labor Statistics Chartbook: "Fatal Occupational Injuries in the United States, 1995-1999: A Chartbook" (BLS Report 965, February 2005, .pdf format, 182p.).

Department of Housing and Urban Development Report, Periodical:

A. "Why Not In Our Community? Removing Barriers to Affordable Housing" (February 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

B. "_ResearchWorks_ (Vol. 2, No. 1, January 2005, .pdf format, 8p.). "ResearchWorks is the official newsletter of U.S. HUD's Office of Policy Development & Research. ResearchWorks includes new publication announcements, relevant case studies, and success stories highlighting the efforts of those who care about housing, and who work to make it more affordable, more accessible, more energy and resource efficient, and above all, more readily available."

Internal Revenue Service Report: "How Well Can IRS Count the Population?" by Peter Sailer, Michael Weber, and Ellen Yau (February 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

National Academies Press Monograph: "Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance," edited by Jeffrey P. Koplan, Catharyn T. Liverman, and Vivica A. Kraak (Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth, Institute of Medicine, 2005, OpenBook format, 436p.). Note: Information on purchasing a print copy is available at the site.

Rand Corporation Report: "Nonclassroom-Based Charter Schools in California and the Impact of SB 740," by Cassandra Guarino, Ron Zimmer, Cathy Krop, and Derrick Chau (MG-323-EDU, 2005, .pdf format, 148p.).


Charter schools are publicly funded schools that have the flexibility to operate outside normal district control. This document reports on an evaluation of the legislatively mandated process of evaluating California's nonclassroom-based charter schools, in which instruction generally takes the form of independent study, home study, or some combination of these two with classroom-based instruction.

Brookings Institution Reports:

A. "Americans and Britons: Key Population Data from the Last Three U.S. and U.K. Censuses," by Rebecca K. Tunstall (February 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "Using the U.S. and U.K. Censuses for Comparative Research," by Rebecca K. Tunstall (February 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).

Urban Institute Report: "The Health and Well-Being of Young Children of Immigrants," by Randolph Capps, Michael E. Fix, Jason Ost, Jane Reardon-Anderson, and Jeffrey S. Passel (February 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Population Reference Bureau Periodical, Report, Article:

A. _Population Bulletin_ (Vol. 59, No. 4, December 2004 .pdf format). This issue's is titled "America's Military Population," by David R. Segal and Mady Wechsler Segal.

B. "Population Growth in and Distribution in Appalachia: New Realities," by Kelvin M. Pollard (January 2005, .pdf format, 55p.)

C. "Children in Immigrant Families: U.S. and State-Level Findings From the 2000 Census," by Laura Beavers and Jean D'Amico (The Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Population Reference Bureau, January 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

D. "Rural Southern Children Falling Behind In Well-Being Indicators," by Kerri Rivers (February 2005).

E. "The Palestinian Territories: Signs of Change Amidst Ongoing Suffering," by Dana Leigh Hearn (February 2005).

American Bar Association Report: "_Gideon_'s Broken Promise: America's Continuing Quest for Equal Justice" (ABA Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants (SCLAID), February 2005, .pdf format, 62p.). "During the 40th anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in _Gideon v. Wainwright_ (which established the right to counsel in state court proceedings for indigents accused of serious crimes), the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants held a series of public hearings to examine whether _Gideon_'s promise is being kept. Throughout 2003, extensive testimony was received from expert witnesses familiar with the delivery of indigent defense services in 22 states representing a wide cross-section of regions, populations, and delivery systems. This comprehensive report represents the culmination of a painstaking analysis of hundreds of pages of testimony compiled from the hearings, leading to the inescapable conclusion that, forty years after Gideon, the promise of equal justice for the poor remains unfulfilled in this country."

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstracts:

A. "Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for HIV in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy," by Gillian D. Sanders, Ahmed M. Bayoumi, Vandana Sundaram, S. Pinar Bilir, Christopher P. Neukermans, Chara E. Rydzak, Lena R. Douglass, Laura C. Lazzeroni, Mark Holodniy, and Douglas K. Owens (Vol. 352, No. 6, Feb. 10, 2005, p. 570-585).

B. "Expanded Screening for HIV in the United States--An Analysis of Cost-Effectiveness," by A. David Paltiel, Milton C. Weinstein, April D. Kimmel, George R. Seage, III, Elena Losina, Hong Zhang, Kenneth A. Freedberg, and Rochelle P. Walensky (Vol. 352, No. 6, Feb. 10, 2005, p. 586-595).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 5, No. 7 Feb. 14, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Jan. 7, 2004 - Feb. 11, 2005.

