Current Demographic Research Report #72, February 28, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Report, Facts for Features
Centers for Disease Control Periodical
National Center for Health Statistics Reports
World Health Organization News Releases
United Nations Development Programme Forum Conference Reports
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Report
Australia Department of Health and Ageing News Release
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports
National Center for Education Statistics Reports
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical
_Demographic Research_ Article
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs
National Academies Press Monograph
Urban Institute Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report, Kaisernetwork Healthcast
Elsevier Book
Food Research and Action Center (FRAC) Report
CAMY (Georgetown University) Report
_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstract
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspectives Extract, Editorial Extract
Info Health Pop. Reporter


National Bureau of Economic Research
Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing
International Monetary Fund
National Center for Social and Economic Modelling
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)


Other Journals


East-West Center


Census Bureau
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
Integrated Public Use Microdata Series Update (IPUMS)
Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Study



Census Bureau Report, Facts for Features:

A. "Support Providers: 2002," by Timothy S. Grall (Household Economic Studies P70-99, February 2005, .pdf format, 11p.). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Annual Support Payments Up 18 Percent, to 40 Billion Dollars, Census Bureau Reports (CB05-26, Feb. 24, 2005).

Link is from title in second paragraph of news release.

B. "Women's History Month (March)" (CB05-FF.04-2, Feb. 22, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p).



Centers for Disease Control Periodical: _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 11, No. 3, March 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2003," by Donna L. Hoyert, Hsiang-Ching Kung, and Betty L. Smith (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 53, No. 15, February 2005, .pdf format, 48p.). The report is linked to from a NCHS news release: "Life Expectancy Hits Record High: Gender Gap Narrows" (Feb. 28, 2005).

B. "Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey," by A.N. Dey and B. Bloom (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 223, March 2005, .pdf format, 78p.).

C. "Hematological and Iron-Related Analytes--Reference Data for Persons Aged 1 Year and Over: 1988-94: Data From the Third National Health Examination Survey," by Joseph G. Hollowell, et. al. (Vital and Health Statistics Series 11, No. 247, February 2005, .pdf format, 156p.).

World Health Organization News Releases:

A. "Coast-to-Coast Polio Drive to Counter Epidemic in Africa" (Feb. 25, 2005).

B. "Global Tobacco Treaty Enters Into Force With 57 Countries Already Committed" (Feb. 24, 2005).

United Nations Development Programme Forum Conference Reports: "3rd Forum on Human Development: Cultural Identity, democracy and global equity," a conference held Jan. 17-19, 2005, in Paris, France (Forum reports in .pdf format).

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Report: "2004 National Healthcare Disparities Report" (AHRQ Publication No. 05-0014, December 2004, .pdf format, 143p.). "The United States health care delivery system is among the world's finest with outstanding providers, facilities, and technology. Many Americans enjoy easy access to care. However, not all Americans have full access to high quality health care. Released in 2003 (and discussed in the Jan. 6, 2004 issue of CDERR (, the first National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) is a comprehensive national overview of disparities in health care among racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups in the general U.S. population and among priority populations. This second NHDR is built upon the 2003 report and continues to include a comprehensive national overview of disparities in health care in America. In addition, in the 2004 report, a second critical goal of the report is developed: tracking the Nation's progress towards the elimination of health care disparities. In the 2004 report, three key themes are highlighted for policymakers, clinicians, health system administrators, and community leaders who seek to use this information to improve health care services for all Americans: Disparities are pervasive; Improvement is possible; and Gaps in information exist, especially for specific conditions and populations."

Australia Department of Health and Ageing News Release: "Australia well prepared to combat bird flu" (Feb. 25, 2005).

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "Living Dangerously: Australians with Multiple Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease" (AIHW Bulletin No. 24, February 2005, .pdf format, 23p.). "This bulletin provides a summary of the risk factor profile of Australian adults - focusing on risk factors for cardiovascular disease - both individually and in combination. Using self-reported data collected in the Australian Bureau of Statistics' 2001 National Health Survey, the nine risk factors examined are smoking, physical activity, low fruit consumption, low vegetable consumption, risky alcohol consumption, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, obesity and diabetes. The prevalence of multiple risk factors is described according to age, sex and socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease in order to identify population groups most at risk."

B. "Mental Health Services in Australia 2002-03" (Mental Health Series No. 6, February 2005, .pdf format, 299p.). "Mental Health Services in Australia 2002-03 describes the characteristics and activity of Australia's mental health services including ambulatory and residential mental health-related care provided by hospitals, community-based services, general practitioners, private psychiatrists and some disability support services. Information on the broad trends in mental health care is presented in an easy-to-use summary. Detailed statistics show the hospital care of patients admitted with a mental health-related diagnosis, the services, beds, staffing and expenditure in psychiatric hospitals and community-based services, and mental health-related medications prescribed by general practitioners and private psychiatrists. A special theme chapter has been included which presents an overview of the available data on the mental health care of people with schizophrenia."