For more information on any of these citations (selected abstracts are available) go to the above listed address and click on "Title List". Click on the first item, which while give the syntax of the citation urls:[0]=320

Then change the number after the equal sign (320 in this case) to the number listed as the "ID Number" in the citations below. You will be taken to the full citation listing.

Testing Moffitt's Account of Delinquency Abstention
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 42,1 (February 2005): 27-55
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4822
Publisher: Sage Publications

Regime Switching in the Latent Growth Curve Mixture Model
Structural Equation Modeling 12,1 (2005): 94-120
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4823
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Maternal Characteristics, Parenting, and Adolescent Sexual Behavior; the Role of Self-Control
Deviant Behavior 26,1 (Jan/Feb2005): 25-46
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4824
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Single Mothers' Employment Dynamics and Adolescent Well-Being
Child Development 76,1 (Jan/Feb 2005): 196-212
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4825
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

Maternity Leave, Early Maternal Employment and Child Health and Development in the US
Economic Journal 115,501 (February 2005): F29-F48
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4826
Publisher: Royal Economic Society (RES)

Disentangling Selection from Causation in the Empirical Association Between Crime and Adolescent Work
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2004. DAI-A 65/07, p.
2774, Jan 2005
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4827
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and

Giving Mercenaries a Chance to be Missionaries: Making the Case for Universal Paid Family Leave in the United States
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Boston, 2004. DAI-A 65/07, p.
2788, Jan 2005
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4828
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and

Joint Estimation of Sequential Labor Force Participation and Fertility Decisions Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo Techniques
Discussion Paper No. 1251. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), August 2004.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4834
Publisher: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Job Matching: The Effects of Job Search on Match Quality
Working Paper: Department of Economics, Georgetown University, November 2004.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4836
Publisher: Department of Economics, Georgetown University

Pregnancy Intention from Men's Perspectives: Does Child Support Enforcement Matter?
Working Paper: School of Social Work, Rutgers University, October 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4837
Publisher: School of Social Work, Rutgers University

Does Smoking Harm Wealth as Much as Health?
Consumer Interests Annual 50 (2004): 108-116. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4839
Publisher: American Council on Consumer Interests (ACCI)

Supplement to "Understanding Instrumental Variables in Models with Essential Heterogeneity"
Working Paper: Department of Economics, December 2004. The University of
Chicago, Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4841
Publisher: Department of Economics, The University of Chicago

Maternal Employment and Adolescent Self-Care
Presented: Atlanta GA, APPAM Annual Research Conference, October 2004.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4842
Publisher: Association for Public Analysis and Management (APPAM)

The Effects of Child Support Enforcement on Pregnancy Intention
Presented: Atlanta GA, APPAM Annual Research Conference, October 2004.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4843
Publisher: Association for Public Analysis and Management (APPAM)

Minimum Wage and Compliance in a Model of Search on-the-Job
Presented: Sonderborg, Denmark, Conference of Labor Market Models and Matched
Employer-Employee Data, August 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4845
Publisher: Center for Labour Market and Social Research

Child Mental Health and Human Capital Accumulation: The Case of ADHD
Working Paper: Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles,
July 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4846
Publisher: Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles

The Interactive Effect of Birth Weight and Parental Investment on Child Test Scores
Working Paper No. WR-168, RAND, June 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4848
Publisher: RAND

Job Turnover, Wage Rates, and Marital Stability: How Are They Related?
Working Paper: Washington DC, Urban Institute, November 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4850
Publisher: Urban Institute Press

Educational Homogamy in Marital and Cohabiting Unions: A Test of the Double Selection Hypothesis
Working Paper: Los Angeles CA, Department of Sociology, University of
California, Los Angeles, August 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4854
Publisher: Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles

Expectations in Micro Data: Rationality Revisted
Working Paper: Stony Brook NY: Department of Economics, SUNY-Stony Brook,
February 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4856
Publisher: Department of Economics, SUNY-Stony Brook

Are There Gains to Delaying Marriage? The Effect of Age at First Marriage on Career Development and Wages
Working Paper No. WR-207: RAND, November 2004. Also,
ID Number: 4857
Publisher: RAND

Cohort Changed in the Transition from School to Work: What Changed and What Consequences Did It Have for Wages?
Presented: New York NY: Russell Sage Foundation Conference on "School-to-Work
Transitions and School-to-Work Programs," May 2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79, Young Men, Young Women
ID Number: 4858
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

Workers' Compensation "Reforms" and Benefit Claiming
Working Paper: Washington DC, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, April 2004.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4861
Publisher: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Is There a Cohabitation Premium in Men's Earnings?
Working Paper No. 2004-02: Seattle WA, Center for Research on Families,
University of Washington, May (updated July) 2004. Also, 2004-02_Mamun_updated.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4863
Publisher: Center for Research on Families

Identifying Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education
Working Paper: Tucson AZ: Department of Economics, University of Arizona, April
2004. Also,
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4864
Publisher: Graduate School of Business - University of Chicago

A Longitudinal Analysis of Socioeconomic Difference in Obesity and Weight Change during the Early Adult Years
Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University, 2004. DAI-A 65/08, p. 3168, February 2005
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4868
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

In Sickness and in Health: Unintended Consequences in the American Health Insurance System
Ph.D. Dissertation, Washington University, 2004. DAI-A 65/07, p. 2693, January 2005.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4869
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

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National Bureau of Economic Research: "What Explains Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Other Health-Related Behaviors," by David Cutler and Edward Glaeser (w11100, February 2005, .pdf format, 18p.).


We explore economic model of health behaviors. While the standard economic model of health as an investment is generally supported empirically, the ability of this model to explain heterogeneity across individuals is extremely limited. Most prominently, the correlation of different health behaviors across people is virtually zero, suggest that standard factors such as variation in discount rates or the value of life are not the drivers of behavior. We focus instead on two other factors: genetics; and behavioral-specific situational factors. The first factor is empirically important, and we suspect the second is as well.

Center for Law and Social Policy: "Marriage and the TANF Rules: A Discussion Paper," by Paula Roberts and Mark Greenberg (February 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).

More information about CLASP:

John F. Kennedy School of Government: "Identity Cues: Evidence from and for Intra-Individual Perspectives on Stereotyping," by Todd L. Pittinsky, Margaret Shih and Amy Trahan (Working Paper RWP05-010, February 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).


Stereotypes bias person perception, hampering advancement in organizations for targets-often women and members of ethnic minority groups. Traditional stereotyping research adopts an inter-group perspective: comparisons are made between the ways in which targets belonging to different social groups are stereotyped. We adopt an intra-individual perspective on stereotyping and examine how a single target, belonging to multiple social groups, is stereotyped differently based on identity cues common in organizations. Participants interacted with a partner, a research confederate, in a series of e-mail exchanges. The partner used one of three e-mail addresses that subtly cued either the partner's gender identity, the partner's ethnic identity, or neither identity. This subtle identity cue led participants to stereotype their partner in very different ways, biasing recall in directions consistent with the positive and negative stereotypes associated with the different identities cued. Applications of the findings to the problems which stereotypes create for individuals and organizations are discussed.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey:

A. "Contributions to Health Insurance Premiums: When Does the Employer Pay 100 Percent?" by Alice M. Zawacki and Amy K. Taylor (Agency for Healthcare Research and Policy, February 2005, .pdf format, 18p.).


We identify the characteristics of establishments that paid 100 percent of health insurance premiums and the policies they offered from 1997-2001, despite increased premium costs. Analyzing data from the MEPS-IC, we see little change in the percent of establishments that paid the full cost of premiums for employees. Most of these establishments were young, small, single-units, with a relatively high paid workforce. Plans that were fully paid generally required referrals to see specialists, did not cover preexisting conditions or outpatient prescriptions, and had the highest out-of-pocket expense limits. These plans also were more likely than plans not fully paid by employers to have had a fee-for-service or exclusive provider arrangement, had the highest premiums, and were less likely to be self-insured.

B. "Updates to the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Insurance Component List Sample Design, 2004," by John Sommers (Agency for Healthcare Research and Policy, February 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).


This paper discusses changes in the sample design of the MEPS-IC. Among the changes are an improved stratification and new allocation to States. These improvements should improve all current estimates and also allow estimates to be made for the private sector for all states.

C. "Utilization and Expenditures for Children with Special Health Care Needs," by Frances M. Chevarley (Agency for Healthcare Research and Policy, February 2005, .pdf format, 21p.).