C. "Health Inequalities in Australia: Mortality," by G. Draper, G. Turrell and B. Oldenburg (Health Inequalities Monitoring Series No. 1, September 2004, .pdf format, 148p.). "Despite improvements in the health of Australians over the last century, large mortality inequalities continue to exist between population sub-groups. This report is a statistical reference source that documents mortality inequalities by sex, geographic region, area socioeconomic disadvantage, occupation and country of birth. The report examines the nature and extent of mortality inequalities among infants and children, young adults, working aged adults and older persons during 1998-2000, and where possible, for the period 1985-1987 to 1998-2000."

National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994-2003," by Basmat Parsad and Jennifer Jones (NCES 2005015, February 2005, .pdf format, 90p.).


This report presents 10 years of data from 1994 to 2003 on Internet access in U.S. public schools by school characteristics. It provides trend analysis on the percent of public schools and instructional rooms with Internet access and on the ratio of students to instructional computers with Internet access. The report contains data on the types of Internet connections, support of computer hardware/software and websites, technologies and procedures used to prevent student access to inappropriate material on the Internet, and the availability of hand-held and laptop computers to students or teachers. It also provides information on school websites, the availability of computers with Internet access outside of regular school hours, and teacher professional development on how to integrate the use of the Internet into the curriculum.

B. "Gender Differences in Participation and Completion of Undergraduate Education and How They Have Changed Over Time," by Katharin Peter and Laura Horn (NCES 2005169, February 2005, .pdf format, 67p.).


This report drew on several publications and postsecondary datasets to provide a detailed account of gender differences in undergraduate education. Specifically, the analysis examined gender differences in rates of participation and completion of undergraduate education, focusing on changes over time in college enrollment, associate's and bachelor's degree awards, and the demographic and enrollment characteristics of undergraduate men and women. The analysis also examined trends in high school academic preparation, postsecondary persistence and degree completion, and early labor market outcomes among bachelor's degree recipients.

C. "The Nation's Report Card: An Introduction to The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)," by Patricia Dabbs (NCES 2005454, December 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


The Nation's Report Card: An Introduction to The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) explains the major features of NAEP in a non-technical manner. It highlights the history and development of NAEP, how the data are collected, scored, and analyzed, and how the results are reported. This introductory guide to NAEP is designed to meet the information needs of teachers, parents, and other members of the general public about the nation's premier assessment of what America's elementary and secondary students know and can do.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: _Compensation and Working Conditions Online, February 2005_. The latest articles are dated Feb. 23, 2005).

_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]. "The Effect of Education on the Timing of Marriage in Kenya," by Lawrence Ikamari (Vol. 12, Article 1, February 2005, .pdf format, p. 1-28).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs:

A. "Exercise in Adults, Age 18 and Older, in the United States, 2002: Estimates for the Noninstitutionalized Population," by Jeffrey A. Rhoades (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Statistical Brief No. 70, February 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).


This Statistical Brief presents data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC) concerning exercise among the adult, age 18 and older, noninstitutionalized (community) population. Estimates are for calendar year 2002. Emphasis is placed on the relationships between exercise and age, race/ethnicity, sex, income, education level, and health insurance status.

B. "Estimates of Health Care Expenditures for the 10 Largest States, 2002," by Steve R. Machlin and John P. Sommers (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Statistical Brief No. 69, February 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).


This Statistical Brief presents variations from the national average in health care expenses for the 10 most populous States in 2002, the most recent year of expenditure data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. The brief specifically examines selected measures for the U.S. community population, including 1) the proportion of the population with selected types of expenses, 2) the average amount of expenses, and 3) the distribution of payments for health care across various sources.

National Academies Press Monograph: _Vaccine Safety Research, Data Access, and Public Trust_, edited by the Committee on the Review of the National Immunization Program's Research Procedures and Data Sharing Program, Institute of Medicine, 2005, OpenBook format, 126p.). Note: Ordering information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.

Urban Institute Report: "Systematic Review of the Impact of Marriage and Relationship Programs," by Jane Reardon-Anderson, Matthew Stagner, Jennifer Ehrle Macomber, and Julie Murray (February 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report, Kaisernetwork Healthcast:

A. The latest Health Poll Report (February 2005) concerns "Views On Prescription Drugs And The Pharmaceutical Industry." "The Kaiser Health Poll Report is a bimonthly report designed to provide key tracking information on public opinion about health care topics to journalists, policymakers and the general public. Each Current Feature includes poll findings on a unique and timely topic, while the other sections track public opinion on some key broad questions over time."

B. "The Outlook for National Health Care Spending" (Kaisernetwork, Feb. 23, 2005, Windows Media Player or RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required to view webcast, transcript in .pdf format, 71p.).

Elsevier Book: _Inequality: Structures, Dynamics and Mechanisms, 21 Essays in Honor of Aage B. Sorensen_," edited by Arne L. Kalleberg, Stephen L. Morgan, and John Myles, and Rachel A. Rosenfeld (2004, 304p., ISBN 0-7623-1140-1). For more information see:

Food Research and Action Center (FRAC) Report: "State of the States: A Profile of Food and Nutrition Programs Across the Nation" (February 2005, .pdf format, 86p.). The report is linked to from a FRAC press release: "FRAC Finds National and State Performance Gaps Remain; Warns Budget Cut Proposals Could Add to Hunger" (Feb. 23, 2005).

More information on FRAC:

Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) at Georgetown University [Washington DC] Report: "Underage Drinking in the United States: A Status Report, 2004" (February 2005, .pdf format, 11p.). The report is linked to from a CAMY press release: "2004: Little Progress In Reducing Underage Drinking" (Feb. 23, 2005).

Link from PDF icon at top right side of the page.

More information on CAMY:

_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstract: "Strategic interactions in multi-institutional epidemics of antibiotic resistance," by David L. Smith, Simon A. Levin, and Ramanan Laxminarayan (Vol. 102, No. 8, p. 3153-3158).

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Perspectives Extract, Editorial Extract:

A. "Generic HIV Drugs--Enlightened Policy for Global Health," by Mark A. Wainberg (Perspectives Extract, Vol. 352, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2005, p. 747-750).

B. "Disaster, Water, Cholera, Vaccines, and Hope," by Jeffrey M. Drazen and Mark S. Klempner (Editorial Extract, Vol. 352, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2005, p. 827).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 5, No. 9, Feb. 28, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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National Bureau of Economic Research: "The Market for Teacher Quality," by Eric A. Hanushek, John F. Kain, Daniel M. O'Brien, and Steven G. Rivkin (w11154, February 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).


Much of education policy focuses on improving teacher quality, but most policies lack strong research support. We use student achievement gains to estimate teacher value-added, our measure of teacher quality. The analysis reveals substantial variation in the quality of instruction, most of which occurs within rather than between schools. Although teacher quality appears to be unrelated to advanced degrees or certification, experience does matter--but only in the first year of teaching. We also find that good teachers tend to be effective with all student ability levels but that there is a positive value of matching students and teachers by race. In the second part of the analysis, we show that teachers staying in our sample of urban schools tend to be as good as or better than those who exit. Thus, the main cost of large turnover is the introduction of more first year teachers. Finally, there is little or no evidence that districts that offer higher salaries and have better working conditions attract the higher quality teachers among those who depart the central city district. The overall results have a variety of direct policy implications for the design of school accountability and the compensation of teachers.

Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing: "The Risk of Divorce as a Barrier to Marriage," by Maureen Waller and Elizabeth Peters (Working Paper 2005-03-FF, February 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).


Drawing on data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examine how unmarried parents' risk of divorce influences their decision to delay marriage. The analysis first examines factors related to divorce among a sample of married parents in the study. It then uses estimates from this logistic regression model to calculate a divorce propensity for parents in the study who were unmarried at the time of their child's birth and examines the association between the divorce propensity and unmarried parents' transition to marriage within three years. Our results indicate that married parents were more likely to dissolve their relationships when they were younger, had less education, experienced a high level of conflict in their relationship, and when the father has been abusive to the mother among other factors. Qualitative information from a subset of unmarried parents in the study suggests that they delayed marriage when they identified these "warning signs" of divorce in their relationships. Finally, regression results show that unmarried parents with a high predicted probability of divorce had significantly and substantially lower odds of marriage even after taking other factors strongly related to marriage into account. Based on this evidence, we conclude that unmarried parents delay marriage when they perceive a high risk of divorce.

International Monetary Fund: "Inequality, Poverty, and Growth: Cross-Country Evidence," by Garbis Iradian (Working Paper 05/28, February 2005, .pdf format and .zip compressed .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper examines the empirical relationship between inequality and growth, and analyzes the impacts of growth, inequality, and government spending on poverty reduction. A new panel dataset has been assembled on inequality and poverty that reduces measurement error and ensures comparability across countries and over time. The empirical results in this paper challenge the belief that income inequality has a negative effect on growth and confirm the validity of the Kuznets curve. Credit market imperfections in low- and medium-income countries are identified as the likely reason for the positive link between inequality and growth over the short-to-medium term. In the long term, inequality may have an adverse impact on growth.

National Center for Social and Economic Modelling (Canberra, Australia University):

A. "Perceptions of Child care Affordability and Availability in Australia: what the HILDA Survey tells us," by Rebecca Cassells, Justine McNamara, Rachel Lloyd and Ann Harding (Conference Paper CP0502, February 2005, .pdf format, 22p.).