This report provides estimates of medical care utilization and expenditures for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Presented data are from the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) which collects nationally representative data on health care use, expenditures, source of payment, insurance coverage, and the quality of care for the U.S. civilian non-institutionalized population and which is sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. In identifying CSHCN, it uses the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Screener instrument developed through a Maternal and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative (CAHMI) under the coordination of the Foundation for Accountability. The CSHCN screener instrument was added to MEPS starting in 2000. This report provides estimates according to special health care need (SHCN) status. These estimates include demographic and other personal or family characteristics of the child, health care utilization and expenditures, and burden of child's health care costs upon the family (out-of-pocket medical expenditures for the child as a percent of family income).

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "What Can Happiness Research Tell Us About Altruism? Evidence from the German Socio-Economic Panel," by Johannes Schwarze and Rainer Winkelmann (Discussion Paper 1487, February 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).


Much progress has been made in recent years on developing and applying a direct measure of utility using survey questions on subjective well-being. In this paper we explore whether this new type of measurement can be fruitfully applied to the study of interdependent utility in general, and altruism between parents and children in particular. We introduce an appropriate econometric methodology and, using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for the years 2000-2002, find that the parents' self-reported happiness depends positively, albeit not very strongly, on the happiness of adult children who moved out.

B. "Socio-Economic Status, Health Shocks, Life Satisfaction and Mortality: Evidence from an Increasing Mixed Proportional Hazard Model," by Paul Frijters, John P. Haisken-DeNew, Michael A. Shields (Discussion Paper 1488, February 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


The socio-economic gradient in health remains a controversial topic in economics and other social sciences. In this paper we develop a new duration model that allows for unobserved persistent individual-specific health shocks and provides new evidence on the roles of socio-economic characteristics in determining length of life using 19-years of high-quality panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel. We also contribute to the rapidly growing literature on life satisfaction by testing if more satisfied people live longer. Our results clearly confirm the importance of income, education and marriage as important factors in determining longevity. For example, a one-log point increase in real household monthly income leads to a 12% decline in the probability of death. We find a large role for unobserved health shocks, with 5-years of shocks explaining the same amount of the variation in length of life as all the other observed individual and socio-economic characteristics (with the exception of age) combined. Individuals with a high level of life satisfaction when initially interviewed live significantly longer, but this effect is completely due to the fact that less satisfied individuals are typically less healthy. We are also able to confirm the findings of previous studies that self-assessed health status has significant explanatory power in predicting future mortality and is therefore a useful measure of morbidity. Finally, we suggest that the duration model developed in this paper is a useful tool when analyzing a wide-range of single-spell durations where individual-specific shocks are likely to be important.

Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [University of Munich, Germany]: "Public Education in an Integrated Europe: Studying to Migrate and Teaching to Stay?" by Panu Poutvaara (Working Paper 1369, December 2004, .pdf format, 28p.).


An increasing international applicability of a given type of education encourages students to invest more effort when studying. Governments, on the other hand, face an incentive to divert the provision of public education away from internationally applicable education toward country-specific skills. This would mean educating too few engineers, economists and doctors, and too many lawyers. If the total tax rate is kept constant, then replacing part of existing wage taxes with graduate taxes, collected also from migrants, would improve efficiency. It could even allow for a Pareto-improvement.

Institute for Social And Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "The Impact of Interviewing Method On Measurement Error in Panel Survey Measures of Benefit Receipt: evidence from a validation study," by Peter Lynn, Annette Jackle, Stephen P. Jenkins, and Emanuela Sala (December 2004, .pdf format, 34p.).


This article is concerned with measurement error in survey reports of social security benefit receipt. Survey respondents may under-report benefit receipt or, less likely, over-report. Our aims are threefold. First, we attempt to quantify the extent of measurement error. Second, we assess the extent to which this varies according to the questioning method used. Specifically, dependent interviewing has been proposed as a way to reduce under-reporting in some circumstances (Mathiowetz and McGonagle, 2000) and we compare two versions of dependent interviewing (DI) with traditional independent interviewing in an experimental design. Third, we seek to identify why measurement error arises and to identify new ways of reducing it. We use data from a large-scale UK household panel survey, though some of our findings are applicable also to cross-sectional surveys. To assess measurement error, a validation exercise was conducted, with administrative data on benefit receipt matched at the individual level to the survey micro data.

National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM) [Canberra (Australia) University]: "The effectiveness of Child Care Benefit at improving returns to work for women," by Matthew Toohey (Conference Paper - CP2005_001, February 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).