Balancing work and family life has become one of the biggest issues in Australian social policy today. Child care is an essential tool that aids workforce and educational participation of those families that use it, employs thousands of persons within the industry, and hopefully provides an environment that is safe, educational and beneficial to our children. Relatively little research has been conducted into child care affordability and availability, leaving a gap in information for public debate and decision making. This paper aims to lessen this gap by analysing self-reported problems with child care affordability and availability within Australia using data from Wave 2 of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia (HILDA) survey.

B. "Redistribution, the Welfare State and Lifetime Transitions," by Rachel Lloyd, Ann Harding and Neil Warren (Conference Paper CP0503, February 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).


This study examines the distribution of household income, and of selected taxes and benefits in Australia, for households at different stages of the lifecycle in 2001-02. The overall finding is that there is substantial redistribution from younger households without children in the first half of their lifecycle to older retired households in the second half of their lifecycle. For couples with children, the significant amounts of cash and non-cash benefits received are almost completely offset by direct and indirect taxes paid.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Does Teacher Testing Raise Teacher Quality? Evidence from State Certification Requirements," by Joshua Angrist and Jonathan Guryan (Discussion Paper DP 1500, February 2005, .pdf format 34p.).


The education reform movement includes efforts to raise teacher quality through stricter certification and licensing provisions. Most US states now require public school teachers to pass a standardized test such as the Praxis. Although any barrier to entry is likely to raise wages in the affected occupation, the theoretical effects of such requirements on teacher quality are ambiguous. Teacher testing places a floor on whatever skills are measured by the required test, but testing is also costly for applicants. These costs shift teacher supply to the left and may be especially likely to deter high-quality applicants from teaching in public schools. Moreover, test requirements may disqualify some applicants that schools would otherwise want to hire. We use the Schools and Staffing Survey to estimate the effect of state teacher testing requirements on teacher wages and teacher quality as measured by educational background. The results suggest that state-mandated teacher testing increases teacher wages with no corresponding increase in quality.

B. "Vive la Revolution! Long Term Returns of 1968 to the Angry Students," by Eric Maurin and Sandra McNally (Discussion Paper DP 1504, February 2005, .pdf format 37p.).


The famous events of May 1968, starting with student riots, threw France into a state of turmoil. The period of "revolution" coincided with the time in which important examinations are undertaken. Normal procedures were abandoned and the pass-rate for various qualifications increased enormously. These events were particularly important for students at an early (and highly selective) phase of higher education. They are shown to have pursued further years of education because thresholds were lowered at critical stages. These historic events provide a natural experiment to analyse the returns to years of higher education for the affected generation and to consider consequences for their children. Thus, we contribute to debate on two very controversial questions: What is the true causal relationship between educational attainment and its labour market value? Is there a causal relationship between the education of parents and that of their children? Unlike most of the literature, we consider the effect of an intervention which alters an individual's years of higher education rather than compulsory schooling. The results show a relatively high return, which might indicate that private returns are higher for the former. Furthermore, the treatment group is on the margin of the higher education system. This study suggests that expanding the university system to accommodate such people can yield very high private returns. Hence our study suggests very positive effects of the "1968 events" for affected cohorts and is of contemporary relevance given the current debate in many countries about widening access to higher education.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
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E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Population Studies (Vol. 59, No. 1, March 2005).

Social Forces (Vol. 83, No. 2, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Other Journals

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 95, No. 3, March 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Sociology (Vol. 20, No. 1, March 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Family Issues (Vol. 26, No. 3, April 2005).

Medical Care (Vol. 43, No. 2, 3, 3 Supplement (February, March, March Supplement 2005).

Public Health Reports (Vol. 20, No. 2, March/April 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Sociological Theory (Vol. 23, No. 1, March 2005).

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East-West Center [Honolulu Hawaii]: Fellow - Population and Health Research Program: For more information see:

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Census Bureau: "Foreign-Born Population of the United States-Current Population Survey - March 2004 Detailed Tables (PPL-176)" (February 2005, Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and comma separated value [.csv] format. The data is linked from a Census Bureau news release: "Foreign-Born Population Tops 34 Million, Census Bureau Estimates" (CB05-22, Feb. 22, 2005).

Link from "Detailed tables" at top right of the page.

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Uniform Crime Reports [United States]: Supplementary Homicide Reports, 1976-2002 (#4179)

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series Update: "The IPUMS site at the University of Minnesota has announced the posting of "new versions of the 2000-2003 American Community Survey samples: a correction was made to the STATEICP variable." For more information see:

Feb. 23, 2005 item.

Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Study: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID/CDS has announced "Selected Variables from NCES CCD Are Now Available" (Feb. 23, 2005). For more information see:

PSID data acquisition:

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706