The costs of child care can substantially reduce the returns to work for families with children. This is especially important for women, who often have a weaker attachment to the labour force than men. Subsidies for child care, such as the federal government?s Child Care Benefit, help to offset the cost of child care and boost the financial benefits of paid work by women. In this paper, I examine how effective Child Care Benefit is at improving the returns to work for women with young children. I compare the effectiveness of Child Care Benefit for lone and partnered mothers with different levels of income and numbers of children using STINMOD, NATSEM?s static microsimulation model of the income tax and social security systems.

World Bank Development Programme:

A. "Religious School Enrollment in Pakistan: A Look at the Data," by Tahir Andrabi, Jishnu Das, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, and Tristan Zajonc (Working Paper 3521, February 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).


Bold assertions have been made in policy reports and popular articles on the high and increasing enrollment in Pakistani religious schools, commonly known as madrassas. Given the importance placed on the subject by policymakers in Pakistan and those internationally, it is troubling that none of the reports and articles reviewed based their analysis on publicly available data or established statistical methodologies. The authors of this paper use published data sources and a census of schooling choice to show that existing estimates are inflated by an order of magnitude. Madrassas account for less than 1 percent of all enrollment in the country and there is no evidence of a dramatic increase in recent years. The educational landscape in Pakistan has changed substantially in the past decade, but this is due to an explosion of private schools, an important fact that has been left out of the debate on Pakistani education. Moreover, when the authors look at school choice, they find that no one explanation fits the data. While most existing theories of madrassa enrollment are based on household attributes (for instance, a preference for religious schooling or the household's access to other schooling options), the data show that among households with at least one child enrolled in a madrassa, 75 percent send their second (and/or third) child to a public or private school or both. Widely promoted theories simply do not explain this substantial variation within households.

B. "School Meals, Educational Achievement, and School Competition: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation," by Michael Kremer, and Christel Vermeersch (Working Paper 3523, November 2004, .pdf format, 51p.).


Vermeersch and Kremer examine the effects of subsidized school meals on school participation, educational achievement, and school finance in a developing country setting. They use data from a program that was implemented in 25 randomly chosen preschools in a pool of 50. Children's school participation was 30 percent higher in the treatment group than in the comparison group. The meals program led to higher curriculum test scores, but only in schools where the teacher was relatively experienced prior to the program. The school meals displaced teaching time and led to larger class sizes. Despite improved incentives, teacher absenteeism remained at a high level of 30 percent. Treatment schools raised their fees, and comparison schools close to treatment schools decreased their fees. Some of the price effects are caused by a combination of capacity constraints and pupil transfers that would not happen if the school meals were ordered in all schools. The intention-to-treat estimator of the effect of the randomized program incorporates those price effects, and therefore it should be considered a lower bound on the effect of generalized school meals. This insight on price effects generalizes to other randomized program evaluations.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

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Journal of Biosocial Science (Vol. 37, No. 1, 2005).

Other Journals

American Economic Review (Vol. 94, No 5, December 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of the American Statistical Association (Vol. 100, No. 469, March 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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Sociology (Vol. 39, No. 1, February 2005).

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National Institutes of Health: "Health Disparities and Infertility," a conference to be held in Bethesda, Maryland, Mar. 10-11, 2005. For more information see:

Census Bureau: "Understanding Federal Statistics," a seminar to be held Mar. 7-10, 2005 in Washington D.C. For more information see:

Association of Survey Computing: "Mobile Computing," a conference to be held Apr. 22, 2005, at Imperial College, London, UK. For more information see:

Confidentiality and Privacy Group: "International Symposium on Confidentiality, Privacy and Disclosure in the 21st century," to be held May 3, 2005 at Mandec Centre, University of Manchester, UK. For more information see:

More on CAPRI:

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National Institutes of Health: "Framework Programs for Global Health" (National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Fogarty International Center (FIC), PAR-05-050, Feb. 10, 2005). For more information see:

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Census Bureau:

A. "2004 First Edition TIGER/Line Files" (January 2005).

B. "County Business Patterns 2002" (January 2005).

Department of Housing and Urban Development: "FY 2005 Income Limits" (February 2005, Microsoft Word, Excel or .pdf format).

Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Supplement: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research PSID/CDS has announced the release of the following public use data updates:

A. Child File 2002: Release 2

B. 2002 Demographic File - including weights


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Kaiser Family Foundation FY2006 Budget Resources: "Key Foundation Resources on the Health Related Proposals of the President's FY2006 Budget" (February 2005). "The Kaiser Family Foundation has some resources to help examine the health care priorities detailed in the President's FY2006 budget proposal."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706